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est, opposed itself to the madness which every art and every power were employed to render popular. This opposition continued till after our great but most unfortunate victory on Long Island.* Then all the mounds and banks of our constancy were borne down at once, and the frenzy of the American war broke in upon us like a deluge.
2. This victory, which seemed to put an immediate end to all difficulties, perfected us in that spirit of domination which our unparalleled prosperity had but too long nurtured. Our headlong desires became our politics and our morals. All men who wished for" peace, or retained any sentiments of moderation, were overborne or silenced. But time at length has made us all of one opinion; and we have all opened our eyes on the true nature of the American war, — of all its successes and all its failures.
3. Do you remember our commission? We sent out a solemn embassy across the Atlantic Ocean, to lay the Crown, the Peerage, the Commons of Great Britain at the feet of the American Congress. My Lord Carlisle, once the mover of a haughty address against America, was put in the front of this embassy of submission. Mr. Eden was taken from the office of Lord Suffolk, to whom he was then Under-Secretary of State; — taken from the office of that Lord Suffolk who, but a few weeks before, in his place in Parliament, did not deign to inquire where "a congress of vagrants" was to be found. This Lord Suffolk sent Mr. Eden to find out these "vagrants,"—without knowing where His Majesty's generals were to be found, who were joined in the same commission of supplicating those whom they were sent out to subdue!
4. They enter the capital of America only to aban*
* In August, 1776, the British followed up their success by the occupation of New York.
don it; and these assertors and representatives of the dignity of England, iu the rear of a flying army, let fly their Parthian shafts of memorials and remonstrances at random behind them. Their promises and their offers, thoir flatteries and their menaces, were all despised; and we were saved the disgrace of their formal reception, only because the American Congress scorned to receive them; whilst the state-house of independent Philadelphia opened her doors to the public entry of the ambassador of France!
5. From war and blood we went to submission, and from submission we plunged back again into war and blood, to desolate and be desolated, without measure, hope, or end! I am a royalist,—I blushed for this degradation of the Crown. I am a Whig, — I blushed for the dishonor of Parliament. I am a true Englishman,— I felt to the quick for the disgrace of England. I am a man, — I felt for the melancholy reverse of human affairs in the fall of the first power iu the world.
CXXXVI. — THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.
W. W. STORY.
In the following verses we have marked the csesural pause by a perpendicular dash. By the ccesura (se-zu'ra) we understand the natural pause or rest of the voice in reciting a verse.
See in Index, Chivalkic, Courteous, Diapason, Guttural, Obeisance, Sksquial'tro, Sesquipedalian, Dactylic, Iamb, Pegasus, Spondee, Trochee (tro'ke), Story.
Delivery. Th'.s should be in a pure middle tone, with a marked csesnral pause in ever} line. In the sixth stanza, there is an opportunitv for imitative modulation, expressive of the rhythmical character of the lines.
Give me of every language, | first my vigorous English,
Grand in its rhythmical cadence, | simple for household employment, — Worthy the poet's song, | fit for the speech of a man.
Not from one metal alone | the perfectest mirror is shapen,
So unto thy close strength | is welded and beaten together
Iron dug from the North, | ductile gold from the South;
So unto thy broad stream | the ice-torrents, born in the mountains,
Rush, and the rivers pour | brimmed with sun from the plains.
Thou hast the sharp clean edge, | the downright blow of the Saxon,
How art thou freely obedient | unto the poet or speaker
When, in a happy hour, [ thought he translates into speech:
Caught on the words' sharp angles, | flash the bright hues of his fancy,—
Grandly the thought rides the words, | as a good horseman his steed.
Now clear, pure, hard, bright, | and one by one, like to hail-stones,
Short words fall from his lips | fast as the first of a shower, —
Now in a twofold column, | Spondee, Iamb, and Trochee,
Unbroke, firm-set, advance, | retreat, trampling along, —
Now with a spfightlier springiness, [ bounding in triplicate syllables,
Dance the elastic Dactylics | in musical cadences on;
Now, their voluminous coil | intertangling like huge anacondas,
Roll overwhelmingly onward | the sesquipedalian words.
Flexile and free^n thy gait, | and simple in all thy construction,
Let then grammarians rail, | let foreignors sigh for thy sign-posts,
Cull thee incongruous, wild, | of rule and of reason defiant;
I in thy wildness a grand | freedom of character find.
So with irregular outline, | tower up the sky-piercing mountains,
Rearing o'er yawning chasms | lofty precipitous steeps,
Spreading o'er ledges unclimbable | meadows and slopes of green smoothness,
bearing the flowers in their clefts, | losing their peaks in the clouds.
Therefore it is that I praise thee | and never can cease from rejoicing,
Thinking that good stout English j is mine and my ancestor's tongue;
Give me its varying music, | the flow of its free modulation,—
I will not covet the full | roll of the glorious Greek,
Luscious and feeble Italian, | Latin so formal and stately,
French with its nasal lisp, | nor German inverted and harsh.
Not while our organ can speak | with its many and wonderful voices,—
Play on the soft lute of love, | blow the loud trumpet of war,
Sing with the high sesquialtro, | or drawing its full diapason,
Shake all the air with the grand | storm of its pedals and stops.
CXXXVII. — MISCELLANEOUS EXTRACTS.
See in Index, Mould or Mold, Skfptic or Sceptic, Angelo, Davy, Koran, Nichol, Smith, Toulman. .
1. All Sorts Of Minds.—There is a strong disposition in men of opposite minds to despise each other. A grave man cannot conceive what is the use of wit in society; a person who takes a strong common-sense view of the subject, is for pushing out. by the head and shoulders an ingenious theorist, who catches at the slightest and faintest analogies; and another man, who scents the ridiculous from afar, will hold no commerce with luin who tests exquisitely the fine feeling of the heart, and is alive to nothing else; whereas talent is talent, and mind is mind, in all its branches!
Wit gives to life one of its best flavors; commonsense leads to immediate action, and gives society its daily motion; large and comprehensive views, its annual rotation; ridicule chastises folly and impudence, and keeps men in their proper sphere; subtlety seizes hold of the fine threads of truth; analogy darts away in the most sublime discoveries; feeling paints all the exquisite passions of man's soul, and rewards him by a thousand inward visitations for the sorrows that come from without. God made it all! It is all good! We must despise no sort of talent; they all have their separate duties and uses; all the happiness of man for their object; they all improve, exalt, and gladden life.— Sydney Smith.
2. A Fitting Rebuke.—"Having in my youth notions of severe piety," says a celebrated Persian writer, "I used to rise in the night to watch, pray, and read the Koran. One night, as I was engaged in these exercises, my father, a man of practical virtue, awoke while I was reading. 'Behold,' said I to him, 'thy other children are lost in irreligious slumber, while I alone wake to praise God.' 'Son of my soul,' he answered, 'it is better to sleep, than to wake to remark the faults of thy brethren.'"
3. Animal And Vegetable Life. — There is nothing short of revelation that more beautifully or satisfactorily proves the existence of an Almighty mind, than the fewness and simplicity of the ultimate elements of animal and vegetable life. Tims, there are but four elementary principles essentially necessary, and but six generally employed, to form every variety of organic life; nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen are the bases, to which sulphur and phosphorus may be considered supplementary.
With these, infinitely varied in their atomic proportions, are built up not only the whole animal kingdom, but also every variety of the vegetable world, — from wheat, the "staff of life," to the poison of the deadly Upas-tree. It is also worthy of remark, that these four