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slip, and seen no other the whole day, we “A lonely cart, and two dead bodies should again find the identical spot, where covered by ihe remains of Mr Finch's we were to pass the night, pre-occupied equipment, now marked the spot where by natives. The party set up their tents, we had formerly encamped. The two bul. and the song ceascd, but I procceded with locks were no longer to be seen. The Mr White towards the place whence the natives had revisited the spot, since Mr sounds came, and from which smoke Finch last quitted it, and had carried off

We there saw several persons the remainder of the flour, and great part amid smoke, and apparently regardless of of the canvass of the tent The bodies our presence ; indeed, their apathy, as were covered by a pile of various articles, compared with natives in general, was such as saddles, bows and yokes, harness, surprising. A young man continued to packsaddles, trunks, and canisters, &c. beat out a skin against a tree without car. The savages appeared to have been ig. ing to look at us, and as they made no norant of the use of sugar, tea, and tobac. advance to us, we did not go up to them. co, articles which those aborigines nearer Mr White, on visiting their fires, how. to our colony prefer to all other things. ever, at 10 P. M. found that they had de. A large canister of tea had been empcamped.

tied on the ground, a similar canister, • All this seemed rather mysterious, more than half full of sugar, lay on its until the nature of the song I had heard side, so that its contents were still good, was explained to me afterwards at Syd. the lids of both canisters having been ney by the bush-ranger, whom I visited carried off. The whole stock of tobacco in the hulk on my return. lle then imi. lay scattered about the ground, destroyed tated the notes, and informed me that by the late rains. A spade, a steel-yard, they were sung by females when mourn. and a hammer were left; although iron ing for the dead; adding, that on such had been so desirable that one of the iron occasions it was usual for the relatives of pins of the cart was carried away. The the deceased to seem inattentive or insen- iwo hair trunks belonging to Mr Finch, sible to whatever people might be doing and which contained his clothes, papers, around them.

&c, remained on the heap, uninjured and “At the time, however, this behaviour unopened, while the truly savage plun. of the natives only made us more on our derers had carried off, apparently as stuff guard, and impressed the men with a for clothing, the canvass of the tent. sense of the necessity for vigilance, espe. From these circumstances it was obvious cially during the night, when a watch that the murderers were qnite unacquaintWas set on the cattle, and two men guard- ed with the colonists or their habits. ed the camp, while all the rest slept with “ The bodies were now in the most of their arms at hand."

fensive state of putrefaction, and already Such precautions were necessary,

so much decayed that we could not even for they were followed on their route distinguish the persons, except by the by a numerous tribe of natives. The smaller frame of Bombelli. The body of main body, upwards of a hundred the bullock-driver lay under the cart, strong, continued to move parallel to that of B:»mbelli about four feet from it

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where he had been accustomed to sleep; it, and were eyed sternly by the party No dress appeared to have been on either, advancing towards the spot where besides the shirts, and one side of each were lying their wounded friends. As skull was so shattered, that fragments lay they approached the

plains, they saw about on removing these remains into a before them the signal-ares and smokes grave. It seemed most probable that the of other savages, who were, however, natives had stolen upon them when asleep. themselves hidden in the bush. The “ I ought to state here, that Mr Finch, bold outline of the Nandawar range on first leaving the settled districts, had was a comfortable prospect, although five men, two of whom having behaved they were still to investigate the par. ill, he had been obliged to send back to ticulars of the tragedy which had been the colony. acted at this time. It was not till the

“ Having interred the bodies, we load. 18th of February that they once

more ed the cart with such serviceable articles traced the line of the water-course the horses which the men had brought, we

as still remained, and yoking it to three of which had saved their lives, when they returned towards the camp. By the smoke first providentially fell in with it just which arose from various parts we peras the men were beginning to sink, ceived that the aborigines were watching overcome by extreme and long-con- our proceedings, and I considered it desir. tinued thirst. To them it had then able, under all circumstances, that we been the happiest of camps, after such should return to the camp that night al. a deliverance, and now they were to though the distance was seventeen miles. witness in the same spot a scene of death. “On approaching these remains of Mr

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Finch's party in the morning, I had pro- which after resting a while, and drinking
ceeded under cover of the scrubs, that at the water (found by Whiting as well
the natives might be as little as possible as hy us), had come on tolerably well."
aware of our movement or intentions.
We now returned towards our camp along able to get on as they did–fairly out

It was well that the party had been
the original track
not only the most favourable for the cart, of those low levels and dense scrube,
but more cxpeditious; for as the route where the natives had begun to hang
was already marked, no further care was about them like hungry wolves; and
necessary as to the line, and I could thus the Major says he could not reflect
devole my whole attention to the natives on what might have been the conse-
who were about. When we reached the quence, had they been delayed only
head of the highest slope, near the place one week longer there, without feeling
whence I first saw these ponds, a dense grateful for their providential escape

. column of smoke ascended from Mount It was obvious that had they got fast in Frazer, and, subsequently, other smokes the mud, or hemmed in by inundations, arose, extending in telegraphic line far to they might have been harrassed on the south, along the base of the moun. tains, and thus communicating to the and on the other by the plunderers of

one side by the natives of the Gwydir, natives who might be upon our route homewards, the tidings of our return. Mr Finch’s party, until they shared a These signals were distinctly seen by Mr sirnilar fate. The rain had continued White at the camp, as well as by us.

for some days, to pour from a 'sky “The sun set soon after we passed that might have alarmed Noah," and Mount Frazer, but, fortunately, not until the ground had become a sea of mud. woods no longer intervened between us To a hill in the neighborhood he gave and the camp. On that naked horizon the name of " Mount Mud." we might hope at length to see our fires, On the 22d February occurred the although they were then nine miles dis. following unintelligible scene—at the tant; and I knew the bearing sufficiently time unintelligible : well to be able to travel by compass near. ly in their direction. A few bushes on “ We had not advanced far beyond the the dark outline of the horizon were long scene of that interview, when I perceived useful, as precluding the necessity for re. a number of natives running before me peated reference to the compass in the along our line of route. I hastened after dark; but a dark cloud arose beyond and them, when I perceived several men adobscured the western horizon. Just then vancing to meet me. They halted in a re, a good old pack-horse, named Rattler, ther formal manner at some distance, and knocked up, and I reluctantly gave or. I next came upon their pears,which with ders to leave him behind, when Whiting, a stone hatchet, had been laid across our the old guardsman, volunteered to re. track. There I alighted from my hors, main with him, and bring him on after and proceeded slowly towards them on he had rested ; this, in the face of both foot, inviting them, as well as I could

, to hunger and danger, I duly appreciated, come erd, and which they according. and remembered long after, to his advan. ly did. Three men met me at half way. tage. We soon after came upon some sur. One of these seemed rather old, another face water, and refreshed the tired ani.

was very stout and fat, and the third had mals. Precisely at eight o'clock, as I an intelligent countenance and thin pey. had arranged with Mr White, a rocket son, being thickly covered with the most ascended from the camp, and to us was raised sort of scarifications, so much sa just perceptible, like a needle in the ro. indeed, that I was half inclined to think mote distance. That little column of fire, that the slightness of his frame night however, was enough to assure the fa- be partly owing to the lacerations which tigued men, and enable me to mark two covered it. Oiher members of the tribe stars in the same direction, which guided soon came up, and as the carts by this me on towards the camp. At length we time had arrived at the spears on the could distinguish the large fires made ground, I took one up, and explained te there for the same purpose, and by ten the natives that the wheels passing orer o'clock we terminated the arduous labours would brcak them; still these strange of the day, and I had the satisfaction to people would not remove them, and ! find that the party under_Mr White had concluded that this prostration of their remained undisturbed. Two more rock. weapons was intended to make us at ets were afterwards sent up for the guid- quainted with their friendly disposilica ance of Whiting, and a huge fire was also towards us. They began to call loud kept burning, until, at 3 A.M., the old sol. ls to their gins, who stood assemble dier arrived safe, bringing up the old horse, under a large tree at some distance,

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and we plainly understood the invita- carriages at length got quite fast, I lion of the men to visit these females. recollected some gestures of the naBut the party was much more disposed tives, and now understool their meanto nght inan to make love jus: then, and ing. They had pointed forward along I have little doub! but thai by throwing the way we were pursuing, holding a single spear the natives would have the hands as high as the breast, as if to pe cased inein more than by all the civili- shww how deep; and ihen to the eastiy they were evilently anxious to show ward, as if to say—that direction would us; as Itady were they at that time to be better. We were now forced to reavooge the late inurues—when even trace our steps, and in following the the odour of corruption still hung like direction indicated by the natives, we a pestilence about the articles recover- made a slight detour, thus avoiding the ed from the plundered camp. The na- difficulty, and travelled over hard tives, however, perhaps one of pure ground into our old track again. This cordiality, in return ior our former useful information, given so kindly by disinterested kindnes, persisted in these natives, convinced me that ro their endeavours to introduce us very treachery intended ; although particularly to their women. They or- among the men who had su recently dered them to come up to the party, buried their comrades, I believe a difdivested of their cloaks and bags, and ferent opinion prevailed.” placed them naked before us. Mest of On the 26th, the party passed the old ine men app-ared to possess two, the encampment beside “ the Barber's” pair in general consisting of a fat stockyard near Tungulda, and, soon blomp gin and one much younger. afterwards, met Mr. Brown of WallaEach man placed himself before his gins, and bowing forward with a shrug, moul and his stockman, on horseback, ihe hands and arms b-ing thrown back who had followed their track so far, on pointing to each gin, as if to say-Take the information of " Mr. Brown,” the which you please.' The females, on native, and were proceeding to examine their part, evinced no apprehensions, the “ Barber's” stockyard. They inbut seemed to regard us beings of a formed them that the native guide had race so different, without the slightest confessed to them that his dread of the indication of either fear, aversion, or savage natives had induced him to resurprise. Their looks were rather ex- turn. Mr. Brown overtook them again pressive of a ready acquiescence in the next day, and informed them that he proffered kindness of the men; and had found various brands of his cattle when at length they brought a sable nymph vis-a-vis to Mr. White, I could on portions of hide at the stockyard of

On the preserve my gravity no longer, and that celebrated bushranger. throwing the spears aside, l' ordered morrow, the ford of Wallanburra was ihe bullock-drivers to proceed. I en- the only stream that separated them deavoured to explain by gestures that from the Christian world. That once iwo of our party had been killed by passed, they might joyfully bid adieu to their countrymen, and pointed to the pestilence and famine, the lurking savplace, so that, as Mr. White thought, age, and every fiend of food and field. they understood me. On seeing the Under the sense of perfect security party again in motion, most of the

once more, and relieved from the anxi. natives disappeared, one or two only ety inseparable from such a charge, lingered behind trees, and it then occured to me to offer them a sinall iron every object within the country of civito nahawk in exchange for that of tone lized man appeared, to the eyes of the which lay beside the spears. I there. Major, couleur de rose.

After crossing fore sent Dawkins to them, to make a the Peel, he left the party in charge of birgain if he could, but on going back Mr. White, and, attended only by his he saw most of the natives running off man Brown, commenced his ride homewith spears in their hands, and could wards through the woods, forwarding not make bis object understood by those from Segenhve to Government his offiwho remained. The earth in this part cial despatch, announcing the return of of our old track had become very soft, the party and the result of the expedition. and although the surface was undulating, it possessed a peculiar rottenness, found that his report of the course of

On his arrival at Sydney, the Major so that where the upper crust bore me the Peel and Nammoy coinciding, as on horseback, the carts would suddenly sink to the axle. The horses at notified in his first despatch, with the length began also to sink through the Barber's description of these rivers, suriace crust, and we were approach- had encouraged the Government to ing a hollow which appeared likely to place considerable confidence in that be still worse ; and when our wheel- worthy's story. It was now obvious,

however, that the account of his tra- officer reached the Gwydir

, in lat

. 29. vels beyond Tangulda was little else 27' 37", long. 150° 5'; and tracing upthan pure invention. The Major ex- wards its course or a branch, arrived amined him in the hulk at Sydney, in near thc western extremity of the the presence of the acting governor, and Nandawar range, and ascended a hl was quite satisfied that he had never nained by him Mount Albuera. He been_beyond the Nandawar range. proved that any large river flowing to The Barber thenceforth conceived a the north-west must be far to the northdeadly hatred to the man who had ward of latitude 29o. All the rivers been the means of thus saving his life, south of that parallel, and which had and afterwards, in a letter, couched been described by “the Barber" as in the most grateful terms, offered falling into such a river as the Kudur, to accompany the Major on his expe. have been ascertained to belog wholly dition to the interior in 1835, which to the basin of the Darling. offer the Major was inclined to accept, The territory traversed by Major but Sir Richard Bourke, the Goverior Mitchell was very eligible, on many of New South Wales, who had heard parts, for the formation of grazing from the Commandant of Norfolk establishments ; as a proof of which Island, that a man named George flocks of sheep soon covered the plains Clarke, according to private informa- of Walluba, and the country round tion, intended some injury to Major the “ Barber's" stock-yard has ever, Mitchell, appreciated the offer more since the return of the expedition, been judiciously, as events proved, and sent occupied by the cattle of Sir John « the Barber” to Van Diemen's Land, Jamieson. At a still greater distance where, as we said before, he was soon from the settled districts, much valoa. after hanged. Had he gone with the ble land will be found round the base of Major he had murdered him " to a the Nandawar range. The region be. moral.” He was, says the Major, truly yond these mountains, or between them a man of remarkable character, and far and the Gwydir, is beautiful, and in the before his fellows in talents and cunning vicinity, or within sight of the high -a man who, under favourable cir- land, it is sufficiently well watered to cumstances, might have organized the become an important addition to the scattered nalives into formidable bands pastoral capabilities of New South of marauders.

Wales. Notwithstanding Major Mitchell's In our account of this, his first es. proofs, from experience, that the Bar- pedition, we have kept as closely as ber was an impostor, he so persisted in we could to Major Mitchell's own his story of the “big river," that a words, abridging his narrative ; and party of mounted police, commanded we shall follow the same method in by Captain Forbes, of the 30th regi- our articles on his second and third ment, again repaired to Nammoy, in which are even more interesting and search of a gang of bush-rangers, but important, especially the third, com. not without hopes of finding the Kin- taining his description of Australia dur. That active and enterprising Felix.

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The progress of political events has to comprehend, and still less to treat served fully to verify those apprehen- scientifically, subjects of far more imsions, and to justify those warnings, portant interest in the political and which on various occasions, with all commercial sense. The treaty of the authority to be derived from expe- Unkiar Skelessi is an imperishable morience of the past, fortified with facts nument in proof of this deplorable ignooccurring every day, in respect of the rance and absence of political forecast foreign policy of the empire, have and geographical combination ; the been stated and enforced in the co- Prussian Customhouse league would lumns of this publication. To dignify not have been existent at this moment that policy with the name of system, had one frontier, and one central State would be, if not an utter prostitu- of the States composing it, however tion, a gross misapplication of terms ; small in extent, and insignificant in their its course has been erratic and undisci- populations, been secured by treaty, and plined as the mind of its director. so detached, as at the time was easily to Swayed by vague impulse, by fitful be accomplished. But Lord Palmercaprice, by puerile antipathies, its ten- ston was as unconscious of the

geogradency has been, and continues still to phical and relative bearings of the Gerbe, uncertain as the temperamental os- manic States, affected by, and now cillations of its author, and vain would combined in the Union, as of the vast be the attempt to predicate the policy commercial iņterests involved in, and of the morrow, from the fanciful indica- now sacrificed through his ignorance tion of that of to-day. It would in and rashness. To be vanquished by truth be as idle to look for grapes from known and avowed rivals or foes, thistles, or wheat from tares ; for the Fo- should be humiliation sufficient, but reign Secretary, the master-mind that one wreath more bristles amidst the should be, but is not, is so purely inno- laurels of his Lordship-he is no less cent of the first and elementary lessons the victim of the political friends of his of his art, that it would be miraculous bosom, than of undisguised opponents. indeed if he could master its more ab- If by open foes he has been circumventstruse problems. The man who, as we ed, no less has he been betrayed and know, and have heretofore exemplified, overreached by artful allies in whom he is so entirely deficient in the ruder out trusted. The work of pillage has been lines of geographical lore, as to be un. proceeding on all sides, as well by direct acquainted with the territorial limits

or assault and battery, as by secret sapping position on the map of the remarkable and mining; but of al wars, that of localities of states, can hardly be fitted “war in disguise” is the most formid

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VOL XLIV.

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