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THE STATE REGISTER FOR 1859.

1.-CALENDAR AND CELESTIAL PHENOMENA.

1. CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES. Dominical Letter............ .B Epact

.26 Julian Period............... 6572 Golden Number ............... 17 Solar Cycle......

.20 | Ago of the World.........5862 Jewish Lunar Cycle........13

2. MOVEABLE FEASTS AND FASTS. Epiphany

Jan'y 6 | Rogation Sunday. Septuagesima Sunday.

.Feb'y 10 Holy Thursday. Shrove Sunday

March 6 Whit Sunday. Ash Wednesday..

9 Trinity Sunday. St. Patrick

17 First Sunday in Advent... Palm Sunday.

April 17 St. Andrew.. Good Friday

22 St. Thomas.... Easter Sunday.

21 Christmas Day. Low Sunday..

.May 1

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May 29 ...June 2

12

19 Nov. 27

66 30 .....Dec. 21

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3. ECLIPSES. In the year 1859 there will be four Eclipses of the Sun and two of the Moon:

I. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, February 2, 1859. This Eclipse is only visible in a small portion of the Southern Ocean.

II. A total Eclipse of the Moon, February 17, commencing about 12 o'clock in the morning. This Eclipse will be visible throughout California.

SAN FRANCISCO TIME.
d.h.m.

d. h. m. First contact with Penumbra, mor.. 17 0 3 End of Total Eclipse....

17 3 33 Shadow,

.. 17 0 59 Last contact with the Shadow ......... 17 4 29 Beginning of Total Eclipse, .. 17 1 57

Penumbra...... 17 5 25 Middle of Eclipse,

17 2 45 Magnitude of the Eclipse, (Moon's diameter=1) 1.693. The first contact with the shadow occurs at 121° from the northernmost point of the Moon's limb toward the east. The last contact at 690 toward the west.

III. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, March 4; invisible in California.

IV. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, July 29; visible in British North America, Greenland and North Atlantic Ocean.

V. A total Eclipse of the Moon, August 13; invisible.
VI. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, August 27; invisible in California.

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4. MORNING AND EVENING STARS. VENUS will be Morning Star until October 8, then Evening Star the remainder of the year.

MARS will be Evening Star until July 26, then Morning Star the remainder of the year.

JUPITER will be Evening Star until June 25, then Morning Star until Feb

ruary, 1860.

SATURN will be Morning Star until January 31, then Evening Star until August 10, then Morning Star the remainder of the year.

5. EQUINOXES AND SOLSTICES.

Vernal Equinox.......... March 20
Autumnal Equinox.......Sept. 23

d. h. m. h. m. 7 11 eve. Summer Solstice....... June 21 3 49 eve. 6 2 mor. Winter Solstice.............. Dec. 21 11 53

6. APOGEE AND PERIGEE OF THE SUN. Sun's Apogee, July 1...

Distance from the Earth., 96,702.364 English miles. Sun's mean distance, Mar. 31 and Oct. 3,

...95,103,000 Sun's Perigee, Jan. 1 and December 31,

...93,505,607

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7. APOGEE AND PERIGEE OF THE MOON. APOGEE.—Point in the Moon's orbit at the greatest distance from the Earth.

PERIGEE.-Point in the Moon's orbit at the least distance from the Earth.
MONTHS.
Apogee. MONTHS.

Perigee.
d. h.

d. h. January 4 8 mor. January..

18 8 eve. January

31 7
February

15 7 February

28 5
March...

15 5
March...
27 4 April..

11 3 April..

24 1
May.

6 11 mor. May

22 1
June

4 11
June.
18 11 eve. July

3 10 July 16 9 July

29 8 August... 12 7 August.

26 7 September

8 5
September..

24 7 October

6 4
October.....

22 5 November

2 2
November.

16 1 November.

30 1
December

12 9 eve. December.....

28 11 mor.

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::::

.. . :

Sun.

883, 246 Mercury

3,224 37,000,000 0.387098 87 Venus.

7,687

68,000,000 0.723331 224 Earth,

7,912 95,000,000 1.000000 365 Mars. 4,189 142,000,000 1.523692

686 Flora 209,160,265 2.201687 1,193 Oct.

is, 1847 Hind. London Clio..

221,813,220 2-334876 1,303 Sept. 13, 1850 Vesta

224,302,695 2.361081 1,325 March 29, 1807 Olbers. Bremen Iris,

226,159, 280 2:380624 1,311 August 13, 1847 Hind.. London Metis

226,632,665 2-385607 1,315 April 25, 1848 Graham Markree. Eunomia*.

227,946, 800 2:399440 1,357 July 29, 1851 Gasparis .. Naples. Hebe

230,449,670 2-425786 1,379 July 1, 1847 Hencke Driessen. Parthenope

232,829, 135 2:450833 1,4401 May 11, 1850 Gasparis. Naples. Irene

212,468,785 2:552303 1,518 May 19, 1851 Hind.. London Egeira ..

243, 206,650 2 560070 1,492 Nov. 2, 1850 Gasparis. Naples.. Astræa.

244,818,565 2 577047 1,511 Dec. 8, 1845 Hencke Driessen Juno..

253,728,615 2.670837 1,594 Sept. 1, 1804 Harding ... Lilienthal, Ceres 262,964,845 2.768051 1,682 Jan, 1, 1801 Piazzi,

Palermo .. Pallas 263,421,510 2.772858 1,686 March 28, 1802 Olbers

Bremen Hygeia..

299, 255,700 3:150060 2,042 April 12, 1849 Gasparis ... Naples. Jupiter

89,170 485,000,000 5.202776 4,332 Saturn.

79,042 890,000,000 9.538786 10,759 Uranus

35,112 1,800,000,000 19.182390 30,686 March 13, 1781 Herschel... Slough. Neptune

35,000 3,600,000.000 30.0368001 60,128 Sept. 23, 1846 Galle..... Berlin * From July 29, 1851, to March 31, 1856, inclusive, twenty-six new asteroids were discovered, viz: In 1852, Psyche, Thetis, Melpomene, Fortuna, Masilia, Lutetia, Calliope and Thalia. In 1853, Themis, Thocæa, Prosperine and Euterpe. In 1854, Bellona, Amphitrite, Urania, Euphrosyne, Pomona, Polymnia, Leucothea, and one name not known. In 1855, Circe, Atlanta and Fides. And in 1856, Leda, Latitia, and another not yet named.

:::: The Asteroids: ::::

:::.

mes The calculations are given in mean time.

D.

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1st Month.] JANUARY.

[31 Days. MOON'S PHASES. H. M.

D. H. M. SAN FRANCISCO..New Moon.. 4 9 18 mor. | Full Moon..18

3 42 ere. .. First Qua'r..12 11 16 “

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Last Qua'r..25 0 36 SAN DIEGO. New Moon.. 4

9 12 "

Full Moon,.18 3 36 . First Qua'r..12 11 10 " Last Qua'r..25 0 30 PORTLAND New Moon.. 4 9 38 Full Moon..18 3 52

. First Quar..12 11 26 Last Qua'r..25 0 46 SAN FRANCISCO.

SAN DIEGO. PORTLAND, O.T. D D Sun's Sun Sun Moon High High Sun Sun

Moon

Sun

Sun Moon M W declination rises. sets. Iri & set Water. Water. rises. sets. Iri & set rises. sets. ri & set

deg, m. s. h. m. h. m. h. m. morn. even. h. m. h. m. h. m. h. m. h. m. i Sat 23 2 77 17 4 43 5 40 9 41 9 587 24 58 5 377 45 4 15 5 50 2 B 22 57 17 164 44 6 21 10 13 10 367 14 59 6 18 7 444 16 6 31 3 Mo 22 51 277 16 4 44 6 43 10 53 11 16 7 1 4 59 6 407 44 4 16 6 53 4 Tu 22 45 16 7 15 4 45 sets. 11 38 11 59 7 14 59 sets. 7 444 16 sets. 5 We 22 38 577 154 45 .6 19 0 14 0 307 05 0 6 16 7 43 4 17 6 29 6 Th 22 32 27 14 4 46 7 21 0 48 1 57 05 0 7 18 7 43 4 17 7 31 7 Fri 22 24 407 144 46 8 19 1 21 1 377 05 08 16 7 42 4 18 8 29 8 Sat 22 16 517 13 4 47 9 12 1 54 2 9 6 59 5 1 9 8 7 42 4 18 9 22

9 B 22 8 377 13 4 47 10 8 2 25 2 416 595 110 417 414 1910 18 10 Mo 21 59 567 124 48 11 15 2 59 3 18 6 58 5 2 11 11 7 40 4 20 11 25

11 Tu 21 50 507 12 4 48 morn 3 36 3 546 585 2 morn 7 39 4 21 morn 12 We 21 41 187 114 49 1 19 4 17 4 38 6 57 5 3 1 15 7 39 4 21 1 29 13 Th 21 31 217 104 50 2 22 5 05 2916 57 5 3 2 1817 38 4 22 2 32 14 Fri 21 20 597 94 51 3 40 5 56 6 36 6 565 4 3 367 37 4 23 3 50 15 Sat 21 10 137 84 52 4 59 710 7 556 56 5 4 4 557 36 4 24 5 9 116 B 20 59 27 74 53 5 50 8 36 9 15 1 6 55 5 5 5 46 7 35 4 25 6 0 117 Mo 20 47 28 7 64 54 rises. 9 22 9 506 55 5 5 rises. 7 34 4 26 rises.

18 Tu 20 35 297 54 55 5 32 10 2110 516 54 5 6 5 28 7 33 4 27 5 42 19 We 20 23 87 54 55 6 39 11 1911 456 54 5 6 6 35 7 32 4 28 6 49 20 Th 20 10 237 44 56 7 49 0 11 0 356 53 5 7 7 4517 31 4 29 7 59 21 Fri 19 57 167 34 57 8 59 0 59 1 226 525 88 55 7 304 30 9 9 22 Sat 19 43 477 24 58 10 18 1 45 2 8 6 52 5 810 14 7 29 4 31 10 28 23 B 19 29 55 7 1 4 5911 26 2 29 2 506 51'5 911 22 7 28 4 32 11 36 24 Mo 19 15 427 05 0 morn 3 8 3 286 51 5 9 morn 7 27 4 33 morn 25 Tu 19 1 76 59 5 1 1 14 3 50 4 10 6 505 10 1 10 7 26 4 34 1 24 26 We 18 46 12 6 585 2 2 30 4 30 4 546 49 5 11 2 267 25 4 35 2 40 27 Th 18 30 566 57 5 3 3 28 5 19 5 486 48 5 12 3 247 24 4 36 3 38 28 Fri 18 15 20 6 565 4 4 19 6 25 6 59 | 6 47 5 13 4 15 7 22 4 38 4 29 29 Sat 17 59 246 55 5 5 5 12 7 45 8 28 16 46 5 14 5 8 7 204 405 22 30 B 17 43 96 545 6 5 528 59 9 22 6 455 15 5 48 7 194 41 6 2 31 Mo'17 26 346 53'5 7 sets. 9 460 9 5416 44'5 16 sets. 17 17 4 43 sets. Ephemeris of the Planets for the First, Tenth and Twentieth days of Month.

[Calculated for the Meridian of San Francisco.]
First Day.
Tenth Day.

Twentieth Day.
Name of
Planet. Meridian

Meridian

Meridian
Declination.
Declination.

Declination.
passage.
passage.

passage.
h. m.
deg. m.
deg. m.

deg. m. Venus 6 17 mor. 17 56 S. 5 47 mor. 7 24 S. 5 25 mor. 17 45 S. Mars.. 0 3 eve. 9 44

11 52
7 1 11 41

3 55 Jupiter.. 10 18 mor. 21 53 N. 5 34 eve. 21 48 N. 4 52 eve. 21 45 N.

16 Saturn 5 16 eve. 18 11 940 18 22

8 58 18 36 Uranus 6 16 20 1 4 40 19 58

4 0 119 56

h. m.

h. m.

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