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From Bolton's old monastic Tower.

the Dissolution, «a White Doe, say the aged people of solemn roar, like the Voice of the angry Spirit of the the neighbourhood, long continued to make a weekly Waters,' heard far above and beneath, amidst the silence pilgrimage from Rylstone over the fells of Bolton, and of the surrounding woods. was constantly found in the Abbey Church-yard during « The terminating object of the landscape is the divine service; after the close of which she returned remains of Barden Tower, interesting from their form home as regularly as the rest of the congregation.»- and situation, and still more so from the recollections DR WHITAKER 's History of the Deanery of Craven.- which they excite.» Rylstone was the property and residence of the Nortons,

Note 2, Page 190, column 1. distinguished in that ill-advised and unfortunate Insurrection, which led me to connect with this tradition the principal circumstances of their fate, as recorded in

It is to be regretted that at the present day Bolton the Ballad.

Abbey wants this ornament: but the Poem, according « Bolton Priory,» says Dr Whitaker in his excellent to the imagination of the Poet, is composed in Queen book, The History and Antiquities of the Deanery of Elizabeth's time. « Formerly,» says Dr Whitaker, a over Craven, «stands upon a beautiful curvature of the the Transept was a tower. This is proved not only Wharf, on a level sufficiently elevated to protect it from from the mention of bells at the Dissolution, when they inundations, and low enough for every purpose of pic. could have had no other place, but from the pointed turesque effect

roof of the choir, which must have terminated west« Opposite to the East window of the Priory Church, ward, in some building of superior height to the ridge." the river washes the foot of a rock nearly perpendicular,

Note 3. Page 1go, col. 2. and of the richest purple, where several of the mineral

A raral Chapel, noatly drest. beds, which break out, iostead of maintaining their usual inclination to the horizon, are twisted by some

« The Nave of the Church having been reserved at inconceivable

process into undulating and spiral lines. the Dissolution, for the use of the Saxon Cure, is still To the South all is soft and delicious; the eye reposes

a parochial Chapel; and, at this day, is as well kept as upon a few rich pastures, a moderate reach of the river,

the neatest English Cathedral.» sufficiently tranquil to form a mirror to the sun, and

Note 4. Page 190, col. 2. the bounding hills beyond, neither too Dear nor ioo

Wbo sate in the sbade of the Prior's Oak. lofty to exclude, even in winter, any portion of his

« At a small distance from the great gateway stood rays.

« But, after all, the glories of Bolton are on the North. the Prior's Oak, which was felled about the year 1920, Whatever the most fastidious taste could require to

and sold for 7ol. According to the price of wood at ! constitute a perfect landscape is not only found here, that time, it could scarcely have contained less thao but in its proper place. in front, and immediately 1400 feet of limber.» under the eye, is a smooth expanse of park-like enclo

Note 5. Page 192, col. 1. sure, spotted with native elm, ash, etc. of the finest

When Lady Aaliza mourned. growth : on the right a skirting oak wood, with jutting points of grey rock, on the left a rising copse. Still

The detail of this tradition may be found in De forward, are seen the aged groves of Bolton Park, the

Whitaker's book, and in a Poem of this Collection, engrowth of centuries; and farther yet, the barren and titled, « The Force of Prayer,» etc. rocky distances of Simon-seat and Barden Fell con

Note 6. Page 192, col. 1. trasted with the warmth, fertility, and luxuriant foliage

Pass, pass who will, yon chantry door. of the valley below.

« Al the East end of the North aisle of Bolion Priory « About half a mile above Bolton the valley closes, Church is a chaptry belonging to Bethmesly Hall, and and either side of the Wharf is overhung by solemn a vault, where, according to tradition, the Claphams» woods, from which huge perpendicular masses of grey (who inherited this estate, by the female line from the rock jut out at intervals.

Mauliverers) « were interred upright.» John de Clap- i This sequestered scene was almost inaccessible till ham, of whom this ferocious act is recorded, was a of late, that ridings have been cut on both sides of the

name of great note in his time : « he was a vehement River, and the most interesting points laid open by partisan of the House of Lancaster, in whom the spirit judicious thinnings in the woods. Here a tributary of his chieftains, the Cliffords, seemed to survive. stream rushes from a waterfall, and bursts through a woody glen to mingle its waters with the Wharf: there

Note 7. Page 192, col. 1. the Wharf itself is nearly lost in a deep cleft in the rock,

Who loved the Shepherd Lord to meet. and next becomes a horned tlood enclosing a woody At page go of this volume, will be found a poem island-sometimes it reposes for a moment, and then entitled, Song at the Feast of Brougham Castle, resumes its native character, lively, irregular, and im- upon the Restoration of Lord Clifford the Shepherd to petuous.

the Estates and Honours of his Ancestors. To that « The cleft mentioned above is the tremendous Strid. Poem is annexed an account of this personage, chietly This chasm, being incapable of receiving the winter extracted from Burn's and Nicholson's History of CumHoods, has formed, on either side, a broad strand of berland and Westmorland. It gives me pleasure to naked gritstone full of rock-basins, or “pots of the add these further particulars concerning him from Dz Linn,' which bear witness to the restless impctuosity of Whitaker, who says, « he retired to the solitude of so many Northern torrents. But, it here Wharf is lost Barden, where he seems to have enlarged the tower out to the eye, it amply repays another sense by its deep and of a common keeper's lodge, and where he found a

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retreat equally favourable to taste, to instruction, and 1346, there did appear to John Fosser, then Prior of to devotion. The narrow limits of his residence shew the abbey of Durham, commanding him to take the that he had learaed to despise the pomp of greatness, holy Corporax-cloth, wherewith Si Cuthbert did cover and that a small train of servants could suffice him, the chalice when he used to say mass, and to put the who had lived to the age of thirty a servant himself. Il same holy relique like to a banner-cloth upon the point think this pobleman resided here almost entirely when , of a spear, and the next morning to go and repair to a in Yorkshire, for all his charters which I have seen are place on the west side of the city of Durham, called dated at Barden.

the Red Hills, where the Maid's Bower woot to be, and « His early habits, and the want of those artificial there to remain and abide till the end of the battle. To measures of time which even shepherds now possess, which vision, the Prior obeying, and taking the same had given him a turn for observing the motions of the for a revelation of God's grace and mercy by the mebeavenly bodies, and, having purchased such an appa-diation of holy St Cuthbert, did accordingly the next ratus as could then be procured, he amused and in- morning, with the monks of the said abbey, repair to formed himself by those pursuits, with the aid of the the said Red Hills, and there most devoutly humbling Canons of Bolton, some of whom are said to have been and prostratiog themselves in prayer for the victory in well versed in what was then knowo of the science. the said batue : (a great multitude of the Scots running

al suspect this nobleman to have been sometimes and pressing by them, with intention to have spoiled occupied in a more visionary pursuit, and probably in them, yet had no power to commit any violence under tbe same company.

such holy persons, so occupied in prayer, being proFor, from the family evidences, I have met with tected and defended by the mighty Providence of Altwo MSS. on the subject of Alchemy, which, from the mighty God, and by the mediation of Holy St Cuthbert, character, spelling, etc., may almost certainly be referred and the presence of the holy relique.) And, after many

to the reign of Heory the Seventh. If these were ori-cooflicts and warlike exploits there had and done be| ginal.y deposited with the MSS. of the Cliffords, it iween the English men and the King of Scots and his

might have been for the use of this nobleman. If they company, the said battle ended, and the victory was were brought from Bolton at the Dissolution, they obtained, to the great overthrow and confusion of the must have been the work of those Canons whom he Scots, their enemies : And then the said Prior and almost exclusively conversed with.

monks, accompanied with Ralph Lord Nevil, and John « lo these peaceful employments Lord Clifford spent Nevil bis son, and the Lord Percy, and many other the whole reign of Henry the Seventh, and the first years nobles of England, returned home and went to the abbey of his son. But in the year 1513, when almost sixty church, there joining in bearty prayer and thanksgiving years old, he was appointed to a priocipal command to God and holy St Cuthbert for the victory atchieved over the army which fought at Flodden, and shewed that day.» that the military genius of the family had neither been This battle was afterwards called the Battle of Neville's cbilled in him by age, nor extinguished by babits of Cross from the following circumstance :peace. .

« On the west side of the city of Durham, where two «He survived the battle of Flodden ten years, and roads pass each other, a most notable, famous, and died April 23d, 1523, aged about 70. I shall endeavour goodly cross of stone-work was erected, and set up to to appropriate to bim a tomb, vault, and chaotry, in the honour of God for the victory there obtained in the the choir of the church of Bolton, as I should be sorry tield of battle, and known by the name of Nevil's Cross, to believe that he was deposited, when dead, at aand built at the sole cost of the Lord Ralph Nevil, one distance from the place which in his lifetime he loved of the most excellent and chief persons in the said so well.

battle.» The Relique of Si Cuthbert afterwards became « By his last will he appointed his body to be interred of great importance in military events. For soon after at Shap, if he died in Westmorland; or at Bolton, if this battle, says the same author, « The prior caused a he died in Yorkshire »

goodly and sumptuous banner to be made, (which is With respect to the Canons of Bolton, Dr Whitaker then described at great length,) and in the midst of the shews from MSS. that not only alchemy but astronomy same banner-cloth was the said boly relique and corwas a favourite pursuit with them.

porax-cloth enclosed, etc. etc. and so sumptuously

finished, and absolutely perfected, this banner was Note 8. Page 195, col. 1,

dedicated to holy St Cuthbert, of intent and purpose, Ye Watchmen upon Brancopeth Towers.

that for the future it should be carried to any battle, as Brapcepeth Castle stands near the river Were, a few occasion should serve; and was never carried and miles from the city of Durham. It formerly belonged shewed at any battle but by the especial grace of God to the Nevilles, Earls of Westmoreland. See Dr Percy's Almighty, and the mediation of holy Si Cutlbert, it account

brought home victory; which banner-cloth, after the Note 9. Page 197, col. 1.

dissolution of the abbey, fell into the possession of of mlired Thurston, what a Host

Dean WRITTINGSAM, whose wife was called KATHARINE, Hlo conquered!

being a French woman, (as is most credibly reported See the Historians for the account of this memorable by eyewitnesses,) did most injuriously burn the same battle, usually denominated the Battle of the Standard. in ber fire, to the open contempt and disgrace of all

ancient and goodly reliques. »--Extracted from a book Note 10. Page 197 col. 1.

entitled, « Durham Cathedral, as it stood before the lo that other day of Neville's Cross.

Dissolution of the Monastery.» It appears, from the In the night before the battle of Durham was old metrical History, that the above-mentioned banner strucken and begun, the 17th day of October, anno was carried by the Earl of Surrey to Flodden Field.

Note 11. Page 199, col. 2.

valley of Wharf forks off into two great branches, one An Edifice of warlike frame

of which retains the name of Wharfdale to the source Stands single (Norton Tower its name).

of the river; the other is usually called Littondale, but It is so called to this day, and is thus described by more anciently and properly Amerdale. Dern-brook, Dr Whitaker. Rylstone Fell yet exhibits a monument which runs along an obscure valley from the N. W. is of the old warfare between the Nortons and Cliffords. derived from a Teutonic word, signifying concealment. On a point of very high ground, commanding an im-1-Dr WHITAKER. mense prospect, and protected by two deep ravines, are the remains of a square tower, expressly said by

Note 14. Page 204, col. 2.

When the Bells of Rylstone played Dodsworth to have been built by Richard Norton. The walls are of strong grout-work, about four feet thick.

Their Sabbath music-« God is ayde.. It seems to have been three stories high. Breaches have On one of the bells of Rylstone church, which seems been industriously made in all the sides, almost to the coeval with the building of the tower, is this cipher, ground, to render it untenable.

J. N. for John Norton, and the motto, « God us « But Norton Tower was probably a sort of pleasure, ayde.» house in summer, as there are, adjoining to it, several large mounds (two of them are pretty entire), of which

Note 15. Page 205, col. 1. no other account can be given than that they were butts

The grassy rock-encircled Pound. for large companies of archers.

Which is thus described by Dr Whitaker :- On the « The place is savagely wild, and admirably adapted plain summit of the hill are the foundations of a strong to the uses of a watch-tower.»

wall stretching from the S. W. to the N. E. corder of

the tower, and to the edge of a very deep glen. From Note 12. Page 203, col. 1.

this glen, a ditch, several hundred yards long, runs despoil and desolation

south to another deep and rugged ravine. On the N. O'er Rylstone's fair domain have blown.

and W. where the banks are very steep, no wall or « After the attainder of Richard Norton, his estates mound is discoverable, paling being the only fence ibar were forfeited to the crown, where they remained till could stand on such ground. the 2d or 3d of James; they were then granted to From the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, it Francis Earl of Cumberland.» From an accurate survey appears that such pounds for deer, sheep, etc. were far made at that time, several particulars have been ex- from being uncommon in the south of Scotland. The tracted by Dr W. It appears that the mansion-house principle of them was something like that of a wire was then in decay. Immediately adjoining is a close, mouse-trap. On the declivity of a steep bill, the bottom called the Vivery, so called undoubtedly from the and sides of which were fenced so as to be impassable, French Vivier, or modern Latin Viverium; for there a wall was constructed nearly level with the surface on are near the house large remains of a pleasure-ground, the outside, yet so high within, that without wing it such as were introduced in the earlier part of Eliza- was impossible to escape in the opposite direction! beth's time, with topiary works, fish-ponds, an island, etc. Care was probably taken that these eaclosures should The whole township was ranged by an hundred and contain better feed than the neighbouring parks or thirty red deer, the property of the Lord, which, toge- forests; and whoever is acquainted with the habits of ther with the wood, had, after the attainder of Mr Nor- these sequacious animals, will easily conceive, that if ton, been committed to Sir Stephen Tempest. The the leader was once tempted to descend into the soare, wood, it seems, had been abandoned to depredations, an herd would follow.» before which time it appears that the neighbourhood

I cannot conclude without recommending to the na must have exbibited a forest-like and sylvan scene.

In tice of all lovers of beautiful scenery-Colton Abbey this

survey, among the old tenants, is mentioned one and its neighbourhood. This enchanting spot belongs Richard Kitchen, butler to Mr Norton, who rose in

!o the Duke of Devonshire; and the superintendence of rebellion with his master, and was executed at Ripon.» it has for some years been entrusted to the Res. William Note 13. Page 204, col. 1..

Carr, who has most skilfully opened out its features;

and, in whatever he has added, has done justice to the In the deep fork of Amerdale.

place by working with an invisible hand of art in the « At the extremity of the parish of Burnsal, the very spirit of nature.

The Prioress's Tale.


Call up him who left half told
The story of Cambuscan bold.

In the following Poem I have allowed myself no further deviation By a great Lord, for gaia and usury,
from the original than was vecessary for the fluent reading and Hateful to Christ and to his Company;
in-lant undorstanding of the Autbor: so much, however, is the
language altered since Chaucer's time, especially in pronuncia- And through this street who list might ride and wend;
tioo, that much was to be removed, and its place supplied with as Free was it, and unbarred at either end.
limle incongruity as possible. The ancient accent has been re-
tajoed in a few conjunctions, as aksū ond alway, from a conviction A little school of Christian people stood
ibat such oprioklings of antiquity would be admitted, by persons
of laste, to have a graceful accordance with the subject. The fierce Down at the farther end, in which there were
bigotry of the Prioress forms a fine back ground for ber teoder- A nest of children come of Christian blood,
bearied sympathies wi;h the Mother and Child; and tbe mode in That learned in that school from year to year
which the story is told amply alones for the extravagance of the Such sort of doctrine as men used there,

That is to say, to sing and read also
O Lord, our Lord! how wondrously,' (quoth she) As little children in their childhood do.
Thy name in this large world is spread abroad!
For not alone by men of dignity

Among these children was a widow's son,
Thy worsbip is performed and precious laud;

A little scholar, scarcely seven years old,
But by the mouths of children, gracious God! Who day by day unto this school hath gone,
Thy goodness is set forth; they when they lie

And eke, when he the image did behold
C'pon the breast thy name do glorify.

Of Jesu's Mother, as he had been told,
This Child was wont to kneel adown and

say • Wherefore in praise, the worthiest that I


Ave Marie, as he goeth by the way.
Jesu! of thee, aod the white Lily-flower
Which did thee bear, and is a maid for aye,

*This Widow thus her little Son hath taught To tell a story I will use my power;

Our blissful lady, Jesu's Mother dear, Not that I may increase her bonour's dower,

To worship aye, and he forgat it not, For she herself is hopour, and the root

For simple infant hath a ready ear. Of goodness, next her Son our soul's best boot.

Sweet is the holiness of youth : and hence,

Calling to mind this matter when I may, • O Mother Maid ! O Maid and Mother free!

Saint Nicholas in my presence standeth aye,
O bush unburot! burning in Moses' sight!

For he so young to Christ did reverence.
That down didst ravish from the Deily,
Through humbleness, the spirit that did alight

“This little Child, while in the school lie sa te l'pon thy heart, whence, through that glory's might,

His primer conning with an earnest cheer, Conceived was the Father's sapience,

The whilst the rest their anthem-book repeat Help me to tell it in thy reverence!

The Alma Redemptoris did he hear;

And as he durst he drew him near and near, Lady, thy goodness, thy magoificence,

And hearkened to the words and to the note,
Thy virtue, and thy great humility,

Till the first verse he learned it all by rote.
Surpass all science and all utterance;
For sometimes, Lady! ere men pray to thee
Thou go'st before in thy benignity,

"This Latin knew he nothing what it said, The light to us vouchsafing of thy prayer,

For lie too tender was of age to know;

But to his comrade he repaired, and prayed To be our guide upto thy Son so dear.

That he the meaning of this song would show,

And unto him declare why men sing so; "My knowledge is so weak, O blissful Queen! To tell abroad thy mighty worthiness,

This oftentimes, that he might be at ease,

This child did him beseech on his bare knees.
That I the weight of it may not sustain ;
But as a child of twelve months old or less,
That laboureth his language to express,

His Schoolfellow, who elder was than he,
Even so fare I; and therefore, I thee pray,

Auswered him thus :-« This song, I have heard say, Guide thou my song which I of thee shall say. Was fashioned for our blissful Lady free;

Her to salute, and also her to pray * There was in Asia, in a mighty town,

To be our help upon our dying day.
Mong Christian folk, a street where Jews might be; If there is more in this, I know it not;
Assigoed to them and given them for their own Song do I learn,-small grammar I have got...

« And is this song fashioned in reverence Of Jesu's Mother?» said this Innocent, « Now, certès, I will use my diligence To con it all ere Christmas-tide be spent; Although I for my Primer shall be shent, And shall be beaten three times in an hour, Our Lady I will praise with all my power.»

His Schoolfellow, whom he had so besought,
As they went homeward taught him privily;
And then he sang it well and fearlessly,
From word to word according to the note :
Twice in a day it passed through bis throat;
Homeward and schoolward whensoe'er he weni,
On Jesu's Mother fixed was his intent.

* Through all the Jewry (this before said I,)
This little child, as he came to and fro,
Full merrily then would he sing and cry,
O Alma Redemptoris! high and low :
The sweetness of Christ's Mother pierced so
His heart, that her to praise, to her to pray,
He cannot stop his singing by the way.

“The Serpent, Satan, our first foe, that hath His wasp's nest in Jew's heart, upswelled—« () woe, O Hebrew people!» said he in his wrath, « Is it an honest thing? Shall this be so? 'That such a Boy where'er he lists shall In your despite, and sing bis hymns and saws, Which is against the reverence of our laws !»

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"From that day forward have the Jews conspired Out of the world this Innocent to chase; And to this end a Homicide they hired, That in an Alley had a privy place, And, as the Child 'gan to the School to pace, 'This cruel Jew him seized, and held him fast And cut his throat, and in a pit him cast.

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'I say that him into a pit they threw,
A loathsome pit, whence noisome scents exhale;
O cursed folk! away, ye Herods new!
What may your ill intentions you avail?
Murder will out; cerles it will not fail;
Know, that the honour of high God may spread,
The blood cries out on your accursèd deed.

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To every place wherein she hath supposed
By likelihood her little Son to find;
Aud ever on Christ's Mother meek and kind
She cried, till to the Jewry she was brought,
And him among the accursèd Jews she sought.

'She asketh, and she piteously doth pray
To every Jew that dwelleth in that place
To tell her if lier child had passed that way;
They all said Nay; but Jesu of his grace
Gave to her thought, that in a little space
She for her Son in that same spot did cry
Where he was cast into a pit hard by.

O thou great God that dost perform thy laud
By mouths of Innocents, lo! here thy might;
This gem of chastity, this emerald,
And eke of martyrdom this ruby briglie,
There, where with mangled throat he lay upright,
The Alma Redemptoris 'gan to sing
So loud, that with his voice the place did ring.

“The Christian folk that through the Jewry went
Come to the spot in wonder at the thing;
And hastily they for the Provost sent;
Immediately he came not tarrying,
And praiseth Christ that is our heavenly King,
And eke his Mother, honour of Mankind :
Which done, he bade that they the Jews should bind.

• This Child with piteous lamentation then
Was taken up, singing his song alway;
And with procession great and pomp of med
To the next Abbey him they bare away;
His Mother swooning by the Bier lay :
And scarcely could the people that were near
Remove this second Rachel from the Bicr.

* Torment and shameful death to every one
This Provost doth for those bad Jews prepare
That of this murder wist, and that anon :
Such wickedness bis judgments cannot spare;
Who will do evil, evil shall he bear;
Them therefore with wild horses did he draw,
And after that he hung them by the law.

O Martyr 'stablished in virginity!
Now mayest thou sing for aye before the throne,
Following the Lamb celestial,' quoth she,

Of which the great Evangelist Saint Jolin,
lo Patmos wrote, who saith of them that go
Before the Lamb singing continually,
That never fleshly woman they did know.

“Upon his Bier this Innocent doth lie
Before the Altar while the Mass doch last :
The Abbot with his Convent's company
Then sped themselves to bury him full fast;
And, when they holy water on him cast,
Yet spake this Child when sprinkled was the water,

sang O Alma Redemptoris Mater!

Now this poor widow waiteth all that night
After her liule Child, and he came not;
For which, by earliest glimpse of morning light,
With face all pale with dread and busy thought
She at the School and elsewhere him hatha sought,
Until thus far she learned, that he had been
In the Jews' street, and there he last was seen.

* This Abbot, for he was a holy man,
As all Monks are, or surely ought to be,
In supplication to the Child began;
Thus saying, « () dear Child! I summon thee
Jo virtue of the holy Trinity,
Tell me the cause why thou dost sing this hymn,
Since that thy throat is cut, as it doth seem.»

'With Mother's pity in her breast enclosed
She goeth as she were half out of her mind,

'« My throat is cut unto the bone, I trow,»
Said this young Child, « and by the law of kind
I should bave died, yea many hours ago;

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