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any decided opinion of his own, or to do much more than to sum up the argument on both sides, stating the American, perhaps, the more emphatically, because as he observes, they “gave no other reasons” for themselves.
By the way, if you come again to England, as I hope that you may, I will have the pleasure of showing you my copy of these Memoirs of Romilly, which you will find in some of the later passages enriched by notes in pencil on the margin made for me by the Duke of Wellington.
Believe me, &c.,
On the general question of the fate of André, I may venture to observe that the views which I expressed in my History of England, though warmly controverted by American writers of the present day, were held, in part at least, by some of the contemporaries and friends of Washington. Here, in proof, is an article on the demise of one of the latest survivors from those times:—
The late Mrs. Alea’. Hamilton. (From the N. Y. commercial) Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton, widow of General Alex. Hamilton, died at Washington yesterday. Her remains have been brought to this city, and the funeral services will take place at Trinity Church, to-morrow, at one o'clock. . .
Mrs. Hamilton was the daughter of General Philip Schuyler, and was born in the city of Albany, in the building known as “The Old Schuyler Mansion.” She was married to General Hamilton, in the same city, in December, 1780. At the time of the marriage, Hamilton was one of the aides of General Washington, with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and was just completing his twenty-fourth year. Mrs. Hamilton has survived her husband a little more than fifty years.
All our readers will remember the fate of Major André. About two months before the marriage of General Hamilton, he wrote the following letter to Miss Schuyler, which shows his strong dissent from the decree of the Court-Martial as to the manner in which André was to expiate his crime. The “Boston Transcript, when publishing this letter, said, “it shows that Hamilton was against the harsh decision, and it is well known that a majority of these officers themselves, catching the wide-spread sympathy of the hour, were inclined to revoke the sentence, had it not been for the counter and too ascendant influence of Greene and Lafayette.”
Colonel Hamilton to Miss Schuyler.
Head-Quarters of the Army,
Poor André suffers to-day. Everything that is amiable in virtue, in fortitude, in delicate sentiment, and accomplished manners, pleads for him; but hardhearted policy calls for a sacrifice. He must die. I send you my account of Arnold's affair; and, to justify myself to your sentiments, I must inform you that I urged a compliance with André's request to be shot, and I do not think it would have had an ill effect. But some people are only sensible to motives of policy, and sometimes, from a narrow disposition, mistake it. When André's tale comes to be told, and present resentment is over, the refusing him the privilege of choosing the manner of his death will be branded with too much obstinacy. It was proposed to me to suggest to him the idea of an exchange for Arnold; but I knew I should have forfeited his esteem by doing it, and therefore declined it. As a man of honour, he could not but reject it; and I would not for the world have proposed to him a thing which must have placed me in the unamiable light of supposing him capable of meanness, or of not feeling myself the impropriety of the measure. I confess to you I had the weakness to value the esteem of a dying man, because I reverenced his merit.
This extract was kindly communicated to me by my friend, the Hon. W. B. Reed, of Philadelphia, in a letter dated December 16, 1854. I do not remember to have seen that letter of General Hamilton's before, and I think it of importance in weighing the question at issue. S.
MR. PITT'S CORRESPONDENCE WITH
THESE letters, with many others of historical value which had been long preserved at Stowe, and which had never been published, were disposed of by public sale at Messrs. Puttick's auction rooms in August, 1862, when I had the good fortune to secure the best part of the collection. S.
Dowager Countess of Chatham to Earl Temple.
MY DEAR LORD, June 21, 1783. My sensibility from the expressions of your very kind letter on my own subject, and the circumstance of that agreement in sentiment between yourself and my son William, will not admit of my being satisfied without assuring you of the very great happiness I receive from it. You will not have wanted these lines to have persuaded you of my feelings upon it, as you have given me the pleasure of knowing you was perfectly acquainted with my wishes, which have, indeed, invariably been such as you believe them. Union in families is strength, and private happiness, if it fails of obtaining public happiness, which sooner or later I believe it generally does, where there is ability to frame the necessary plans. I have vanity sufficient to think that there is enough to be found for that end in those whom I am happy enough to claim as belonging to me. You will, I flatter myself, excuse a trouble which you owe entirely to the impression made upon me by finding the wish of my heart accomplished by that union which I trust will be too strongly cemented for the changes of a political course ever to dissolve. I beg my affectionate compliments to Lady Temple and Mr. William, and desire, my dear Lord, you will believe me, most truly, Your most obliged and affectionate, HESTER CHATHAM.
I have writ in haste, forgive mistakes.
Mr. Pitt to Earl Temple.
MY DEAR LORD, Sunday, July 20, 1783.
I found a note from Lord Thurlow on Friday, desiring to call upon me yesterday. I had a long conversation with him, of which it would be difficult to give a full detail, but from the leading parts of it, your Lordship will easily judge of the result. Almost in the beginning of it he told me that he had been at the Levee the day before, and (as he added in the course of the conversation) in the King's closet, having imagined