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the English Priesthood were by no means indifferent to the importance of nearly two thousand years ago, first preached to mankind; which He promoting Unity and Reunion with these. Others are pleased to talk commissioned His Apostles to teach among all nations, and in so teachabout the errors of the Church of Rome and the corruptions of Con- ing wbich He promised to abide with them for ever? The Faith, then, stantinople, but when he heard these remarks made by clever people he which we propose as the basis of our union, is the Primitive Orthodox often wondered whether they understood much about the question, Faith of the one Catholic and Apostolic Church, handed down without whether they really knew how far and in what respect the various change, without either diminution or addition, in all the successive ages great branches of the Catholic Church do differ from each other. Nothing of Christian history, even to our own times

, vouched for by all the can be more certain than that as there is but cne Church upon earth, Apostolic Churches, and in all countries and among all nations known and various members of that Church, one member cannot be wounded by the name of Catholic, and either loved or hated as such. I remember, without others suffering with him; and it is our plain, bounden duty, as when I was scarcely fourteen years of age, an aged Clergy man of the members of the Church established in this country, to do all that lies in Church of England, a man of learning and piety, was the first who our power, by God's permission, to soften down asperities, and to heal brought before me the question of a Corporate Reunion between the the wounds which from time to time may have been inflicted. He Anglican and Catholic Churches. He pointed out to me in “Mosheim's deprecated the notion, imputed to them by some clever writers, that they Ecclesiastical History” a correspondence on this very subject between expected by this meeting to achieve something wonderful, some new and Wake, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the Cardinal de Noailles, the striking result. They did not expect anything of the kind ; but they Archbishop of Paris, and some learned doctors of the Sorhoone. This did hope and trust that the more the various branches were bronght into correspondence took place as far back as the reign of our Queen Anne. intercommunication with each other, and brought to meet each other on I read this correspondence, and I imbibed a hearty desire to work for the a kindly and friendly footing, the more probability there was of that great object it advocated. To this desire, to this idea, I have been conwhich they all so earnestly desired, the Reunion of Christendom. stant and true for more than forty-five years. I believe that a corporate The first resolution, moved by Lord KILCOURSIE, was as follows:-

organic Reunion of Christendom upon sound Primitive and Catholic "That in view of the religious condition of mankind, of whom over

principles is the only hope for the solid and lasting triumph of the two-thirds are still heathen, and of the grave

scandals and

difficulties Church. But it was not enough to pray for this great object; it was necescaused by the unhappy divisions among Christians, this meeting desires sary to act, and I always felt that something was wanting to give full to record its conviction of the paramount importance of the Reunion of energy to our efforts. . I am thankful to say that this want is now supEast and West round the Primacy anciently recognised by both alike, as

plied; the first resolution, seems to me exactly to suggest the one thing well for securing the integrity as for promoting the dissemination of the umphant conclusion. It calls upon us to rally round the Primacy which

which can alone enable us to bring our work to a practical and triChristian Faith."

was anciently recognised by all Christians; that is, around the Primacy of Lord KILCOURSIE said : I feel that I am to move a resolution which is the Apostolic See of St. Peter, the Holy Roman Church. How great is my perhaps more strongly worded than any resolution which it has been my joy that this resolution has not been proposed by a member of my own sot to propose. Yet the more often I read it, the more certain I am that Communion, but by a member of the Church of England ! and is it not a nothing short of what is contained in this resolution will be in any way hopeful sign of future Rennion that our Anglican brethren, in expressing suitable to heal the divisions, which we all hope will be healed. And this idea, and in laying down this great principle of Hierarchical Unity, will ask you to carry it unanimously for two reasons; firstly, because I should call upon a man so devoted as I have been for more than 40 years venture to look upon it as a Protestant resolution ; and secondly, because to the cause of the Holy Apostolic See, to second such a resolution ? I hold it to be a Catholic resolution also. I look upon it as a Protestant Truly it is a great recompense and a high privilege to have lived to see * resolution ; and I think that at this time a protest is necessary against sound principles arrive at this stage ! But we may now fairly hope to two classes of persons who call themselves Christians. On the one hand

see a still further triumph. It is not necessary to go into those ecclesiis a section which ignores history and places it on one side, and talks of astical and theological arguments, which are usually adva nced on behalf an infallible supremacy. But the word here is Primacy, and there must of the Primacy of the Roman See. It is enough for our purpose to dwell on be many persons here present who have read history, and who are

mere natural arguments. If the Church of Christ be a visible body, it thoroughly aware that the Christians of the early age, although never would seem obvious that it must have a visible head; Christ, indeed, is recognising an infallible supremacy, in their convictions invariably leaned the only true Head of the Church in the strict sense of the term ; but He to a primacy. For union is strength, and without union there certainly must surely have some visible representative in the government of the is no strength. Now, the object of this meeting is not to compromise visible Church. If He said to His Apostles," he that heareth you any one individual in it, be he Roman Catholic or member of the Estab- heareth Me,” He laid down a principle of vicarious Representation of lished Church, or any other Christian body. It is simply to call forth Himself, which must apply to the whole career of His Church from his sympathies in the great Reunion movement. Cheers.) If Reunion beginning to end; for the same necessities must exist in all ages, and is to be looked for someone must call it forth. Has the Archbishop of require a similar provision. As the Church extended her borders the Canterbury sufficient influence to call together an assembly of Christians necessity of this Primacy would naturally become more and more apfrom all the world ? Certainly he has not. Has the Holy Patriarch of parent, as, in fact, it did ; and it would obtain, as Church history tells us Constantinople power to do this? Certainly not. Has the Pope of it did, increased marks of recognition. No doubt in this, as in Rome power to effect this? At present he certainly has not. Still he is in the foremost position, the one whose primacy, if you read history, every other good thing abuses have crept in, and the sacred you are bound to acknowledge; he is the man from whom you must eagerness of men in working out a grand theory. I have often

of Truth has been disfigured by the impatience and naturally expect the call for the Reunion of Christendom. And in thought that this may in some degree account for, though it can asking you to accept this resolution I shall ask you to go no further than your conscience will permit you to go; no further than it will carry you in the exuberance of loyalty are apt to exaggerate the prerogatives

never justify the fraudulent publication of the false Decretals. Men after reading that text, “ Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build of the Sovereign, but our own history can bear witness that such my Church;” no further than your conscience will take you when you extreme politicians are not the truest friends of the Monarchy or the bring also into contemplation all those unhappy events which took place Throne. So has it been with the Primacy of St. Peter, and the throne at the Reformation. The seconding of this resolution I leave in the of the Papacy; indiscreet supporters have done more to ruin its hands of one who will bring forth arguments in favour of it far deeper authority than its bitterest enemies. The Christian world is at this than any words that can fall from one who has by accident been placed moment'agitated with a great controversy, whether the Infallibility which in a position from which he would willingly have retired.

all Catholics admit to reside in the whole body of the Catholic Church, Mr. AMBROSE P. De Lisle seconded the resolution in the following is a personal attribute of the reigning Pope, apart from the rest of the words: In rising to second this resolution I feel that I need your indul- Episcopate and independent of them. It would be unbecoming in me gence, for in truth I am wholly unaccustomed to public speaking and to as a simple layman to dogmatize upon a question, which is at present the routine of public meetings. But on the other hand, I am not want- under the consideration of the great body of the Bishops assembled in ing, and never shall be wanting in hearty goodwill to lend my aid, Rome. It will soon be known what is the judgment of this sacred feeble as it may be, to support the glorious effort to heal the divisions of tribunal, and we are quite sure that this judgment, if pronounced by a Christendom. And here I cannot help expressing the joy that I feel in really Ecumenical Council, will be in conformity with the facts of witnessing the progress of this great movement toward Reunion on ecclesiastical history and the unchanging tradition of the Catholic Church. sound Catholic principles. There is at the present day a general feeling No one, who believes in Christianity and who studies the New Testament, amongst all who still believe in the Christian religion, that union is can fail to perceive that it was a religion to be embraced by all nations, in necessary, and that division enfeebles its action upon mankind. And so contrast to that of the Old Testament which was confined to one single we have the Evangelical Union, which disregards all Catholic and hier people, the Jews. But if the infallible authority of teaching the Faith archical principles, and anathematising what it terms the errors of was conferred upon the whole body of the Pastors collectively, it is Popery on the one hand, and the corruptions of the Greek Church on equally evident that one of this body was chosen to confirm his brethren, the other, pretends to call believing men to a union, without either dog and thus to give a united force to their common action throughout the matic or organic unity, upon certain vague principles of pietism or mere world. Hence the Apostolic See of Rome is termed the centre of sentiment. It is not such a union as this that we are met here to-night Catholic Unity. Those who are united to it are by that very fact united to advocate or promote. The union we hope for is a union of rational to each other. Where this bond of union is wanting there cannot be - and believing men in one and the same gmas, around a common any united action upon the world at large. For many ages the great centre of faith and practice. Now, what is the basis of the union to Churches of the East and of that great Empire of Russia bave been which we aspire ? Is it not that Faith which our Lord Jesus Christ, separated from the Ronian See. It is true that they have preserved the

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Unity of Faith, and have combined in witnessing to all the principal of this country.

When we say

primarily” with the dogmas of the Catholic religion ; but, without offence, I may be per- Western Churches, I would wish you all to remember that we do not mitted to affirm that they have failed to exercise any great influence pretend to define the ways of Almighty God. (Marks of assent.) We - upon mankind, and this for want of a common centre of operation and pray for Reunion as He may please to give it us. We leave all in His of spiritual government. Hence the Churches of the East have appeared hands ; our desire is for Union, however it may be rightly and fitly to be merged in a sort of national isolation, detached from one another brought about. Therefore, I speak to this resolution with the greatest and incapable of any combined or simultaneous effort for the service of confidence, and with feelings of the greatest pleasure, because I am sure mankind. The Latin Churches, on the other hand, by retaining their that those who do not fear what may be said of them, who come forward adherence to the Papacy, ever preserving the name of Catholic, have in singleness of heart, praying the same prayer that our Blessed Lord maintained in all ages one combined operation upon the human race. prayed, must be in the right. Let us thank the world if it speak It is to this centre that our first resolution invites both our Anglican and against us ; and thank the world if it tries to crush this effort; because our Greek brethren to return, and in seconding this resolution I desire to in so doing we have an additional proof that this movement is of God. give it my hearty support. A gentleman in the body of the room, Mr. THOMAS COLLIS, rose and

Mr. PEACOCK seconded the resolution, and said that he had been asked said, that whilst he should be sorry to raise any question of disunion, he although the request was unexpected, since the object was one

as a Roman Catholic layman to do this. He could not refuse, must yet take exception to some of the remarks that had been made.

The world outside asks us, Why cannot we He thought that the whole point of the Primacy of the Roman See had very dear to him. been assumed, not proved, on the part of their Roman brethren. With The answer is clear ; being taught with no authority, it comes with no

teach the truth, and spread the Gospel so far as we know it? out entering into controversy he could not help feeling that the whole power

to influence the sinner

. Any scientific truth which I understand question had been ged; if

, for instance, St. Paul had known even of I may convey to the mind of another person, but if I want to teach any the Primacy of St. Peter, he would certainly have said something about t when he wrote his epistle to the Church of Rome.

matter of theology, any spirtual truth, it is perfectly clear that he

would not believe me when his own wicked desires told him to the The CHAIRMAN then put the resolution, which was carried with only contrary. The only means of teaching spiritual truth is teaching it as two or three dissentients.

a member of a vast corporation. The Church Catholic is that corporation. The second resolution was moved by the Rev. C. F. LOWDER :

A few centuries ago it was broken and disunited, through circumstances “That the only adequate remedy for the social and religious dangers mainly political. I maintain that the principal causes which led to this of England, and the surest guarantee for the future of English Chris. disruption were political acts of the Pope ; they were like the enforcetianity, lies in her restoration to Visible Unity, primarily with the ment of a police or a highway rate, and had nothing to do with the Churches of the Western Patriarchate, and then with the Eastern Christian faith. Anglicans who pray for unity ought to remember that Churches also."

it is not essential that the unity should take place first of all with Rome. The Rev. gentleman said : I rise to propose this with feelings of the

If political and other reasons should make their union with the great greatest satisfaction, not because I altogether approve of the whole Eastern Church more easy, it seems to me that the ends of unity would wording of it, but because I feel that I can in the main thoroughly united. This would make Reunion with the See of Rome probable, if

be in some degree accomplished if England and Constantinople were accept it. Had I been consuited on the subject I might have made one or two alterations ; but it is not worth while on such an occasion as

not certain. As to objections, the real reason of the opposition of the this, with such a grand object before us, to quibble about words. And outside world is this. The heathen or semi-heathen world without it seems to me that there are two principles involved in this resolution :

feels that the Church is a spiritual body which opposes it in many ways; $1) that Reunion is the only adequate remedy for the social and religious and by having it broken into fragments, into great and little sects, the dangers of England ; (2) one about which misunderstandings might world can better cope with the Church, just as in former days, when arise, that the way to the restoration of Unity is to begin with the Italy was broken up into little republics, it lay at the mercy of France Churches of the Western Patriarchate. Let us think, firstly, what these

to overrun it at pleasure. But united Italy cannot be so invaded and social dangers are. The principal ones may be summed up in one word, oppressed. In like manner it seems to me that the graces of God are not licentiousness, as opposed to true liberty. "Englishmen love true liberty, poured out so fully on the Christian world since Christendom has been but when liberty becomes licence, when it is corrupted into licentious: divided, as they have been, and would be again if it were reunited. If ness, then is it most dangerous. After dwelling for awhile upon the unity can be accomplished it ought to be accomplished at any cost whatdangers, social and political, which were manifest at the present day, the

ever. (Cheers.) For my own part, I should feel, as a layman, that if it speaker passed to the religious dangers. These, he said, are ceriainly could be purchased on the terms of mere subscription to the Apostles' distinct and manifold. Why is it that we are estranged from one

Creed, and the necessary Sacramental deductions from that Creed, then we another, that there are so many sects and divisions ? Why is it that we

ought to obtain it. These sentiments of mine are the views of a large cannot all worship in one Church, at one Altar, the one Lord whom we

minority, if not an actual majority, of the Church of which I am a all acknowledge? Why is it that our Christian brethren, the Noncon- member, formists, are estranged from us? Why is it that infidelity is so rampant The Rev. GEORGE BODY: I hope that I may claim your kind indulat the present time? Whence is it that the religion which prevailed in gence when I have to speak rather against the general tenor and tone past ages has become effete as a great power in this country? Pro- of this meeting, since no one who knows me will accuse me of being testantism at this time has no real religious influence in this country. wanting in devotion to the great cause of Catholicism. I have been (Cheers.) We see and know this, for we have continually coming to us now. for many years a member of the A. P. U. C., have prayed daily its for instruction the children of those who were most prominent as prayer, and constantly offered the Holy Sacrifice for the attainment of its defenders of Protestant ideas in the past. Or else we see them driven great object. But I am not quite certain, firstly, that the resolutions into infidelity, carelessness, latitudinarianism, or others of the various that we are passing tn-night will promote the Reunion of Christendom, forms of irreligion which exist amougst us. Is not this a source of and next, I cannot be unmindful of those who are inclined to watch our danger ? After enlarging eloquently upon this theme, he spoke of our movements with suspicion, and therefore need to be dealt with tenderly duty towards the Colonies. We have a vast empire in India, and we are and lovingly. It seems to me that our friends have become apologists -responsible for Christianising that country. We go to India; others go for the motions they have submitted. If I could be certain that those to India; all Missionary Societies are represented there. It is not only who are now reporting our resolutions would also send throughout that the ancient Churches of the East, and of Rome and England England the explanation with which those motions have been put are represented there, but Baptists, Wesleyans, and Nonconformists

, forward, I should have no hesitation in being silent upon this subject. of all kinds and all teachings. What do the heathen say? “When you I fear that men will put an interpretation upon them, which is not only Christians have agreed together what is the faith you wish us to adopt, repudiated by us of the Anglo-Catholic Church, but has been repudiated then we will listen to you.” Our Missionary difficulties arise from this, by our Roman brethren, especially at this great crisis in the history of that when we send out Christianity we send out with it all our divisions Christendom, when it seems that the doctrine of Papal Infallibility must also. See how our divisions have intensified in America, until they have to a certainty be erected into a dogma. (No, no.) I accept these signs of

I become a scandal to ourselves. There we have founded a people who are dissent with thankfulness, but the world is saying "Yes!” and will only divided by every idea, every form of religion, which we can conceive as accept as an authoritative contradiction the refusal of the Council to sheltering itself under the name of Christianity. We must feel that until God pass such a resolution. I am not for a single moment a believer in the give us Reunion in this country there is no adequate remedy for these infallibility of the Anglican Church, or that she is a fair reproduction of evils. (Cheers.) As to the second point, I confess that I speak less primitive Christianity. (Cheers.) I do not believe anything of the decidedly. There is no question that we must have Reunion ; we have kind. I believe that the doctrine of sacrifice in the Blessed Sacrament is been praying for it earnestly for thirteen years. But when it is made a most timidly expressed. The great doctrine of the Communion of matter of prayer we have put it out of our own control. We have Saints is wanting in full expression in the Formularies of ihe Charch. given it to God. We cannot tell how it may please Almighty power to I am not at all anxious to stand up as an apologist for the present bring about that Reunion, whether it shall be by our reapproach to Eastern position of the Church of England in doctrine or in actual contact Churches or through the Western Patriarchate. Perhaps it may begin with the masses. It is in the revival of primitive Catholicism with the Eastern, so that united we may come with more powerful front that the real interests of the Church of God are alone to be to the Western Patriarchate. That is quite my own idea, although no wrought out. But pardon me if I say that I should have been thankful one feels more strongly than I do that our first duty is to the Western if the word "primarily” had been removed from this resolution. Patriarchate ; we belong to it, we have to thank it for the Christianity "I am told that this is the theoretical path whereby to return; it may be so

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theoretically, but to me it seems unpractical. I shall be very thankful Church; at dinner, with a company of the French Clergy, I sat by his when there is the slightest prospect of any overtures being adopted by side. In conversation, he said, “ Now, sir, what is it that you require of the Court of Rome. On the other hand, it seems to me there is a move- us ?” I answered, “The Saxon is a strange creature, and requires a great ment in another direction, that reunion with the Eastern Church is po

deal. One thing especially—a Sacramental idea--he requires the longer merely looming in the distance. The mission of the Archbishop Chalice.” He turned round to his Clergy and said, “ We could grant of Syra and Tenos to this country was a plain, manifest answer to the that to-morrow, could we not ?" And all who were present answered prayers of God's people in the English Church. (Cheers.) At the

“Yes.” So much for this single instance out of many granted in answer present time, when God is practically leading us along a certain path, it

to the continuous stream of intercession going up to Almighty God. Let is neither wise nor politic for us to pass theoretical resolutions. I admit us look next at the corporate action of the Church. First came the Comall that has been said as to the theory. We can never forget the debt of mittee of Convocation acting in union with the Convention of the American obligation which we owe to the See of Rome for the Mission of St. Church. After this, the Pan-Anglican or Lambeth Synod. It was said at the Augustine. (Cheers.) Nor do I think that we should hesitate for a time that it did nothing, and squibs were made upon its ineffectiveness. single moment to make any sacrifice or compromise, short of the sacrifice Yet every line in the preamble of their report was of the greatest of that distinctive witness which we have to give before Christendom. moment. For what did it state ? First, it thanked God that He had At the present time it seems that God has wonderfully blessed this permitted them to come together as an Episcopal body from all parts of Reunion movement. We have had no policy ; we have passed no reso- the world; and then it poured forth the deepest sorrow at the divisions lutions. In our closet and at the altar we have uttered round the globe of Christendom, and recorded their solemn conviction that our only hope the great prayer of the Incarnate, that He would give unity to His for the Reunion of Christendom lay in maintaining in violate the Church. I fear lest by making any policy of our own we may retard Primitive Faith of the Church, and beseeching the Almighty with that for which we labour and for which we pray. I do not wish to pro- incessant prayer that Ho would grant us Reunion in His own good time. pose any amendment, for what I have said will effect my object ; only And now as to the critical circumstances and difficulties which lie it would be impossible for me to vote for the resolution as it stands at

before us. What are these ? You will say, Disestablishment. I present. At the same time I desire to profess for myself, and for those

believe that this may be a condition of ultimate Reunion. Or who think with me, that we have as great a yearning as others have for perhaps you will bring forward the Council at Rome. I believe that if the restoration of the Unity of Christendom. I believe, if we leave it unhappily this dogma is affirmed, it must lead to the disintegration of where it has been left up to the present time, in the hands of Him who the Roman system. (No, no.) It must do so. And this very disintealone can overcome difficulties now insurmountable to mere human gration may be another presage of union. Yet we might justly welcome powers, and pray and plead in union with the great Sacrifice, that the this dissolution of our ecclesiastical organisation, if out of the chaotic object of our prayers and our sacrifices shall be attained, in God's own

mass there should arise a united Church, the true Bride of Christ, pure time and way, and the day will come (may He in His mercy hasten it!) and without spot. when Ephraim shall no more envy Judah, and Judah shall no longer vex The Rev. H. N. OXENHAM, whose rising was the signal for prolonged Ephraim.

applause, said: The resolution which has fallen into my unworthy bands The Rev. GEORGE NUGEE moved the third resolution :

is one which, like all that have been brought before you this evening,

expresses my most entire and most cordial feelings. It may seem, That the advance of the Reunion movement during the last twelve perhaps, to contain within itself a contradiction ; but I shall hope to years, and the critical circumstances of the present time, call at once for show you that there is no contradiction, and that it is true that there is deep thankfulness and for increased energy in the prosecution of this in the circumstances of recent years the greatest cause" for deep thank. holy work.”

fulness and for increased energy in the prosecution of this holy work.” This resolution. he said, which has been entrusted to me, will compel Perhaps I may say in commencing, that it is some proof of the past me to deal with the hopes as well as the difficulties of Reurion. To dwell success and augury of advance of this movement that we should see simply upon the hopeful views of it, and to ignore the difficulties, is like before us such an assembly as this, who whatever may be their minor inviting our friends to an aërial trip, with a beautiful sky overhead, and differences in points of detail, are still at one in the great principle that it not to warn them that the wind may possibly change and carry them is essential for the future of Christianity, and for the triumph of Catholic right against the Peak of Teneriffe. And first for the hopeful view. Truth on earth, that the separated branches of professing Christians The Reunion movement has now lived twelve years—years they have should be united in one fold and under one Shepherd. It is remarkable also been of prayer-it has been simply the lifting up of the hands of the that every one of the three resolutions should have been proposed by a mystical body of Christ, the cry of the souls from beneath the altar, member of the Anglican, and seconded by a member of the Roman “How long, O Lord, holy and true!” It is this which marks the essen- Catholic Church. And when I see around me so many of the most tial character of the movement as a whole. Thus, the author of the eminent Laity and Clergy of the Anglican Church, and when I see “ Etudes Religieuses," quoted by Dr. Pusey in his letter to the Bishop of around me also members of my own communion, and listen to the words Lincoln, says that “Catholics must not rest content with mere barren of one who for twenty-five years has stood in the van of this great and wishes. A great door is open to us; we must not close it by our own noble movement, and has never shrunk from coming forward in times of severity or by any wrong feeling. It is the duty of every one to fall upon difficulty to speak words of wisdom and peace; or when I listen to the his knees in prayer, and implore the Almighty Father to finish the work unstudied words of eloquence of another Roman friend of mine, and which He has commenced." Yet, whilst prayer is the essence of the when I find that these all are in substance entirely agreed, I say that movement, there have been various events, upon which I am now to this is indeed an augury of that centripetal movement going on amongst speak, dealing with them simply as facts. In 1865 the Bishop of Capetown the members of the divided branches of the Church of Christ, a movemade pointed reference in his Charge to the growing feeling in favour of ment which is not confined to England, but is beating through the Union. Even amongst various sections of Presbyterians and Bap- pulses of Christian Europe. I will take that part of the resolution first tists he could trace its prevalence. The following year, 1866, Prince Orloff, which speaks of causes for thankfulness, and_next our reasons for the Russian Ambassador, was present at a meeting in London on renewed energy in the prosecution of this work. Turn to England. Here subject of Reunion, on which he afterwards addressed a letter to the Times. I need add very little to what has been said already as to the great He stated that amongst those present there was no sign of division, advance in the Church of England. One thing I may be allowed to except that some were anxious for immediate intercommunion, to be folo say, as one who has looked at from the outside, and which strikes me lowed by dogmatic agreement, and another party would prefer a reverse as most remarkable ; it is how the present High Church or Ritualist order. Then followed the testimony of Bishop Ullathorne, of Birmingham, movement (call it what you will), differs from the earlier High Church who declared that “it is desirable that a bridge should be lowered between Tractarian movement of thirty years ago. There is this difference, that those two great bodies that represent religion in England.". Turning to whilst that was mainly an appeal to the higher, more educated, and another point, we remember the Patriarch's letter to the Archbishop of literary classes, a work of the cloister, of the college, of the study, of the Canterbury. "How unexpected and wonderful it was ! The Patriarch of press, now the movement has gone forth as it did not do in its earlier Constantinople gave the same titles to our Archbishop that he does to days, and as every religious movement that has really a claim to conquer those of his own communion, and showed his knowledge of the exact the allegiance of mankind must go forth, to grapple with the masses, to position of our Prelate by terming hiin an Exarch. Yet a few years ago claim to conquer for itself what all living truth must claim and conquer, it was scarcely known there whether the Church of England had any the living homage of living human hearts. (Cheers.) Here then I see spiritual organisation or not. Dr. Pusey's “ Eirenicon," and Mr. G. F. one great token of the future success of the Anglican movement towards Cobb's "Kiss of Peace,” are too remarkable to be passed over in this enu- unity. And in the literary and intellectual order there has been a great meration. The latter book is, to my mind, a most valuable instrument advance in thought and sentiment; a principle such as that of the when we come to deal with Continental Churches. A short time ago I Development of Doctrine under proper safeguard, is now recognised as it was in conversation with the Archbishop of Rouen on the position of the was not then ; whilst the great cardinal doctrines of Catholic truth English Church. All centred upon the Blessed Sacrament. It was a are now openly preached from pulpits and proclaimed from the housequestion of the cardinal, Catholic doctrine of the real presence. The tops. In this, too, I see a great advance in the direction of Catholic value of that book to me was enormous. I was able to show him that unity and Catholic truth. Let me turn to the advance of the movement the metousiõsis of the Greek Church, and the “verily and indeed taken in my own communion, and in Roman Europe. Perhaps there are some and received” of the English, properly explained, were identical with who think we are over sanguine in speaking of any hopes of union. ! the transubstantiation of the Roman Church. It only required a fair would say, then, that the word "primarily » does not refer to time, and explanation of that word to set us at one. And what were the feelings is not meant to dictate to the Spirit of God, bat is meant to say that, in of the Archbishop towards me? He put me in the post of honour in his the natural order of things the first relation of the Church of England is

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towards that communion from which it was separated at the Reforma- of Papal Infallibility, and you are excluding all Protestant Dissenters, tion. I believe it more likely that it will be united to Rome before it and leaving them out in the cold. No two statements could be more will be united to Greece. If it should be otherwise, if these two separate emphatically false. Papal Infallibility is no doctrine of the Catholic communions do unite with each other, I should be the first to hail that Church, and please God, it never will be. Neither do we leave Protestunion with joy—(cheers)—as a guarantee of the future reunion of both ants out in the cold. I suppose that if Christendom is to be reunited at with that primacy anciently recognised by both alike. In the Roman all, it must be actually done in some way or other. Is it more likely Catholic Church it may be said that the dominant view and the domi- that the See of Rome will be reunited with the Baptist or the Jumper ? pant policy in Rome has been antagonistic, partisan, and Ultramontane or that the Greek Church will be first united to the Wesleyan Methodists? in direction. I would simply say this, that the great Catholic reaction It is a mere matter of common sense that those three bodies who, whatwhich took place after the French Revolution was in an Ultramontane ever their different claims, have a conjoint possession of the three Creeds, direction. The great masters of the movement, such as Lammenais, and an identical hierarchical organisation, have far more in common were fervently Ultramontane. But the best and greatest of these, strong than any others, and to reunite these would be to take the first step for as were his views, and little as he knew of the Anglican Church, used reuniting the others too. Increased energy is indeed most needed. these words :-" If ever Christians should wish to approach one anotherLook for a moment at the evils of disunion; we can see them all around and everything ought to lead them to do so, the Church of England us. Men tell us that it is an unpractical idea, that it is a vision or a appears to be the body which ought to take the lead of that movement; dream. Are not things all very well as they are ? Very well? Look at while with one hand it touches us, with the other it touches bodies which Christendom as it is, with two thirds or three quarters of the world unconwe cannot touch-the outlying bodies of Chrisiendom.” If he spoke verted to any form of Christianity. Look at the Christian metropolis of this this then, ten times more would he speak this now. If that Catholic Christian land. It is the merest hypocrisy to conceal the fact that one reaction was swayed by two men of gigantic genius, who were Ultra- third of England is as entirely heathen as the interior of Africa. Are montane, there has been a counter reaction going on in an opposite there not thousands unbaptized ? thousands who grow up not direction. Of the leading spirits and genius in the Roman Catholic knowing their right hand from their left? whose first language is Church there is not one of the great names who belong to that obscenity and cursing, and who pass onward to a hopeless grave? And section. Let me remind you of the words of one or two who have do you tell me still that this is a useless question. Look at the evil been gathered to their rest. I begin with a saying of a great German tempers which disunion promotes. Our divisions have given a theologian, Möhler--words quoted with most emphatic approval by spiteful, uncharitable, aggressive temper to all of us, in every comCardinal Wiseman, " Here is a point at which Catholics and Protestants munion ; we are more ready to pick å hole in other people's Creeds will in great multitudes some day meet and stretch a friendly hand to than to believe our own. You may tell me that now is a time of one another. Both, conscious of guilt, must exclaim, •We all have erred, peculiar difficulty; undoubtedly you are right. But look back. When the Church alone cannot err.' This open confession of mutual guilt will have been the times when the Christian faith has most triumphed and be followed by a festival of mutual reconciliation.” Again, I may Christianity has most advanced? They have been precisely the times remind you of the chivalrous Montalembert, one who has within the of difficulty, times of trial. The one great marplot to Christian advance last few months passed to his rest after years of intense suffering, and at home and abroad is our disunion ; it is the little rift within the lute, who gathered up his strength in the last days of his life to pen those making all its sweetness mute. But looking back to the past I cannot dying words, on which I will only read to you the comment of Father but see that the ages of trial and persecution have been the ages of the Perrot, “His failing hand traced those lines in which some have Church's triumph. It was not so much by the zeal of her preachers, as seen the cry of revolt

, forgetting that at certain critical epochs the by the passion of her confessors, and the blood of her martyrs, that she greatest Saints, e.g., St. Bernard and St. Catherine of Sienna, have held conquered her position in Christendom. So now, when I look into the language as firm and courageous, aye, and often language bolder still." past, I see in it grounds for energy, and reasons for hope. To the One more I will mention, who is in modern times the very ideal of a worldly historian the past is only a magazine of lifeless facts, a treasurePriest, as Montalembert is the very ideal of a layman, who won back house of recollection, like that Temple which looks down in silvery thousands of France's unbelieving population to the faith of Christ, whiteness on the waters of the Danube: it is a Valhalla of the empty whose name was a household word for loyalty to Christian truth, Lacor dead. But to Catholic Christians it is all that, and it is far more than daire; his dying words are well known to you “I dio a penitent Catholic, that. Leo, Cyril, Chrysostom, Augustine, all the great men who have and an impenitent Liberal.” So far then I have spoken of those who built up the theology and inspired the devotion of Christendom, these have been taken from us, and I say that all the great names are on the live whom we call dead. And when I look to the past I do not look to side of union, not on the side of exclusion. It should be clearly under- the mere history of dead men, but I look to the living intercession of stood that there is a party in the Roman Church, who believe that they living Saints, who stand white-robed before the Everlasting Throne. may hold dear as their heart's blood all the great ancient verities of the Already we may see signs of change-signs of storm, it may be-but Faith, such as the Doctrine of the Trinity, the Atonement, the myste- signs of future triumph. You remember how, when the Prophet sent rious grace of Sacraments, while they do not hold such modern inven- his boy to the summit of Horeb, six times he stood upon it and said tions, (and do not hold them on grounds which have been stated again "There is nothing,” nothing but the long, sandy plain of Esdraelon ; and again in the past few months), as the personal infallibility of the nothing but the sluggish waves

the tideless Mediterranean, nothing Pope. (Prolonged cheering.) I say that in every country in Europe but the cruel, cloudless heavens, like brass above them ; but the seventh the greatest men are on the side of unity and freedom. In France there time he saw a cloud rising out of the sea like a man's hand. That cloud are such Вshops as Darboys, Dupanloup, and Maret, the most learned overspread the heavens, until they grew black with wind and rain. and eminent of the French Clergy: and Gratry, who has defended Even now that cloud, like the shadow of a man, is rising from the ocean Catholic truth against “the insolence of an aggressive faction.” Then deep, a cloud big with judgment yet with mercy too. In that cloud I in Germany there is Strossmayer, and last but not least, one whose name see ground for energy and for hope. Welcome the tempest and the has become almost as familiar a word in England as in his own country, storm, welcome the earthquake and the fire, if only in them all, and one who has long laboured and prayed for the union of his divided through them all, we catch the music of that still small voice which country first, and then of all Christians throughout the world, the great whispers of unity to the listening ear of faith. Remember the angel's and noble Döllinger. The very flower of the Hierarchy of the Roman song, “Gloria in excelsis Deo, et in terra pas hominibus bonæ volunChurch were always on the side of unity, charity, and freedom, and of tatis.” If it seem to us as though if that promise lingers it must be reuniting those who differ from one another. All who hinder such a because our will is evil. Now is the time for men of good will to commovement, and there is no distinction between Catholic and Protestant bine, to pray, and to work; not to rest upon their oars, but to unite all fanaticism, are doing the devil's work and earning the devil's wages. their energies in that great and noble work. It is a cause more sacred (Cheers.) I might quote many others, both Roman Catholics and than the crusades of old, a nobler cause than ever humanity has had to Protestants, but I have done enough to prove my point, that there is struggle with before; a time for the utmost energy, the utmost conmuch in the tone and temper of believing Christians of separated com- fidence, the utmost courage. If you like to say that it is the dream of munities, which gives us ground for hope and confidence. Thou:ands fanaticism, be it so. If it is fanaticism to believe in the future blessing there are whom we know not, who have laboured and straggled and of humanity, and that ultimately the Redeemer's dying prayer will be prayed for unity, over whose forgotten graves angels whisper that most accomplished on eartn ; if this be indeed fanaticism, then, but only then, musical and soothing of all the Beatitudes “Blessed are the peacemakers: I confess myself a fanatic: then, only then, I glory in the name. (Loud for they shall be called the children of God.” But I know that there is cheers.) If only we will struggle, labour and pray; if we will but put one thought in the minds of many here to-night, which rises up against our hands to the oars with a long pull, a strong pull, and a pull all that I am saying, “ Ah! but what do you think of the Council ?” altogether, such an effect may be wrought, that we (or at least our I do not know what the Council will decide or will not decide. But for children) may see the dawning of that blessed day which will come, myself I feel not a shadow of doubt that the Conrocation of this yet which will not come to us unless we labour for it. Council will not be a hindrance to, but will immensely tend to accelerate

* England of Saints ! thy peace will come, the unity of Christendom. (Cheers.) Again, I have said that there are

But not without the fight; grounds for confidence and hope in the past; there are certainly no

So come the contest when it may, grounds in the present for dallying, and resting upon our oars. Of

And God defend the right!” course one answer is, it is all useless. What can you expect? What Mr. Oxenham sat down amidst prolonged applause. The resolution are you dreaming about? One of the most unfair articles I ever read being put from the chair, was carried unanimously, and after a vote of appeared in the Standard this morning. Its two main points are these : you thanks to the Chairman, the meeting, which was a crowded and very are all trying at this moment to bend the Church of England under the yoke I enthusiastic one, broke up at a late hour.

66

The Church Herald.

APPEAL and WARNING: -Churchmen who invite attacks that where a Church has been removed, the inhabitants of would make the National Church a mere Episcopal sect by appropriating (as at present, claim their accustomed privileges of worship, &c., in the

upon the Church by prophecies of disestablishment, and Churchmen who the parish thus spiritually disfranchised, shall have a right to Parish Churches to the well-to-do minority-- tenth or twentieth-of the families in a parish. ere equally helping on the Liberation Society to overthrow the Church: Church of the united parishes, which it seems is at present freedom of Churches to rich and poor alike, as in all other Christian countries; conceded only as a favour, when it ought to be a right. The thereby alone regaining the electoral masses whom the un-Christian pew-rent other Bill is one of much larger scope and more general system has driven into irreligion or hostility.

National Association for freedom of Worship, 16. Northumberland-street, usefulness. It extends to all Beneficed Clergy the principle Charing-cross; and Manchester. Subscriptions, 5s. Papers sont free.

of the Bishops' Resignation Bill passed in the last Session, THE CHURCH REVIEW of Saturday next will consist and enables those who have reached extreme old age, whose THE

of TWENTY PAGES, and will contain verbatim Reports of the Annual health has failed, or who have worn themselves out in the Neetings of the ENGLISIL CHURCH UNION and the ASSOCIATION for PRO- work of the Ministry, to resign their Benefices, under certain MOTING the UNITY of CHRISTENDOM. Price 3d. slamped. Ofico: 13, Burleigh-street, Strand.

carefully devised provisions, and with the concurrence of the Bishop and Archbishop. They will then receive a pension equal to one-third of the value of the Living. This will in the majority of cases be but a very small sum, too little to

enable many a man who feels unfit for work to retire, however LONDON, JUNE 22, 1870.

much he might desire to do so. The principle of the measure has already met with general assent, and we may

hope that when it has become law some arrangement may The Week.

be made by which additional funds shall be provided for the

honourable support of aged and invalid Clergymen. At the The meeting at the Architectural Society's Rooms in favour last election of the Hospital for Incurables one of the successful of Corporate Reunion was an eminent success. The manage- candidates was a Priest of many years standing, whose friends ment of it was not perfect; and the continued buzz of con- were thankful to obtain for him a shelter within its walls. versation indulged in round about the Chairman ought not to This is but one out of numerous instances of clerical mishave been heard. There were many Roman Catholics present, fortune, for which our present system of Church administrapersons of weight and distinction, some Orientals, and a fair tion makes no provision whatever. It is to be hoped that this sprinkling of the High Church Clergy. Many of the stock enactment will prove to be the commencement of a wise and talkers of the E.C.U. were absent. Of the speeches the palm complete scheme for the better regulation of the "temmust certainly be given to the Roman Catholics. Mr. De poralities" of the Church. Lisle's address was very able-clear, calm, temperate, and charitable; while at the same time he maintained his own Clerical Disabilities Act on Friday night, in spite of Mr.

Mr. Hibbert and his friends persisted in going on with the ecclesiastical position with discreet firmness. Mr. Oxenham's Cross's protest against the lateness of the hour; it was then address was masterly, well conceived, argued with lacidity and past one o'clock on Saturday morning. The endeavour of power, and full of pertinent references to the practical evils Mr. Beresford Hope to procure the reference of the Bill to a of religious disunion both in England and abroad. It was Select Committee was but feebly supported, and unmistakeone of the most eloquent speeches we have heard from any ably failed. Still, in spite of the odds against them, the platform. Mr. Lowder's speech, though too much like a small band of Conservative Churchmen, led by Messrs. Sermon, was full of good principles and valuable suggestions. Collins and Cross, strenuously resisted this attempt to force Mr. Nugée, vigorous as ever, delivered a speech which was the Bill through in a thin house. In the end, after many interesting and quite worth listening to. Mr. Peacock, a R.C. divisions had been taken on the question of adjournment, the layman, spoke vigorously ; Lord Kilcoursie and Lord Eliot Bill was committed pro forma, and the sitting ended at twenty with good taste and clearness. The enthusiasm throughout minutes to four. was great, and the sympathy of the meeting entirely with the principle of Corporate Reunion-.e., Reunion both with Some time ago the public were startled by the report of an Rome and Constantinople. We trust this meeting may be attack upon an M.P. by his Secretary, who had become

insane. followed up by an annual gathering of a similar kind.

The gentleman so attacked, Mr. Baxton, distinDullness essential, and generally impersonated, best describes revision of the English Bible should be placed in the hands

guished himself last week, not only by a motion that the the E.C.U. meeting of 1870. Outside it was understood of a Royal Commission, but by trying to induce the Ministers that an opposition had been organised, which, bearding the lion to consult the President of the United States about it. His in his sylvan den, would demand an explanation of the Council's notion was that the two Governments might jointly employ craftily' devised apathy in regard to the Temple Case and the distinguished surans, who should together produce for us a University Tests’ Bill. The aspect of the moderately filled new version of the Scriptures, at a cost which he reckoned room must have been highly reassuring to the leaders. Mute would be at the lowest £30,000! Really when we read the

silence followed the President's inquiry for notice of any speech of this hon. member we cease to wonder at the mental ·motions which individual members might desire to bring a Miction which befel bis Secretary. Given a gentleman con

forward. It is noteworthy that the principal speakers were, nected with the beer trade, whose name suggests “entire” almost without exception, men who would claim the title of after it, rather than “ M.P.," it is required to furnish him with Conservative.

” for a speech on the revision of the Bible. He is to One would have thought that the Bishop of Winchester be provided at short notice with a sort of analysis of Horne's had enough upon his hands already, more than enough, in Introduction, Lewis's History of the English Bible, and the sooth, for any two ordinary Bishops. Yet it seems that by Report of Convocation, mixed up together, so that he may some inscrutable necessity (sadly to the detriment of his seem to know all about it, and be able to talk fluently Diocese, as he will not have a Suffragan) he is the one Prelate about Priestly authority, Hebrew MSS., the Codex Alexanto stand sponsor for any measure of practical utility to the drinus, Cadmon, and William Tyndale. What must be the Church, which is introduced in the House of Lords. Of the brain work of a Secretary condemned to such a task as this? two measures which he advocated last week, the first is One noble sentiment is worth quoting, for it must certainly be intended simply to remedy an oversight in the Acts which Mr. Buxton's own. He is reported to have said that "our provide for the union of contiguous Benefices. It declares authorised version,” mark this! not the Scriptures themselves,

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