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goon, which had been destroyed by an earthquake in 1769, the King of Ava attended with an army of 50,000 men.

Temples, p. 155.
Teyo-ke-o-dae-sin, the creator of the Ja-
panese, p. 332.
Ten-seo-dae-sin, the principal goddess of
the Japanese, p. 332.
Thakur, or T'akur, a name of Vishnu.
Tila Sesamun, used in puja, or worship.
Tonquin Chinese, p. 369.

Tookia, a deity worshipped by the Koombies, p. 290.

Traga, an abominable practice in use among the Kattees, the object of which is similar to the d'herna, but more barbarous,

p. 281. Trees and plants. The bilwa, tolusa, and other trees and plants, are sacred among the Hindus. A leaf of the tolusa is always placed under a salagrama stone. (See Jalandhara, p. 247.) Trilu, a Brahman, who cursed Siva to deprive him of his virility, for seducing his wife under the form of a Sanyasi. Triparasura, a name of Tarika. Trip'hala, the trident or trisula of Siva.

Trisula, the trident of Siva. It is considered to be in continual motion over the face of the universe to guard and preserve its creaTo oppose its course would be to incur immediate death. Its motion would appear to be regular, but varying according to the days in the week; thus it is imagined that it is unlucky to proceed towards the westward on Sundays and Fridays, to the northward on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, to the eastward on Satur


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Uttama, one of the seven Menus.

V. Vagiswari, the goddess of eloquence.

Vahan, a vehicle allotted to each of the gods. Brahma has the Hanasa, a goose or swan. Vishnu, Garuda, half man half bird; Siva, the bull; Indra, the elephant; Ganesha, a rat; Kartikeya, a peacock; Agni, a ram; Pavana, an antelope; Yama, a buffalo; Mungula or Mars, a sheep; Budh, a lion; Shunee or Sani, a vulture; Rama, a monkey; Kama Deva, a parrot ; Durga or Parvati, a lion and bull, and the other goddesses the vahans of their respective lords.

Vaidya-nath, a form of Siva.

Vajra-pani, he who holds the thunder-bolt; a name of Indra.

Vaikontha or Vaikunt'ha, the heaven of Vishnu, p. 12. Vaishnaivior Vishnaivi, a name of Lakshmi. Vaishnaivas or Vishnairas, the worshippers of Vishnu. Vaiswadeva, the gods collectively. In the performance of a Sradd'ha, or ceremonies in honour of departed ancestors, the officiating priest thus invites and welcomes the Vaiswadeva. He places cushions for them, made of cusa grass, and thus invokes them: “Assembled gods' hear my invocation; come and set down on this holy grass.” After scattering barley on the same spot, he meditates this prayer, “Assembled gods! listen to my invocation | ye who reside in the sky, and ye who abide near us, (on earth) or far off (in heaven); ye whose tongues are fire, and ye who defend the funeral sacrifice, set on this grass and be cheerful.”—Asiatic Researches.

Vaisyas, the merchant tribe of India produced from the thighs of Brahma,

Waitarini, the Styx of the Hindus.

Wamuna, a dwarf; a form assumed by Vishnu to destroy Maha Bali in the fifth avatar, p. 18.

Varaha, an avatar of Wishnu in the third or boar avatar, p. 16.

Varahi, the sacti, or consort of Vishnu in the boar avatar.

Varuna, the god of the waters, p. 135. Varuni, the sacti of Varuna.

Vasanta (The spring), the friend of Kama Deva, the god of love, and Reti, affection.

Vasishta, one of the most distinguished of the seven Rishis; also one of the seven


Vasu (A), one of the deities who forma Gana, which is composed of eight. There are nine Ganas, whose principal is Ganesha; hence his title of lord of the Ganas.

Vasudeva, the father of Krishna, p. 35.

Vasuki, the venomous serpent used as a rope by the Suras and Asuras, at the churning of the ocean, p. 15 and 254, plate 6. The pestilential breath of this enormous reptile was such, as to cause the gods to resort to a stratagem to induce the demons to change sides with them, the former taking the tail, the latter the head part. Siva swallowed a portion of the poison, which changed his throat to a blue colour; hence his appellation of Nilakantha, or blue throat.

Vauk, devotion offered by the audible effusions of speech.

Vayu, a name of Pavana.

Vedas (The), the earliest sacred writings of the Hindus, p. 137.

Wedanga, one of the Adityas; a name of Surya.

Venamaly, a name of Narayana.

Vicramadittya or Vikramaditya, a learned monarch and an astronomer, whose capital, Oujein, was about his time overwhelmed by a violent convulsion of nature. Hindu legends thus whimsically account for that circumstance, together with his origin and birth; as described in the 6th vol. of the Asiatic Researches. “A certain deity, named Gundrussein, was condemned for an offence committed against Indra, to appear on earth in the shape of an ass; but on his entreaty he was allowed, as a mitigation of his punishment, to lay aside that body in the night, and take that of a man. His incarnation took place at Ougein, during the reign of a rajah named Sundersein, and the ass, when arrived at maturity, accosting the rajah in a human voice, proclaimed his own divine origin, and demanded his daughter in marriage. Having, by certain prodigies, overcome the scruples of the rajah, he obtained the object of his wishes. All day, in the form of an ass, he lived in the stable; but when night came on, laying aside the ass's skin, and assuming the form of a handsome and accomplished young prince, he went into the palace, and enjoyed, till morning, the conversation of his beauteous bride. In process of time the daughter cf the rajah became pregnant, and as her husband, the ass, was deemed incapable of producing such an event in one of the human species, her chastity was suspected. Her father questioned her on the subject, when she explained the mystery. At night the rajah concealed him

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the riches of the avaricious worshippers of the god of wealth.

Yajar, or Yajush Veda, one of the four Vedas, p. 138.

Yama, p. 112.

Yamuna (The), or Jumna, one of the sacred rivers of the Hindus. It joins the Ganges at Allahabad; also the sister of Yama,

Yasuda, the wife of Nanda, or Ananda, and the foster mother of Krishna.

Yoginis (called the fatal sisters): they are sixty-four in number, and follow the Sactis in the field of battle, each holding in her hands a patera of a skull to receive the blood of the slain, on which they feast,

Yogun. (See Jogun.)

Yoni (The), p. 174.

Yoogadya, a form of Durga, much worshipped in some places; she is represented with her arms, sitting on a lion. Sanguinary sacrifices are offered to her; and, according to Mr. Ward, 100,000 people assemble at a place in Burdwan on the

occasion of the annual festival in honour of her.

Yudishtra, one of the five Pandus brethren. (See Pandus.)

Zennaar, p. 154.


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