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Their slender ditties when the trees are bare.
Nor must I leave untouched (the picture else
Were incomplete) a relique of old times
Happily spared, a little Gothic niche
Of nicest workmanship ; that onee had held
The sculptured Image of some Patron Saint,
Or of the Blessed Virgin, looking down
On all who entered those religious doors.

-- Not Brothers they in feature or attire,
But food Companions, so I guessed, in field,
And by the river's margin- whence they come,
Anglers elated with unusual spoil.
One bears a willow-pannier on bis back,
The Boy of plainer zarb, whose blush survives
More deeply tinged. Twin might the other be
To that fair Girl who from the garden Mount
Bounded-triumphant entry this for him.
Between his bands he holds a smooth blue stone,
On whose capacious surface see outspread
Large store of gleaming crimson-spotted trouts;
Ranged side by side, and lessening by degrees
Up to the dwarf that tops the pinnacle.
Upon the Board he lays the sky-blue stone
With its rich freight;—their number he proclaims;
Tells from what pool the noblest had been dragged;
And where the very monarch of the brook,
After long struggle, had escaped at last-
Stealing alternately at them and us
(As doth his Comrade too) a look of pride.
And, verily, the silent Creatures made
A splendid sight, together thus exposed;
Dead-but not sullied or deformed by Death,
That seemed to picy what he could not spare.

But lo! where from the rocky garden Mount Crowned by its antique summer-house-descends, Light as the silver fawn, a radiant Girl; For she hath recognized her honoured Friend, The Wanderer ever welcome! A prompt kiss The gladsome Child bestows at his request ; And, the flowery lawn as we advance, Hangs on the Old Man with a happy look, And with a pretty restless hand of love. -We enter-by the Lady of the Place Cordially greeted. Graceful was her port: A lofty stature undepressed by Time, Whose visitation liad not wholly spared The finer lineaments of form and face ; To that complexion brought which prudence trusts in And wisdom loves. —But when a stately Ship Sails in smooth weather by the placid coast On homeward voyage, what-if wind and wave, And hardslip undergone in various climes, Have caused her to abate the virgin pride, And that full trim of inexperienced hope With which she left her haven-not for this, Should the sun strike her, and the impartial breeze Play on her streamers, fails she to assume Brightness and touching beauty of her own, That charm all eyes. So bright, so fair, appeared This goodly Matron, slinning in the beams Of unexpected pleasure. Soon the board Was spread, and we partook a plain repast.

up

But 0, the animation in the mien Of those two Boys! Yea in the very words With which the young Narrator was inspired, When, as our questious led, he told at large Of that day's prowess! Him might I compare, His look, tones, gestures, eager eloquence, To a bold Prook that splits for better reed, And, at the self-same moment, works its way Through many channels, ever and anon Parted and reunited: his Compeer To the still Lake, whose stillness is to sight As beautiful, as grateful to the mind. - But to what object shall the lovely Girl Be likened? She whose countenance and air Unite the graceful qualities of both, Even as she shares the pride and joy of both.

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Here, resting in cool shelter, we beguiled The mid-day hours with desultory talk ; From trivial themes to general argument Passing, as accident or fancy led, Or courtesy prescribed. While question rose And answer flowed, the fetters of reserve Dropping from every mind, the Solitary Resumed the manners of his happier days ; And, in the various conversation, bore A willing, nay, at times, a forward part; Yet with the grace of one who in the world

Had learned the art of pleasing, and had now i Occasion given him to display his skill, | Upon the sicadfast 'vantage ground of truth.

He gazed with admiration unsuppressed
Upon the landscape of the sun-bright vale,
Seeu, from the shady room in which we sale,
In softened perspective; and more than once
Praised the consummate harmony serene
Of gravity and elegance-diffused
Around the Mansion and its whole domain ;
Not, doubtless, without help of female taste
And female care.-- « A blessed lot is yours!»
The words escaped his lip with a tender sigh
Breathed over them;-but suddenly the door
Flew oper, and a pair of Justy Boys
Appeared-confusion checking their delight.

My grey-haired Friend was moved; his vivid eye Glistened with tenderness; bis Mind, I knew, Was full; and had, I doubted not, returned, Upon this impulse, to the theme-erewhile Abruptly broken-off. The ruddy Boys Withdrew, ou summons to their well-earned meali And He-(to whom all tongues resigned their rights With willingness, to whom the general ear Listened with readier patience than to strain Of music, lute or harp,-a long delight That ceased not wlien liis voice had ceased) as One Who from truth's central point serenely views The compass of his argument, --began Mildly, and with a clear and steady tone.

BOOK IX.

ARGUMENT Wanderer asserts ibat an active principle pervades the

Universe-Its poblest seat the buman soul - How

stances.

lively this principle is in Childhoodtlence the delight Or so he ought to move.

Ah! why in age in Old Age of looking back upon Childhood - The Do we revert so fondly to the walks dignity, powers, and privileges of Age asserted— Of Childhood- but that there the Soul discerns

Thiese noi to be looked for generally but under a The dear memorial footsteps unimpaired just government-Right of a human Creature to be of her own native vigour-thence can hear ere not from being considered as a mere Instrument Reverberations; and a choral song,

- Vicious inclinations are best kept under by giving Commingling with the incense that ascends good ones an opportunity to shew Ulemselves - The Unda unted, tow'rd the imperishable heavens, condition of multitudes deplored from want of due From her own lonely altar?--Do not think respect to this truth on the part of their superiors in That Good and Wise will ever be allowed, society-former conversation recurred to, and the Thougli strength decay, to breathe in such estate Wanderer's opinions set in a clearer light--Genuine As shall divide them wholly from the stir principles of equality-Truth placed within reach of Of hopeful nature. Rightly is it said the humblest.—Happy state of the two Boys again. That Man descends into the Vale of years; adverted 10-Earnest wish expressed for a System of Yet have I thought that we might also speak, National Education established universally by Go- And not presumptuously, I trust, of Age, vernment-Glorious effects of this foretold— Wan- As of a final EMINENCE, though bare derer breaks off-Walk to the Lake-embark-De- In aspect and forbidding, yet a Point scription of scenery and amusements-Grand spec

On which is not impossible to sit tacle from the side of a hill - Address of Priest to the In awful sovereignty-a place of powerSapreme Being-in the Course of which he contrasts - A Throne, that may be likened upto his, with ancient Barbarism the present appearance of Who, in some placid day of summer, looks the scene before him-The change ascribed to Chris- Down from a mountain-top:--say one of those tianity-Apostrophe to bis Flock, living and dead- High Peaks, that bound the vale where now we are. Gratitude to the Alioighty-- Return over the Lake - Faint, and diminished to the gazing eye, Parting with the Solitary - Under what circum- Forest and field, and bill and dale appear,

With all the shapes upon their surface spread:

But, while the gross and visible frame of thiny's DISCOURSE OF THE WANDERER, AND AN

Relinquishes its hold upon the sense,
EVENING VISIT TO THE LAKE.

Yea almost on the mind herself, and seems

All unsubstantialized,-how loud the voice To every Form of l'eing is assigned,»

Of waters, with invigorated peal Thus calmly spake the venerable Sage,

From the full River in the vale below, « An active principle:-howe'er removed

Ascending !-For on that superior beight From sense and observation, it subsists

Who sits, is discncumbered from the press • In all things, in all patures, in the stars

Of near obstructions, and is privileged Of azure heaven, the unenduring clouds,

To breathe in solitude above the bost In flower and tree, in every pebbly stone

Of ever-bumming insects, 'mid thin air | That paves the brooks, the stationary rocks,

That suits not them. The murmur of the leaves The moving waters, and the invisible air.

Many and idle, visits not his ear; Whale'er exists hath properties that spread

This he is freed from, and from thousand notes i Beyond itself, communicating good,

Not less unceasing, not less vain than these, A simple blessing, or with evil mixed;

By which the finer passages of sense Spirit that knows no insulated spot,

Are occupied; and the Soul, that would incline No chasm, no solitude; from link to link

To listen, is prevented or deterred.
It circulates, the Soul of all the Worlds.
This is the freedom of the Universe;

« And may it not be hoped, that, placed by Age l'ofolded still be more, more visible,

In like removal tranquil though severe, The more we know; and yet is reverenced least, We are not so removed for ulter loss; And least respected, in the human Mind,

But for some favour, suited to our need? Its most apparent home. The food of hope

What more than that the severing should confer Is meditated action; robbed of this

Fresli power to commune with the invisible world, Her sole support, sbe languishes and dies.

And hear the mighty stream of tendency We perish also; for we live by hope

Uttering, for elevation of our thought, And by desire; we see by the glad light,

A clear sonorous voice, inaudible And breathe the sweet air of futurity,

To the vast multitude; whose doom it is And so we live, or else we have no life.

To run the givdy round of vain delight, To-morrow-nay perchance this very hour,

Or free and labour on the Plain below. (For every moment hath its own to-morrow!) -Those blooming Boys, whose bearts are almost sick « But, if to such sublime ascent the hopes With present triumph, will be sure to bad

Of Man may rise, as to a welcome close A field before them freshened with the dew

And termination of bis mortal course, of other expectations ;-in which course

Them only cao such hope inspire whose minds Their happy year spios round. The Youth obeys Have not been starved by absolute ueglect; A like glad impule; and so moves the Man

Nor bodies cruslied by upremilung soil, did all his apprehensions, cares, and fears,

To whom kind Nature, therefore, may afford

Proof of the sacred love she bears for all;
Whose birth-right Reason, therefore, may ensure.
For me, consulting what I feel within
In times when most existence with herself
Is satisfied, I cannot but believe,
That, far as kindly Nature hath free scope
And Reason's sway predominates, even so far,
Country, society, and time itself,
That saps the Individual's bodily frame,
And lays the generations low in dust,
Do, by the Almighty Ruler's grace, partake
Of one maternal spirit, bringing forth
And cherishing with ever-constant love,
That tires not, nor betrays. Our Life is turned
Out of her course, wherever Man is made
An offering, or a sacrifice, a tool
Or implement, a passive Thing employed
As a brute mean, without acknowledgment
Of common right or interest in the end;
Used or abused, as selfishness may prompt.
Say, what can follow for a rational Soul
Perverted thus, but weakness in all good,
And strength in evil? Hence an after-call
For chastisement, and custody, and bouds,
And oft-limes Death, avenger of the past,
And the sole guardian in whose hands we dare
Entrust the future.-Not for these sad issues
Was Man created; but to obey the law
Of life, and hope, and action. And 't is known
That when we stand upon our native soil,
Unelbowed by such objects as oppress
Our active powers, those powers themselves become
Strong to subvert our noxious qualities :
They sweep distemper from the busy day,
And make the Vessel of the big round Year
Run o'er with gladness; whence the Being moves
In beauty through the world ; and all who see
Bless him, rejoicing in his neighbourhood.»

And miserable hunger. Much, too much
Of this unhappy lot, in early youth
We both have witnessed, lot which I myself
Shared, though in mild and merciful degree:
Yet was the mind to hinderances exposed,
Through which I struggled, not without distress
And sometimes injury, like a lamb enthralled
'Mid thorns and brambles; or a Bird that breaks
Through a strong net, and mounts upon the wiod,
Though with her plumes impaired. If they, whose souls
Should open while they range the richer fields
Of merry England, are obstructed less
By indigence, their ignorance is not less,
Nor less to be deplored. For who can doubt
That tens of thousands at this day exist
Such as the Boy you painted, lineal Heirs
Of those who once were Vassals of her soil,
Following its fortunes like the beasts or trees
Which it sustained. But no one takes delight
In this oppression; none are proud of it;
It bears no sounding name, nor ever bore;
A standing grievance, an indigenous vice
Of every country under heaven. My thoughts
Were turned to evils that are new and chosen,
A Bondage lurking under shape of good, -
Arts, in themselves beneficent and kind,
But all too fondly followed and too far;
To Victims, which the merciful can see
Nor think that they are Victims; turned to wrongs
By Women wbo have Children of their own
Beheld without compassion, yea with praise!
I spake of mischief by the wise diffused
With gladoess, thinking that the inore it spreads
The healthier, the securer, we become;
Delusion which a moment may destroy!
Lastly, I mourned for those whom I had seen
Corrupted and cast down, on favoured ground,
Where circumstance and pature had combined
To shelter innocence, and cherish love;
Who, but for this intrusion, would have lived,
Possessed of health, and strength, and peace of mind;
Thus would have lived, or never have been born.

« Then,» said the Solitary, « by what force Of language sball a feeling Heart express ller sorrow for that multitude in whom We look for bealth from seeds that have been sown la sickness, and for increase in a power That works but by extinction? On themselves They cannot lean, nor turn to their own hearts To know what they must do; their wisdom is To look into the eyes of others, thence To be instructed what they must avoid : Or rather let us say, how least observed, How with most quiet and most silent death, With the least taint an injury to the air The Oppressor breathes, their human Form divine, And their immortal Soul, may waste away.”

The Sage rejoined, « I thank you-you have spared My voice the utterance of a keen regret, A wide compassion which with you I share. When, heretofore, I placed before your sight A Little-one, subjected to the Arts Of modern ingenuity, and made The senseless member of a vast machine, Serving as doth a spindle or a whcel; Think not, that, pitying him, I could forget The rustic Boy, who walks the fields, untaught; The Slave of ignorance, and oft of want,

« Alas! what differs more than man from man! And whence that difference? whence but from himself! For see the universal Race endowed With the same upright form!—The sun is fixed, And the infinite magnificence of heaven, Fixed within reach of every human eye; The sleepless Ocean murmurs for all ears; The vernal field infuses fresh delight Into all hearts. Throughout the world of sense, Even as an object is sublime or fair, That object is laid open to the view Without reserve or veil; and as a power Is salutary, or an influence sweet, Are each and all enabled to perceive That power, that influence, by impartial law. Gitts nobler are vouchsafed alike to all; Reason,-and, with that reason, smiles and tears, Imagination, freedom in the will, Conscience to guide and check, and death to be Foretasted, immortality presumed. Strange, then, nor less than monstrous might be deemed The failure, if the Almighty, to this point Liberal and undistinguishing, should hide

While she exacts allegiance, shall admit
An obligation, on her part, to teach
Them wbo are born to serve her and obey;
Binding herself by Statute to secure
For ali the Children whom her soil maintains
Tlie rudiments of Letters, and inform
The mind with moral and religious truth,
Both understood, and practised, -so that none,
Ilowever destitute, be left to droop
hy timely culture unsustained; or run
Into a wild disorder; or be forced
To drudge through weary life without the aid
Of intellectual implements aud tools;
A savage Horde among the civilized,
A servile Band among the lordly free!
This sacred right, the lisping Babe proclaims
To be inherent in him, by Heaven's will,
For the protection of his innocence;
And the rude Boy,—who, having overpast
The sinless age, by conscience is enrolled,
Yet mutinously knits his angry brow,
And lifts his wilful hand on mischief hent,
Or turns the godlike faculty of speech
To impious use--by process indirect
Declares his duc, while he makes known his need.

- This sacred right is fruitlessly announced,
This universal plea in vain addressed,
To cyes and ears of Parents who themselves
Did, in the time of their necessity,
Crge it in vain; and therefore, like a prayer
That from the humblest floor ascends to heaven,
It mounts to reach the State's parental ear;
Who, if indeed she own a Mother's heart,
And be not most unfeelingly devoid
Of gratitude to Providence, will grant
The unquestionable good; which, England, safe
From interference of external force,
May grant at leisure; without risk incurred
That what in wisdom for herself she doth,
Others shall e'er be able to undo.

« Look! and behold, from Calpe's sunburnt cliff, To the flat margin of the Baltic sea, Long-reverenced Titles cast away as weeds; Laws overturned;—and Territory split, Like fields of ice rent by the polar wind, And forced to join in less obnoxious shapes, Which, ere they gain consistence, by a gust of the same breath are shattered and destroyed. Meantime the Sovereignty of these fair Isles Remaios entire and indivisible; And, if that ignorance were removed, which breeds Within the compass of their several shores Dark discontent, or loud commotion, each Might still preserve the beautiful repose Of heavenly Bodies shining in their spheres. -The discipline of slavery is unknown Amongst us, - hence the more do we require The discipline of virtue; order else Cannot subsisi, nor confidence, nor peace. Thus, duties rising out of good possessed, And prudent caution needful to avert Impending evil, equally require That the whole people should be taught and trained, So shall licentiousness and black resolve Be rooted out, and virtuous babits take

1 The excellence of moral qualities
| From common understanding; leaving truth

And virtue, difficult, abstruse, and dark;
Hard to be won, and only by a few;
Strange, should be deal herein with nice respects,
And frustrate all the rest! Believe it not :
The primal duties shine aloft-like stars ;
The charities that soothe, beal, and bless,
Are scattered at the feet of Man-like flowers.
The generous inclination, the just rule,
Kind wishes, and good actions, and pure thoughts-
No mystery is here; no special boon
For high and not for low, for proudly graced
And not for meek of heart. The smoke ascends

To heaven as lightly from the Cottage hearth
! As from the baughty palace. He, whosc soul

Ponders this true equality, may walk
The fields of earth with gratitude and hope;
Yet, in that meditation, will he find
Motive to sadder grief, as we have found, -

Lamenting apcient virtues overthrown,
· And for the injustice grieving, that hath made

So wide a difference betwixt Man and Man.

< But let us rather tyrn our gladdened thoughts
['pon the brighter scene. How blest that Pair
Of blooming Boys (whom we beheld even now)
Blest in their several and their common lot!
A few short hours of each returning day
The thriving Prisoners of their Village school :
And thence let loose, to seek ibeir pleasant homes
Or range the grassy lawn in vacancy,
To breathe and to be happy, run and shout
Idle, - but no delay, no harm, no loss ;
For every genial Power of heaven and earth,
Through all the seasons of the changeful year,
Obsequiously doth take upon herself
To labour for them; bringing each in turn
The tribute of enjoyment, knowledge, health,
Beauty, or strength! Such privilege is theirs,
Granted alike in the outset of their course
To both; and, if that partnership must cease,
I grieve not,» to the Pastor here he turned,

Much as I glory in that Child of yours,
Rrpine not, for his Cottage-comrade, whom
Belike no luigher destiny awaits

Than the old hereditary wish fulfilled, ✓ The wish for liberty to live--content

With what leaven grants, and die-in peace of mind,

Within the bosom of his pative Vale.
; At least, whatever fate the noon of life

Reserves for either, ibis is sure, that both
Have been permitted to enjoy the dawn;
Whether regarded as a jocupd time,
That in itself may icrminate, or lead
In course of nature to a sober eve.
Both have been fairly dealt with; looking back
They will allow that justice has in them
Been shewn-alike to body and to mind.»

Ile paused, as if revolving in his soul
Some weighty matter, then, with fervent voice
And an impassioned majesty, exclaimed,
« () for the coming of that glorious time
When, prizing knowledge is hier noblest wealth
And best protection, this Imperial Realm,

Their place; and genuine piety descend, Like an inheritance, from age to age.

To the Lake's margin, where a Boat lies moored
Beneath her sheltering tree.»—Upon this hint
We rose together: all were pleased - but most
The beauteous Girl, whose cheek was flushed sith joy,
Light as a sunbeam glides along the hills
She vanished-eager to impart the scheme
To her loved Brother and his shy Compeer.
-Now was there bustle in the Vicar's house
And earnest preparation.-Forth we went,
And down the Vale along the Streamlet's edge
Pursued our way, a broken Company,
Mute or conversing, single or in pairs.
Thus having reached a bridge, that overarched
The hasty rivulet where it lay becalmed
In a deep pool, by happy chance we saw
A two-fold Image; on a grassy bank
A snow-white Ram, and in the crystal flood
Another and the same! Most beautiful,
On the yrien turf, with his imperial front
Shaggy and bold, and wreathed horns superb,
The breathing Creature stood; as beautiful,
Beneath lim, shewed his shadowy Counterpart.
Each bad bis glowing mountains, each his sky,
And each seemed centre of his own fair world:
Antipodes unconscious of each other,
Yet, in partition, with their several spheres,
Blended in perfect stillness, to our sight!

« With such foundations laid, avaunt the fear Of numbers crowded on their native soil, To the prevention of all healthful growth Through mutual injury! Rather in the law Of increase and the mandate from above Rejoice!—and Ye have special cause for joy. -For, as the element of air affords An easy passage to the industrious bces Fraught with their burtlens; and a way as smooth For those ordained to take their sounding flight From the thronged hive, and settle where they list In fresh abodes, their labour to renew; So the wide waters, open to the power, The will, the instincts, and appointed needs Of Britain, do invite her to cast off Her swarms, and in succession send them fortlı; Bound to establislı new communities On every shore whose aspect favours hope Or bold adventure; promising to skill And perseverance their deserved reward.

- Yes,» he continued, kindling as he spako, « Change wide, and deep, and silently performed, This Land shall witness; and as days roll on, Earth's universal Frame shall feel the effect Even till the smallest habitable Rock, Beaten by lonely billows, liear the songs Of humanized Society; and bloom With civil arts, that send their fragrance forth, A grateful tribute to all-ruling Heaven. From Culture, unexclusively bestowed On Albion's noble Race in freedom born, Expect these mighty issues; from the pains And faithful care of unambitious Schools Instructing simple Childhood's ready ear : Thence look for these magnificent results! Vast the circumference of hope-and Ye Are at its centre, British Lawgivers; Ah! sleep not there in shame! Shall Wisdom's voice From out the bosom of these troubled Times Repeat the dictates of her calmer mind, And shall the venerable Halls

ye

full
Refuse to echo the sublime decree?
Trust not to partial care a general good;
Transfer not to Futurity a work
Of urgent need. - Your Country must complete
Her glorious destiny.-Bejin even now,
Now, when Oppression, like the Egyptian playue

Of darkness, stretched o'er guilty Europe, makes | The brightness more conspicuous, that iuvests

The happy Island where ye think and act :
Now, when Destruction is a prime pursuil,
Shew to the wretched Nations for what end
The Powers of civil Polity were given!»

« Ah! what a pity were it to disperse, Or to disturb so fair a spectacle, And yet a breath can do it!»

These few words The Lady whispered, while we stood and gazed Gathered together, all, in still delight, Not without awe. Thence passing on, she said In like low voice to my particular ear, «I love to hear that eloquent Old Man Pour forılı his meditations, and descant On human life from infancy to age. How pure lais spirit! in what vivid hues His mind gives back the various forms of things, Caught in their fairest, happiest attitude ! While he is speaking, I have power to see Even as he sees; but when his voice hath ceased, Then, with a sigh, I sometimes feel, as now, That combinations so serene and bright, Like those retlected in yon quiet Pool, Cannot be lasting in a world like ours, To great and small disturbances exposed,» Morc bacl she said—but sportive shonis were heard; Sent from the jocund hearts of those two boys, Who, bearing each a basket ou his arm, Down the green field came tripping after us, -When we bad cautiously embarked, the Pair Now for a prouder service were addrest; But an inexorable law forbade, And each resigned the oar wbich he had seized. Whereat, with willing hand I undertook The needful labour; grateful task!- to me Pregnant with recollections of the time When, on thy bosom, spacious Windermere! A youth, I practised this delightful art; Tossed on the waves alone, or 'mid a crew Of joyous Comrades. -Now, the reedy marge Cleared, with a strenuous arm I dipped the oar, Free from obstruction; and the Boat advanced

Abruptly here, but with a graceful air The Sage broke off. No sooner had he ceasest Than, looking forth, the gentle Lady said, « Behold, the shades of afternoon have fallen Upon this tlowery slope ; and see-- beyondThe lake, thougla briglie, is of a placid blue; As if preparing for the peace of evening. How temptingly the Landscape shines !— The air Breathes invitation ; casy is thc walk

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