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leaves of trees; and that some kinds of them are from a dew left upon herbs or flowers: and others from a dew left upon Colworts or Cabbages: All which kindes of dews being thickened and condensed, are by the Suns generative heat most of them hatch'd, and in three dayes made living creatures, and of several shapes and colours; some being hard and tough, some smooth and soft; some are horned in their head, some in their tail, some have none; some have hair, some none; some have sixteen feet,some less,andsome have none: but (as our Topsel hath with great diligence observed)those fejfj*' which have none, move upon the Serpents, earth, or upon broad leaves, their motionbeingnotunlike to the waves of the sea. Some of them hee also observes to be bred of the eggs of other Caterpillers: and that those in their time turn to be Butter-jlies\ and again, that their eggs turn the H 2 sol

following yeer to be Caterpillers.

'Tis endlesse to tell you what the curious Searchers into Natures productions, have observed of these Worms and Flies: But yet I shall tell you what our Topfel sayes of the Canker, or Palmer-worm, or Caterpiller; That wheras others content themselves to feed on particular herbs or leaves (for most think,those very leaves that gave them life and shape, give them a particular feeding and nourishment, and that upon them they usually abide;) yet he observes, that this is called a P//grim or Palmer-worm, for his very wandering life and various food; not contentinghimself(as others do) with any certain place for his abode, nor any certain kinde of herb or flower for his feeding; but will boldly and disorderly wander up and down, and not endure to be kept to a diet, or fixt to a particular place.


Nay,the very colours of Caterpillers are,as one has obierved,very elegant and beautiful:I shal(for a taste ot the rest(describe one of them, which I will sometime the next month, shew you feeding on a Willow tree, and you shal find him punctually to answer this very description: "His "lips and mouth somewhat yel"low, his eyes black as Jet, his "fore-head purple, his feet and "hinder parts green, his tail two "forked and black, the whole body "stain'd with a kind of red spots "which run along the neck and "shoulder-blades, not unlike the "form of a Cross, or the letter X, "made thus cross-wise, and a "white line drawn down his back "to his tail; all which add much "beautytohiswholebody. Anditis to me obfervable,that at a fix'd age this Caterpiller gives over to eat, and towards winter comes to be coverd over with a strange shell or crust,and so lives a kind of dead life, without eating all the winter, and (as others Fra.Bacon of several kinds turn to be several & 9"'in28 kinds of flies and vermin,the Spring his Natu- following^ so this Caterpiller thee

ralHiflory tQ st painte(J Butterflye.

Come, come my Scholer, you fee the River stops our morning walk, and I wil also here stop my discourse, only as we sit down under this Honey-Suckle hedge, whilst I look a Line to fit the Rod that our brother Peter has lent you, I lhali for a little confirmation of what I have said, repeat the observation of the Lord Bartas.

God not contented to each kind to give.
And to infuse the vertue generative,
By his wife power made many creatures breed
Of livelejs bodies,without Venus deed.

So the cold humour breeds the Salamander, Who {in ejfecT) like to her birth commander,


With child with hundred} winters,with her touch
Quencheth the fire',though glowing ne'rso much

So in thefire in burning furnacesprings
The fly Perausta with the flaming wings;
Without thefire it dies, in it, itjoy es,
Living in that which all things else destroyes.


So flow Bootes underneath him fees Herbal


Inth' icie IflandsGoHings hatcht of trees, bden. Whose fruitful leaves falling into the water, Are turn'd(tis' known) to living fowlssoon aster

So rotten planks ofbroken ships, do change To Barnacles. Oh transformationstrange! 'Twas first a green tree,then a broken hull, Lately a Mushroom, now aflying Gull.

^"/.Ohmygood Master,this morning walk has been spent to my great pleasure and wonder: but I pray, when shall I have your direction how to make Artificial flyes, like to those that the Trout loves best? and <dso how to use them?

H 4 Fife.

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