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DEATHS.

Miscellaneous.

humourous serial publications, for the authorship of which he is chiefly known. Of late years he has devoted himself a good deal to public

readings of his own works, by which his popularity was much augmented. Friday was the sixteenth anniversary of the opening of the Crystal It is a somewhat curious coincidence that the series of “Readings Palace. During the sixteen years it has been open it has been visited which he gave in St. James's Hall, not many weeks ago, were announced by 24,655,712 persons.

to be the last which he would ever give. His parting words on that

occasion were these :The sum of one thousand pounds was a few days since left at the bank of Messrs. Ransom, Bouverie and Co. for the British Hospital for Diseases “Ladies and Gentlemen,-It would be worse than idle, it would be of the Skin, from "V. S. T.”

hypocritical and unfeeling, if I were to disguise that I close this episode

in my life with feelings of very considerable pain. For some fifteen The Court Journal prints the following :-It is said that the onslaught years, in this hall and in many kindred places, I have had the honour of on “ Lothair,” in Blackwood, is by Colonel Hamley ; the article in presenting my own cherished ideas before you for your recognition; and, Macmillan, which may be described as Blackwood and Water, is by in closely observing your reception of them, have enjoyed an amount of Mr. Hayward, the editor of the Quarterly Review ; and the one in the artistic delight and enjoyment which, perhaps, it is given to few men to Fortnightly, Mr. Kerrison's. In the forthcoming Edinburgh there is to know. In this task, and in every other I have ever undertaken as a be an article on “ Lothair" by Lord Houghton. [The article in Black- faithful servant of the public, always imbued with a sense of duty to wood is elsewhere attributed to Lawrence Oliphant, who some years ago them, and always striving to do his best, I have been uniformly cheered became a Mormonite and lived in Utah until a few months ago, when he by the readiest response, the most generous sympathy, and the most returned to this country and published Piccadilly.]

stimulating support. Nevertheless, I have thought it well

, at the full The “ Town Talker” of the Western Mail says:–Have you realised floodtide of your favour, to retire upon those older associations between

us which date from much farther back than these, and henceforth to the result of the decision arrived at the other day by the Queen in Council at Balmoral ? According to the significance of the announce

devote myself exclusively to the art that first brought us together. ment of it, as since then officially published in the Gazette, there is an

Ladies and gentlemen, in but two short weeks from this time I hope end thenceforth for ever to what has been known, and sought, and that you may enter, in your own homes, on a new series of readings bestowed hitherto under the name, style, and title of ministerial at which my assistance will be indispensable, but from these garish lights patronage. Everything—that is all the good things-big and little, in I vanish now for evermore, with one heartfelt, grateful, respectful, and the civil service (barring the judgeships) can be obtained by the mob of affectionate farewell.” aspirants, only and solely through the ordeal of open competitions. Mr. Charles Dickens was buried yesterday (Tuesday) morning very Snug berths, cushions plumped out with bank notes, small allotments privately in Westminster Abbey. on Tom Tiddler's ground, sacred to that pleasant pastime described by Mr. Alfred Mantalini as “picking up the demnition gold and silver"all these luscious tidbits, the ortolans of official life-the truffles of

Births, Marriages, and Deaths. political existence, are, by this one sweep of the pen, by one sign manual of the sovereign, dissipated into thin air, and are henceforth as the

BIRTHS.

June 8, at 15, Eaton-place, Lady Emily Hamilton, of a daughter. mere golden day-dreams of the place-hunter's excited and ecstatic

June 9, Lady Gertrude Rolle, of a daughter. imagination. Taking this in connection with the first two paragraphs

MARRIAGES. of the Postscript in last week's Guardian, one would imagine that the

June 2, at St. Paul's, Knightsbridge, the Rov. C. W. Norman Ogilvy, youngost son Dean of Rochester is an instance of the rule being adopted to the of Sir John Ogilvy, Bart., to the Hon. Emily Ponsonby, eldest daughter of Lord do Ecclesiastical Branch of the Civil Service.

Mauley. THE “Oxford PROFESSOR” AND MR. DISRAELI.—The following we

June 1, at Eastly Mallow, Ireland, Helena Trydall, Lady Cotter, relict of Sir

James Lawrence Cotter, Bart., late M.P. for Mallow. quote from the Standard :-"Sir, -With reference to Mr. Smith, whose

June 9, at Bournemouth, Agnes Augusta, the wife of the Rev. Charles J. Dickin. insolent and vulgar letter to Mr. Disraeli has been copied into your son, Vicar of Bodmin, Cornwall, late Rector of Narraghmore, Dio. Dublin, aged 37. to-day's issue, allow me to call attention to the following passages taken from a letter which was addressed to the Manchester Eraminer in the month of March, 1868, and which bears the signature Goldwin Smith.' THE CHURCH HERALD, High Church Tory Paper, Price ONE 1. His triumph is a triumph over public morality, and over the self-respect

PENNY, is published in time for Tuesday Afternoon's Post. of the nation.' 2. He

attained his present position by an London: THOMAS BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn, to whom intrigue, dexterous, if merely falsehood can merit the name of dexterity, Business Communications and Advertisements should be Addressed. but as vile as any that sullies the annals of political faction.' “3. Disraeli has risen by personal invective, by conspiracy, by using the arsenic The CHURCH HERALD may be ordered through any Bookseller or Newsman. It is which kills noble reputations. 4. He has made his way by serving the kept on Sale at Messrs. W. H. SMITH & SON'S principal Book Stalls, and by the prejudices of aristocracy, and not only its prejudices, but its lowest following Booksellers:passions in a way which the very menials who stood at its portals would Mr. ABBOTT, Great Tower Street, E.C. Wr. W. LOOKE, Havant.

Messrs. ANDREWS & CO., Durham. have scorned to do.' 5. Neither his own principles nor the sight of a

Mr. GEORGE MORRIS, Larkhall Lane,

Mr. G. M. ATKINSON, 40, King William Clapham. suffering and starving people could deter him from accepting the wages

Street.

Mr. NEALE, Pimlico. of political assassination. With the evidence of his own Billingsgate pen Mr. H. B. BULT, 25, New Quebec Street, Mr. GEORGE PEVERALL, Walworth before him, I am astonished that even this foul-mouthed libeller can have

Portman Square, W.

Mr. T. BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn. Mr. POTTLE, Royal Exchange. the audacity to complain of the manner in which his least odious

Mr. W. BIRMINGHAM, Plymouth. Mr. J. P. PEARCE, High Street, Ports : characteristics have been sketched in the brilliant pages of “Lothair. Mr. BAKER, Cosham, Hants.

mouth; and Gosport. ALFRED B. BEAVEN."

Mr. BETTESWORTH, Horndean.

Mr. ROBINSON, Brook Street, Holborn. Mr. W. CLIFFORD. Exeter.

Messrs. SMART & ALLEN, Paternoster
Mr. CROYDON, Torquay.

Row.
DEATH OF MR. CHARLES DICKENS.

MP. HARRISON, Leeds.

Mr. SACKETT, Birmingham.
Mr. HAYES, Lyall Place.

Mr. J. SAMPSON, York.

Mr. J. HODGES, Frome. The startling announcement of the sudden death of this popular Mr. JORDAN, Strand.

Mr. G. WALLIS, Cambridge.

Mr. LITTLE, Broadway, Ludgate Hill. Mr. WATLING, Strand. writer was made on Friday morning with unanimous expressions of

Mr. J. P. LEGG, High Street, Gosport. Mr.J. WILSON, Aberdeen. regret. He was seized with a fit of paralysis at his residence, Gad's-hill Mr. F. G. LOMAX, Lichfield.

Mr. H. WIPPEL, Leamington. House, Rochester, on Wednesday evening. Throughout Thursday Mr. Dickens remained insensible, and died at twenty minutes after six o'clock A YEAR's SUBSCRIPTION, INCLUDING POSTAGE, IN ADVANCE, 8s. 8d. Two in the evening of that day.

COPIES, POST FREE, 13s. The deceased gentleman was the son of Mr. John Dickens, who held at one time a position in the Navy Pay Department. Charles Dickens

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. was born at Portsmouth in the month of February, 1812. The duties

£ s. d. of his father's office obliged him frequently to change his residence, and

Back Page

5 0 0 much of the future novelist's infancy was spent at Plymouth, Sheerness,

One Page ...

4 4 0 Chatham, and other seaport towns. The European war, however, came

Half Page

2 5 0 to an end before he had completed his fourth year, and his father,

One Column

1 10 0 finding his “occupation gone,” retired on a pension, and caine to London,

Half Column

0 17 6 where he obtained employment as a Parliamentary reporter for one of

Not exceeding Four Lines

0 2 0 the daily papers. It was at first intended that young Charles should be

Per Line additional

0 0 4 sent to an attorney's office; but he had literary tastes, and eventually was permitted by his father to exchange the law for a post as one of the

Over Leader, per Line

0 1 0 reporters on the staff of the True Sun, from which he subsequently

Births, Deaths, and Marriages

0 1 6 transferred his services to the Jorning Chronicle. On the establishment Advertisements Displayed, and Across Columns, charged according to space. of the Daily News in 1846 he became its first editor, but after a few Advertisements should be sent not later than Monday Evening to the months withdrew from the editorship, and returned to his line of | Publisher, THOMAS BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn.

Road.

Mr. VICKERS, Strand.

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Third and improved Edition, uniform with the Psalter,

This day, 8vo., cloth, 18. 6d., post free. НЕ CANTICLES, arranged for persons interested in the Reunion of Christendom ARASP AND ITS MINERAL. Chanting, with Table of Toneg. By J. W. D. and are invited to attend a MEETING at the Rooms of the

WATERS. From the French of Dr. Killias. Architectural Exhibition Society, 9, Conduit-street, on S. N. Price 9d. (A few remaining copies of the

Second Edition, with Topographical, Climatic, and Monday, 20th June. at 8 p.m. precisely. The Chair will Second Edition can be obtained, in quantities not less

Piscatorial Notes, Mountain Ascents, Excursions, than a dozen, at 4d. each.)

be taken by Lord Eliot. The following gentlemen have Skeleton Tours, &c. Compiled and Edited by the

promised to take part in the proceedings:-Lord Rev. N. B. WHITBY (English Chaplain at Ta rasp). THE VERSICLES AND RESPONSES, AND THE Limerick, Lord Kilcoursie, Sir Alfred Slade, Bart., Mr. LITANY, with Harmonies. By WM. ARDLY. Price 9d.

* Medical Times and A. P. De Lisle: Revs. C. F. Lowder, George Nugee,

Also, Reprinted from the and H. N. Oxenham.

Gazette" of April, 23rd, 1870. Dr. J. PURNEY YEO's London: NOVELLO, EWER & CO., 1, Bernors-street;

Article on “ Tarasp in the Lower Engadine." and 35, Poultry.

The following Resolutions will be proposed for adoption:

London: THOMAS BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn, Lately published, 8vo., pp. 530, price 16s.

Paris : GALIGNANI. Coire: J. A. PRADELLA. 1. That in view of the religious condition of mankind, THE VALIDITY OF THE HOLY ORDERS

of whom over two-thirds are still heathen, and of the
grave scandal and difficulties caused by the unhappy

FAITH'S MISSION, Stoke divisions among Christians, this Meeting desires to MAINTAINED AND VINDICATED BOTH THEOLOGICALLY record its conviction of the paramount importance of

Newington. AND HISTORICALLY, WITH FOOT-NOTES, TABLES OF the Re-union of East and West round the Primacy SUBSCRIPTIONS and DONATIONS (the latter to CONSECRATIONS AND APPENDICES.

anciently recognised by both alike, as well for securing be paid at once, or to spread over three years) will be

the integrity as for promoting the dissemination of the gratefully received on behalf of the Committee by the By the Rev. FREDERICK GEORGE LEE, D.C.L., Christian Faith.

joint Treasurers, Rev. J. Dart, Mission House, VictoriaF.S.A., Vicar of All Saints', Lambeth. 2. That the only adequate remedy for the social and

road, Stoke Newington, N.; E. Ferraby. Eq., Bank of Contents: Preface---List of Books quoted or referred to: religious dangers of England, and the surest guarantee

England, E.C.; or they may be paid to Messrs. Barnet. CHAPTER I.-Introductory: Statement of the Author's for the future of English Christianity, lies in her

Hoare and Co., 60, Lombard-street, to the account of object. II. The Preface to the Ordinal of 1549. III.

restoration to Visible Unity primarily with the Churches “St. Faith's Mission, Stoke Newington." 'orm for the Ordination of Deacons, 1549. V. Form

of the Western Patriarchate, and then with the Eastern for the Ordination of Priests, 1549. V. Form for the Churches also.

T. SAVIOUR'S HOSPITAL AND Consecration of Bishops, 1549. VI. The Edwardine 3. That the advance of the Re-union movement

REFUGE,
Ordinal. VII. The Ordinal of King Edward VI.--
Objections. VIII. Ordinal of King Edward VI. in sub-

during the last twelve years, and the critical circum- ALFRED TERRACE, UPPER HOLLOWAY, N.,

stances of the presont time, call at once for deep stantial harmony with the most ancient forms. IX. thankfulness and for increased energy in the prose

FOR DESTITUTE WOMEN AND CHILDREN. Some other ancient forms for Ordination, X. Medisval

cution of this holy work. forms for Consecration and Ordination in the West.

PRESIDENT : Rev. W. W. MALET. S.S.J. WABDEN: XI. The same subject continued. XII Eastern forms Tickets, price 1s. (Reserved Seats 23. 6d.), may be

Rev. A. WILLIS FLEMING, S.S.J. of Ordination. XIII. Forms of Ordination n use procured from Messrs. Musters; Parker; Rivington; Affords, besides a refuge for those women who desire amongst the separated communities of the East Hayes; Pickering: Palmer; Skeffington ; Westall; The to forsake their sinful life, a Lying-in Ward and NurChristians of St. Thomas. XIV. The Nestoriens. XV. Church Press Company; and at the Office of this paper, series for Children. Archbishop Matthew Parker. XVI. The Consecration

Applicants are admitted without any distinction as of William Barlow. VII. The Consecrations of Hodgkins, Scory and Coverdale. XVIII. The Consecra

to creed, country, or parish. TATIONAL EDUCATIONAL

FUNDS are urgently needed to carry out the work. tion of Archbishop Parker. XIX. Tho Nag's Head

UNION.

Cheques to be crossed "London and South-Westem Fable. XX. The Case of Bishop Bonner rersus Bishop London Omices-18, Parliament-street, S.W.

Bank, Holloway Branch." P.O.O. payable at ManorHorne. XXI. The Sacrament of Baptism. XXII. The Office of Consecrator and Assistant-Consecrator. Rt. Hon. W. F. COWPER TEMPLE, M.P., Chairman of

place Post-office, in Upper Holloway, N. Executive

Hon. Treasurer, J. Cox, Esq. 11, Seven Sisters'-road, XXIII. The Doctrine of Intention XXIV. and XXV.

N. Hon. Secretary, H. R. GOCGH, S.S.J., Esq., TollingRoman Catholic Testimonies to the Validity of Anglican

Col. AKROYD, M.P., Treasurer.

ton, Park, N. Orders. XXVI. The Cases of Certain Anglican Clergy Rev. A. BARRY, D.D., F.S. POWELL, Esq., W. H. SMITH, who have joined the Church of Rome. XXVII.

Esq., M.P., C. BUXTON, Esq., M.P., Honorary Secretaries. TONY STRATFORD.-ST. PAUL'S Changes made in the English Ordinalin 1662. XXVIII.

SCHOOL.
Concluding Remarks and Summary of the Author's

Rev. W. STANYER, M.A., General Secretary.
argument.
ADDITIONAL NOTES.
The Executire Committee earnestly solicit co-operation

Visitor.-The LORD BISHOP of OXFORD. Tables of Consecration: I. Archbishop Parker. and support in their great work in order to secure the

Warden.-Rev. W. T. SANKEY, Vicar. II. Archbishop Laud. III. Archbishop Juxon. primary religious education of every child, and to A PREPARATORY SCHOOL to the above was APPENDICES.-I. Authoritative statements regarding counteract the efforts of the “ Birmingham League" opened in JANUARY Last. Applications at present

Ordination officially published in 1537 and 1513. and others now agitating for the Secularization of all to be made to the Warden or Secretary of St. Paul's II. An Act concerning the Consecration of a Bishop our National Institutions, and the exclusion from our

School, Stony Stratford. made in 25th year of Henry VIII. Cap. xx. Bec. 5. Public Elementary Schools of the Bible and all definite III. Statutes relativg to the Consecration of Bishops religious teaching.

H. BAILEY under Edward VI. The printing and circulation throughout the land of

& SON, IV. Act 3 Edward VI. to draw up a New Ordinal, upwards of Two Millions of Reports, Pamphlets, and

418, OXFORD STREET, LONDON, V. Act to andex the Ordinal to the Prayer Book. Papers have entailed heavy concurrent liabilities; whilo Beg to recommend their ELASTIC STOCKINGS, VI. Act 1 of Mary to repeal the preceding Acts. the GREATER expenses atiending the many large fuc- KNEE CAPS, &c., they are made of the best material, VII. Act 1 of Elizabeth to re-establish the Book of

cessful meetings which have b en held, bave materially and warranted to wash. Common Prayer. drained the resources of the Union.

Inventors of the IMPERCEPTIOLE TRUSS. Belts VIII. Act declaring the legality of the Ordinations. The organization and working of Borough and

for the Support of the Back &c., &c. XI. The Thirty-Nine Articles on Ordination.

County Branches, coupled with the costs of the London X. Documents relating to the Consecration of Barlow and Manchester Offices, necessitate a large and unavoidand Hodgking.

ALMON, ODY, AND CO., able outlay. XI. Documents relating to Scory and Coverdale. The Union is actively supporting the Government

PATENT TRUSS MAKERS XII. Documents relating to the Consecration of Bill “as introduced " by Mr. Foster, Vice-President of

TO HIS LATE MAJESTY WILLIAN IV, Parker the Council.

ESTABLISHED 1806.
XIII. Parker's Book, De Antiquitate Britannicæ Subscriptions are earnestly requested to further this
Ecclesiæ.
object.

292, STRAND, LONDON. XIV. Henry Machyn's Diary, with testimonies regard

WILLIAM STANYER, Gen. Soc. (N.B.-- Elastic Slockings, Ladies' Abdominal Belis, &c.) ing the same. XV. Breve of Pope Julius Ill. to Cardinal Pole.

& CO.'S PATENT OLEO XVI. Dr. Lingard on Parker e Consecration.

CHARTA
Church in this Colony makes it the duty of all

WATERPROOF WASHABLE
XVII. Documents relating to the Consecration of
Horn
Churchmen to unite together in assisting the Bishop of

PAPER-HANGINGS. XVIII. The Nonjuring Consecrations. Bishop Hickes, / Maritzburg and the Clergy of Nutal, both with their The only Remedy for Damp in New or Old Walls. Records. prayers and with their alms.

Decorated by First-class Art-Workmen, or Stencilled XIX. Documents concerning the Case of Bishop

and Printed in every style, to suit the Palace, the Gordon of Galloway.

Application for admission to the Guild of the Most Mansion, and the Cottage. XX. Dr. Newman's Letters on Anglican Orders and Blessed Saviour should be made to the Secretary, the ARCHITECTS' AND DECORATORS' DESIGNS CARRIED OUT replies to the same. Rev. R. H. NISBETT BROWNE, 36, Inverness-road,

OX SHORT NOTICE, WITHOUT EXTRA CHARGE. XXI. Certain Comments on Roman Catholic state

Bayswater, W. ments. The Charges of Forgery.

5, NEWMAN STREET, LONDON, W. XXII. Letters of Orders of various Communions. This day, small 8vo., 38., nett, or by post, 3s. 3d., General Index.

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Marburgb.
ZLE-MONKEYS : Acrostics in "This is a very useful and good guide towards the
Prose and Verse. By E. L. F. H.

understanding of the twenty-two Parables which were

spoken by our Blessed Lord. To those Priests who I'm sometimes square, and sometimes round;

want to get at the main drift and burden of one of these I'm oft in mischief to be found

discourses-either for a Sermon or & Bible Class-in a My whole's a poser. May it be

few minutes this little book will prove itself to be an Less puzzling to you than me.

invaluable boon. The salient points of each Parable London: THOMAS BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn are seized upon at once, and the commentary seldom

extends over more than five or six pages. The reader
is not burdened with useless matter, and what there is,
is very much to the point. There is nothing either

verbose or high-flown in the treatise; its very earnest
Strand): Record of Offertory and Anti-pew Movement
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simplicity must commend it to any houghtful mind.'

Church R 20 Ofices, 16, Northumberland Street, W.O., and Map London: THOMAS BOSWORTH, 198, High Holborn chester.

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feel the sudden transition from cold to heat, and fearfully they tell upon them unless preventive measures be adopted to counteract them. Nothing effects this object so certainly and so readily as Holloway's Pills, which begin by strengthening the stomach, regulating the liver, and purifying the blood, and end by working & complete, lasting, and rapid cure. These admirable Pills exercise a most salutary influence over every organ of the human body. They dispel nervousness, weariness, and enervation; in a word Holloway's Pills wonderfully restore every function to its natural state of health and vigour. They never fail, directly or indirectly they adjust and invigorate the whole animal economy.

THE FREE CHURCH SOCIETY'S

London : Printed by JOHN BIGGS BATTY. &t 6, Red

Lion Court, Floet Street, E.C.; and Published for the Proprietors by THOMAS BOSWORTH, 196, High Hóborn, W.0. June 18th, 1870.

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a brotherhood. In short, Christianity was found to contain LIBERALISM VERSUS CHRISTIANITY.

within itself the means of organising those who submitted

to its influence into a society so bound together by joints and The rapidity with which the corrupt principle of Liberalism bands, as that men might be ruled for their own happiness is infecting the ranks of English High Churchmen, is a fact as and progress, according to the Divine will.

This was the portentous as it is remarkable. Every issue of the leading system which, in its reference to earthy politics, Christianity Church papers affords fresh illustrations of the force of this was to involve, and at the Conversion of the political demoralisation, the falsest principles being weekly Roman Empire it was carried into practice, with at least advocated either in editorial articles or in the correspondence some degree of consistency. Ecclesiastical and spiritual rule columns of the most popular of our Church contemporaries. were kept more or less separate from temporal affairs, because Sometimes, by the less discerning of these writers, the mutual they were committed to other persons than the temporal independence of religious and political principle, and the con- rulers

. But that such a system as has been described must sequent indifference of Churchmen to secular politics, are involve some necessary relationship between the Church and insisted on; but such a view will not bear examination. On the State is sufficiently obvious. As a matter of fact, so far investigation, it is always found to involve the denial that was the isolation of the two powers from being in accordance there is any such thing as political truth, and, as a conse- with the principles of the early Church that she erred, if at all, quence, in the place of political principle to substitute a base in the other direction, and the alliance was perhaps made time-serving expediency. The able writers in the Guardian, closer than sound theory would warrant, an undue influence the most deeply offending of the High Church journals, and being accorded to the Emperor in Ecclesiastical affairs. It the boldest in its avowal of Radical affinities-know better. was the reaction against this state of things which afterwards They see plainly that Radicalism in politics means ultimately led the Church to throw itself so completely into the hands Radicalism in religion. By way, therefore, of being before of the Bishops of Rome, and which made his later undue hand with their readers, and developing the education of their assumptions possible. It was thought a less evil that the party, the managers of that paper have recently been giving Church should rule the State, than that the State should admission, week after week, to a series of Radical attacks on dominate over the Church. the Athanasian Creed, and bave thus afforded a very signi- These then were the principles upon which Christian ficant illustration of the closeness with which political Political Society was founded, and they continued in force degeneracy is followed by theological depravity. It behoves throughout the Christian world (doubtless with many abuses) those who are concerned to note well and profit by this lesson. until the French Revolution. Then the disintegration of When the leaven of political Liberalism once finds entrance, society began, and it is going on still. So rapid has been its it works surely, though for a time perhaps hidden from progress, that there is no country in Western Christendom, view; and, unless happily arrested in time, its result is as excepting the Papal States, in which the old Christian founcertain as it is disastrous. A little consideration of the real dations have not been overthrown, or, at the least, as with us nature of Liberalism will, perhaps, show why this must neces- in England, sapped and undermined. sarily be the case.

And now we are in a position to understand what Liberalism Political society is the result of laws binding men together is. It involves the negation of the principles upon which in mutual relationships. Natural politics regard the relations political Christendom has been based. Nay, it is rather the of men, so far as these can be discerned apart from a Divine aggregate of the influences which have thus been destroying it. revelation. This was the condition under which the heathen Liberalism is the solvent of Christian society. It explains monarchies and republics existed before the time of Our Lord. itself accurately by its name. It proclaims liberty, freedom When Christianity appeared a new principle was introduced from restraint. But in order to set iree, that which binds which illuminated the whole range of human relationships. must first be destroyed. As Liberalism is that which looses, Our Lord revealed Himself as the appointed Ruler as well as the so Religion is that which binds. Accordingly, Liberalism is Saviour of men, and the ordinances of rule which had hitherto essentially the Antagonist of religion, and sets itself succesexisted, as of natural right, both in the family and in the State, sively against every law, principle, or custom which witnesses were seen to be the earthlyshadows of a Divine rightful authority for a Divine rule in temporal and social affairs. Hence the In the family, the paternal rule was seen to be based upon that attacks made by different factions of the Radical party on of the One Father of all, and the dutiful subserviency of the the kingly authority and the existence of privileged classes, child, to be the image of the filial relation of our Lord in temporal matters, on the obligatory nature of theological to His Father. So the master was to rule as for Christ, and the dogma and the right of the Clergy to declare doctrine, in servant to obey his master as unto Him. In like manner, in spirituals, on religious tests and education, and the sanctity the State the ordinances of rule were invested with the of the marriage tie, in the unavoidable sphere of mixed authority of Him to whom was given all power in heaven and questions. These are all institutions proclaiming a rule over earth. His Kingship was manifested in the majesty of the men from without, a claim which can be maintained only on civil ruler, and His execution of justice in that of the judge; the ground of an outwardly manifested Divine rule. The while the rights of all were secured, and the consideration High Churchman admits this claim as to spirituals, while the due to each enforced, by the common tie of Holy Baptism, Radical denies it in toto. High Church Radicalism therefore which placed all Christian men on the footing of members of l involves an inconsistency which sooner or later finds men out ;

a

66

a

for our Blessed Lord is as truly the Fountain of temporal as have replied, in the Thirty-nine Articles. This certainly of spiritual rule, and unless both functions are exercised by was the common opinion, and it is held still among very many, Him through the appointed channels (sanctified by the appro- even at this present day. It is true that a very considerable priate Sacramental rites) within the limits of the Catholic number would now call themselves Anglo-Catholics, in contraChurch, His offices are not duly manifested therein, and the distinction to Roman Catholics, but they still have a lingering Church is not seen to be the “fulness of Him that filleth all suspicion that the dictum of Lord Stowell is a correct descripin all.” If religion is to be divorced from politics it cannot tion of the Prayer Book, when he spoke of “Our Protestant be said that the kingdom of our Lord is established on the Articles tacked into a Catholic Liturgy !". The question, earth-except in the sense adopted by the Quakers.

however, is one which deserves some more careful consideration. The application of this principle alone can save men from A protest is a proceeding about which there is no ambiguity : becoming a prey to the infidel Liberalism of the day, and the it is the expressed dissent of a minority against the proHigh Church Radical ignores it. He does not, of course, deny ceedings or the decision of a majority. The name Protestant, that “ Jesus Christ has come in the flesh,” but he eviscerates the in something like its present signification, was assumed by fact of half its meaning by denying that He now exercises on certain Princes of the German Empire, who entered a solemn earth the office belonging to Him as the true Head of the protest against the decree of the majority of the Diet of Spires human race, the rightful King of men, and so far is led to in 1529, which took away the power before possessed by each partake of the anti-Christian spirit which despises dignities. Prince, of managing ecclesiastical matters as he thought fit in The High Church Radical does not deny in words that God his own dominion, and forbade that any changes should be rules the State, but only acts on the opposite theory. And made in doctrine and discipline until the meeting of a General when even within the spiritual sphere a difficulty arises to his Council. These dissentient Princes entered a solemn protest mind, for example, as to the authority over his conscience of against this decree, and appealed to the Emperor and to a the Athanasian Creed, or the exclusive rule of the Clergy in future Council. Is there anything at all like this in the doctrine, he has no sound principle to fall back upon, but origin and construction of the Thirty-nine Articles ? They forms a judgment for himself from passages of Scripture or appear in our Prayer Book as agreed upon by the Bishops otherwise, like his more consistent Non-conforming brother and Clergy of both Provinces in the Convocation holden in Radical. The road from bad to worse is marked by the London in the year 1562, “ for the avoiding of Diversities of example of names too illustrious and too familiar to us all to Opinion, and for the establishing of Consent touching true make fuller illustration necessary.

Religion." To them is prefixed "His Majesty's DeclaraUp to the time of the great Oxford movement, now nearly tion," which at greater length sets this forth as the intenforty years ago, the old poli'ical traditions of the English tion and purpose of the Articles. In it we read that, the Church bad been maintained. The Clergy were mostly Tories, King holds it most agreeable to his Kingly office, and his holding principles in politics consistent with their Church- own religious zeal, “ to continue and maintain the Church commanship. Pushing parsons did not then recommend themselves mitted to our [his] charge, in unity of true religion, and in the to patrons or the public by announcing themselves as Liberals. bond of Peace.” Not a word from beginning to end of Rome, of The principles, too, of the Oxford leaders were definite. They her errors or even of anything external to the Kingdom of Engwell knew that God rules in the State as well as in the land : the sole and only purpose expressed is the composing of Church. The threatening attitude of the Liberals of those differences of opinion, and the settling of disputes within the days was indeed the original cause of the movement. One of realm. Neither the Pope nor the Church of Rome are even their chief endeavours was, by spreading a knowledge of true alluded to; the declaration concerns only the inhabitants of principles, to prevent the State from taking an indifferent England, and speaks as if it regarded no one outside the position as regards religion. Let us continue to follow in the Kingdom. Certainly this has no appearance of a protest. same path. It was marked out for us by Catholic antiquity, Now let us look into the Articles themselves ; the like course is specially sanctioned by our own branch of the Church, and is pursued, they are not drawn up as if the compilers considered has been made honourable, even in worse times than these, by themselves as representing a portion of the Catholic Church the blood of martyrs. No shred of a reason has been complaining of the proceedings of the majority of the Church, adduced to lead us from this course, except a brainless as oppressive, tyrannical, and contrary to truth and justice. pandering to the weakness of some within our fold and the The idea which evidently possessed the minds of the cominfidelity of those without. To separate religion from politics, pilers was-rightly or wrongly—that they had no concern to ignore the Christian standing of the nation, and throw men with any others than those under their jurisdiction ; that it back upon their natural rights as men, would be to uproot was not then their business to set matters right in the UniSociety and inaugurate Chaos. The conductors of the versal Church, nor to denounce the course taken by other Church HERALD well know that the times are against the portions of the Church, or even to renounce the Pope, as Head principles they advocate, that the cause of political truth of the Church. All they were bent upon was the composing seems well nigh hopeless; but they will maintain the struggle of their own diferences. Still more, they never dreamed of with a good heart. As was said by a member of one of imposing these Articles as a Creed on the whole Church, or Queen Elizabeth's Parliaments, “All things are in change, of setting them up as the one true standard of Faith, which and nothing so suppressed, but by God's grace, the same may, all ought to receive and subscribe : in a word, there is nothing in time, by policy be raised up."

in any way resembling a protest of a minority against a majority.

Further, had there been a protest, they would have protested

against the Assumption of the Pope as Head of the Catholic IS THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND PROTESTANT ?

Church, or against all false doctrines peculiarly belonging to

him in that position; in a word, against his Infallibility and If any member of the English Church had been asked his Supremacy. But it is very remarkable that the Articles thirty years ago what religion he professed, he would most not only do not condemn, but they do not even mention, probably have replied that he was a Protestant; and except by an indirect allusion, either of these two points. further, on being asked what was the religion of Dr. The three allusions are those in Arts. 19, 21, 37. In the 19th Wiseman, he would have answered, Catholic; and had he it is said that the particular Churches of Jerusalem, Alexanbeen questioned further why he called the Church of England dria, and Antioch, as well as the Church of Rome, have erred ; Protestant, he would have said, Because she protests against the 21st, that some General Councils have also erred; the Rome. And if asked where she thus protests, he would 37th, that the Bishop of Rome hath no jurisdiction in this realm of England. In the first, Infallibility is denied of

Literary Notice. particular Churches; nothing is said of the whole Catholic Church. In mentioning three out of the four Eastern Patriarchates, it is especially to be noted that the fourth, Constantinople, Elementary Education. A Letter to the Clergy of the Archis purposely omitted. This shows that the compilers had in

deaconry, on the new Education Bill, from the Archdeacon their minds the great Monothelite and Monophysite heresies,

of Wilts. (Salisbury : Brown and Co.) which have so prevailed in those three Patriarchates, that | After enumerating the various objections to a conscience they practically became heretical, and left the Orthodox in a clause, and quoting from a Charge of the late Bishop Hamilsmall minority. Constantinople, the first of the Eastern ton, written in 1861, which now reads like a prophetical intiSees, is not condemned with the other three, because it did mation of the present crisis, Archdeacon Stanton points out not entertain heresy as they did. In the second, where it is that it is quite impossible to put any faith in the Government, said that General Councils have erred, the compilers of course the engagements with Church schools having been so often intended the so-called General Councils of the West, the trifled with. Of the Education Bill, he says : Lateran, Florence, &c.; not the six Genuine General Councils, Its direct tendency-I may not say its manifest purpose and design, which the homily “On the Peril of Idolatry " speaks of as

but its direct tendency—is to get possession of our school buildings; to

drive the Clergy from that position which they have hitherto occupied being “ allowed and received of all men.” Again, it is to be with so much advantage to the poor

, and to substitute instead—or at noted that they are said to have erred even "in things per- any rate to place upon the school boards conjointly with us,many of taining to God," an expression evidently borrowed from the those who separate from our communion, and are confessedly disaffected Epistle to the Hebrews where it is used for what we should towards the established institutions of the land. The Clergy are not

necessarily members of the proposed school board. The teaching is not now-a-days call Rites and Ceremonies. In the third, the denial required to be of a religious character, and the teachers of our parochial of the Pope's jurisdiction in England occurs in the Article “ of schools are not obliged to be members of the

Church of England, nor of the Civil Magistrates,” and has no reference to his spiritual any creed at all. . . . Once establish a school board such as is proposed, position, but to his ecclesiastical; as such it is not a protest, obnoxious Conscience Clause, to be applied and acted on by them, and

consisting of men who hold every variety of faith; ouce admit the nor, indeed, is it a new claim of exemption; it is only a re-asser- there will follow, of necessity, a train of endless compromises in school tion of the old statutes of Provisors and Præmunire, which management and teaching, until at length the Bible will be eliminated were passed and renewed when no one doubted of the Pope's from our schools, and then will follow that godless system of secular spiritual headship over the Church. We thus see that the learning and instruction which, even now, the Birmingham League are

endeavouring to establish and enforce. Articles cannot be twisted into the form of a protest against

The Archdeacon observes that our course from first to last Rome, nor of the complaint of a minority against a majority has been straightforward; we have kept up our schools in a in the Catholic Church. They are, on the other hand, the authoritative condemnation of certain errors, which were pre- troublesome requirements of the Committee of Council, and

thoroughly efficient manner, we have complied with the many valent at the time, and intended to preserve the Faithful from them. The Act of Parliament, which defined and condemned have faithfully applied the annual grants, and yet now the “ treason-felony” a few years ago, would never, surely, be Legislature proposes to cast us off, and to ignore the great termed a protest against it ; no more can the Articles be events ought undoubtedly to show us that nothing can ever

and important work we have done. The present course of termed a protest against error. They made it criminal. But perhaps it may be thought that the protest is against by any means extend the sphere of a Clergyman's usefulness

be gained by the sacrifice of principles; and that it cannot the doctrinal errors of the Roman Church. It is true that the to promise not " to banish and drive away all erroneous and Articles mention several, not however by way of protest, but by strange doctrines ” which may threaten the little ones of his way of authority, in condemning them; and they place them

flock. in the same category with those of Pelagians and Anabaptists; yet no one thinks that the Articles were drawn up as a protest against either of these two heresies. In the Articles, the

THE REUNION OF CHRISTENDOM. Church speaks with authority, she condemns them : yet in doing so, she does not allude to any communities outside of A large and important meeting of Churchmen interested in promoting herself, or the kingdom of England, she only condemns error

the Reunion of Christendom was held at the Rooms of the Architectural within. But still more : had the Articles been a protest Society, Conduit-street, on Monday evening. The chair was taken by against all Roman error, or at least, all that was considered Lord Eliot. The following Laymen and Clergymen of distinction had by the compilers as Roman error, then they would have which they were unable to be present :—The Bishop of Brechin, Bishop

written to express their sympathy with the object of the meeting, at enumerated these errors. Not only could they not have Jenner, Lord Kinnoal, Lord Erskine, the Dean of York, the Rev. Provost omitted those which must have been the very subject of a Fortescue, Canons Courtenay, Douglas, and Selwyn, the Archimandrite protest, had there been a protest, Supremacy and Infallibility, Morphinos

, the Very Rev. Eugene Popoff

, the Rev. Basil Popoff, the Revs. but we should not have found omitted such an one as the w.j. E. Bennett, T. T. Carter, A. H. Mackonochie, George Williams, worship of the Blessed Virgin, which we know was considered Dr. Thiersch, and G. F. Cobb, Esq. Amongst those present were Lord an error peculiarly Roman at the time the Articles were Limerick, Sir A. Slade, Bart., the Revs. E. Blenkinsopp, E. Cleaver, Dr. drawn up. From beginning to end the Blessed Virgin is R. Brett, Carmichael, Lindsay, G. J. Murray, Prideaux, Q.C., Simpson,

Lee, Dr. Littledale, L. Rivington, J. E. Vaux, J. B. Wilkinson, Messrs. never so much as mentioned.

and G. E. Street. There was a considerable number of Clergy and Laity From what we have said above, it will be seen that the term of the Roman communion amongst the audience. Protestant cannot justly be applied to the Church; for it In his opening address the noble CHAIRMAN referred to articles which must be borne in mind that she nowhere, in any of her had appeared in the newspapers with respect to the resolutions about to authorised documents, calls herself by that name; and in the pretation which had been put upon them, and had been approved by a

be proposed. He said that these would certainly not bear the interyear 1689 the Convocation deliberately, and after some dis- gentleman whose theological knowledge and interest in the subject were cussion, refused to allow the Church to be termed Protestant undoubted, and for whose judgment they all had the greatest respect. in an address to the King; one reason then given by the Pro- He then explained the procedure of the meeting, according to which it locutor was “ that the term Protestant Churches was equivocal, lutions, so far as time would permit, and bearing in mind that the object

would be competent for any gentleman to offer remarks upon the resosince Socinians, Anabaptists, and Quakers assumed that title.” of the meeting was unity, and that it was not at all likely that this The term Protestant has in our day become almost synonymous object would be attained by virulent denunciations of those who differ with heretic. Perhaps nothing more hinders Re-union with from us. Perhaps they might be met with the question-“Why don't the Orthodox Church than the use of this word to describe could give a very good answer to that question. The Missionary work

you begin with the Nonconformists ?” There were Parish Priests who ourselves.

that was going on in various parts of England was sufficient to show that

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