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mail hags. 6. Office for parcels. 8. Staircase, leading to sitting and

The roof of the shed is of iron, and is greatly admired for its fairy (trace and lightness. Surveyed from either end of the shed, it has the appearanee of faney net-work, interwoven from wall to wall. It is, in technical phrase, an M roof, and supported in the middle hy a row of fourteen metal columns. The extent oi the roofing may he coneeived from the faet, that in fixing it together upwards at 120,000 holes had to he drilled for rivets! The whole of the work was exccuted hy Messrs. Hawks & Crawshay, ol the South Shore, Gateshead.

The shed is lighted Irom the rool hy skylights extending the whole length of the huilding, and containing 9,000 superficial feet of sheet glass, weighing 15 oz. per foot, or upwards of 8,437ft!

The lead-work of the roof, the water-closets (a dozen), and other parts of the station, was done hy Mr. Revely, of Pudding-chare, Newcastle, and consumed no less than 15,000 superficial feel!

The painting and glazing of the huilding were exccuted hy Messrs. Cummins 8t Firhank, of Gateshead. We have already stated the quantity of glass that was required. The extent of the painting must he expressed neither hy feet nor hy yards, hut hy acres! Four acres, we helieve, was ahout the quantity!

The slating was entrusted to Mr Lewis Forsyth, and the plastering to Mr. Ralph Dodds.

Mr. Pearson was ahly and zealously seconded hy all the suh-enntractors, in his successful efforts to accomplish the contract within the stipulated time. His superintendent of the carpenter-work was our active and intelligent townsman, Mr. R. C. Young; and Messrs. John Pearson and E. Cook superintended the masons.

The inspector of works was Mr. William Cook, of Newcastle.

Mr. Whitfield, of York, a vigilant and intelligent ally ol the architect, was clerk of the works.

The refreshment rooms have heen taken hy Mr. Archhold, of the Queen's Head inn, and Mr. Brown, of the Turf Hotel, Newcastle—a sufficient guarantee of the comfort and excellenee of the estahlishment. The kitchen is fitted up with a range hy Walker of York. Behind the fire there is a large hoiler, which will continually hold water, and supply steam to cooking vessels of every deseription. There are closets near the fire, with hollow iron shelves, containing steam, so that whatever dishes are placed upon them will he kept hot. A speaking tuhe affords a means ol communication hetween the kitchen and the rooms ahove; and when an order is given to the servants in attendanee helow, the article ordered—whether a cup of tea or a round of heef—is placed upon a shelf in a "dry well," and rises to the ground floor, or to the rooms ahove, according to the instructions given.






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A New Year Rarity.—On New Year's Day, Mr. Samuel Barns, of Gateshead Fell, gathered a plateful of mushrooms in his garden in the open air.

The Footpaths Of Gateshead.—We have heen requested to state, that a memorial is now in course of signature, urging the Town Council to rescind their proclamation against the exposure of goods for sale in the open street . It was also hinted to us that we might say a "good word" for the memorialists. But they have spoken so much hetter for themselves, than we could possihly speak for them, that we shall copy their own " case," and leave it with the Council and the Burgesses:—

To the Town Council of the Borough of Gateshead. We, the owners and occupiers of shops, &c, in Gateshead, feeling aggrieved at the resolution passed at the last meeting of the Council, prohihiting the exposure of goods for sale, and so on, heg of you, the Council, to rescind such resolution, or to assign some limits where we may expose our goods, for the following reasons :—

1. That ahove the Half-Moon-lane the thorough-traffic is much less than helow it, and the street considerahly wider, and the footpath a great distance from the shops and houses.

2. That there are a great numher of projections, in the shape of rails, steps, and quays. For inatanoe:—Messrs. Barras's, Ellison's, Willis's, Emriss's, and Hymers's, the chapel-rails, and the quay all the way up the street on the one side, the old poor-house steps, Sill's, Kell's, Lister's, Price's, Akenhead's quay, and the pants, on the other.

3. That there is no marketplace in Gateshead, to exhihit gooda In and therefore we are of opinion that the carrying out of the said resolu tiou will tend very much to send the trade of Gateshead over to New castle; for he it rememhered, the great hulk of country, people come with an intention to purchase in Newcastle; and unless we he allowed to set oar •' traps" so as to catch them, there they will go, and there almost must we, in order to live, and he enahled to pay rates, rents, dee.; and then will the words of a neighhouring Nohleman he verified, when he said that Gateshead was hut a " long, dirty street, on the road to Newcastle," without either trade or importance.

Therefore we hope that you, the Council of this horough, will see the propriety of yielding, in some measure, to the petition of your humhle suitors, upon such conditions as you may think proper.

We, at the same time, would not hy any means wish to ohstruct that part of the street used as footpath, (whioh is, as hefore ohserved, a great distance from the steps and houses,} or the carriage-way; and at the same time we would remind you, tile Council, that it was once recom mended, at a former Council meeting, to erect permanent huildings upon the space which we now heg to he allowed to occupy temporarily, limited and conditionally.

This memorial has received several signatures, and, when mor numerously signed, will he suhmitted to the Town Council.

The Corn Laws.—On Monday evening, Jan. 8, the Young Men's Free Trade Association, Gateshead, met at Mr. Rickahy's; when it was resolved, that at each meeting essays he read and addresses made on the principles of Free Trade. W. Kell, Esq., was elected President, ana Mr. John Rohson and Mr. John Fawcett Vice-Presidents, for the ensuing year.

Fire In Gateshead.—On the night of Jan. 10, a fire hroke out in the patent felt manufactory helonging to Councillor Bertram, J.P., situated nearTync Main. The engine of Messrs. Hawks & Crawshay was speedily on the spot, and got the fire under. The Newcastle and North British engine also arrived, hut was not required.

The Gateshead Bazaar for the British Schools, it will elsewhere he seen, is fixed to take place on the 27th and 28th of Fehruary. Mrs. Hugh Lee Pattinson has this week consented to preside at one of the stalls. The ladies, not only in Gateshead, hut also in Newcastle and the neighhourhood, are interesting themselves in the success of the Bazaar, and the contrihutions are likely to he very liheral. The Duke of Camhridge, the Rev. Dr. Newton, and the Rev. James Parsons, have this week sent donations; and Mr. Hewitson, of Deanstreet, has promised to exhihit his "dissolving views" at the Bazaar.

The Annual Ball for the Benefit of the Gateshead Dispensary, took place in the Assemhly Room of the Grey Horse, on Thursday, Jan. 11. The arrangements on the occasion were of the most complete, satisfactory, and liheral description, reflecting the highest credit hoth on the worthy Secretaries (Dr. Elliot and Mr. J. P. Depledge), and on "mine host"of the "Grey Horse." There were 220 ladies and gentlemen present. Dancing commenced ahout ten o'clock, the hall heing led off hy Mr. George Crawshay and Mrs. Oxford (one of the daughters ol the Mayor). Among the company were Mr. Hutt, M.P., Capt. Layarcf, M.P., Lord Killeen (son of the Earl of Fingal), the Mayor of Gateshead, the Mayor of Newcastle and Miss File, the Sheriff and Under Sheriff of Newcastle, Capt. Dinsdale, of Newsham Park, Dr. Charlton and Mrs. Charlton, Capt. and Mrs. Weatherley, Capt. Atkinson, 37th Regiment, Mrs. and Misses Collinson, of Boldon, Mr. G. H. Ramsay, Mr. and Miss Cowen, Mr. and Mrs. Beresford, Mr. R. C. Forster, Mr. and Miss Pollock, Mr., Mrs., and Miss Walker, Mr. and Mrs. G. J. Kenmir, Mr., Mrs., and Misses Swinhurne, Mr. and Misses Davis, Mr. Favcll, Miss Bainhridge, Mr. George Hawks, Mr. W. Crawshay, Mr. Caley, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Brockett, Mr. William and Misses Wilson, Dr. and Mrs. Turner, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Harle, Mr. Ritzema, Mr. Hunter, Mr. Eltringham, Mr. Joseph Price, Dr. and Miss Glover, Mrs. Falla, Misses Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. Potts, Mr. and Miss Rohson, Messrs. and Miss Watson, Mr. Scarlett, Mr. Lamh, Mr. Lange, Mr. James Smith, Mr. Revely, Mr. Marshall, Misses Train, Mrs. and Miss Bennett, Mr. and Mrs. John Greene, Mr. Geldard, Mr. J. G. Ahhott, Miss Adamson, Mr. Parkinson, Mr. Beggs, Mr. Joseph Hmyers, Mr. H. Fife,Miss Newmarch, Mr. and Mrs. Colman, Mr. Matchitt, Mrs. and Misses Fairs, &c, &c. The dancing was kept up till an early hour; and the attentions of the Stewards (the Mayor, Mr. George Crawshay, and Mr. Thomas Ramsay,) as well as the music, under the management of Mr. M. Liddell, gave every satisfaction.

The Population Question.—Mr. Montgomery Martin, in the fourth part of his Ireland hefore and after the Union, (a wotk ahounding in valuahle information, and previously noticed in the Ohserver?) replies to " the allegation that hy means of the Union, Ireland has heen depopulated, and 'hundreds of thousands' destroyed." "An increase of popula tion," he ohserves, " is a convincing test of the advancing state of a nation;" and Arthur Young stated, in 1766, that" Ireland

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