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no other than sleeping “ with her head in Gahyaca, satyrs; forms half human, half the place of her feet,” so that her head bestial. touched her feet; meaning thereby, it may Gana, a band of inferior deities attendant be presumed, that she curled herself up upon a superior. like a serpent.

Ganaputty or Gunness, names of Ganesha. Divakara, one of the Adityas: a name of the Gandhavas, or Gundharvas, celestial chorissun. (See Adityas.)

ters of beautiful forms and complexion, Divodasa, a virtuous king of the Asuras, usually seen in Hindu sculptures attendant overcome according to some accounts by

e accorumg 10 some accounts by on the deities. Vishnu in the ninth avatar, and according

Ganesha, p 103. to others by the machinations of Siva. Under him the sect of the Buddhas was

Ganesha Junanee, p. 98. dispersed by the Brahmans. During his

Gant' ha, a bell used in holy ceremonies, which extraordinary reign of eight thousand years

is rung at certain times to keep away evil vice was wholly expelled from his do

spirits. These bells, as well as the Lustral minions of Kashi, and so much virtue spoons, are usually surmounted by the and happiness prevailed therein, that even figure of the deity in whose worship they Ganesha and some of the gods took up

are used. See fig 6, plate 33. their abode in it, (p. 186.)

Garrous (The), p. 318. Doorvasu, a Brahman who lengthened the Garuda or Gurura, p. 55.

day that he might finish his religious cere- Gautama or Gotama, one of the seven Rishis. monies.

Gawrie, (white or fair) a name of Parvati. Drupdevi or Drawputty, the wife of the five Gayatri (The), a venerated text of the Veda, Pandus, p. 249.)

called by Sir W. Jones the mother of those Durga, p. 83.

sacred writings. See O’M. p. 136. Duryodhana. (See Pandus, p. 248.) Ghata, an earthern jar used in certain reliDusarah, Desahara, or Dugotsava, the gious ceremonies,

Durga Puja or festival in honour of Durga; Ghona, a deity worshipped by the Bheels
in the tenth of Aswini (September or against the small-pox.
October.) (See Durga, p. 84.)

Ghora Raja, worshipped by the Bheels
Dyupeti, a name of Indra, signifying the against attacks and plundering.
Lord of Heaven.

Girisha, a name of Siva.

Gounds (The), p. 296.

Godaveri, one of the sacred rivers of the Gabhasti, one of the Adityas, a name of the Hindus, which falls into the Bay of Bengal.

Gopa-nath, a form of Krishna, the worship Gadha, or Parasha, the mace or club of of which was established by a follower of Vishnu.

Choitunya. (See Choitunya, p. 240.)


Goparum. Beautifully sculptured gateways dus, (See Pandus, p. 248.) Bhima, one of

attached to the large temples of the Hin- them, determined to punish the insult which dus, into which the people are not per was thus offered to them. He, therefore, mitted to enter. On days of festivals the instructed Drupdevi to consent, and name figures of the deities are brought out of the Temple as the place of assignation. the temples through the Goparum, and Overjoyed at his success, Gutachue failed placed in small open temples called Munto not in punctuality ; but, as his audacious pas, to receive the adoration of the multi hand was raised to remove the veil from tude.

her face, the nervous arm of Bhima rent Gopula, a form of Krishna in his childhood.

the supporting column of the temple. To (See fig. 3 and 4, plate 12.)

save himself and the fair object of his pas

sion from being crushed under the impendGosaees. (See Choitunya, p. 240.)

ing ruin, he strained his gigantic force, and Govindhu Singhu, the last of the ten leaders supported the fabric on his shoulders till

of the Shikhs. (See Shikhs, p. 229.) he was released by the attendant protectors Grahas (The), planets of the Hindus; they

of the fair. To perpetuate the infamy of are sometimes worshipped together, and at

the forester who thus violated the laws of others separately. They consist of Surya

sanctuary and hospitality, the architects or Ruvee, the sun; Soma or Chandra, the

have adopted this relation in all sacred moon; Mungula, Budh, Vrihuspati, Sukra,

edifices, where a diminutive and grotesque Shuni or Sani, Rahu, and Ketu. (See

figure of Gutachue, with arms and legs Suryd, Chandra, Mun gula, Budh, Vri

extended under him, the head stooping, huspati, Sukra, Sani, Rahu, and Ketu,)

and face distorted, as from a sense of opp. 127 to 135.

pression, are seen. Grunt' hee, a Shikh priest. Grunt hus, the sacred books of the Shikh sect.

Hallam, a Bheel deity. Gunga, p. 118.

Halle Mata, worshipped by the Bheels, to Gunga Putra, Kartikeya.

protect them in their predatory excursions. Guru Muta, the great council of the Shikh

Hanasa, the vahan or vehicle of Brahma; a sect.

swan or goose. Gutachue. This extraordinary figure, seen

Hans, a Japanese deity, p. 340. commonly in the Hindu sculptures bent to the ground with outstretched legs and Hanuman, p. 57. arms supporting another figure of greater supporting anorner ugure of greater Hara, or Hari, a name of Siva.

Hora magnitude, was, according to Colonel Tod, the son of the forest king Herimba, who Hara Rayu, one of the ten leaders of the bestowed his affections on Drupdevi. the Shikhs. (See Shikhs.) wife of the five exiled brothers, the Pan- Hara-gawri, a name of Siva and Parvati.


Hari, a name of Parvati, the consort of the circle moves round, keeping time to a Siva, as Hara or Hari.

drum and shepherd's pipe, of three or Hatipowa, a deity presiding over agriculture,

four sweet and plaintive notes. (See p. 293.) worshipped by the Bheels.

In Major Moor's Hindu Pantheon is

a beautiful plate on this subject, in which Hayagriva, the demon who stole the Vedas

Krishna (with Radha) in the centre, is from Brahma, and was destroyed by Vishnu in the Matsya avatar, p. 14.

described as the sun, and the circle of

Dancers as the heavenly bodies moving Heri, a name of Vishnu ; also one of the

round him.' Pandus.

Playing the Hooly consists in throwing Heri-Hari, the conjoint form of Vishnu and

a red powder, sometimes mixed with powSiva, p. 101.

dered talc to make it glitter, in the eyes, Himalaya, or Hivmaran, the mountain, the mouth, and nose, or over the persons of mythological father of larvati. The those who are the objects of the sport, chain of mountains separating India from splashing them well at the same time with Tartary.

an orange-coloured water. The powder is Himansu, a name of Chandra.

sometimes thrown from a syringe, and

sometimes put into small globules, which Hirany acasipa, a demon, who vanquished

break as soon as they strike the object at the gods, but was afterwards overcome

which they are aimed. The Hindu feand destroyed by Vishnu. (See Fourth

males are as expert in throwing these as Avatar, p. 17.)

some of our singularly well-bred young Hooly, or Hohli, a festival in honour of ladies are in hitting the noses of their

Krishna, which takes place in the month lovers or beaux with pellets of bread. Phulgoon (February—March), at the Colonel Broughton relates an anecdote, commencement of the spring. The amuse in which the celebrated Mahratta chief, ments on this joyous occasion consist in Scindiah acted a distinguished part. On dancing, singing, and playing, in the most inviting some English officers to partake complete sense of the word (if the expres of the amusement, he was told that they sion may be allowed) the fool. Their were determined to pelt and squirt at songs are kuveers, or extempore stanzas, every one who pelted and squirted at principally in allusion to the charms of them. He said he was ready for them, Krishna and his amours with the Gopias, and that it would soon be seen who could and are consequently not marked by an manage the matter best. The officers excess of delicacy. One of the dances is speedily found, that although they had the favorite tipree dance, or rasa-mandala, been accustomed to have the best of the in which twenty, thirty, or more form a battle with powder and ball, they were no ring, each having a short stick in his hand, match for Scindiah with powder and water, with which he strikes, alternately, those as the pipe of a large fire-engine, filled of the persons before and behind him, with yellow water, and worked by half a keeping time with it and his foot, while dozen men, was placed in his hand, with

which he contrived to deluge the whole company, causing shovelfuls of the powder to be thrown over them at the same time, so that, from the effects of the red powder and yellow water, the shouts, female screams, and noise of drums, trumpets, fiddles, and cymbals, the whole in a few minutes became a scene little better than a pandemonium.

This festival is observed by all classes throughout Hindustan, and evil (or at least red powder) will commonly await the European, as well as native, who on these occasions has the misfortune to fall in with a wandering band of these joy. intoxicated furies. (See farther-Krishna,

p. 44.) Horus. (See Orus, p. 255.) Hota, a priest who, at sacrifices, slays the

victim. Howen Wana Mata, a deity worshipped by

the Bheels, to protect their cattle against murrain and lameness. Hurree Govindu, Hurree Kissen, two of

the ten leaders of the Shikhs.

Daksha. The latter brought forth a hundred weapons, missile and manual, for

the use of Rama in the war of Lanka. Jene, a Japanese deity, p. 341. Jharejas a tribe of Rajpoots, p. 275. Jhari, a vessel to hold lustral water. Ila, the child of Manu, the son of Surya Vivaswari. This personage was born as a female, and was transformed into a male under the name of Sudyumna. He was again turned into a female on entering the charmed forest of Gawri (see Uma.) The planet Budh became enamoured of Sudyumna under this form. Siva afterwards restored Sudyumna to his sex, on condition that he should become, alternately,

a male one month, and a female another. Images. The images worshipped by the

Hindus are made of various materials ; gold and silver ; metals of inferior value; chrystal, stone,wood, clay,and compositions of different kinds. Some are of small size, and appropriated as household gods; others are progressively larger, and used for temple worship ; and others again are of colossal size, seventy, eighty, and more feet in height. A Linga at Benares requires six men to encircle it. The clay and composition images made in the vicinity of Calcutta for the annual festivals (some of which have a very splendid appearance, and are of large dimensions), are, after the ceremonies are over, cast into the river. The modern manufacturers of the deities are artisaus in gold, silver, and other metals; stone-cutters and potters. Some of the modern casts are handsome ; but the modern sculptures are commonly contemptible. Some of the ancient Hindu sculptures are magnificent; and, in minute

I, J.

Jainas (The), p. 220.
Jalundhara, p. 245.
Jami, or Jemni, an incarnation of Bhavani,

worshipped in the Mahratta States. She has four hands, with destructive weapons,

necklaces of skulls, &c. &c. Janvi, or Januvi, a name for the sacred

thread worn by the Hindus. (See Poita,

or Zennaar, p. 154.) Japan, p. 328. Java, p. 349. Jaya, and Vijava, two of the daughters of

ornamental and facral decorations, almost Jumont, a celebrated bear; one of the geneunrivalled. In Siam, Japan, &c. images rals of Sugrivu, and chief counsellor of are made of the ornaments and precious Rama, in the war of Lanka. He overmetals, &c. collected from the ashes of came Megnaud, and threw him headlong the funeral pile of a deceased person ; and into Lanka. others again from the pulverized fragments Junuka, the father of Sita; the wife of Rama of the bones kneaded with water into a Chandra, p. 24. paste, baked, and afterwards gilded.

Jutaee, a celebrated vulture, the brother of Indra, p. 1:22.

Samput. (See Samput.) Indrani, the consort or Sacti of Indra. (See

K. Indra.) Indra Doomnu, a pious king, who collected Kakya, one of the wives of Dasara, king of the bones of Krishna ; and caused an

Ayodhya, who persuaded that monarch image of Jaggarnath to be formed by

to banish his son Rama from his domiViswakarma, in which they were placed.

nions. (See Rama Chandra.) Indu, a name of Chandra.

Kailasa, the heaven of Siva. Infanticide, 177.

Kali, p. 91. Jogeesuree, the consort of Bhyru, or Bhai Kalki, or tenth avatar of Vishnu. (See p. 12 rava, worshipped in the Mahratta States and 45, pl. 13.

Kalpi, an astronomical calculation of Jogun, or Yogun, about four coss, or eight miles, some make it more.

4,320,000,000 of years.

Kalu Rayu, a form of Siva, mounted on a Johara, p. 174.

tiger, having in one hand a bow, in another Isa, or Isani, names of Siva.

an arrow. Isis, p. 255.

Kamadeva, or Camdeo, p. 46. Iswara, or Eswara, Lord of the Universe; Kamala or Kemel, the lotus ; also a name of

supreme Lord. A name appropriated to Lakshmi. each of the three great deities by their re- Kamdarhu, a name of Mahadeo, worshipspective followers; whose endeavours have

ped in the southern and western parts of been to raise their own object of worship above those of the other two sects; thus

Kamdenu, the boon-granting cow produced with the Vishnaivas, Vishnu is the Ism

at the churning of the ocean. (See the wara; with the Saivas, Siva; as was with

Tortoise or kurmavatara of Vishnu.) This the worshippers of Brahma, that deity.

animal is invoked to obtain favours from Itahara, a portion of the Vedas. (See

the deities, who are supplicated to assume Vedas).

her form to bestow them. On this occaJugarnatha, p. 49.

sion, the supplicant presents a cow to the Jugudhatri, a form of Parvati or Durga, deity whose favour he solicits, and holding p. 98, and fig. 1, pl. 21.

it by the tail, thus addresses Lakshmi,

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