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Zouave say to his fellow soldiers, as they were passing my window. Secret Tribunal of that city, in which he has drawn largely upon the • All we have heard so far has been the tuning of the fiddles, and very despatches of the ambassadors of the Venetian Republic. The accounts discordant, ma foi! some of it has been. Now the chef d'orchestra has of the reporters employed by these able gentlemen are very interesting. taken his place we shall have the grande musique.' The comparison was Madame the Marquise Orsina, who filled that important post when as true as it was homely."
Rainieri Zen was ambassador at Rome in the time of Pope Gregory the The Standard says :—" The auspicious event did not, indeed, come off, Fifteenth, is an important figure. as was intended, on St. Peter's Day; but what matter when it is a The drawings and models which have been selected from the 87,000 greater than Peter who is now proclaimed ? Neither was the voting works executed by the students of 367 Schools of Art and night classes unanimous or by acclamation, as Pius IX. had desired. In spite of all in the United Kingdom, for the medals and prizes offered by the Science the efforts of the Jesuits to ensure unanimity, there is even a larger and Art Department for this year's “National Competition,” are now minority than was anticipated-a minority which, including, as it does, being exhibited in the Raphael Cartoon Gallery, South Kensington nearly the whole of the German Prelates, besides a powerful section of Museum. the Gallican and American Churches, portends something very like a schism in the bosom of the faith. The eighty-eight Bishops who deny to have been the bath-room or balneum of the Palace of Augustus, on
Some fine frescoes have been found on the walls of what is thought that the head of their Church is infallible are a serious drawback from the Palatine Hill at Rome--a site which has been purchased by the the Papal triumph.”
Emperor of the French. These frescoes have been copied by a French The John Bull makes the following observations:-—- In the Allgemeine artist, M. Layraud, and the reproductions exhibited in the Palais des Zeitung a letter appeared, dated from Rome, in December in last year, Beaux Arts, Paris; the frescoes themselves, to the extent of five fragstating that 767 Bishops had assembled in Council, and that the main ments, have also been taken to Paris, and will be set up in a room of the reason why they were convened was in order to vote a new Article to the Chateau de St. Germain, which is also to contain other objects derived Faith, in the shape of a dogma declaring the personal Infallibility of the from the same source. Pope. The week that has passed has witnessed the accomplishment of the darling project of Pius IX. and the Jesuit Fathers who surround him, last meeting (July 6) set on foot a project for the preservation from
The Royal Historical and Archäological Association of Ireland at its and on Sunday next, or Tuesday at the furthest, the dogma just defined fast-approaching destruction of the far-famed remains of the Churches will be officially promulgated, and added to the Articles of a Christian man's Faith. It is beside our purpose to speak of the relation of the visited by English tourists, these ruins, so characteristic of primitive
and round tower of Glendalough, co. Wicklow. One of the first points new Articles to the scheme of theology; we are content to register the Irish Church architecture, are well known, and we feel sure that many fact of its having, after a gallant struggle on the part of the most learned will be glad to aid in the proposed work of conservation, which, from Prelates of the Roman Obedience, passed into the domain of Faith. We the Report submitted to us, seems conceived in a judicious spirit. The shall only point to one circumstance which considerably abates the sig. Rev. J. Groves, Stoneyford, co. Killarney, is the hon. sec. of the Associanificancy of the vote which has just been made at the Vatican. The
tion.-Athenaeum. Bishops who were present at the opening of the Council were, as we have already stated, 767, of whom, let it be remembered, 250 were merely Among the new names by which the Committee of the Palestine titular Prelates chosen by, and dependant for their bread, on the Court Exploration Fund has been strengthened are those of Lord Lawrence, of Rome. Of these 450, according to the information conveyed by the the Bishops of London and Chester, the Suffragan Bishop of Nottingham, wires of the telegraph, have voted in favour of the new dogma ; eighty- Archdeacon Bickersteth, Mr. Emanuel Deutsch, Professor Donaldson, eight have had the courage to meet the proposal with a direct negative, and Dr. Keith Johnston. A book on the recent work of the Fund is and sixty-two oppose the dogma in more modified terms. These numbers being prepared for publication. Among the contributors, as at present account for some 600 Fathers out of the 767 assembled. What of arranged, are Captain Wilson and Captain Warren, who will take the the 167 who declined to vote in favour of the dogma, though they seemed main subject, that of Jerusalem ; Lieutenant Anderson, Mr. Deutsch, to have lacked the resolution to oppose the favourite dogma of the Pope ? Professor Donaldson, Rev. F. W. Holland (on Sinai), and Mr. W. S. W. The majority which approved of the dogma is so narrow, and under the Vaux, F.R.S. Dean Stanley will contribute the Preface. It will be pubcircumstances of the cajolery and the threats which have been lavishly lished by Mr. Bentley. It is hoped that the publisher, Mr. Bentley, may used, is entitled to so little weight, that it will hardly meet with be able to bring out the work early in the autumn. acceptance from the lay members of the Roman Catholic Church. A dogma voted under the circumstances to which we have referred is entitled to no weight, and will receive but little from any quarter. Spain's PLACE IN EUROPE.—We quote the following from the Saturday A Pall Mall Gazette letter from Rome says :—“There seems to be no
Review :- The Spaniards have reasons to be profoundly mortified by the doubt that the Bishops of the minority are acting under the advice of treatment which they have lately received in almost every quarter. The France and Austria. For several days past they have held conferences worst affronts are those which, being wholly or partially unconscious, with the Amassadors of those Powers, and the leaders have been enter- imply either contempt or an insulting ignorance. The French Governtained at a grand banquet by the Marquis de Banneville. The Pope is ment and nation, in their unreasonable fury against Prussia, have almost said to have received a lettter from the Empress of Austria, representing forgotten to regard Spain, which is the cause of the quarrel, as even a that the faithful in the Austrian empire share the opinions of their party concerned in the dispute. It may be hoped that Lord Granville Bishops, and urging him for the sake of the peace and unity of the has not committed England to any similar error ; but the Spaniards Church to withdraw the canon of Infallibility.”
have just cause of irritation in the language used by some principal English journals. The discharge, by the Spanish Prime Minister, of a
commission entrusted to him by his colleagues with the tacit approval Notes, Literary, Archæological, &c.
of the majority of the Cortes, has, on the pretext that his negotiations were conducted with a secresy which was indispensable to success, been
repeatedly stigmatised as an intrigue. If the chief of the Spanish An excellent Italian version of Charles Dickens's “The Cricket on
Government had been a subject or a vassal of France, his contumacy in the Hearth” has been written by Signora Grazia Mancini Pierantoni.
frustrating the policy of his sovereign could not have been more sumThe Dean of Westminster has undertaken to write the Introduction marily condemned. If the Cortes and the Spanish people approve of the to the forthcoming work on the Palestine Exploration Fund.
conduct of the Minister, it is monstrous that the self-appointed The Rev. J. H. Blunt, whose works on the Prayer Book are well It was impossible to anticipate the outburst of genuine and of feigned
representatives of English opinion should censure his prudent reticence. known, is editing “The Mirrour of our Ladye ” for the Early English indignation which followed the disclosure of Prim's selection.
If Text Society.
almost any other of the many mediatised German Princes who now owe Messrs. Rivington have just published an account of the Ober allegiance to the Crown of Prussia had been chosen, his family name Ammergau Passion Play, by the Rev. M. M.Coll, who wrote the account could scarcely have been used as a pretext for opposing his candidature. of it in the Times.
The identity of name, which is almost the only connection between the Mr. Halliwell is making progress with his “about ten folio volumes,” Prince of Sigmaringen and the Royal Family of Prussia, has probably which will illustrate the life of Shakspeare and the history of the Early misled nine hundred and ninety-nine out of every thousand Frenchmen English stage. The compiler will be glad to receive any information who have protested against the aggrandizement of a rival Power. There that is new, in reference to the above subjects.
is no internal improbability in a story which has probably been invented The veteran artist, George Cruikshank, is to furnish the design for for the occasion, to the effect that Prince Leopold was first proposed by the Bruce monument about to be erected on the field of Bannockburn. the Emperor Napoleon when he was some time since on a visit at the It will be symbolical of the union of the English and Scottish Crowns.
Tuilleries. He is by one descent a Murat, and by another a Beauharnais,
and he is not related to King William. A defiance to France on the part Mr. Bailey Walker, of Manchester, is engaged on an attempt to bring of the Spanish Government would have been an act of culpable rashness, about a certain amount of fusion between various scientific, religious, but it could not properly be called an intrigue. The Ministers have not educational and other societies, so far as their working expenses are been allowed to show whether they would have listened to a courteous concerned.
remonstrance, and it is not to be supposed that they can submit to arroA Benedictine named Baschet, already known for his researches in the gant dictation. It is unfortunate that English writers should taunt them Archives of Venice, has published a work on the the history of the with their want of deference to an overbearing neighbour.
July 20, 1870. THE FREE CHURCH SOCIETY'S
London: THOMAS BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn, ST. FAITH'S MISSION, Stoke
This day, 8vo., cloth, 1s, 6d., post free.
(Parker, 377, above 28. 6d. in value at trade price, being a discount
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Strand): Record of Offertory and Anti-pew Movement, of about 3d, in the shilling. Law and medical books Second Edition, with Topographical, Climatic, and
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Paris : GALIGNANI. Coire: J. A. PRADELLA. Rt. Hon. W. F. COWPER TEMPLE, M.P., Chairman of MAINTAINED AND VINDICATED BOTH THEOLOGICALLY
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sidered with reference to their Moral and Pro- Esq., M.P., C. Buxton, Esq., M.P., Honorary Secretarios. Contents: Preface-List of Books quoted or referred to. phetical Meaning By HENRY W. I. THIERSCH, Rev. W. STANYER, M.A., General Secretary. CHAPTER I.-Introductory: Statement of the Author's D.D., late Professor of Divinity in the University of
The Executive Committee earnestly solicit co-operation object. II. The Preface to the Ordinal of 1549. III.
Marburgh. Form for the Ordination of Deacons, 1549. IV. Form
and support in their great work in order to secure the
“This is a very useful and good guide towards the for the Ordination of Priests, 1549. V. Form for the
primary religious education of every child, and to Consecration of Bishops, 1549.
counteract the efforts of the “ Birmingham League" VI. The Edwardine
understanding of the twenty-two Parables which were
and others now agitating for the Secularization of all Ordinal. VII. The Ordinal of King Edward VI.want to get at the main drift and burden of one of these
our National Institutions, and the exclusion from our Objections. VIII. Ordinal of King Edward VI. in suhdiscourses-either for a Sermon or a Bible Class-in a
Public Elementary Schools of the Bible and all definite stantial harmony with the most ancient forms. IX. few minutes this little book will prove itself to be an
religious teaching. Some other ancient forms for Ordination. X. Medieval
invaluable boon. The salient points of each Parable forms for Consecration and Ordination in the West.
The printing and circulation throughout the land of XII Eastern forms
are seized upon at once, and the commentary seldom XI. The same subject continued.
upwards of Two Millions of Reports, Pamphlets, and extends over more than five or six pages. The reader Papers have entailed heavy concurrent liabilities; while of Ordination. XIII. Forms of Ordination n use
is not burdened with useless matter, and what there is, the GREATER expenses attending the many large sucamongst the separated communities of the East Christians of St. Thomas. XIV. The Nestorians. XV.
is very much to the point. There is nothing either cessful meetings which have b en held, have materially
verbose or high-flown in the treatise ; its very earnest drained the resources of the Union. Archbishop Matthew Parker. XVI. The Consecration of William Barlow. VII. The Consecrations of Hodg
siniplicity must commend it to any houghtful mind.' The organization and working of Borough and
Church Rerier kins, Scory and Coverdale. XVIII. The Consecra
County Branches, coupled with the costs of the London tion of Archbishop Parker. XIX. The Nag's Head
London: THOMAS BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn, and Manchester Ofices, necessitate a large and unavoidFable. XX. The Case of Bishop Bonner versus Bishop
Removed from Regent-street
able outlay. Horne. XXI. The Sacrament of Baptism. XXII.
The Union is actively supporting the Government The Office of Consecrator and Assistant-Consecrator. UR PRINCIPLES AND POSITION. Bill as introduced" by Mr. Foster, Vice-President of
the Council. XXIII. The Doctrine of Intention XXIV. and XXV.
By Promoters of the Catholic Revival in the Roman Catholic Testimonies to the Validity of Auglican
Subscriptions are earnestly requested to further this Church of England. Orders. XXVI. The Cases of Certain Anglican Clergy
WILLIAM STANYER, Gen. Sec.
No. 3. Confession and Absolution. ls.
SUBSCRIPTIONS and DONATIONS (the latter to APPENDICES. -I. Authoritative statements regarding
This day, 16mo., cloth, gilt edges, 2s.; or free by posi' be paid at once, or to spread over three years) will be 29. 2d.,
gratefully received on behalf of the Committee by the Ordination officially published in 1537 and 1513. DUZZLE-MONKEYS : Acrostics in
joint Treasurers, Rev. J. Dart, Mission House, VictoriaII
road, Stoke Newington, N.; E Ferraby. E q., Bank of made in 25th year of Henry VIII. Cap. xx, sec. 5.
Prose and Verse. By E. L. F. H.
England, E.C.; or they may be paid to Messrs. Barnet, III. Statutes relating to the Consecration of Bishops I'm sometimes square, and sometimes round;
Hoare and Co., 60, Lombard-street, to the account of under Edward VI.
I'm oft in mischief to be found
“St. Faith's Mission, Stoke Newington." IV. Act 3 Edward VI, to draw up a New Ordinal.
My whole's a poser. May it be
VI. Act 1 of Mary to repeal the preceding Acts. London: THOMAS BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn
SCHOOL VII. Act 1 of Elizabeth to re-establish the Book of
Visitor.— The LORD BISHOP of OXFORD Common Prayer. Now ready, Second Edition, 38. 6d., post free,
Warden.-Rev. W. T. SANKEY. Vicar. VIII. Act declaring the legality of the Ordinations. RGAN HARMONIES for the GREXI. The Thirty-Nine Articles on Ordination.
A PREPARATORY SCHOOL to the above was
GORIAN PSALM TONES. By ARTHUR H. X. Documents relating to the Consecration of Barlow BROWN, of Brentwood. Contains eight different
opened in JANUARY Last. Applications at present and Hodgkins. Harmonies for each tone and each ending, amounting School, Stony Stratford.
to be made to the Warden or Secretary of St. Paul's XI. Documents relating to Scory and Coverdale. in all to nearly flve hundred. XII. Documents relating to the Consecration of London: THOMAS BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn.
BAILEY & SON, Parker. XIII. Parker's Book, De Antiquitate Britannicæ Dedicated to His Grace the Lord Archbishop of Canter
418, OXFORD STREET, LONDON, Ecclesiæ.
bury, the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of London, and Beg to recommend their ELASTIC STOCKINGS, XIV. Henry Machyn's Diary, with testimonies regard
the Rev. B. Morgan Cowie, B.D., Vicar and Rector. KNEE CAPS, &c., they are made of the best material,
and warranted to wash. ing the same.
* XV. Breve of Pope Julius Ill. to Cardinal Pole.
In hoc signo vinces.
Inventors of the IMPERCEPTIDLE TRUSS. Belts XVI. Dr. Lingard on Parker s Consecration.
for the Support of the Back &c., &c. XVII. Documents relating to the Consecration of Horn
JEWRY: being some Account of the Church XVIII. The Nonjuring Consecrations. Bishop Hickes, including a List of Chantries copied from the originals
ALMON, ODY, AND CO., of S. Lawrence Jewry from the Earliest Time; Records.
PATENT TRUSS MAKERS XIX. Documents concerning the Case of Bishop together with a Table of the Charities of the United
TO HIS LATE MAJESTY WILLIAN IV,
Parishes of S. Lawrence Jewry and S. Mary Magdalen,
(V.B.- Elastic Slockings, Ladies' Abdominal Belts, &c. XXI. Certain Comments on Roman Catholic state- brated Mission Services, in September, 1867, until the ments. The Charges of Forgery.
end of the year 1869; and many Articles and Letters XXII. Letters of Orders of various Communions.
from the Newspapers upon the works of the Church.
OF STRENGTH.-The old and delicate always London: J.T. HAYES, Lyall-place, Eaton-square
feel the sudden transition from cold to heat, and fear Cloth lettered, about 400 pp., 53. (including postage), be adopted to counteract them. Nothing effects this
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of a. Bishop
STONY STRATFORD.—ST. PAUL'S
The Church is one, and her unity is essentially a spiritual BRANCH CHURCHES.
unity; it is one which depends wholly on the Presence of
the Holy Spirit in the Body—“ One Body, One Spirit.' So The Bishop of London lately in Convocation gave it as his the Priesthood is one; the Sacraments are one ; the Faith is opinion that foreign Protestant Bodies must be considered as A Priest is a Priest of the whole Church, whether he true Churches. This is perfectly consistent with his Lordship's be ordained at Constantinople, Rome, or Canterbury : he is assertion in his last Charge to the Clergy of the Diocese of not a Priest of the “ Branch ” only, to use the popular phraseLincoln, that Episcopacy is of the bene esse, but not of the esse ology, but of the whole Church. So of the Sacraments—a of the Church ; which can only mean that a Church is a volun- baptised man is a member of the whole body. In the tenth tary community of persons, who are at liberty to frame its century—to speak loosely, for accuracy of dates is not essential order and constitution as they please; and, further, that there to our position-the four Patriarchs of the East quarrelled with is no community which can claim divine appointment: in the Patriarch of the West. The quarrel was taken up by plain words, that there is no One Holy Catholic and Apostolic those under their jurisdiction, and they refused to communiChurch such as the Creed teaches us to believe in. His Lordship, cate with each other. This quarrel did not destroy the operaunfortunately, neglected to show how he could go on repeating tion of the One Spirit ; Priests were still Priests, Sacraments the Creed and deny its meaning : we are, therefore, obliged were still Sacraments as before. When two brothers quarrel to leave him in the dilemma in which he has placed himself. about their father's inheritance, they still continue to be
There are, however, many Catholics who would condemn brothers, though they may cease to have brotherly intercourse the Bishop's position, yet who continue to talk in a way which with each other. The tie of blood cannot be broken ; a human suggests, if it do not actually admit, something equally quarrel may offend against the laws of nature, but it cannot erroneous, when they speak of the Church as being divided destroy them, and the law of the unity of the Church is into branches. We continually hear of the “Three branches ordained by the same Being who ordained the laws of nature. of the Catholic Church—the Eastern, the Roman, and the The like may be said of the Archbishop of Canterbury and Anglican.” Thus Mr. Grueber in his excellent letter to the the Patriarch of Rome; they had a quarrel in the sixteenth Archbishop of Canterbury, “Omission not Prohibition,” p. century, and have remained estranged ever since. The case 53 :—“The Church of England claims to be a branch of the between the Eastern Patriarch and Canterbury is slightly great Catholic Tree. Now, surely the kind and colour of the different. There has been no actual quarrel between them, fruit of one branch of the tree must be as that of other branches only a misunderstanding. The Archbishop of Canterbury was of the same tree. A tree is known by its fruits. But, say neo
necessarily mixed up with the quarrel between Rome and the some, it is unlawful that the Church of England in its visible East, and naturally was involved with the former. But since fruits, its outward form and appearance, its usages, should the differences which arose in the sixteenth century, the position have a likeness to the other branches of the same tree. If of Canterbury with regard to Constantinople and the East is this be so, we can no more be surprised if people come to materially altered. We are not now mixed up with the old doubt whether the Church of England be really a branch of dispute ; but there has been an estrangement, consequent upon the great Catholic Tree."
the misunderstanding. When this misunderstanding is removed The idea in the mind seems to be that the Catholic Church the estrangement will be removed also. Our efforts are, thereup to the tenth century was, like the trunk of a great tree, fore, not to reunite separated members, but to remove a misone; that then it grew out into two branches, the Eastern and understanding, and then all estrangement ceases, and the Western; that further, in the sixteenth century, the Western normal condition of unity returns. Branch again divided, and the Anglican grew out distinct from The case of Canterbury and Rome differs from the former the other two. That now we ought to endeavour to reunite in some points : there was a quarrel between the Court of their separated branches into one trunk again. They, do not, Rome, not the Church, and the Court of England, in the however, inform us how the branches of a tree can ever be question of the King's divorce; this quarrel ceased when reunited into one trunk again ; certainly nature affords us no The daughter of the divorced Queen succeeded to the throne : such example. It is natural for a tree to branch out into it was renewed when the daughter of the woman whom the s veral independent limbs, but it is not natural for these to king married after the divorce, succeeded the other. There unite again into one trunk. The simile, therefore, completely was then no really religious quarrel - for all communicated breaks down, and this failure ought surely to suggest the at their Parish Churches for eleven years—and the Patriarch faultiness of the simile itself. And so it is ; the likeness is a of Rome was quite willing to accept the religious position false one, and the whole argument based npon it is vicious. of England; he was also ready to acknowledge the legitimacy How are we, then, to maintain our claim to be members of of the Queen provided she would acknowledge his supremacy. the One Catholic Church, while we are not in Visible Com- On her refusing to do this she was excommunicated ; and munion with a large portion of the Church? No doubt the the estrangement between the Court of Rome and the Court question is a difficult one to answer, because we are confessedly of England grew up into a permanent quarrel, and from in an abnormal state ; a state moreover, be it remembered, thenceforth took a religious aspect
. Here, then, there are which we hold in common with the whole body. Let us quarrels to be made up, misunderstandings to be removed, endeavour to look at the matter from another point of view, before there can be, not a reuniting of separate branches, but and see if some light cannot be thrown upon it,
# reconciliation of estranged individuals.
We do not wish to enter upon the question how the new Councils. “We reverently receive and accept, as to that which dogma of Infallibility may effect the case, for we must wait must be helieved concerning the Ever Blessed Trinity and the to see some of its results: all that we wish to impress upon Incarnation of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, the the minds of Churchmen is the importart truth that the determination of the six Ecumenical Councils.” And then Church is One, not divided into branches; that the apparent follow the names and dates (Canon VI). After this it is a separation is the consequence of individualmisunderstandings, prodigious descent to the Thirty-nine Articles, yet as long as which we are bound to endeavour to remove. Towards this unfortunate confession, replete with allusions to controeffecting this it is essential that we should fully understand versies once bitter and engrossing, but now obsolete and forour respective positions.
gotten, is retained by the Mother Church in England and imposed as a test upon her Ministers, it is to be presunied
that her spiritual daughters in the Colonies will feel themA SYNOD OF THE CHURCH IN NATAL,
selves bound to uphold it also. The Synod of Maritzburg is
wise enough not to commit itself to verbal expressions, but Two years have not yet elapsed since it was announced is content to acknowledge that the doctrine set forth is that the Rev. William Kenneth Macr rie would resign his agreeable to the Word of God. pleasant English benefice, to take upon himself the difficult The most remarkable among these Canons are those which and in vidious task of shepherding the scattered flock in establish the discipline of the infant Church, which is to be Natal, whom their quondam Pastor, now an excommunicated secured by means of a Consistory Court in which the Bishop heretic, had begun to vex and persecute under colour of law. is to hear publicly all spiritual and ecclesiastical causes which High expectations were then formed of the zeal, energy, and may be brought before him. This he is not to declare as an tact which the new Bishop would bring to the execution of autocrat but in conjunction with one or more of his Chapter, his trying office. And we rejoice to bear testimony that go and to secure fairness and impartiality it is further added that far as his public deeds are known to us, these anticipations in all cases the assistant Priests shall give their opinion have been fully verified. The "Acts of the Diocesan openly in court before pronouncing of judgment by the Synod, holden in St. Saviour's Church, Maritzburg," in July, Bishop.” The XVI. Canon defines the nature of the causes 1869, bear witness to tlie skill and success which have marked which are to be heard, and is worth quoting entire. “The causes his first effort to reunite the faithful members of Christ, and which shall be heard before the Consistory, in addition to those to organise the scattered Laity and Clergy into a compact specially set forth in these Canons to be determined therein are body, strong for mutual support and defence. From this as follows:-(1) of heresy, (2) of false doctrine, (3) of schism, commendation it must not be hastily concluded that Bishop (4) of depraving of the Book of Common Prayer and AdminMacrorie has gathered together Priests, Deacons, Laymen, istration of the Sacraments and other rites of the Church, or Communicants, and non-Communicants, and putting himself misuse of the same, (5) of immorality, (6) of canonical disat their head has constituted such medley à Synod. Far obedience; and it is to be understood that by heresy is signified from it. A mixed assembly of this kind accords well with contravening any article of the Nicene Creed; and by false the notions of modern Radicals, and needs only " the female doctrine is to be understood contravening the doctrine set forth element” to make it complete. But it is a viere abuse of a in the Thirty-nine Articles of Religion ; and by schism joining word universally recognised in Christendom to call it a with persons in any act in which they assume spiritual offices Synod. As to entrusting such a body with the decision of to which the Church has not appointed them.” moot poivts of doctrine, or debated questions of faith and In the next it is ordained that “none shall be charged with niorals, such procedure is as absurd as it would be for the false doctrine unless he be in Holy Orders, and so by his office College of Physicians to appoint delegates from their patients a teacher in the Church of God." The various sentences also to sit in their council and reinforce their staff of examiners. which the Bishop shall pronounce according to the different To us it is surprising that Englishmen, whose plain common offences proved are enumerated as follows :-(1) admonition, sense is seldoni at fault, cannot perceive that upon the mere (2) suspension, (3) deposition from office, (4) excommuniground of expediency such coalitions are unendurable. Men cation. The two latter are to be published during Divine are no more born theologians than they are born astrono. Service in the Cathedral, and careful provision is made for mers; and in such mixed assemblies half of the members retractation on the part of the offender. Stillit would seem that will be simply incompetent to form any judgment of their our brethren in South Africa are unfortunately ignorant of the own; and their decision upon questions of Divinity can reforming labours of Lord Shaftesbury, and notably of his three claim no more respect from the outside world than if they aggrieved parishioners, who may stir up strife to any exten', for chose to discuss the Spectrum Analysis or the Lunar theory. the Synod lays down a stringent rule as to who may prefer
The Synod of the struggling Church in Natal is liable to charges in the Consistory or Spiritual Court:—"No person not no such reprehension. As defined by Canon XIII., it is being a Priest beneficed or licensed in the Diocese, or a Doctor composed simply " of the Bishop of the Diocese and of the in Divinity, or a Church warden, shall be capable of bringing Clergy thereof." It is to meet annually on the Festival of any cause into the Consistory Court, unless he shall first St. Peter, or whenever summoned by the Bishop; only it is furnishi a certificate, to be approved by the Bishop, that he lawful for him “to omit the Deacons from his summons, is himself a man worthy of repute and obeys the Lord's will that they may remain in the different parts of the Diocese and the rule of the Church by communicating so often and to bury the dead anı minister to the sick and distressed.” at such times as the Canons require. No charge shall be This provision is evidently necessitated by the enormous heard except it be brought by two persons at the least, qualiextent of the Diocese, the scanty staff of Clergy, and the fied as above." (Canon XVIII.) slowness and difficulty of transit from place to place. The Appeals are allowed in charges of heresy or false doctrine session lasted from the 21st to the 29th of July, and there to the Diocesan and Provincial Synods; and the privilege was a daily celebration of the Holy Eucharist and frequent of exemption from liability to suits in Temporal Courts is Services, throughout the octave. Twenty-seven Canons and justly and boldly claimed for the promoters, defendant, and various resolutions were passed, referring to many points of witnesses in the Courts Spiritual. Let Lord Shaftesbury doctrine and discipline.
The first seven Canons take a hint from this :-“We ordain that no one, either simply acts of adhesion to Catholic faith and tradition ; as promoter of a suit or defendant, or connected in any other respectively emlodied in the Nicene Creed, the Holy Bible, way with any cause before any Spiritual Court, sball prosethe Book of Common Prayer, and the decisions of General | cute in the Civil Courts of Law any one for whatever he may
have said or done in any Spiritual Court, except by permission draw our reader's attention-especially at this season of the of such Spiritual Court, under penalty of deposition if he be year, when so many of our countrymen are starting on their in Holy Orders, or of the lesser excommunication it' he be a summer travels over the continent of Europe—to the various layman, inasmuch as it is for the edification of the Church | Anglican Chaplaincies and Churches now to be found not only in that such causes are heard, and care has been taken to guard large towns, but in the mostout-of-the-way nooks and corners of against malice and envy, in that none but the holy are the world. We know that there are many persons who object allowed to accuse.” (Canon XXI.). If none but the holy to these Chaplaincies altogether, and when they are set were allowed to become accusers in our Ecclesiastical Courts up in lands under Roman or Greek jurisdiction, with some we should have nothing to fear from the prosecutions and per- show of reason. Even then we must remember that as long as secutions of the so-called Church Association,
inter-communion between ourselves and the Greeks and Of the Resolutions which the Synod append to their Romans is still a matter of the future—as long as the reunion Canons, the most remarkable are those which deal inci- of Christendom is an event, earnestly prayed for, but not yet dentally with the anonialons position of the Bishop of the accomplished—the numerous members of the Anglican body, Orange Free State. Dr. Twells had addressed a letter to who are for various causes obliged to reside in foreign lands, Dean Green, from which we infer that he was then in would have no opportunity of receiving the Blessed Sacrament, Natal with the object of avoiding certain legal proceedings and many of them, alas! would never enter any place of threatened against him. But in their judgment such a worship unless there were Anglican Chapels within their ethod of declining the jurisdiction of its government is
There are some, of course, who in Roman and contrary to the holy obedience. With singular perspicacity Greek Churches can assist at Mass with profit and edificathey urge that “ remembering that the redemption of the tion. But they are a minority : prejudice hinders many world was accomplished by our Blessed Lord suffering Him- from attending a Catholic Service abroad, ignorance of the self to be condemned on the testimony of the false witnesses, language prevents others ; therefore if these Chaplaincies are should Bishop Twells, by surrendering himself to the Courts looked upon by some as an evil, there are. we think, few who of Law, suffer, being innocent, we believe it will not only will not acknowledge, that they are a necessary evil.
As long, redound to the increase of glory to him hereafter, but will be therefore, as the necessity for them exists, it should be the overruled by the Providence of God, to the sanctification of endeavour of all Churchmen to use every effort in their power the flock committed to his charge. Whilst, on the other to render them worthy of our Church and fitting representahand, should he feel himself in any way guilty of the least of tives abroad of her doctrine, discipline, and ritual. Few of the charges (which God forbid), it would be clearly bis duty us who have travelled much in foreign lands can say that as a Christian to submit to whatever penalty might be laid they are so now; there are exceptions, indeed, but they are upon him by the civil authorities “ remembering that they very few and far between. are God's ministers over him in this matter.” We have no These Chaplaincies are of three kinds—those connected information which would lead us to believe that this truly with English Embassies, Consular Chaplaincies, and those judicious counsel has been followed by the person concerned'; established by the S.P.G. and the Colonial and Continental but for all that, it is done the less creditable to the faith and Society. Our acquaintance with the Anglican Church abroad boldness of those who proffered it.
extends over the greater part of Europe. We can, therefore, Hitherto we have been silent as to the place occupied by give our readers the benefit of our experience of these various the laity in the Council of the nascent Church. It must kinds of Chaplaincies, not only in large cities but in many not be supposed that they are excluded from any share in its small out-of-the-way places as well. deliberation ; this would be a very untrue representation. ;
To begin with the Embassies. One of our most painsul By each parish one or more Delegates are duly appointed, experiences was at one of these, on a Sunday we spent at and tbese are conjoined with the Synod for the purpose of Vienna some years ago, where, in a ball-room with Cupids arranging all the secular concerns of the Church. Such and Venuses painted on the ceiling and panels, brilliant business as the formation of parishes, the duties of Church- mirrors and costly chandeliers, from a red cushioned erection wardens, the arrangements for the performance of Divine at one end of the apartment, we heard Matins, Litany, anteService, for receiving and disbursing money, is trausacted by Communion Service and Sermon gabbled through at an indesthe united body of Clergy and Laity. Their acts are cribably rapid rate, and without a sign of reverence registered as those of the “ Synod in conference with the devotion. Of music or singing there was not a note. Two Lay Delegates." This plan seems happily devised, and well years ago at Madrid we attended a very similar Service in fitted to afford the laity their due sbare of influence in the a very similar apartment. Here, however, the utterance of guidance of Ecclesiastical affairs, without thrusting them the Chaplain was distinct, and he read and preached as if he into a position which the Church has never assigned to them, remembered that he was taking part in a religious Service. and which they cannot occupy without the risk of grievous At St. Petersburg we believe the Chaplain is appointed by the harm to themselves, and to the cause which all are anxious English merchants and not by the Ambassador. However to serve.
So far as the Lay Delegates of Maritzburg are that may be, it is much to be regretted that in the Russian concerned, it is only just to add that they have entered upon Capital our Church should be so badly represented. The their novel duty in a manner most creditable to their sense Service is held in a huge room with lofty columns, galleries, and good feeling. Their proceedings augur favourably for high pews, lofty pulpit, and an altar covered over with dark the continuance of harmonious and useful legislation in the blue cloth-altogether very similar to one of the old-fashioned Synod and Conference, whose first acts well deserve the London Churches, of most thoroughly unecclesiastical appearattention we have bespoken for them, and may furnish some The Mitre hymn book is used, and the Holy Comuseful lessons to Churchmen in longer and more civilised munion celebrated monthly. The Service was of the dreariest communities,
description, and the Sermons we heard most un-Catholic. The
manner of the congregation was listless and irreverent. At CONTINENTAL ANGLICANISM.
Moscow we believe the Chaplain is similarly appointed ; here [COMMUNICATED.]
the building is of rather more ecclesiastical appearance,
simply because there is a large painting over the altar. When It is not of the Anglo-Continental Society, its sayings and some five years ago we spent a Sunday at Moscow, it doings that we are about to write. We will leave that to happened to be the first in the month, when the Holy Comothers better acquainted with the subject. We wish now to 'munion was administered. We would rather not write of this