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AN OUTLINE STUDY OF THE ORIGIN AND DE-
VELOPMENT OF GOVERNMENT AND THE

DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL

INSTITUTIONS IN THE

UNITED STATES

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JKR 51 BX 1916

EDUCATION

Text books

FOREWORD

The constitution of the United States, "and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. The senators and representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support" the constitution of the United States. Thus the framers of the federal government made it clear that the government which they were organizing was paramount.

It is sometimes stated that the federal government is so remote from the individual in his daily round of duties that a knowledge of his relation to it is less important than a knowledge of his relation to state, county, and local governments. Such statements are misleading. Through tariff laws the federal government may and does place a tax upon almost every article of food, clothing, and shelter, thus taking a daily toll from the wage of the most obscure individual in the remotest cottage. It may place and has placed a tax upon bank checks, express receipts, telegrams, and all forms of legal paper. The federal government controls the postal system, which is the foundation of all business, and it may declare any street, road, railroad, trolley line, or steamship

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