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he should feel in forming a personal acquaintance and connection with one whom he had long known by reputation, and whose talents he sincerely wished to see exerted for the benefit of the public. That it was impossible to say at present when an opening might arise in Parliament such as it would be convenient for me to accept, but that he should be happy if he could in any way find the means to facilitate it. That as I was so good as to give him leave to request to see me on his return to town, he would trouble me no farther at present. That he should be in town on Wednesday, the 15th August, and if I could conveniently call in Downing Street between eleven and twelve that day, I should find him perfectly disengaged, &c. On Wednesday, between eleven and twelve, I did call in Downing Street, and after waiting about five minutes in a room below (during which five minutes, by the by, Rose thrust . . . into the room, as if to say, Ha! hal are you there?), I was ushered into that study in which so many great statesmen and great scoundrels have at different times planned their country's ruin and the advancement of their own fortunes. You were right in one guess which you made about the interview. We shook hands. For some time the conversation was on general topics—France and Jenkinson, and other equally important concerns. It was not my business to begin the subject, and he was at least as awkward as I. At length, ‘It is your wish, I believe, Mr. Canning (and I am sure it is mine), to come in,’ &c. &c. I bowed assent. “Nothing could make me more happy, &c. &c. It was not easy at present to foresee precisely at what time a vacancy might arise, such as, &c.—that is to say, clogged with no expense, &c., but it should be his endeavour to procure it as soon as possible, and he was sure it would be his interest,’ &c. &c. There was one expression in my letter about which he was anxious that we should understand each other, because he believed he could set me right with regard to some circumstances which it was very possible I might have misapprehended. When I said I should feel a repugnance to any individual, &c., did I mean—‘I meant,’ said I, ‘that I should not like to come in on such grounds as that I might be supposed to be attached, not to you personally, or to administration generally, but personally to the owner of a borough, such a man, for instance, as my Lord Lonsdale.' (This was a lucky illustration, was it not ? considering that he himself was originally brought in by Lord Lonsdale.) He understood me, he said, but I did not seem to be aware of what was nevertheless strictly true, that his patronage as a Minister was in itself—in that part of it which was strictly Ministerial—very small indeed; so inconsiderable, that perhaps not six seats, not one vacancy in a Parliament, occurred in that department, and even then seldom, if ever, without expense. The means by which he and every Minister was enabled to serve those whom their interest or inclination prompted them to serve, as in the present instance, &c., and the means which he had been turning in his mind with regard to me, was his influence with the proprietors of burgagetenures, &c., with some of whom his recommendation solely would operate. “But in such a case,’ said I, ‘could it not be so managed as that it should be perfectly understood between that proprietor, whoever it might be, and myself, and between me and the world, that I owed my seat to your recommendation solely, and not to his choice? as it is with you,' &c. He was highly flattered, &c., and nothing could be more rational or easy. With the proprietor, whoever he might be, my connection might be as slight as I pleased, or none at all. There would be but one circumstance, which he was sure he needed not to suggest to me, that is to say, that if at any time it should so happen that my politics and those of the proprietor should come to differ decidedly, I should in delicacy think it proper—“To vacate my seat,” said I. ‘Certainly.’” This point being thus understood and mutually adjusted, we turned again to more indifferent subjects, in the discussion of which were intermingled some remarks on Jenky's speaking, and the expectation to be formed of Wallace's, and a very warm eulogium from him on Spencer's conduct at the Hague. After some pause, however, I turned to a matter which I had determined not to leave undecided between us at our first interview. I said, that as there might be, and indeed certainly were, some subjects on which the opinions which I had previously formed, or should hereafter form, might differ from his, I thought it right to mention to him, at this period of our acquaintance, that I should hope and expect to be left to my own feelings and inclinations, meaning of course that the subjects were not such as when the interest of administration itself was materially involved. I would instance the Test Act, both because it was a subject on which, knowing his opinions, and having made up my own, I was aware that we thought differently from each other; and because it was a question which had been discussed almost every year, and was likely to be as often discussed again. His answer was as liberal and unreserved as I could desire. He had not the smallest wish or intention to fetter me in any questions of such a nature. On speculative subjects especially it was natural for every thinking man to form his own opinion, and very probable that any two men might form opinions totally opposite. A general good disposition towards Government was what he hoped to find in me, and as that he hoped would be increased and confirmed by the frequency of our communication with each other, so he rusted that the same circumstance would prevent any very material difference in our general sentiments, whatever distinctions we might take on more particular occasions. This was pretty nearly the turn of our conference, and at the end of it he repeated his pride, pleasure, &c., his wish and endeavour to bring about the object which we both desired as soon as possible, and promised that so soon as he had a prospect of accomplishing it he would lose no time in communicating it to me. The time when, and the place where, are now the two hings to be ascertained. Before the Meeting I suppose cannot expect to hear anything; and how soon after that event must depend upon many accidental circumstances which I cannot foresee or conjecture. I have lived much with Sheridan lately; and by degrees, and in different manners, in argument and in hint, and in narration, and by suffering him to infer some things and to guess others without contradiction, I have so far prepared him that he will not be surprised at anything that appears; and whatever does happen I think it will make no difference between us. He has warned Fox, and, which is more than fifty Foxes in such a case, he has communicated his suspicions and apprehensions to Mr. Bouverie. I told you that I had some doubts about some of my family. That part of it with which I now am (my uncle and aunt, Mr. and Mrs. Leigh) are quite delighted; and so tout va bien."

Yours ever,
GEO. CANNING.

1 A few months only from the to make way for him. His first date of this letter, Mr. Canning speech was not delivered till Janwas elected Member for Newport, uary 31, 1794, on the treaty with in the Isle of Wight, Sir Richard the King of Sardinia. Worsley having retired purposely

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