Hungary at War: Civilians and Soldiers in World War II
Penn State Press, 2010 - Всего страниц: 318
Hungary's place in World War II has been woefully documented, because until recently any histories of the war years had to conform to the Communist Party line. Originally allied with Germany to defend itself against Bolshevism, Hungary saw its army decimated in 1943 and was subsequently invaded - and occupied - by the Soviets. Now fifty years after the closing of the Iron Curtain, the memories of those who endured those years can finally be shared. Cecil Eby has compiled a historical chronicle of Hungary's wartime experiences based on interviews with nearly a hundred people who lived through those years. Here are officers and common soldiers, Jewish survivors of Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps, pilots of the Royal Hungarian Air Force, Hungarian prisoners of war in Russian labor camps, and a host of others. We meet the apologists for the Horthy regime installed by Hitler and the activists who sought to overthrow it, and we relive the Red Army's siege of Budapest during the harsh winter of 1944-45 through the memories of ordinary citizens trapped there.
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Allied American anti-Semitism arrived Arrow Cross Party Auschwitz Austria barracks became began Bela Bela Kun bombing Bridge Buda Budapest camp cellar civilian Communist Csepel Island Danube deported Don Bend door Erzsebet escape factory father Ferenc Ferenc Szalasi fire flat forced front gangs gendarmes German German soldiers guards guns Gyorgy Gyula heard Hitler Honvedseg Horthy Hungarian army Hungary Ilona Interview Istvan January Jewish Jews Jobbagy joined Jozsef Judit Kallay Karoly killed Kiraly knew labor battalion Laszlo later liberated Lieutenant looted Macartney Magyar March Miklos military minister months mother moved Muranyi Nagy Nagy-Talavera nearly never night Nyilas occupation officers percent Pest pilots planes political POWs prisoners Red Army regime returned Romanian Russian guards Russian soldiers Sasdi shot siege Soviet Union Street Szalasi Tabak tanks thousand Tibor told took train Trianon uniforms village Volksdeutsche Waffen SS weeks Wehrmacht Wittinger women