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Surprise. So strange thy outcry, and thy words so strange Thou interposest, that my sudden hand
Recollection Prevented, spares to tell thee yet by deeds
What it intends; till first I know of thee,
The speech of Sin to Satan, to prevent a hostile encounter between the latter and Death.
“O father, what intends thy hand,” she cried,
What thing thou art, thus double form'd and why
Me father, and that phantasm call'st my son,
Hamlet's soliloquy upon his finding that the king, his father, was murdered by his uncle; in which he considers the consequence of putting an end to a burdensome life.--Shakspeare. To be,- -or not to be? i. -that is the question— Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer The stings and arrows of outrageous fortune; Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
1 "To be, or not to be." The thought, at length, would run thus: "Is death the total destruction of consciousness? Or do the dead still continue to think and act, though in a different manner from that of the present state?" The thought in the second line is different, viz., "Whether is it truly heroic to put an end to life when it becomes irksome ?"
And by opposing, end them.-To die—to sleep-
The heart-ache, and the thousand natural shocks
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
1 "But to die-to sleep-no more." The pauses must be equal. The sense at length being, "Is dying only falling asleep, and nothing else?"
2Fardels." That is, burdens.
"Whose bourne." That is, border, or boundary.
a Meekness. b Aversion.
Macbeth, full of his bloody design against good King Duncan, fancies he sees a dagger in the air.-Shakspeare.
Is this a dagger, which I see before me,
The handle tow'rd my hand? Come, let me clutch
I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.
Thou marshall'st me the way that I was going;
Mine eyes are made the fools o' th' other senses,
Thus to mine eyes— -Now o'er one half the world
1 "Gouts." That is, drops.
LITERARY CLASS BOOK.
WE shall commence this part of our Compilation with the PASSAGES which Walker has used in illustrating his "Description of the Passions." While approving generally of the plan adopted in "The Art of Speaking," he thought that it would be an improvement upon it "to subjoin EXAMPLES to each PASSION and EMOTION, which contain scarcely any passion or emotion but that described; and that by thus keeping one passion in view at a time, the pupil would more easily acquire the imitation of it than by passing suddenly to those passages where they are scattered promiscuously in small portions." As his "Descriptions of the Passions" are based upon those given in "The Art of Speaking,"we shall omit them for the reasons which we have already assigned (page 81). The most of the "Examples," however, which he has given in illustration of them, we shall
"This is the case," he adds, "with the author to whom I am so much indebted for the description of the passions, and with those who have servilely copied him. The instance of a single passion which I have selected may be augmented at pleasure; and when the pupil has acquired the expression of each passion singly, he should analyze his composition, and carefully mark it with the several passions, emotions, and sentiments it contains, by which means he will distinguish and separate what is often mixed and confounded, and be prompted to force and variety at almost every sentence. I am well aware, that the passions are sometimes so slightly touched, and often melt so insensibly into each other, as to make it somewhat difficult precisely to mark their boundaries; but this is no argument against our marking them where they are distinct and obvious, nor against our suggesting them to those who may not be quite so clear-sighted as ourselves."-Elements of Elocution.
insert here, because we consider them peculiarly well adapted for EXERCISES in READING. We have also added several other PASSAGES illustrative of the emotions of the mind, tones of voice, and different styles of reading.
I. CHEERFULNESS IN RETIREMENT.
Now, my co-mates, and brothers in exile,
Hath not old custom made this life more sweet
As You Like It.
II. INVOKING MIRTH AS A GODDESS.