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action ancient animals appear become called carried causes century changes circumstances cities coast common cone consider considerable continued convulsions course covered crater deep depth direction distance distinct district earth earthquakes effects elevation entirely eruption Etna example existence extent fact feet fissures flowed force formed four globe greater ground habits half happened heat height hill hundred individuals inhabitants island isles Italy known lakes land lava less manner mass matter means mentioned miles mountain nature nearly never observed occur ocean organization original period plain plants portion present probably produced quantity races raised regard regions remained remarkable rise river rocks sand says seeds seen shocks shores side soil sometimes species strata stream successive supposed surface thousand thrown tides tion town tract valley vegetable Vesuvius violent volcanic whole wild
Стр. 403 - The intermixture of distinct species is guarded against by the aversion of the individuals composing them to sexual union, or by the sterility of the mule offspring. It does not appear that true hybrid races have ever been perpetuated for several generations, even by the assistance of man; for the cases usually cited relate to the crossing of mules with individuals of pure species, and not to the intermixture of hybrid with hybrid. 6thly. From the above considerations, it appears that species have...
Стр. 372 - ... inches. It was found that the greyhounds could not support the fatigues of a long chase in this attenuated atmosphere, and before they could come up with their prey, they lay down gasping for breath ; but these same animals have produced whelps which have grown up, and are not in the least degree incommoded by the want of density in the air, but run down the hares with as much ease as the fleetest of their race in this country.
Стр. 272 - Thy waters wasted them while they were free, And many a tyrant since ; their shores obey The stranger, slave, or savage ; their decay Has dried up realms to deserts : — not so thou, Unchangeable save to thy wild waves' play — Time writes no wrinkle on thy azure brow — Such as creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest now.
Стр. 84 - The lava, at a small distance from its source, acquires a darker tint upon its surface, is less easily acted upon, and, as the stream widens, the surface, having lost its state of perfect solution, grows harder and harder, and cracks into innumerable fragments of very porous matter, to which they give the name of scoriae, and the appearance of which has led many to suppose that it proceeded thus from the mountain. There is, however, no truth in this. All lava, at its first exit from its native volcano,...
Стр. 190 - They described the undulation of the earth as resembling waves, increasing in elevation as they advanced, and when they had attained a -certain fearful height, the earth would burst, and vast volumes of water, and sand, and pit-coal were discharged, as high as the tops of the trees.
Стр. 69 - ... stature, resembling giants, appeared, sometimes on the mountain, and sometimes in the environs — that stones and smoke were thrown out, the sun was hidden, and then the giants seemed to rise again, while the sounds of trumpets were heard, &c. &c. ; and finally,' he relates, ' two entire cities, Herculaneum and Pompeii, were buried under showers of ashes, while all the people were sitting in the theatre.
Стр. 420 - The thorny spray is torn off, and fixes itself in his hairy coat, until brushed off again in other thickets and copses. Even on the spot where the victim is devoured many of the seeds which he had swallowed immediately before the chase may be left on the ground uninjured, and ready to spring up in a new soil.
Стр. 348 - Blumenbach judiciously observes, "that no general rule can be laid down for determining the distinctness of species, as there is no particular class of characters which can serve as a criterion.
Стр. 77 - The crater was five miles in circumference, and about a thousand paces deep ; its sides were covered with brushwood, and at the bottom there was a plain on which cattle grazed. In the woody parts, wild boars frequently harboured. In one part of the plain, covered with ashes, were three small pools, one filled with hot and bitter water, another salter than the sea, and a third hot, but tasteless.
Стр. 11 - Calcutta it sometimes occasions an instantaneous rise of five feet ; and both here, and in every other part of its track, the boats, on its approach, immediately quit the shore, and make for safety to the middle of the river. In the channels, between...