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able, because the least prepared for. lost sight of. Concurring circumstances by France against this country—a war.

are all but too favourable for the catas fare singularly abetting the views, if not rival navies, created around us as if by covertly concerted with Russia. Leav- enchantment, and proudly careering ing for the present out of view other over seas where

once the British ensigus prominent features of this creeping and fioated supreme in unequalled and almost clandestine system of aggressive inroad, solitary grandeur, whilst the wooden deferring to another account and the walls of old England, which once at final balance sheet the gigantic strides tested the

extent of her supreinacy

, and of French plunder and usurpation in exacted homage to her dominion wherNorthern and Western Africa, let ever winds could waft or oceans bear

sum up here only the story of them, are now laid up and rotting in French invasion and French aggression ordinary—our proudest dock-yards so in America, North and South. The wasted of stores, and unreplenished, that field of encroachment is vast and vari- not one solitary spar for a lower malinous, but of the three quarters of the mast could recently be found in the world where French aggrandisement to rig out the pleasure craft of an en has been at work, by fraud and false- vice "regal Whig functionary* — the hood first, and, as success emboldened, once well-garnished rooms of our spa with front more hardy, throwing off the cious arsenals so despoiled, bargained scarcely deceptive

mask afterwards, and away to France, or shamelessly made parading the resolve of force to main- away with to Spain, that tain, the concerns of one quarter at truly said, scarcely a musket renains to once will suffice to task sufficiently the be shouldered, or a shot left in the temper of our readers and our own pa- locker-all this with, to crown all, a tience. The scene of action even thus Cabinet where, in its nine members

, circumscribed, will serve to show, that stand prominently personified indolence however Louis Philippe may lack the and ignorance consurnmate, solemn lion heart and cagle eye of Napoleon the pedantry and petulance in petto, un Emperor, he is noways behind land in start self-conceit and high-born arro the craft and cunning

of Bonaparte the gance all-blustering, self-sufficiency al Corsican. Ships

, colonies, and com- smirking, and solid'acres in all their merce, was the cry of Bonaparte ; ships, stolidity, the remnant of vigour an colonies, and conquests, the echo of the crutches, and of saintly talent eret

: barricade Sovereign ; the insidious in- dozing

all this is indeed prophetic of tent of one, as of the other, being to wo to the land. Rottenness and coraccomplish these objects at the expense ruption are in the high places, and what of Great Britain, and by indirectly hope of safety and deliverance in timer warring

on her commerce, to sap the coming can be hoped for from dupes and foundations of her maritime preponde- dotards, who have deceived none bere rance. Hence this

country is insidi- their country, and served none but de ously attacked through the sides of its foes. Such are the men wielding,or firmest allies and most gainful alliances. suming to wield, with puny hands.be The blows ostensibly aimed against energies of a great nation, under whose Mexico, Buenos Ayres, and Brazil are eyes, and in contempt of whose imbe. meant for the most vital points of Bri- perpetrated, and actual hostilities cou. tish interest, whilst in all the underplot menced, by the French upon Mexica great ruling feature of the finale is never ever characterised even the most cruel

a pleasure For

the purpose

. The

the lower mainmast of his yacht, in which he was about to make

* It is a fact, that the Marquis of Anglesey having sprung, and wishing to replass age, put into Portsmouth, and afterwards into Plymouth, for dock-yards of both those ports were searched in vain by functionaries most anrios of the size requisite by the hundred. The facts are attested by the West of B French port, where he was accommodated forthwith, and might have had spar the spirit and talent with which it is conducted. tation, and justly celebrated, no less for its peculiar sources of information, thanks land Conservative, published at Plymouth and Devonport, a journal of high rep

and capricious outbreak of Bonaparte ple of Mexico, in fact, had their glohimself, with the single exception, per- rious three days, as two years after, baps, of that one act, more atrocious wards the good people of Paris had than all—the invasion of Spain. Let theirs ; the which, if nothing else, us add, that this Mexican outrage par- should have created a fellow feeling in takes largely of a meanness never the breast of Louis Philippe. The chargeable upon the France Imperial account-current of damage then furof Napoleon ; in the shabby style of a nished for pillage by eight French estashabby sovereign, to whom even am- blishments, amounted to 122,590 dolbition is second to the base passion of lars, of which to the extent of no less money-getting, Louis Phillippe has en- than 74,800 dollars was claimed by grafted a pecuniary interest upon poli- one bookseller alone. Monsieur Hytical designs-has raised a question polite Seguin, the modest claimant for and fixed the amount of damages in the this moderate sum of about L.16,500 names of individuals and subjects ; and in the article of books, admitted with should the cause be gained, he claims edifying candour,s that proof he had the repartition of the spoil

, with a view none to establish the fact of the loss to an appropriation of the lion's share in detail, for the plunderers had done to himself." The sum of damages ar- him the good turn of carrying off his bitrarily laid is roundly taxed at books of account, along with his other 600,000 hard dollars of the various matters in the book way. Now, taking items composing which, some few are an average of French books at four furnished with a certain detail, and the shillings the volume, which, to those Mexicans required to take the rest on who know any thing of the base qualtrust. It is indeed true that the sys- ity of the article in general, whether tem of claims to indemnities did not as regards the wretchedness of the originate with Louis Philippe ; - he paper, the miserable type, or the sort only improved them at a monstrous of works exported from, or indeed rate of compound interest. The ac- published in France, must appear a count commenced in 1828, and when high average. The sum quoted for first rendered, fell vastly short of the this book pillage would represent a grand total now demanded. For non- library of about 82,000 volumes ; acpayment of this, the Mexican ports are cording to which, the people of the now blockaded, the Mexican territory city of Mexico must be admitted not about to be invaded, and though last, only not to be the barbarians the not of least consideration, British com- French would now make them, but to merce and property are sacrificed, or possess a passion so extraordinary for wantonly perilled, to the extent of mil- learning, that they actually gorged lions. Here indeed lies the hidden themselves with literature. The difand the chief, though unavowed incen- ference between the mobs of Paris and tive to the Mexican quarrel. To crip- Mexico was therefore immense, but ple as well as to humble Great Britain, the balance of civilisation and taste whilst at the same time filling his cof- was all in favour of the half clad savafers from the mines of Mexico, dra- ges of the Andes. The Parisian ligooning her into treaties of commerce berty boys, as we can testify, were on umequal terms, forcing markets for solely occupied, during their three the manufactures, and aggrandising the says of robbery and riot, with the marine of France—these form the art- sack of palace and private house trapfully woven meshes of the policy within pings, and the well-garnished tills of the toils of which the cherished Down- shopkeepers—with clearing out restauing street hunter of Parisian salons lies rateurs, iron-grated bakeries, and perdufrom which the less enervated wine shops. Such was the lack of Aztecs of the Cordilleras are hardily relish for literary plunder, that shortly struggling to get free. In humble imi- afterwards, during another glorious tation of Louis Phillippe himself, let us emeute, we ourselves witnessed, with take the money question first in order, pain indescribable, the splendid and and then the commercial and political. plenteously-furnished library of the

On the 4th of December, 1828, an Archbishop of Paris contemptuously insurrection of the masses was celebra- pitched out of the windows into the ted in Mexico, and a general sack of Seine, whose course it choked up, al. property took place, known as the Sa- though the jolly brutes, less lettered quee dei Parian. The sovereign peo- than those of Mexico, were especially


conservative, for their own use, of the the king reserves to himself the liquida. Archbishop's larder and wine cellar. dation of the 600,000 dollars, as also

The book-damage case of M. Seguin, it the division thereof amongst the French will be seen, was preposterous enough, men who had been sufferers in be and he must have reconciled the esti- Mexican territory," &c. Nothing, we mate to his conscience by taxing the apprehend, could well be more couche books according to weight, on the sive of the real opinion entertained of Prussian Custom-house system, his the equity of the grossly fraudulent trumpery stock of stale Parisian shop- claims than this impudent intimatwo of keepers being placed in the scales, a design to share with the robbers, i and weight for weight reduced into not to appropriate the whole of the golden onzas at par. Finding in the spoil. It forms truly a melanchay Government a disposition to entertain exhibition of the degraded state of pothe question of these exorbitant claims, litical morality in France. subject of course to a preliminary pro- It is far beyond our purpose, and cess of examination, another smaller would be of our limits, to examine in batch of indemnity demands was pain- details such items or pretensions as are fully got up seven months afterwards, adduced by the French envoy in per for 30,500 dollars, followed in two justification only of the solid mass of months more by another list of less mèlalico proposed to be abstracted voracious, or bashful blood- from the Mexican mint, and transfersuckers, for other 15,317 dollars. In red to the treasury of Louis Phillime; this state was the indemnity question but the dissection of a few will sunce at the appearance on the scene of Ba- for the character of the whole, with 'ron Deffandis, the new Plenipoten- scarcely more than one exception, and tiary of France, who, in a note to the that is in the case of five Frenchnen Mexican Foreign Secretary dated the cruelly murdered during some turnus 19th of January, 1836, pressing for a at Atenzingo in 1833, the atrocio settlement, stated the sum total at perpetrator of which could not be 168,378 dollars. During eight years sufficiently disentangled from out the therefore, the amount and the number mob, and therefore the ends of justice, of claims remained stationary, from notwithstanding every exertion on the which it is fair to conclude that, du- part of the Mexican authorities, were ring the interim, French residents had defeated. In behalf of the families i no peculiar causes of complaint. the victims a pecuniary mulct of

With the advent of Baron Deffan. 15,000 dollars is claimed, the equity of dis, however, a change came over the which there is little reason to dispate spirit of the times ; grievance-monger- But whilst admitting this what must ing under such auspices was a traffic be thought of another item of 20,000 too gainful to be confined to the Se. dollars ; at which the lives of two French guins—more lucky riots occurred in pirates are charged in the same so Mexicoma brace of French buccaneers count? The sufferers at Atenzingo were shot at Tampico—some French are represented as honest industrious smugglers were caught in the exercise artizans or mechanics, who perishad of their honest craft, and the contra. during a sudden outbreak of a misled band property seized at Mazatlan— populace against foreigners; the crime other timely incidents fell out at Tehuan- is visited at the rate of 3000 dollars tepee, Oajaca, and Orizava, so that, each honest head only; but a deodane upon the whole, a goodly supplement is levied at the rate of 10,000 dollars to the Seguin catalogue was in course per head of two notorious freebooters of less than two years scraped toge- and assassins taken in the act. The ther, and without troubling himself or facts of the case of these men were annoying the government with a bill of notorious to all Mexico; all the 23all particulars, the Baron at once, by a thentic documents and examinations process of arithmetic all his own, sum- were in the hands of the French enmed up and sent in a total demand for voy, so that not a shadow of doubt 600,000 dollars, to be paid down on could rest upon it; yet not only are the nail without question or demur, these murderous robbers and ruffians nor to the parties complaining, but to elevated into martyrs, but their lives the French treasury ; for, says the valued at more than three times the agent of the crafty and money-griping price of really unoffending subjects * Louis Philippe,

“ the government of cording to the moral code of Lous

Philippe their mutual sovereign! The New Orleans to join the expedition, following is a brief recapitulation of the upon the understanding that it was incidents of the Tampico grievance. destined for Texas; and once on board, In December, 1835, a small American were compelled by their comrades, bark, from New Orleans, having on when off Tampico to accompany them board a body of adventurers, brought to the assault

. Such a defence was to off Tampico, and having reason untenable on that or any ground. to know that the castle of the port was Texas was a province of Mexico, al. poorly garrisoned, and the town open though in a state of insurrection—a fact and undefended by troops, a landing was of which they did not pretend ignoeffected, and the place assaulted. The rance. The truth, however, was, and inhabitants, however, took up arms, they must have known it, that it was and with the help of the few troops no better than a marauding expedition there repulsed the assailants, who hasti- on the hunt for chances of plunder. ly retreated, leaving twenty-eight pri- Megia, under whose orders they were, soners in the hands of the Mexicans, was an expelled rebel. Tampico was all foreigners, and among them the two selected as the point of attack, not Frenchinen in question. They were only because ill-prepared and unsusof course all tried before a military tri- picious of danger, but because the bunal, according to military law, con- brigands had notice, that by various demned, as was inevitable, and shot. conductas from the interior and the The vessel in which they were em- mines a vast treasure was accumulatbarked sailed under no flag; on land- ed there, estimated at 4 or 500,000 ing they fought under none; they had dollars in specie, the far larger portion forfeited therefore all rights as subjects of it British property, waiting the arof a friendly state, even if those rights rival of the first packet for transmishad not been lost by the act of carry- sion to England. Such are the partiing arms against a courtry with which culars of the so called “butchery of their own was at peace, according to Tampico," and such a faithful version the French civil code itself, (Art. 21, of the story and the exit of the two sec. 1. cap. 2. vol. i.) All the docu- French pirates Demonssent and Sausments relative to the landing, the as- sier. Let the common sense and com. sault, the capture, the trial before a mon honesty yet to be found in the tribunal, presided over by the general world decide upon the scandalous percommanding in these paris, though not version of truth, and the irsolent disat the action, assisted by an assessor, regard of the rights of an independent were duly laid before the French en- state, evinced in this single transacvoy, authenticated throughout by the tion on this side of the French govern. requisite formalities and parties, and ment. It is singular, that with respect yet this man had the hardihood to as- to the fate of the other twenty-six sert in his ultimatum that no satisfac- foreigners, associated in the freetory explanation of the proceedings had booting foray, no complaint has been been furnished. With remarkable as- uttered by the States of which they surance he descants therein upon the were born subjects, and the cause is butchery at Tampico in 1835, wherein clear; their crimes had disqualified twenty-eight foreigners, amongst whom them from the privileges of birthright, were two Frenchmen, made prisoners had erased them from the category of by the Mexican troops, in consequence nationality and citizenship, as in the of an attack which they meditated upon case of the two Frenchmen. If compenthe territory of the Republic, in favour sation was justified in the one instance, of the Tejanos, were put to death a so it must be in the other, so that at the few days afterwards, in a yard, where rate of 10,000 dollars a head, Mexico they were surrounded and shot like should be called upon for 260,000 dollars wild beasts, and without the Mexican more-at such a rate, not even the Government, up to the present mo- mines of Mexico in most splendid bonment, nearly two years that France has anza could satisfy the endless drain. solicited, being able to show by virtue The United States alone might prefer of what law, nor according to what claims far more just for embattled citi. judicial formality, they had been sen- zens slain fighting under the insurgent tenced and executed."

flag of Texas. We cannot conclude The defence of the Frenchmen on our notice of this flagitious affair withtrial was that they were engaged at out the expression of our admiration


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at this sudden tenderness of Louis laid a claim for 6000 dollars of loss
his lieges, even in the character of pi- forced journey back from Tehuante.
Philippe for the lives and fortunes of for the imprisonment of one night and
rates. Time was when he was too pee to Oajaca.
happy to effect a riddance of them by their visit to the former place bad for
transporting them to scenes of inevit- object the purchase of indigo, by which

. charge. We ourselves saw those mis- extent. The fact proved by the albo erable dupes in 1830 by hundreds and thorities of the district, and the subthousands ranged and crowded

in the scribed certificate

of various parties

, Place Vendome at Paris, from whence, among others, of some of their own each man with his ticket

of free fare more respectable countrymen resident, and quarters, they were deported by were, that two of them left Oajaca, diligence and post to the frontiers of where they never had carried or pos. Spain and to Belgium, where they sessed property, in debt ; a Monsieur were shot like wild beasts” without Salmon (French trader) stating that be any remonstrance, or demand of com- had advanced them on loan thirty-three pensation.

dollars (!) for the journey or escape After a patient and unbiased inves. They all arrived at Tehuantepee with tigation of all the other catalogue of. no more effects than the clothes on French grievances, we are compelled their backs-á la ligera a sin mas emu. to pronounce them nearly all, upon page que la ropa de camino que the evidence of documents of unques- ban questa, says one of the certified do tionable authority, and frorn a fair col- cuments. They arrived in Tebuantepee lation of the testimony adduced by each in July; the Indigo crop is not got in of the parties to the suit, in a greater till August and September, and not or less degree, false, groundless, and ready for sale before September and wholly unjustifiable, as in the one case October. In fine, it was more than detailed. In their several shades they partially proved besides, that their partake eminently of the character of mission to that city was the actual government of France. favour of the Mestecas, a body of inWhen not far-fetched and frivolous, surgents then in possession of Cajaca

, they are characterised by unscrupu- the chief of whom lived in the house of lous rapacity and sordid love of lucre the French Consul there, from whence -fraud and force are the elements of these men were seen to take their dewhich they are combined and by which parture. Another of the Baron's reo enforced. It is throughout

, the old tinue of claimants presented a demand story of the wolf bent upon quarrel for 30,000 dollars on with his powerless neighbour drinking seizure of thirty bars of silver, the en at the same stream lower down, but portation of which in that state is pro accused and devoured for troubling hibited by law, whilst in the act as the upper waters. We might rest smuggling them on board a vessel at here and content ourselves with the Magattand. One other, and almeno sample not culled from, but a fair the most magnificent ingredient in amples, however, may be briefly cited, ances

, and we have done. In the as being richly'instructive ; and from suburbs of Mexico city there is a pleco these various French grievances may sant village called Tacubaya, where justly be concluded ab uno disce om- the citizens are used to recreate an

saint's days, dias de uno o dos cruce When Baron Deffandis advertised and holidays. There a French pastry not long in forthcoming ; Seguin, the who chose to pay with dulces bons for “grievances,” they were of course, cook had his quarters, and regaled :) grievance of 74,000 dollars, was fortunate bookseller, with his monster bons, and other patisserie. On the

a occurrence of some splendid vanguard for hungry fol- the troops of Santa lowers. One French shopkeeper, who, Tabucaya and made a -in fine non a compte rendee forthwith for 2500 ing. Monsieur the Patissier brought glass broken, furnished the Baron with him up, but made light of the reckon dollars. Gourjon, and two brothers Baillys, compatriot the Baro D,

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