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the meeting of Parliament. The conclusion of the Treaty" certainly removes a great obstacle; but if the King's intentions had depended on that contingency, they would, I am persuaded, have been notified to us before. Lord Thurlow's absence, who is not yet expected, is another strong circumstance, and indeed the period of the year has itself now rendered a change almost impracticable. ... . I am still inclined to believe, from the circumstances and the little I have picked up since I saw your Lordship (which is merely from casual expressions of Lord Hood, who, as you know, has been very much at Windsor), that the King does not like to hazard dismissing the present Ministry till he has found some ostensible ground of complaint, or till he sees the disposition of Parliament next Session; and there is probably also some view, as we have for some time supposed, to the terms on which new arrangements would be formed. This will make the opening of the Session of infinite importance and delicacy. I shall certainly be in England time enough to concert fully with your Lordship whatever may then appear right. It seems to me essential that we should attempt nothing in Parliament but upon the strongest ground. If the delay of the definitive Treaty, and the inconvenience of so long a suspense, has produced no adequate good, and the Treaty of Commerce continues unsettled (of neither of which I have learnt any particulars), they will have nothing to boast in their negotiations; and the same domestic system of protecting abuses in office, and in the administration of public money, will, I doubt not, continue. If it does, the field is open. I conclude they can find no means of fortifying themselves further, if the King continues firm in the refusal of peerages, on which I think almost everything depends. I mean to return by about the 20th of October. If you should have the goodness to write to me in the meantime, in case anything arises, a letter sent to Hayes will be forwarded to me. I am just returned from St. James's, where nothing passed very particular. The King was gracious as usual, and he inquired as to the time of my stay, in a manner which I rather thought significant. I have wearied your Lordship with a long letter. I shall look forward with impatience to the pleasure of seeing you at Stowe, which, if you give me leave, I shall make the first place after my return. I am ever, my dear Lord, Yours faithfully and affectionately, W. PITT.

* Definitive Treaty of Peace at Versailles on the 3rd of Sepwith France and America, signed tember.

I am setting out immediately."

* On this day, accordingly, Mr. Eliot; and he landed again at Pitt set out for France in company | Dover on the 24th of October. with Mr. Wilberforce and Mr.

Mr. Pitt to Earl Temple.

Thursday night, MY DEAR LORD, Oct. 30, 1783.

I am again upon English ground, and regret very much that I am too late to join the party at Stowe. I should still be tempted to break in upon you for a day or two, but as I find we are to have the pleasure of seeing you in town soon, and I know nothing that passes at present, I believe that I may find it of use not to quit the neighbourhood of London. I will not anticipate, especially by the post, the many subjects we shall have to talk of when we meet; though I shall be very ready to satisfy the curiosity of Ministers in due time. In the interval I shall wait impatiently for your arrival, and shall be happy to receive your commands if anything should occur to you before that time. I am in a house my brother has taken in Berkeley Square. I am, my dear Lord,

Most faithfully and affectionately yours,

Mr. Pitt to Earl Temple.

Tuesday My DEAR LORD, (Dec. 23, 1783, morning).

It has been decided still to try whether we can fill up the offices, and to take our chance, such as it is, in the House of Commons. What that is, the event must show us, if we succeed so far as to make an arrangement. I will call upon you the first moment I can. Ever, my dear Lord, Most affectionately yours, W. PITT.

Mr. Pitt to Earl Temple.
Berkeley Square, Tuesday, 5 o'clock

MY DEAR LORD, (Dec. 23, 1783, afternoon).

I called just now to tell you that we have taken the step of filling up the offices. Lord Sydney and Lord Carmarthen have taken the Seals, and the Duke of Rutland Privy Seal, for how many days or weeks remains to be seen.' I wish extremely to see you, and will take my chance of calling again in the course of the evening.

Ever most faithfully and affectionately yours,
W. P.

* It proved to be not for days or of them, so far as Mr. Pitt was weeks, but for years—and seventeen concerned.




The following Letters, derived from the originals at Chevening, may serve to illustrate the correspondence at an interesting period between the English Amis de la Révolution (then very few in number) and their leading allies in France. It will be seen, how from a shortsighted and one-sided but not ungenerous enthusiasm, these gentlemen had become on many points the dupes of their own hopes. It will be seen, how all through the early months of 1792, and on the very verge of such tremendous excesses as the triumph of the populace on the 20th of June—the butchery of the Swiss Guards and the arrest of the Royal Family on the 10th of August—or the massacres in the prisons of Paris in the first days of September—they still continued to pour forth the most confident predictions of security, order, and good government. Nor will it be overlooked how deep and fierce was at this time the hatred of the priests. Of the writers in this correspondence, the Duke de la Rochefoucauld Liancourt found it necessary to make his escape from France only a few months afterwards. He proceeded to America, and subsequently published, in eight volumes, an account of his travels in that country.

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