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This is a collection of Little Masterpieces of Poetry. The title of the collection gives the clue to the principle of choice. This is not an attempt to make another historical anthology of English verse, giving illustrations of the work of every acknowledged poet more or less famous, and carefully apportioning the number of selections from each writer according to the supposed measure of his fame. That question, indeed, has not entered into the process of choice, to disturb and hamper it. It has not been necessary to ask whether too much has been taken from one poet, or too little from another. I have looked only at the value and the beauty of the poems themselves, at their perfection as poetry, at the clearness, strength, and depth of their feeling, at the truth and vividness of their imagery, at the power, or the loveliness of their expression and form. Those that seemed the best have been chosen out of many, not to illustrate a theory, but, for their own sake, because they are good to read.
A masterpiece, of course, cannot be a fragment or an extract. It must stand alone complete and rounded; and no matter how small it may be, it must carry within itself its own claim to 'excellence. For this reason I have not inciuded any
disconnected portions of longer poems, or brilliant passages from works which as a whole are not of even merit. Each poem that has been chosen is given in its entirety, as the author wrote it. The only exception is in the case of certain songs and lyrics, which can be taken out of their setting in a play or a story, without marring either their form or their effect; and this is not an exception in reality, but only in appearance.
Some poems of great beauty, like Milton's Comus and Tennyson's Maud, reluctant as I am to omit them, are ruled out by the limitation of space. The same reason explains the fact that dramas are omitted, and that the epic element' also is lacking, except in its minor forms, the idyll and the story in verse, and in its lyrical modification, the ballad.
I have thought it wise, also, not to include any metrical translations of poetry from other languages; for, however admirable they may be as renderings of the originals, they can hardly rank as English masterpieces. To deserve that title a poem must be conceived and composed, as well as written, in the English language. It makes no difference where the poet was born, in Scotland or England or Ireland or America, if his poetry came to 'him in English, it belongs to English literature, the common heritage of all the races and tribes which use that noble language, as their own.
In the gathering and the sifting of the materials for this collection my colleague, Dr. Hardin
Craig, has rendered much valuable assistance, which is here gratefully acknowledged. The selection of the particular text of the poems, the reading of proofs, and the insertion of dates have been entrusted to his scholarly care.
The poems have been grouped on a principle of arrangement which seems to me both new and good-the principle of poetic form. Thus in one part we have ballads, in another idylls and stories in verse, in another lyrics, in another odes, sonnets and epigrams, in another elegies and epitaphs. This method of grouping not only brings together the poems which are most alike in their effect (a matter of the first importance to the reader's comfort and pleasure), but also serves to show how significant and how vital the element of form is in poetry. It is not a mere accident or an unimportant adjunct. The spirit and the body are the man; the substance and the form are the poem. There is usually more kinship, for example, between two ballads dealing with different subjects, like Thomas the Rhymer and Longfellow's Sir Humphrey Gilbert, than there is between a ballad and a sonnet dealing with the same subject, like Coleridge's Love and one of Mrs. Browning's Sonnets from the Portuguese.
This arrangement by poetic form has also another advantage, which I have had in view in anticipating a possible use of this volume in colleges and schools and by private students. It will enable the reader to follow, without effort, the development of the various forms of verse,
The responsibility and credit for making these selections belong to my colleague, Mr. Asa Don Dickinson, Librarian of the University of Pennsylvania, to whose skilful and experienced hand this task has been committed, and whose name I am thus privileged to put upon the title-page as one of the editors. His choice carries my full consent. I could only wish that he had found more modern poems to bring into the fold of beauty
"Which bards in fealty to Apollo hold.”
October 8, 1921.
H. v. D.