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England came promptly forward with alty. One touch of nature makes the their purses and their names. It was truly whole world kin; and may we not hope a strange and unprecedented sight that that the memory of the hero, and of the was presented to the two nations, we may, frankness and purity in which his worperhaps, say to the world, on the 14th of ship was set up, will bind together the November, 1853, when the First Lord of land that adopted him and that which the Admiralty, and the veteran of Arctic gave him birth, long after the conventionExpeditions, Sir Edward Parry, declared al obligation of a political alliance can be in their own names, and in the name of a expected to endure ? meeting, “composed of various classes of Joseph René Bellot, the son of a RocheEnglishmen,” their anxious desire “ to fort blacksmith, was born on the 18th of mark their deep sense of the noble con- March, 1826. Upon the recommendation duct of Lieutenant Bellot, of the French of the teacher of the elementary school at Imperial Navy,” and their determination which he was first placed, the municipality to invite their countrymen to unite with of Rochefort granted him a demibourse them in erecting a monument to his me- at the college of that city, and his parents, mory. An appeal thus made in England with a generosity which manifestly kindled is seldom ineffectual

. Subscriptions pour- in his mind the most lively and enduring ed in from all quarters, until sufficient has gratitude, taxed their slender resources to been accumulated to defray the cost of defray the other moiety of the expenses of erection of a granite obelisk, inscribed his education. The sacrifices made to with the name of Bellot, and to enable this end were richly compensated. The the committee to present each of the five boy's heart lent strength to his intellect, sisters of the deceased officer with a gift and year after year he obtained such disof £300, in token of the feelings entertain- tinctions as it was in the power of the coled for their brother by the English peo- | lege to bestow. At the age of fifteen ple. Placed

upon the bank of the Thames, years he was admitted into the naval on the quay of Greenwich Hospital, the school, being again assisted by a grant of monument attests to the mariners of all a demibourse from the municipality. For nations the admission of a French worthy two years longer his parents struggled to into the most sacred shrine of the heroes make up the cost of his maintenance, until, of England. How is this unparalleled in 1843, he was enrolled as a naval aspi manifestation of respect to be accounted | rant, and stationed in the port of Brest, for ? The object of it lost his life at the from whence, in the ensuing year, he was age of seven-and-twenty, by a casualty in- shipped in the corvette Berceau, as an cidental to his calling. He was a stranger, élève de marine, and sailed upon his first of humble rank, undistinguished by birth cruise. A sentence or two from the early or fortune, unknown in science or art. pages of the journal which he then began By what magic were the guardians of the to keep, contain the key-note of his chanaval Valhalla of England induced to ad-racter, and indicate the qualities that fashmit him within their precincts? How ioned the course of his short life, and were the proudest of English nobles struck out from the hearts of the stranbrought into a common action, in honor gers among whom he died, those sympaof his memory, with “working men” and thies which have so remarkably distincoast-guard boat's crews? The answer to guished his memory: these questions is, we think, supplied by the publication of M. Bellot's simple me

“We sail,” he writes, “ this morning from Mamoirs and journal, and it is creditable to have not had the courage to write home; so here

yette. My negligence and apathy are extreme; I human nature. In the relations of the is an opportunity lost to me through my own young sailor with his own family, with fault. I ought, however, to show more Lady Franklin, with the rough, true firmness in the position in which I stand, and be hearted men among whom he was thrown think me that I must absolutely arrive at somein his first Arctic voyage, with the officials thing: The desire of showing gratitude for all of the English Admiralty, is to be traced that has been done for me ought, of itself, to conthe origin of the affection and esteem not also to reflect, that I am destined to support

stitute a very sufficient motive for me. Ought I which, spreading from those centres, influenced' large circles of Englishmen to de- sole hope ? I am considered ambitious, I am sore,

a numerous and beloved family, of whom I am the light in honoring his geniality of heart, and it is true ; but is there a nobler aim than that earnestness of purpose, and devoted loy- for the ambition of a young man ? This laudable VOL. XXXVII.-NO. II.


feeling, I well know, is not the only one that he being then under twenty years old. makes me thus contemplate all my projects of glory Shortly afterwards he returned to France, and advancement : perhaps even there is too much and having passed the necessary examinaself-love in all my schemes; but these two motives together must make me desirous of prompt ad- tion, was made enseigne de vaisseau, in vancement. I must work to win a good reputa- which rank he served on board the Trition, instead of lapping myself to sleep in ease and omphante, in South-America, until the supineness.

I ought to consider, that end of 1850, when he was removed from in these moments of forgetfulness, in which I lav- that ship and attached to the dépôt comish my money as if I was habituated to abun- pany at Rochefort, where he soon became dance, my poor mother is, perhaps, at her weary of an inactive and inglorious life. wits' 'end to provide for the necessities of the “What (asks his biographer) can a young family.”

unmarried naval officer do who is emThere is here evidence enough, and it ployed in a port ? When he has finished is corroborated in every subsequent page his day's duty, which generally occupies of his journal, that Bellot was a good and but few hours, and partaken of his family true-hearted Frenchman; and those who meals, he has still a gre deal of time on have the happiness to be acquainted with hand, which he may spend in study, or in living specimens of the character, will not the salons of some of the townspeople who deny that, with all its peculiarities, it is receive visitors, or in the cercle, or in the eminent among the most amiable and the café.” None of these modes of whiling best our frail humanity can produce. away life suited Bellot. He was evidently Glowing with family love, on fire for fame, not a closet-student, and although“ passionthe young man shrank not, as an English ately fond of dancing, it must be confesssailor-boy would have done, from exposing ed (says M. Lemer) this man, so intrepid the inmost motives of his heart, or the in presence of danger, so bold in thought, sharpest struggles of his conscience and so ready of speech, always manifesting his pride; but if there was no delicate re- such promptitude and presence of mind serve in his manners, neither was there before assembled men, was excessively hypocrisy, and the truth of his emotions modest in all that concerned his renown, was as little obnoxious to suspicion as if and bashful in the presence of women, for they had been strictly concealed within whom he professed, too, a truly chivalric his own breast. His sincerity was no admiration and respect.” He was small more doubted or doubtful when he record- of stature, and shrank from exhibiting ed his intent to keep a journal, in order himself in a quadrille; nor was he more that he might teach his brother and at home in cercle or café, where, “in the nephews, by his example, to devote them- beginning one remains an hour, drinks a selves for their families, science, and hu- glass of beer, and chats. By-and-by the manity, or when, in innocent vanity, he sittings are insensibly prolonged, play sent his portrait to Mr. Barrow of the takes the place of conversation, liqueurs of Admiralty, than it was when he allotted beer; and what was at first but a pastime, a portion of his pay to his family, or “main- soon becomes a habit, then a want, and

, tained the dignity of his character” by re-often an irresistible passion.” At last, in fusing to allow Lady Franklin to eke out the beginning of 1851, Bellot made up his insufficient allowances by paying the bis mind to offer to take a part in the exexpenses of his outfit.

pedition which Lady Franklin was then The Berceau was destined for an expe- preparing to send out in search of her dition to Madagascar, and there, in an af husband; and having entered into a corfair at Tamatave, Bellot, to use his own respondence with that lady, he solicited words, received the baptism of fire. The and obtained the permission of the rite was administered in the form of a ball French Minister of Marine, and repaired in the thigh, and he characteristically tells to London in May of that year. The his family, “it was an ordeal from which time was favorable; the Great Exhibition I think I have come off not amiss. I knew was flourishing in all its freshness, univerwell that in case I felt fear, my pride and sal peace and philanthropy were the fashsense of duty would never have forsaken ion, and the young enseigne de vaisseau, me; but I am delighted that I have had impersonating, to some extent, the grand the trial.” For this service the élève was idea of international union, became a sort promoted to the first class, and decorated of lion of the hour. The prospect of an with the Cross of the Legion of Honor, Arctic voyage in the Prince Albert, a lit


tle schooner of ninety tons, with a crew Richardson, and Franklin, or tired by numerous of eighteen men, including captain and voyages in search of whales, form a chosen crew. officers, and sailing on tee-total principles, Mr. John Hepburn, who followed Franklin in his was not very agreeable; “but would it examination of the Coppermine and Mackenzie have been possible for a French officer to land, to furnish a fresh proof of his devotion to

rivers, has arrived in all haste from Van Dieman's draw back on account of a few dangers his old captain. Mr. Leask, pilot of the North to be incurred ?" Evidently not; the Star, who knows the Baffin and Barrow Straits, honor of the uniform was concerned, and as well as you do your library, is our ice-master. the warmth of the thanks and the sympa- at our head is Captain Kennedy, a captain in thies of which the volunteer was the ob- the Hudson's Company's service, a man of an anject, redoubled his enthusiasm and devo- dauntless courage has its source in the most

cient stock; a scion of those Puritans, whose tion to the hallowed enterprise. The so- lively faith ; one of those models from whom journ in London during those few days Cooper has taken his · Pathfinder.' Alone, in was, in truth, a sort of ovation, in the the midst of these men, tried by incredible suffercourse of which the amiable vanity of the ings, I bring, instead of experience, a boundless young man was fully gratified, and the ardor; but Î have confidence. Have we not the gallantry and heartiness of his kindly, justice of our cause to back us up ?” happy nature were displayed in all their attractive freshness, “Who is that

It was truly a strange companionship, young officer of the French navy, with an

as he elsewhere observes in his diary, in air of such decision, and who wears his which he found himselfprecocious decoration so jauntily?' said

“Commanding men of a foreign nation; an Jules Janin to somebody. That is, re- officer of a military-marine service among men plied the person addressed, ‘M. Bellot, bound solely by a civil engagement ; a Catholic, the enseigne de vaisseau, who has volun- endeavoring to keep alive in their minds a differteered to take part in the new expedition ent religion, in which they have been educated, which is about to sail in search of Frank- and the precepts of which I deliver to them in a lin.' Instantly Janin runs up to him, and adds) there is not one of these men who does not

tongue which is not my own. Nevertheless (he says: Ma foi, monsieur, I had a great regard me as a countryman, and obey me as if I wish to know you; you are a brave man; were really so." allow me to clasp your hand. I loved him at once, the charming lad, whom I Among the notables of the crew, with saw but for two or three hours, said Janin, whom the journal brings us into close in relating the incident.”

acquaintance, there were, besides these The Prince Albert sailed from Aber- named above, the doctor, Cowie, who deen on the 22d of May, 1851, and she seems to have been a special worthy; Mr. reëntered that port on the 7th of October, Anderson, the second officer; Mr. Smith, 1852, not having escaped from the ice, in the steward; and Mr. Grate, the boatwhich she was set fast for three hundred swain. And never, so far as can be learned and thirty days, until the 6th of August. from the journal, did a more harmonious During the whole of this period, with the or cheerful party dwell together for sevenexception of a few weeks, Bellot kept a teen months. Their carousals, indeed, were journal, from day to day, which his bio- few and far between. At starting, a few grapher has now given to the public, and bottles of porter, remaining from the last which can not be read without deep in- voyage, were consumed, to wet the first terest. It is true it contains nothing watch of the foreign shipmate; a ration novel in science or in adventure for those of brandy was now and then conceded to versed in Arctic-voyage literature, but as the petitions of the forecastle, when teethe reflex of a simple, loyal, religious, totalism could no longer be endured; and and brave heart, and as a faithful record the birthday of the old Rochefort blackof the social life of the little company of smith was celebrated by a grand sympotrue-hearted seamen into which he was sium, when the doctor, having casually adopted, every page of it is a study of become acquainted with the circumstances the pleasantest side of our common na- of the anniversary, had a little collation ture. In a letter to M. Marmier, Bellot prepared after dinner, and the whole crew thus describes his companions :

drank a glass of grog to the health of the

family Bellot. But then, each day brought Hardy Scots of the Orcades, or Shetland its festival of prayer and praise. No sooner Isles, who formed part of the expeditions of Rae, had Captain Kennedy recovered a little

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from the sea-sickness, to which the rough “ Several American officers” [of whalers), he seas of the Orkneys consigned almost every writes, “ came to divine service on board us this one on board, than he mustered all hands morning, with some of their men. Poor Captain to prayers on deck, and this practice was God for the safety of those from whom we are

Kennedy was quite affected when he prayed to continued morning and evening, during about to part, perhaps for ever. Is not this one the entire voyage. Few narratives we of the good sides of their religion, that every man have ever read have seemed to us more of character may officiate without having taken touching than the entries in the journal holy orders ?” incidentally alluding to these ministrations, and to the part taken in them by

Again : the young French Roman Catholic. Of a As always, on Sunday we have divine service, nature deeply impressed with the religious and, as usual, I read the sermon. It seems I do sentiment, he had manifestly thought but not pronounce ill, and especially that my accent is little of these things before chance brought not too bad. The service consists in reading some him within the influence of English habits: psalms, a chapter of the Bible, and prayers, morn

ing and evening. On Sunday there is, in addition,

the reading of a sermon, and then of fragments of “On Sunday (he writes to a friend, in refer- numerous works which have been given to us. If ence to his first arrival in London) I went to the the piety of our men is not very enlightened, at Protestant Church. The officer who had good- least it appears sincere ; and even were it bat a naturedly made himself my cicerone, said to me, matter of habit with them, the influence of that with so natural an air, • What church shall we habit upon them is excellent. I know no spectago to?’ that I durst not tell him how long it was cle more suggestive of thought than the sight of since I had left off going to mass; and I went as those few men singing the praises of the Lord much to avoid giving him a bad opinion of me as amidst the solitude of the vast ocean ; I think of from any real inclination.”

the convents of the East, lying like a point amidst

the desert. What, in fact, is our life on board, The first impression was strengthened with its regularity, but the convent minus inactivduring his short stay at Stromness, when ity, and minus the selfishness of the man who seeks the following entries were made in his in prayer only his own salvation? Oh yes! the diary:

exercise of prayer is salutary; it is, above all, use

ful and indispensable to one who is animated by "Sunday, 25th May, 1851.-We moored in the true piety. I used to think myself religious when morning in Stromness roads. At two o'clock we I contented myself with recognizing the existence go on shore with the crew, and repair to the Free of a God; I now understand how much this exChurch. Prayers are said for us, and the con-ercise of prayer facilitates for us the accomplishgregation are called upon to put up vows for our ment of duties, which without it we are disposed prosperous voyage.

to pass over very lightly.” " ist June. — As usual, Sabbath day. This time I go not to the Free Church, but to the United

It is not to be supposed, however, that Presbyterian. At Stromness, a town of twelve this tolerance in practice covered any latihundred inhabitants, there is also a third church. tudinarianism of doctrine or indifference The apparent unity which subsists among us pro- to the questions of dogmatic theology. ceeds, after all, only from the indifference which Many sharp religious discussions took Lamennais speaks of. If our ministers are charged place, when the disputants plied each with being declaimers and actors, the contrary re-other so hard, that they ended in very proach may be addressed to the ministers here

. bad humor, for the moment; and the The minister who officiated to-day is a radical, Miss C. tells me, for he says that Jesus Christ solemn hours of the night-watch were owed his sanctity to his labor. After church I occasionally passed in disquisitions worthy take a walk with the ladies. Sup with Mr. B.; of the Byzantine schoolmen. Thus: Bible reading and family prayer — the domestics are present at it.”

" Mr. Grate [the boatswain) comes to me,”

writes Bellot, " during my watch, and confides to From a hearer, Bellot soon became a Iscariot is regarded; since Jesus Christ was to be

me bis doubts as to the scorn with which Judas minister of the word; and as he does not betrayed by somebody, it was God's will! Oh! seem to have ever formally abandoned the says he, formerly people were not educated as creed in which he was educated, the pro- they are now. I should like to know two langress of his views, and the mutual toler-guages, French and Hebrew.' When I ask him ance with which he and his companions why the latter, In order to make a new translamerged the peculiarities of their respective tion of the Bible,' he replies ; ' a cable

, and not a opinions in a common practical Christian- camel, to pass through the eye of a needle."" ity, are real curiosities of polemical liter- Neither had the religion of the crew of ature.

the Prince Albert any thing ascetic in its


nature. Captain Kennedy himself sang rough; and the first night, when I was half asleep, sweet French-Canadian chansons; and I saw them, one after another, come and wrap reading, dancing, Mr. Smith’s violin, and me up, and make sure that my feet were not

frozen." the organ given by Prince Albert, constituted the evening amusements. Notwith

And so it was throughout. Truly, even if standing tee-total principles, also, high the voyage of the Prince Albert has added days and holidays were, as we have seen, no new fact to science, and although it celebrated with a cheerful glass, and it failed to accomplish the objects of its prowas “pleasant to see what a degree merriment could be produced so easily." moters, it yet opened springs of human The result of the whole system seems to

feeling, whose merciful streams, blessing have been a very high state of discipline, will surely, in their further course, fertilize

as they did those among whom they rose, the most perfect mutual confidence between officers and men, the truest and many a withered heart. loyalest comradeship among all, and a

“On their return,” says M. de la Roquette, in general tenderness and affection for the

a memoir read before the Geographical Society of foreign youth who had fallen into their Paris, Captain Kennedy, as well as all the crew of company—instances of which it is scarcely the Prince Albert, spoke with so much admiration possible to read with a dry eye. In crises of the services rendered by Bellot, and of his exof extreme peril, the crew were mustered emplary conduct during the whole course of the and taken into council, “not so much to expedition, that he was everywhere received in cover responsibility, as to see if any one Government made known officially to that of

England with genuine enthusiasm. The British man could suggest any thing better than France how well satisfied it was with the zealous what was proposed;" and this confidence and intelligent cooperation of the young officer, seems never to have been abused. Under and Lady Franklin personally expressed her gratthe most trying circumstances, the opinion itude to him in the most touching terms. The of each man was pronounced honestly, and Geographical Society of London, an illustrious with a single view to the common good; body, which has already rendered so many services and when a plan of action was determined to science, conferred on him the title of Foreign upon by the proper authority, every one still more value in his eyes from the flattering

Corresponding Member--a favor which acquired put forth his best energies to carry it into words of the President, Sir Roderick Murchison, execution. When a boat containing the and from the presence and approbation of the captain and four men was separated from most distinguished personages of England.” the ship, it was boldly resolved to adopt a course which would take them away In his own country, too, he was not unforty miles farther from their friends, and honored. He had been promoted to the the resolution, as promising the greatest rank of lieutenant during his absence; the benefit to the greatest number, was man- time he had passed on board the British fully acquiesced in by the whole crew, private ship was counted to him as service including "poor Mr. Smith,” the steward, at sea, and, in order to give him time for whose brother was in the boat. When the


and the arrangement of his papers, doctor wished to accompany a party dis- he was placed on the footing of being callpatched in search of their missing com- ed on duty to Paris, from the date of his panions, although his assistance would return to France. This dignified ease did have been of great value, he was refused, not, however, long continue to content his “ considering that his cares might be more adventurous spirit. Shortly after his reprecious on board in case they return by turn, he began to press upon the attention sea ;” and the doctor at once gave way of the ministry of marine a proposal for a In this very expedition Bellot alone added French expedition in search of Sir John a little biscuit to his meal of pemmican, Franklin ; and while this application was the men having slipped a few pieces into pending, he refused an offer made to him the provision-bag, in spite of his prohibi- by Captain Kane, of the post of second in tion, because they thought that, not being command of an American expedition with accustomed to an exclusively meat diet, the same object. He also declined the it might disagree with him:

still more flattering tender of the com“Many a time,” he adds, “ in this short trip, I mand and ownership of the Isabella steamhad reason to be inwardly grateful for such deli- er, which Lady Franklin was preparing cate attentions, which are always the more touch specially for an expedition to Behring's ing when they are offered by persons apparently Straits, and in which Captain Kennedy,

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