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Dr Lushington, Judge in Ecclesiastical been selected for honourable notice in Courts.

the different modes we have mentionFox Maule, Under Secretary for Home ed :

Lord Morpeth, Secretary for Ireland.

R. M. Bellew, created a Baronet.
J. A. Murray, Lord Advocate.

E. G. Bulwer, ditto. R. Lynch, Master in Chancery.

J. R. Carnac, ditto. M. O'Ferrall, Lord of the Treasury.

S. Crompton, ditto. Lord A. Paget, Equerry to the Queen.

J. Duke, knighted. Lord Palmerston, Foreign Secretary.

J. Dunlop, created a Baronet. John Parker, Lord of the Treasury.

J. Edwards, ditto. Sir H. Parnell, Paymaster-General.

H. Fleetwood, ditto. Captain Pechel, Equerry to the Lord Dundas, gazetted Lord-LieuteQueen.

nant of the North Riding. Spring Rice, Chancellor of the Ex. J. Guest, created a Baronet. chequer.

R. Ferguson, gazetted Lord-LieuteHenry Rich, Equerry to the Queen.

nant of Fifeshire. Sir Robert Rolfe, Solicitor-General.

B. Hall, created a Baronet. Lord John Russell, Secretary for Home R. Howard, ditto. Department.

C. Jephson, ditto. Lord Seymour, Lord of the Treasu- Roderick Macleod, created Lord Lieury.

tenant of Cromarty. Richard Shiel, Commissioner of Green- R. B. Philips, created a Baronet. wich Hospital.

D. Roche, ditto, Hon. R. J. Smith, Lord of the Trea. J. Seale, ditto. sury.

Matthew Wood, ditto. Robert Vernon Smith, Secretary to E. De Lacy Evans, made a K. C. B. the Board of Control.

Again, the following members have Edward John Stanley, Secretary of retired from Parliament and received the Treasury.

their reward for past services. Some Doctor Stock, Judge of Irish Admiral- have kindly resigned their seats to ty Court.

make way for others—a Lord John J. Č. F. Strangways, Under Secretary Russell

, or a Palmerston for instance of Foreign Department.

--and have in return received a suitaRobert Steuart, Lord of the Trea- ble acknowledgment of their magnasury.

nimous self-denial:Earl of Surrey, Treasurer of the Household.

Mr Stewart Mackenzie, appointed GoC. P. Thompson, President of the vernor of Ceylon. Board of Trade.

Mr Hanbury I'racy, elevated to the Sir E. Troubridge, Lord of the Admi Peerage. ralty.

Mr Tracy Leigh, gazetted Lord-LieuSir Richard H. Vivian, Master-Gene tenant of Monmouthshire. ral of the Ordnance.

Mr Carew, elevated to the Peerage. Major Vivian, Aide-de-camp to Ditto. Sergeant Wolfe, Chief Baron of ExCharles Wood, Secretary to the Ad chequer in Ireland. miralty.

Sergeant O'Loughlin, Master of the

Rolls in Ireland. Here then are fifty, exclusive of mi- Mr Western, elevated to the Peerage. nor commissioners, as Mr. Wrightson, Sir J. Wrottesley, ditto. Mr. Duckworth, Mr. Maule, &c.; and Mr Hanbury Bateman, ditto. of persons who have held offices, as Mr Methuen, ditto. Sir Edward Codrington, Sir Charles Mr Ponsonby, ditto. Grey, &c., though at present unem- Mr Coke, ditto. ployed. But still these are by no Mr Portman, ditto. means all who have felt the benefit of Mr Littleton, ditto. Government patronage in these days Mr Pepsy, ditto. of purity and reform; and therefore Mr Denman, ditto. we will proceed to name a few more Sir A. L. Hay, appointed Governor of who have solid reasons for voting Bermuda. black white to keep Whig-Radicals in Mr R. Grant, appointed Governor of office. The following members have Bombay.

naper Office.

Mr Kennedy, appointed Chief Com- Lord Duncan.-His father created an missioner at Cuba.

Earl by the Whigs. Mr O'Dwyer, Stipendiary Magistrate Lord Dundas, ditto. in Ireland.

Hon. Mr Dundas, ditto. M, Fitzsimon, Clerk of the Irish Ha- Lord Leveson, ditto.

Hon. Mr Moreton, ditto. Lord Belfast, appointed Vice-Cham- Lord Worsley, ditto. berlain to the Queen.

Lord Ebrington.—His nephew Lord Dr. Bowring, appointed Foreign Agent King made an Earl by the Whigs. to the Foreign Office.

Mr Lambton.-His brother made an Mr H. L. Bulwer, Secretary of Lega Earl by the Whigs. tion at Constantinople.

Mr Mildmay.His brother-in-law Mr Brady, Solicitor-General of Ire made a Peer by the Whigs. land.

Mr G. Byng-His brother created a Mr Crompton, Judge in Ireland.

Peer by the Whigs. Mr Perrin, Baron of the Exchequer in Mr Brodie.—His brother created a Ireland.

Baronet by the Whigs. Mr Blamire, appointed Tithe Commis- Mr Craig.-His father ditto. sioner for England.

Sir W. Clayton.—His brother ditto. Mr D. Browne, elevated to the Irish Mr O’Callaghan.—His father created a Peerage.

Peer by the Whigs. Mr Lefevre, appointed Poor Law Com- Mr J. Westenra, ditto. missioner.

Colonel Westenra, ditto Colonel Fox, appointed Clerk of the Lord A. Conyngham, brother to the Ordnance.

Lord Chamberlain. Sir John Newport, appointed Controller Mr Denison, uncle to ditto. of the Exchequer.

Mr J. E. Elliot, brother to the First Admiral Elliot, appointed Admiral on Lord of the Admiralty. African Station.

Lord Melgund, son to ditto,

Mr E. Ellice, father to Lord Durham's Of this tribe we could easily discover Secretary. dozens more, but it is unnecessary; the Mr Evans, brother-in-law of Sir H. specimens above will show that many Parnell. a pure and patriotic member in the Sir R. Ferguson, brother to the new House of Commons, who has not Lord-Lieutenant of Fife. hitherto deigned to take place or pay, Lord Fitzalan, son to the Treasurer of may nevertheless have some pleasures the Household. of hope to console him for his rigid in- Mr Fitzsimon, brother to the Clerk of dependence. Others who have nothing the Hanaper Office. given to themselves, who probably Mr O'Connell, brother to the new Goalso expect nothing, are sufficiently vernor of New South Wales, &c. &c. enchained to the Ministry by the em- Mr M. O'Connell, son of the former ployments or honours enjoyed by their Mr O'Connel. relatives. At the risk of fatiguing our Mr J. O'Connell, ditto. readers we subjoin a few of these Mr M. J. O'Connell, nephew of the gentlemen, with a designation of their member for Dublin. mode of indirect dependence on the Mr Maurice O'Connell, son of ditto. Government.

Lord B. Grosvenor.—His father made

a Marquis by the Whigs. Lord Acheson. His father created an Mr Cavendish.—His grandfather made English Peer by the Whigs.

an Earl by the Whigs. Mr Baines. His son made Recorder of Mr Hobhouse, brother of the President Hull.

of Board of Control. Mr H. Berkeley, brother to a Lord of Mr Hurt, brother of the new Governor

the Admiralty, and to a new Whig of South Australia. peer.

Sir C. Lemon, brother-in-law of Lord Mr C. Berkeley, ditto.

Lansdowne. Lord Brabazon.—His father created a Mr J. Ponsonby, son of the Lord Privy Peer by the Whigs.

Seal. Lord Clements, ditto.

Mr. Lefevre, brother of the Poor-Law Mr Ponsonby, ditto.


Mr G. R. Philips, his father, made a wants ; just as in the child's game of baronet by the Whigs.

“ open your mouth, and shut your eyes Mr J. Power, stepson of Mr Shiell and see what God will send you.” of Greenwhich.

But certainly the shutting of the eyes Lord Russell, nephew of Lord J. Rus. is the main point in the Whig proceedsell.

ing. Lord C. Russell, brother of ditto." With such lists before them as we Lord Shelburne, son of Lord Lans- have here produced, how does it hapdowne.

pen that no jealous Whig opponent of Sir Wm. Somerville, brother-in-law the influence of the Crown now makes of the Lord Chamberlain.

a motion like Lord Brougham's? Mr W. O. Stanley, brother of the Sec- There is more provocation than ever, retary to the Treasury.

more corruption, and there are more Mr Villiers, brother of the Ambassador placemen in Parliament. But in truth at Madrid.

the influence of the crown is not inMr I. H. Vivian, brother of the Master creased ; nothing is augmented but the General of the Ordnance.

public expenditure, and the influence

of the Whig-Radical faction. We Besides these individuals, a more find among the votes of the current diligent search would discover fully year, charges which clearly denote the fifty more whose relatives have potent creation of a very large number of motives for supporting Whig-Radical new places throughout the country. Government. Many members have In Ireland there is a charge of sons in the navy, and a glance at the L.66,700 for the expenses of criminal navy list will show how these gentle- prosecutions, the chief part of which men prosper ; others have connections goes in the payment of salaries, and in the army, and even there they are not a small number of those entirely not quite unheeded.* Some have new ones. In England, there is an brothers or cousins in the Church, and item of L.24,000 a year for Poor-Law if so, stray deaneries or bishopricks Commissioners, all which is spent in may fall to their lot as they did to the payment of newly created officers. Doctor Denison Bishop of Salisbury, Further on, we find L.14,700 a-year Doctor Stanley of Norwhich, and Dr for Slave Commssioners who enjoy Howard, dean of Litchfield, who were almost absolute sinecures ; L.9055 a. well represented in Parliament ; like year for the new Superintendants of Dr Longley, Bishop of Ripon, brother. Factories ; L6000 for new inspectors in law of Sir Henry Parnell ; Dr of Prisons ; L.5000 a-year for the Allen, Bishop of Ely, tutor of Lord Steam Navigation from Egypt to India ; Althorp; and Dr Otter, Bishop of L.5100 for the Criminal Law CommisChichester, the father-in-law of a sioners ; L.4213 for the Record Com. Liberal member for Derby. Other missioners ; LA000 for the Scotch members may happen to have friends Church Commission ; L.2500 for the in the colonies, or relations who have Ecclesiastical Commission ; L.4010 for no peculiar dislike to visiting remote the Hand-loom Weavers' Commission; settlements. If so, dozens of places L.700 for the Irish Charity Commisare constantly to be had in every sion ; L.7000 for the Irish Boundary quarter of the globe. There is some. Survey; and L.12,700 for the Irish thing good ready for every one who Railway Commission.

•The Whigs are accustomed to pretend, that as Lord Hill is now at the head of the army, they are deprived of the patronage connected with it. But on looking at the army list, we find the following Whig members of the two Houses of Parliament in the nominal and sinecure command of regiments, besides the enjoyment of pay, pensions, and red ribands; Sir Hussey Vivian, M. P., the Marquis of Anglesea, Lord William Bentinck, M. P., Earl of Ludlow, Lord Lynedoch, Earl of Effingham, Lord Stafford, Lord Howden, şir William Anson, M. P., and Sir R. Ferguson, M. P.; and in the list of the other generals commanding regiments, there are the approved Whig names of the Hon Sir William Lumley, Hon. Sir H. Grey, Sir E. Blackeney, Sir Rusane Donkin, Hon. Sir E. Paget, Hon. Sir A. Duff, Hon. Sir R. W. O'Callagham, Sir F. Adam, Sir F. Wetherall, and Sir Richard Bourke. In this respect therefore, the Whigs, to say the least, have no cause of complaint, particularly when it is remembered how marvellously others among their friends advance in lower ranks of the army.

All these charges are entirely new; schoolmasters to New South Wales aud all, with very many more that and Canada; the appointment of might be named, go to the payment of placemen in all new settlements, as new placemen. We had an annual South Australia, Graham's Town, grant in the estimates of this year of New Zealand, &c. the management of L.50,000 for the purposes of the Irish the emigrant agencies, for which Par. Board of Education ; in 1836, the liament votes nearly L.2000 a-year sum voted was only L.35,000. Ano- and the patronage of the whole estabther charge of a peculiar nature is lishment at St. Helena, which the L.13,000 for Law Expenses, which Government of this country has recentappear to have increased L.3000 in a ly taken from the hands of the East Insingle year ; while Lord Palmerston's dia Company. All this patronage is official charge is an increase of new, and now for the first time enjoyed L.10,000 on the charge of two years by a colonial secretary, in addition to back. The expenses of Canada are the patronage of the West Indies, Canincreased exactly L.500,000, while ada, New South Wales, and all other the grant to the church in that colony colonies as before. is reduced by about three thousand At home, the Whigs have had an pounds. Some of the usual miscella- increase of patronage to an immense neous estimates against which the extent from their Factory, Poor Law, Whigs used formerly most loudly to Municipal Corporations, Registration, protest, are now under their superin- Tithe, Prisons, India Charter, Banktendence raised to an extraordinary ruptcy, Imprisonment for Debt, Irish height. The Consular department Constabulary, Irish Poor Law, Crifor 1838, is L.107,993 ; the repairs of minal Court, and Real Property Acts. palaces, gardens, and public buildings The system of centralization has been 1.74,986; the convict establishment carried ont to a very great extent, and in New South Wales L.235,000 ; the at every step of its progress fresh charge for printing L.197,796. Many patronage has been thrown into the other charges to which Mr. Hume and hands of the Government. In Ireland the rest of the Whig. Radicals used to especially, jobbing of the grossest object altogether, are continued by the description has been carried on; and present ministers, contrary to their re- in all parts of the United Kingdom peated professions and promises. What money has been squandered on comhas induced them of late to acknowl- missions of heterogeneous characters edge the propriety of a grant of Not content with his share of this patL.35,900 a-year for secret service ronage, the Marquis of Normandy money; and what has caused their has thought proper to assume the opposition to cease to that large vote office of appointing the Sheriffs at his of nearly 70,000 a-year to Irish chai- own discretion, in direct contravention ities which the much abused Tories of the law. Revising barristers, comused regularly to obtain ? These missioners, either hand-loom or educamiscellaneous estimates have been tional, or ecclesiastical, or municipal rapidly on the increase from the day or boundary; inspectors of prisons ; Lord Melbourne came into office, and superintendants of factories; assistant have placed immense means in the poor-law Commissioners; registrars of hands of the Ministry for corrupt pur- marriages and deaths; paid recorders ; poses. They have increased, because and official assignees ; now appear in the influence and patronage of the every corner of the country, and inGovernment has been wildly extended crease and multiply with alarming raunder all sorts of pretences, and in every pidity. Next year we are to bave a rupossible direction.

ral constabulary force with some thouIn the colonial department, Lord sands of new places, and if possible, a Glenelg has the patronage derived new mode of managing counties, and a from the new magisterial system in complete tribe of stipendiary magisthe West Indies to which L.69,000 is trates. So numerous indeed are the annually voted; he has the appoint- placemen in these pure, no patronage ment of the managers of the L.30,000 days, that as Mr-Sydney Smith sagely a-year voted for negro education ; the declares, the onus of proving he is not patronage of a few snug foreign jobs one now rests upon every honest man; like the Malta commission ; the ap- and seriously, this is not so very much pointment of the new chaplains and exaggerated, when it is considered that


in addition to all these new places, the secondly of the number of elevations Customs and Excise still remain with during the glorious forty years a very their 16,000 places. In olden time, large number were made for public ministers were quite content with these services, without even the slightest sources of patronage, and with the reference to political opinions. Such army, navy, and colonies ; but now was the case with the peerage of Nelthings are quite altered; commissions, son, Collingwood, St. Vincent, Duncan, and all the other new places we have Wellington, Combermere, Lynedoch, named, have sprung up to keep those Abercromby, Beresford, Hill, Hutchinliberal and enlightened reformers in son, Rodney, Hood, Keith, Gardner, office. At the present moment our Gambier, Exmouth, and many more. army is larger than it has been for Taking these circumstances into acyears; our navy employed is very count, it will be found that, during the much augmented ; and yet neither nor sway of the Tories from 1784 till the both satisfy the Whig-Radicals; they time the Whigs came in separately in go on creating place after place, and 1830, the number of peerages made with a sinking revenue increasing con- with a view to political purposes was siderably the public expenditure. singularly small and limited. What

The patronage of a ministry consists then shall be said of the Whig-Radinot however principally in places how. cals, who, after deploring the increase ever important—for honours, peerages, of 150 persons in forty years, although promotions, and ribands remain to be scarcely fifty were elevated for mere noticed. The Whigs are very fond of Parliamentary purposes, have not alcharging upon Mr. Pitt and his party lowed eight years, since 1830, to pass the heinous offence of having so in- without creating upwards of sixty new creased the peerage between 1780 and peerages for their partisans ? On look1823, that it was augmented in that ing over a list of the Whigs in the time from 225 to 378 persons. Lord House of Lords, who do not altogether John Russell, in the essay from which number more than 140, minors includwe have quoted our motto, makes a ed, we find the following connected great point of this matter. Now we with the administration, or bound to it admit 150 peers is a large number to by important obligations. We beg our have been created in forty years; but readers to notice that these are excluat the same time, it is but fair to add sive of peers who have relatives in the that the period to which we allude, Ministry, as the Dukes of Bedford and though comparatively short, was the Norfolk, the Marquis of Anglesea, era during which this country made Lords Roseberry, Seaford, Bessbogreater strides than she had ever ac- rough, and Carlisle ; and to remember complished before, and during which also the vast influence of many of the her opulence and grandeur rose to an noblemen whom we shall mention—an unexampled pitch. Three hundred and influence in the lower House, far more seventy-eight peers in 1823 bore a important and more destructive of less proportion to the number of influ- the independence of Parliament, than ential proprietors in the country, than their own tes in the House of two hundred and twenty-five did in Lords. 1780. Moreover it must be remembered, when Lord John Russell brings

Placemen. forward this charge, that several of Earl of Albemarle, Master of the these new peerages were Whig crea

Horse. tions prior to 1784, when Mr. Pitt Duke of Argyle, Lord Steward. came into office, and in 1806, when Lord Auckland, Governor of India. all the talents reigned ; and also Lord Byron, Lord in Waiting.*

* In bewailing the influence of the Crown, Lord John Russell mourns the sad fate of a Lord

of the Bedchamber dismissed by the Ministry in 1822, for his vote on the Malt Tax. What will he say now, having been a member of the CabiDels that dismissed Lord Howe from his office of Chamberlain to the Queen, and Lord Charles Fitzroy from his place of Treasurer of the Household, for no greater offence? It is to be regretted that his lordship ever became an author; he has done damage to no one but his publishers and himself.

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