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« When once the pestilence had begun, it was im- the religion of his country, let him wear it in his bopossible to check its progress, or confine it to one som for his crucifix to rest upon.» quarter of the city. Hospitals were immediately established, -there were above thirty of them; as soon as
Note 13. Stanza Ixiii, one was destroyed by the bombardment, the patients
- the Vault of Destiny. were removed to another, and thus the infection was Before finally dismissing the enchanted cavern of carried to every part of Zaragoza. Famine aggravated Don Roderick, it may be noticed, that the legend octhe evil; the city had probably not been sufficiently curs in one of Calderon's plays, entitled, La Virgin del provided at the commencement of the siege, and of Sagario. The scene opens with t.e noise of the chase. the provisions which it contained, much was destroyed
oved and Recisundo, a predecessor of Roderick upon the in the daily ruin which the mines and bombs effected.
Gothic throne, enters pursuing a stag. The animal asHad the Zaragozans and their garrison proceeded ac
sumes the form of a man, and defies the king to enter cording to military rules, they would have surrendered
the cave, which forms the bottom of the scene, and before the end of January; their batteries had then
engage with him in single combat. The king accepts been demolished, there were open breaches in many the challenge, and they engage accordingly, but withparts of their weak walls, and the enemy were already out advantage on either side, wbich induces the Genie within the city. On the 3oth above sixty houses were
to inform Recisundo, that he is not the monarch for blown up, and the French obtained possession of the whom the adventure of the enchanted cavern is remonasteries of the Augustines and Les Monicas, which served, and he proceeds to predict the downfall of the adjoined each other, two of the last defensible places Gothic monarchy, and of the christian religion, which left. The enemy forced their way into the church; shall attend the discovery of its mysteries. Recisundo, esery column, every chapel, every altar, became a point appalled by these prophecies, orders the cavern to be of defence, which was repeatedly attacked, taken, and secured by a gate and bolts of iron. In the second part retaken: the pavement was covered with blood, the of the same play we are informed, that Don Roderick arsles and body of the church strewed with the dead, had removed the barrier and transgressed the prohibiwho were trampled under foot by the combatants. In tion of his ancestor, and had been apprised by the prothe midst of this conflict, the roof, shattered by repeat-digies which he discovered of the approaching ruin of ed bombs, fell in; the few who were not crushed, after his kingdom. a short pause, which this tremendous shock and their
Note 14. Conclusion. Stanza ii. own unexpected escape occasioned, renewed the fight
While downward on the land bis legions press. with rekindling fury: fresh parties of the enemy pour
Before them it was rich with vine and flock, ed in; monks, and citizens, and soldiers came to the
And smiled like Eden in her summer dress ;defence, and the contest was continued upon the ruins, Behind their wasteful march, a reeking wilderness. and the bodies of the deail and the dying.»
I have ventured to apply to the movements of the Yet, seventeen days after sustaining these extremi- French army that sublime passage in the prophecies of ties, did the heroic inhabitants of Zaragoza continue Joel, which seems applicable to them in more respects their defence; nor did they then surrender until their than that I have adopted in the text. One would think despair had extracted from the French generals a capi- their ravages, their military appointments, the terror tulation, more honourable than has been granted to which they spread among invaded nations, their milifortresses of the first order.
tary discipline, their arts of political intrigue and deWho shall venture to refuse the Zaragozans the eulo-ceit, were distinctly pointed out in the following verses gium conferred upon them by the eloquence of Words- of Scripture: worth'-« Most gloriously have the citizens of Zara- 2. « A day of darknessc and gloomipesse, a day of Gora proved that the true army of Spain, in a contest clouds and of thick darknesse, as the morning spread of this nature, is the whole people. The same city upon the mountains: a great people and a strong, there has also exemplified a melancholy, yea, a dismal truth, hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more -- yet consolatory and full of joy,—that when a people after it, even to the years of many generations. are called suddenly to fight for their liberty, and are 3. «A fire devoureth before them, and behind them wyrely pressed upon, their best field of battle is the a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden beloors upou which their children have played; the fore them, and bebinde them a desolate wildernesse, chambers where the family of each man has slep! (his yea, and nothing shall escape them own or his neighbour's); upon or under the roofs by 4. « The appearance of them is as the appearance of which they have beco sheltered; in the gardens of their horses and as lorsemen, so shall they runne. recreation; in the street, or in the market-place; before 5. « Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mounthe altars of their temples, and among their congre- tains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire Caled dwellings, blazing or up-rooted,
that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in The government of Spain must never forget Zara- battel array. goza for a moment. Nothing is wanting to produce 6. « Before their face shall the people be much tie same effects everywhere, but a leading mind, such pained: all faces shall gather blacknesse. as that city was blessed with. In the latter contest this 7. « They shall run like mighty men, they shall has been proved; for Zaragoza contained, at that time, climbe the wall like men of warre, and they shall march bodies of men from almost all parts of Spain. The every one in his wayes, and they shall not break their narrative of those two sieges should be the manual of ranks. every Spaniard. He may add to it the ancient stories 8. «Neither shall one thrust another, they shall walk of Numantia and Saguntum ; let him sleep upon the every one in his path: and when they fall upon the book as a pillow, and, if be be a devout adherent 10 sword they shall not be wounded.
9. « They shall run to and fro in the citie: they dulged themselves in parading their bands of music, shall run upon the wall, they shall climbe up upon and actually performed «God save the King. Ther the houses: they shall enter in at the windows like a minstrelsy was however deranged by the updesired as thief.
companiment of the British horse-artillery, op whose 10. «The earth shall quake before them, the hea- part in the concert they had not calculated. The survens shall tremble, the sunne and the moon shall be prise was sudden, and the rout complete ; for the arus. dark, and the starres shall withdraw their shining.» lery and cavalry did execution upon them for about
In verse 20th also, which announces the retreat of four miles, pursuing at the gallop as often as they get the northern army, described in such dreadful colours, beyond the range of the guns. into a « land barren and desolate,» and the dishonour
Note 17. Conclusion. Stanza a with which God afflicted them for having « magnified
Vainly thy squadroas bide Asseava's plaia, themselves to do great things,» there are particulars
And front the flying thunders as they roar, pot inapplicable to the retreat of Masséna ; Divine Pro
With frantic charge and tenfold odds, in vain! vidence having, in all ages, attached disgrace as the na
In the severe action of Fuentes d'Honoro, upon itt tural punishment of cruelly and presumption.
May, 180, the grand mass of the French cavalry Note 15. Conclusion. Stanza vii.
tacked the right of the British position, covered by two Tbe rudest sentinel, in Britain born,
guns of the horse-artillery, and two squadrons of a
valry. After suffering considerably from the fire of Gave his poor crust to feed some wretch forlorn.
the guns, which annoyed them in every attempt 21 Even the unexampled gallantry of the British army formation, the enemy turned their wrath entirely from in the campaign of 1810-11, although they never wards them, distributed brandy among their troopers, fought but to conquer, will do them less honour in his and advanced to carry the field-pieces with the despre tory than their humanity, attentive to soften to the ut-ration of drunken fury. They were in no ways checked most of their power the horrors which war, in its by the heavy loss which they sustained in this danas mildest aspect, must always inflict upon the defence-attempt, but closed, and fairly mingled with the Britze less inhabitants of the country in which it is waged, cavalry, to whom they bore the proportion of test and which, on this occasion, were tenfold augmented one. Captain Ramsay (let me be permitted to fame : by the barbarous cruelties of the French Soup- gallant countryman), who commanded the two EE, kitchens were established by subscription among the dismissed them at the gallop, and, putting himseis officers, wherever tbe troops were quartered for any the head of the mounted artillerymen, ordered them is length of time. The commissaries contributed the fall upon the French, sabre in hand. This very unesheads, feet, etc. of the cattle slaughtered for the sol. pected conversion of artillerymen into dragoons con diery; rice, vegetables, and bread, where it could be buted greatly to the defeat of the enemy, already work had, were purchased by the officers. Fifty or sixty concerted by the reception they had met from the two starving peasants were daily fed at one of these regi- British squadrons; and the appearance of some simt mental establishments, and carried home the relics to reinforcements, notwithstanding the immense dispor their famished households. The emaciated wretches, portion of force, put them to absolute rout. Acom wbo could not crawl from weakness, were speedily em- or major of their cavalry, and many prisoners ans ployed in pruning their vines. While pursuing Masséna, all intoxicated), remained in our possession. T the soldiers evinced the same spirit of humanity; and, who consider for a moment the difference of the con in many instances, when reduced themselves to short vices, and how much an artilleryman is necessary : allowance, from having out-marched their supplies, naturally led to identify his own safety and utints *. they shared their pittance with the starving inhabitants abiding by the tremendous implement of war, 1 who had ventured back to view the ruins of their habi-exercise of which he is chiefly, if not exclusively tr: tations, burnt by the retreating enemy, and to bury the ed, will know how to estimate the presence of er bodies of their relations whom they had butchered.- which commanded so bold a mancuvre, and the ski Is it possible to know such facts without feeling a ness and confidence with which it was executed. sort of confidence, that those who so well deserve vic
Note 18. Conclusion. Stanza .. tory are most likely to attain it?-It is not the least of
And what avails thee that, for C. eos slain, Lord Wellington's military merits, that the slightest dis
Wild from his paided ranks the yell was give position towards marauding meets immediate punishment. Independently of all moral obligation, the army
The gallant Colonel Cameron was wounded mom which is most orderly in a friendly country, has always
during the desperate contest in the streets of the Bill proved most formidable to an armed enemy.
called Fuentes d'Honoro. He fell at the head of "
native Highlanders, the 71st and oth, who ra Note 16. Conclusion. Stanza viji.
a dreadful shriek of grief and rage. They cher Vain-glorious fugitive!
with irresistible fury, the finest body of French ? The French conducted this memorable retreat with diers ever seen, being a part of Buonaparte's soles much of the fanfarronade proper to their country, by guard. The officer who led the French, a man recar which they attempt to impose upon others, and per-| able for stature and symmetry, was killed on the spark haps on themselves, a belief that they are triumphing The Frenchman who stepped out of lus rank to in the very moment of their discomfiture. On the 30th aim at Colonel Caincron, was also bayoneted, and March, 1811, their rear-guard was overtaken near Pega | with a thousand wounds, and almost torn to preces by the British cavalry. Being well posted, and conceiv- the furious Highlanders, who, under the com a ing themselves safe from infantry (who were indeed Colonel Cadogan, bore the enemy out of the code many miles in the rear), and from artillery, they in- ground at the point of the bayonet. Massena poras
countrymen a singular compliment in his account of able manner in which these opinions have been retractthe attack and defence of this village, in which he says, ed. The success of this plan, with all its important the British lost many officers, and Scotch.
consequences, we owe to the indefatigable exertions of Note 19. Conclusion. Stanza xiv..
Note 20. Conclusion. Stanza xvii.
- a race renown'd of old,
Whose war-cry oft has waked the baule-swell.
This stanza alludes to the various achievements of Nothing during the war of Portugal seems, to a dis-l the warlike family of Grame, or Graham. They are tinct observer, more deserving of praise, than the self
said, by tradition, to have descended from the Scottish devotion of Field-Marshal Beresford, who was contented
chief, under whose command his countrymen stormed to undertake all the hazard of obloquy which might the wall built by the Emperor Severus between the have been founded upon any miscarriage in the highly friths of Forth and Clyde, the fragments of which are important experiment of training the Portuguese troops still popularly called Grame's Dyke. Sir John the to an improved state of discipline. In exposing his Grseme, « the bardy, wight, and wise,» is well known military reputation to the censure of imprudence from las the friend of Sir William Wallace. Alderne, Kilthe most moderate, and all manner of unutterable ca-l syth, and Tibbermuir, were scenes of the victories of lumnies from the ignorant and malignant, he placed at the heroic Marquis of Montrose. The pass of Killystake the dearest pledge which a military man had to crankie is famous for the action between King Wiloffer, and nothing but the deepest conviction of the Iliam's forces and the Highlanders in 1689, high and essential importance attached to success can
Where glad Dundee in faint huzzas expired. be supposed an adequate motive. How great the chance of miscarriage was supposed, may be estimated from It is seldom that one line can number so many hethe general opinion of officers of unquestioned talents roes, and yet more rare when it can appeal to the and experience, possessed of every opportunity of in- glory of a living descendant in support of its ancient formation ; how completely the experiment has suc- renown. ceeded, and how much the spirit and patriotism of our | The allusions to the private history and character of ancient allies had been under-rated, is evident, not only General Graham may be illustrated by referring to the from those victories in which they have borne a distin- cloquent and affecting speech of Mr Sheridan, upon the guished share, but from the liberal and highly honour vote of thanks to the victor of Barrossa.
The Field of Waterloo :
Though Valois braved young Edward's gentle hand,
TO HER GRACE THE DUCHESS OF WELLINGTON,
PRINCESS OF WATERLOO, ETC., ETC., ETC.
BY THE AUTHOR.
FIELD OF WATERLOO.
Thy wood, dark Soignies, holds us now,
Of tangled forest ground.
For access seeks in vain!
Nor sun, nor air, nor rain.
FAIR BRUSSELS, thou art far behind,
We yet may hear the hour
From proud Saint Michael's tower.
And where the earth seems scorch'd by flame,
Around her fire of straw.)
No opening glade dawns on our way,
Our woodland path has cross'd;
And corn-fields glance between;
But when these ears were green, Placed close within destruction's scope, Full little was that rustic's hope
Their ripening to have seen!
Their architecture view;
Looks on the field below,
In easier curves can Now.
Forms an opposing screen,
The soften'd vale between
On that wide stubble-ground.
Nor fosse nor fence are found,
So deem'st thou-50 each mortal deems,
But other harvest here
With bayonet, blade, and spear.
Fell thick as ripen'd grain;
So often lost and won :
Dash'd the hot war-horse on.
From yonder trenched mound?
ller garner-house profound.
Far other harvest-home and feast,
On those scorch'd fields were known!
A summons of his own.
Distinguish every tone
Down to the dying groan, And the last sob of life's decay
When breath was all but flown.
JV. Now, seest thou aught in this lone scene Can tell of that which late hath been!
A stranger might reply, « The bare extent of stubble-plain Seems lately lightend of its grain; And yonder sable tracks remain, Marks of the peasants ponderous wain,
When harvest-home was nigh. On these broad spots of trampled ground, Perchance the rusties danced such round
As Teniers loved to draw;
Protracted space may last;
And cease when these are passid.
Vain hope!-that morn's o'erclouded sun Heard the wild shout of fight begun
Ere he attain'd his height,
Though now he stoops to night.
Still down the slope they drew,
For all that war could do,
On bloody Waterloo.
Three hundred cannon-mouths roar'd loud,
Their showers of iron threw,
The cohorts' eagles flew.
Pale Brussels! then what thoughts were thine, (2)
Continued thunders came!
Of rapide and of flame.
Points to his prey in vain, .
He fires the fight again.
Then waked their fire at once !
Then down wept helm and lance,
And to augment the fray,
Forced their resistless way.
« On! On!» was still his stern exclaim,
Rush on the levell'd gun! (3)
France and Napoleon!» Loud answer'd their acclaiming shout, Greeting the mandate which sent out Their bravest and their best to dare The fate their leader shunnd to share. (4) But He, his country's sword and shield, Still in the battle-front reveald, Where danger fiercest swept the held,
Came like a beam of light, In action prompt, in sentence brief«Soldiers, stand firm !» exclaim'd the chief,
« England shall tell the tight!»(5)
The British host had stood
They were their ocean's flood. O thou, whose ipauspicious aim Hath wrought thy host this hour of shame, Think'st thou thy broken bands will bide The terrors of yon rushing tide ?
XI. On came the whirlwind-like the last But fiercest sweep of tempest blast On came the whirlwind-steal-gleams broke Like lightning through the rolling smoke.
The war was waked anew;