The Demiurge in Ancient Thought

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Cambridge University Press, 29 янв. 2015 г. - Всего страниц: 346
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How was the world generated and how does matter continue to be ordered so that the world can continue functioning? Questions like these have existed as long as humanity has been capable of rational thought. In antiquity, Plato's Timaeus introduced the concept of the Demiurge, or Craftsman-god, to answer them. This lucid and wide-ranging book argues that the concept of the Demiurge was highly influential on the many discussions operating in Middle Platonist, Gnostic, Hermetic and Christian contexts in the first three centuries AD. It explores key metaphysical problems such as the origin of evil, the relationship between matter and the First Principle and the deployment of ever-increasing numbers of secondary deities to insulate the First Principle from the sensible world. It also focuses on the decreasing importance of demiurgy in Neoplatonism, with its postulation of procession and return.
 

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Содержание

Demiurgy and other approaches to worldgeneration
1
Platos Timaeus the original concept of the Demiurge
18
Philo of Alexandria as witness
36
Plutarch and the Demiurge of Egyptian mythology
83
Maximus of Tyre
117
Numenius and his doctrine of three gods
139
Speculations in Hermetism
169
Valentinus and the Gnostics
205
Origen the Demiurge and Christian theology
244
Plotinus and the demise of the Demiurge
290
Concluding remarks
304
Bibliography
310
Index
327
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Об авторе (2015)

Carl S an O'Brien is Alexander von Humboldt Fellow in the Department of Philosophy at Ruprecht-Karls-Universit t, Heidelberg and Research Associate in the Centre for the Study of the Platonic Tradition at Trinity College Dublin.

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