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true panacea for all our evils. The superficial talk glibly on DRIFTING.

this subject as though they were Solons, and promise to their

trusting followers temporal blessings and enduring advantages It is the reverse of easy to account for the startling apathy the like of which, they maintain, have never been seen. of what used to be called “the Church party.” In bygone Alas! however, though all their ducks are swans, their days, the days of Mr. Keble's Assize Sermon, for example, promises are never fulfilled : their pledges are ever unredeemed. there was some bond of union and a certain unity of action. While men are still hoping and trustful the enemy comes in Later on, men grew to act together for the common good of like a flood. Point after point, principle after principle is the National Church, and frequently acted with effect and deliberately conceded; so that now when men have come to success. Now, however, everything in this respect is changed. allow the foe to do just what he likes, when we are attacked, When the Catholic Revival, through the perverse narrow, coward leaders volunteer to give up the fortress without mindedness and flagrant selfishness of certain of its promoters, striking a blow in its defence. They at once hang out the became destructive, it likewise became dangerous. All white flag and exhibit the white feather. Moreover, we have reforms should be constructive in their character: more no organization worthy of the name. Men are taken singleespecially ecclesiastical reforms; otherwise evil instead of handed, alone and isolated; and one after the other they fall good naturally flows from them.

a prey to the astute enemy. In truth we are drifting, no one The work of the Catholic party has now advanced to a exactly knows why, and certainly no one precisely knows where. point when dangers of a very grave nature stare us in the Instead of fighting a winning battle, in which each stands face. Men know of their existence, but refuse to look at side by side with the other, where generosity is uppermost and them. Men everywhere have a presentiment of their coming, cordial co-operation powerful, we are being treated as the but take no steps to avert their evil. We are in no degree aggressive stragglers of a retreating host. The enemy has prepared for that altered state of affairs which another ten or learnt our weakness, marked our disorganization, noted that twenty years of miscalled “Liberal” policy will surely bring our great generals are either arrant cowards or feebly incomabout. The ill-omened prophets of change, foreign importa- petent, and so prepares, with a good heart and certainty of tions, preachers of disestablishment and tools of the Libera- success, for the final struggle. In that struggle, Dissent, tion Society, are verily more blind than bats. The policy of Protestantism or whatever it is called, will speedily develope these same prophets is of a hand-to-mouth character. There into a repulsive Deism ; and men will live to find that our is nothing broad nor far-sighted in it, and after it is too late once great National Church of England-unless a nobler to reverse it, -men will cry out bitterly because of the evil it policy of construction be adopted—has been broken up into will have wrought. We need not stay to prove onr point. a variety of grotesque sects, the chief of which will soon, Let men only mark the signs of the times and they will see self-defence, become absorbed into the Churcb of Rome. more than enough to enable them to note our dangers. Take for example the pestilent and scandalous Burials' Bill of Mr. Osborne Morgan. This Bill, though besmeared with Mr.

THE CHURCH AND CHRISTIANITY. William Baird's beautiful butter-brush, is one of the most uncalled-for and iniquitous measures every proposed to Parlia- WORDS and names in common use have all a tendency to ment. Those who have time to study its clauses and pro- lose their proper definite signification, and to be used so as to visions can see this for themselves. In every country parish include other meanings not strictly connoted by the term its action will be disastrous. The Political Dissenter, radiant employed. The natural result of this is that the ideas of with cant and noisome with insolence, will become an efficient those who use the words become clouded and misty ; and and disagreeable thorn in the Parson's side. An entry into other notions entering into the mind, the original meaning of the Churchyard, sanctioned by law, will soon lead to an entry the term is positively lost. This is the case with the word into the Church. How will this suit our superfine High “Church." Formerly this word had a very definite and

” Church Radicals ? How will this be relished by the superior exact signification ; it meant a certain society instituted and and patent worshippers of the great "People's William ?” founded by our Lord, with its proper Officers, Rites and

“ Let them contemplate it for a while before it comes, in all Creed ; into which persons were admitted by one Sacrament, its bearing and details, and then the least unsensible of them and maintained their position and privileges therein by other may open their dulled eyes to the gravity of the situation. Sacraments, and by possessing a common Faith : its essential At present the sect in general is led by a few crafty leaders, outward and visible form was unity, preserved by confessing ever plotting and planning for the behoof of Mr. Gladstone, the common Faith, and participation in the common Sacra. always deluding their followers and hopelessly ruining the ments. It was a necessary idea that the Church is one, and general cause. We cannot,--look whichever side we will, - that one instituted by our Lord, that no other association or fail to mark that our party is drifting, drifting slowly but community has any claim to this title : no voluntary society, surely-into a position of the greatest gravity and the most founded and formed by man, could be a Church, even though serious danger.

such association professed to hold the true Creed, and claimed And while this goes on, sage men (as they regard themselves, to administer rites imitating the true Sacraments. and oft-times sensible on other subjects,) cant and gabble Now, however, a different meaning is attached to the word; about disestablishment of the Church of England being the it is now made to mean, not the community instituted by our

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Lord, but systems of theology ; the word Churches, in the we do not find that He ever alluded to, much less explained, plural, is used, not as in the New Testament to signify the mystery ef the Incarnation ; He spoke of His Death, His particular congregations of the faithful in various towns and Resurrection, and His Coming to Judgment. Our Lord's countries, all in communion with one another, and portions Sermon on the Mount, His Parables and Discourses were not of one Catholic Church, but separated bodies having their the laying down the doctrines of a new religion--of Chrisown particular forms of belief, and fashion of worship. In tianity--but were chiefly pointing out the line of conduct, the fact, the idea of One Catholic Church is ignored, and Chris- mode of life, which would ensure His favour in this world, tianity substituted for it. Very many persons have altogether and a place in His future Kingdom. It is on what He did ceased to believe in the Church of Christ, and have subst:- far more than on what He said, that the salvation of mankind tuted a belief in Christianity in its place. They look for hangs. He wrought out salvation in His own Person in His salvation through believing in a theological system, in the Life, in His Death, His Resurrection, and His Ascension ; but place of union and communion with Christ

, through His He did something more : He founded a Kingdom of Grace by Body, the Church. In a word, a philosophical and theological means of which these acts of His become so far the property, system is put in the place of the one Spiritual Body, the as it were, of each individual member, that they procure His Church of Christ. The idea upon which this way of speaking salvation. Our Lord did not found Christianity, by believing is founded is this, that the Bible is not only the source and which man is saved ; He founded the Church, as a Kingdom origin of all doctrine, but that all doctrine and all the faith of Grace in which union and communion with Him is is contained in its pages ; and that this volume is given to attained, and the members of that Kingdom participate in the world that men may gather from it all they are to His acts and life. This Kingdom is essentially necessarily a believe; and still further, that each reader of the Bible is | Kingdom of Grace, it is the means of communion with Himboth authorised and competent to extract this doctrine for self, and union among the members. Accordingly he insti. himself, without any external guide or teacher. In other tuted four Sacraments in His Church as means of communiwords, that God has made His revelation to men by means of cating grace to the members in general, and one to constitute a Book, and by that Book only; which Book each person is a Priesthood in particular ; Baptism, Absolution, the Eucharist, not only at liberty, but also is bound, to interpret for himself. Unction of the Sick, for all; Holy Order to constitute the This notion involves in it the necessary conclusion that truth Ministry—each Sacrament with its peculiar grace attached is entirely subjective and not objective. It is not that to it; they were to be the means by which His own acts, revealed Truth is one, and we are required to receive it as done for the salvation of mankind, were to be communicated coming from God ; but that we are to search it out for our to the faithful. Our Lord's teaching was chiefly taken up selves, draw it from the Bible by a system of induction ; in with enforcing Faith, Obedience, Charity. like manner as scientific men draw conclusions respecting Again, our Lord did not write a book, or command His pre-historic times by inspecting and comparing flint and disciples to write books, which should contain a Theological bronze implements of the primitive inhabitants of a system, and enunciate certain doctrines which were to be country, and the bones of extinct animals, which are found believed and accepted, and by believing and accepting which in caves, kitchen-middens, and later dwellings. For since salvation would be attained. He did not order a book to be we have no Creed in the Bible, we have no summary of written and flung among mankind for them to gather the true objective truth laid down, nor does this seem to have been doctrine of Himself, and of the way of salvation. On the the purpose of the writers of the New Testament; the con- contrary, He commissioned a certain order of men, He gave trast between the Creeds of the Catholic Church and the them Divine Gifts, and endowed them with supernatural New Testament is too obvious to need pointing out. Nowhere powers, and said, “Go ye into the world, and make converts is objective truth categorically stated; nowhere is the of all nations ; administer My Sacraments, and teach them doctrine of the Holy Trinity defined ; nowhere is consub- to observe all My precepts." He instituted His Church ; He stantiality of the Son and the Holy Ghost with the Father did not institute a theological system which we now call expressly affirmed: the nearest approach to a Creed is that Christianity. Contrast this with the Protestant idea of given by St. Paul, I. Cor., sv., 3 ; yet this goes not into such Christianity, as that instituted and taught by our Lord—the doctrines as the above, it only states certain facts in the life notion that all the means of salvation are comprehended in of our Lord. Even St. John's Gospel, the most doctrinal holding a certain set of doctrines, believing in a certain form of the four, never directly asserts either of the primary words. It the substitution of an intellectual process of truths respecting the Holy Trinity-for the Arians as well as the mind, for the spiritual one of the grace of God acting on the Catholics accepted his Gospel-nor were they defined or the soul ; one whereby man honours his own Saviour by laid down as necessary to salvation until the Council of Con- evolving in his own consciousness his scheme of salvation, stantinople, A.D. 381.

in the place of a spiritual union and communion This brings us to enquire what did our Lord teach ? and with the Head of the Body, the Church. This Protestant what do the Gospels teach ? According to modern notions, spirit, the substituting of intellectual for spiritual, the putting our Lord was the Founder of Christianity, of a religious and of a system in the place of Christ, is that against which St. theological system ; but we look in vain throughout our Paul so strongly warns the Colossians, that of being vainly Lori's teaching to find any such system, nor does the New puffed up by their fleshly mind, and not holding the Head, Testament ever speak of such a system as we call Chris- from which all the body, by joints and bands having nourishtianity. Our Lord taught His disciples to believe in Himself, ment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the inIlimself as God Incarnate, as having died and risen, and Who crease of God.” In a word, it is that system of Gnosticism will come to judge the world—He taught belief in a Person, which is so continually denounced by St. Paul, and which not in a system ; in certain acts, not certain words, and this was the bane of the Church in her earliest days. teaching the Apostles carried out; they taught " Jesus and the Resurrection; St. Paul proclaimed to the Athenians

MARRYING YOUR SISTER. that God hath appointed a day, in the which He will judge the world in righteousness by that Man whom He hath We almost feel that an apology is due to our readers for ordained; whereof He hath given assurance unto all men, in taking up their time and attention with this subject. Yet it that He hath raised Him from the dead.” This belief in our does not seem right to let the second reading of the Sisters' Lord's Person involved, of course, a belief in His being the Marriage Bill be mentioned as an item of news only, when we Son of God in some wonderful but unexplained manner, for' feel that the strongest protest should be made, not against

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this Bill alone, but against the whole system on which this

Reviews of Books. bit-by-bit legislation is being conducted. For it presupposes and takes for granted a theory of marriage which is not the TAE CHURCH AND THE AGE-ESSAYS ON THE PRINCIPLES Christian theory. The true Scriptural account of marriage is

AND PRESENT POSITION OF THE ANGLICAN CHURCH. Edited very simple, "they twain shall be one flesh; so then they

by Archibald Weir, D.O.L., and William D. Maclagan, are no more twain, but one flesh.” And this union is intimate

M.A. (London : Murray. 1870.) (Continued from page 436.) and lasting as that between Christ and His Church.

Now, if husband and wife are one flesh, the sisters of the Essay VII.: Liturgies and Ritual.—Mr. Sadler's Essay is wife are the sisters of the husband, and he ought no more to and therefore requires more particular examination than the

no doubt intended to be the most important in this collection, think of marrying one of them than he would of committing others. It only touches upon one aspect of the Eucharistic incest with his own naturally born sister. It is curious that our Dissenting friends who will not accept the authority of Rite, viz., the Sacrificial

. It treats of it as the great act of the Church, cannot see the force of such a plain logical worship of the Catholic Church, and not in the further one inference. Surely any one who studies bis Bible ought to this is the aspect of the Rite which at this present day

of actual participation. We do not complain of this, for be aware that a union in which there is no religion, nothing needs the most explanation. sacramental, and which is dissoluble at pleasure, cannot be starting, that Mr. Sadler is quite imcompetent to undertake

We must say, however, at true Christian matrimony, of which St. Paul said that it was the work of explanation, for he evidently does not understand

, “ between the Church and her Head. Of course the opposite

his subject. Some time ago he published a work called or secular theory of marriage utterly ignores its sacredness showed a deficiency of proper understanding of the Priest

.

* Emmanuel," a treatise on the Incarnation, in which he It is reduced to be no more than a mere civil contract between hood of Christ. In this Essay he manifests the same. two persons of different sexes who agree to live together, should recommend him, before he writes again, to study whilst the State, on condition of this contract being registered carefully Dean Jackson's works, especially Book VIII. A comin a prescribed form, decrees that their children shall be considered legally born or legitimate

, and entitled to participate prehension of the writings of that profound Divine-whom, in their property if they die intestate ; which privileges they by the way, Bishop Ellicott, in his Essay, ranks with Pearsonwould not enjoy if the contract had not been duly made and would very much enlarge Mr. Sadler's ideas, and save him registered. Religion has no more to do with the matter than from falling again into the blunders he has made in his Essay. it has with the lease of a bouse; and what

He lays down with perfect truth the fact that the Eucharistic shall be

persons held competent to enter into it, whether any degrees of Office was the only act of public worship known in the relationship shall be considered an obstacle, or a third person Apostolic and Primitive Church :

, admitted into the contract (i.e. bigamy tolerated) becomes nected the celebration of the Lord's Supper with acts of thanksgiving

All Churches, or bodies of Christian men, have, with one consent, conpurely a matter of State policy, or perhaps we should rather and praise. The earliest forms of Christian worship were all Communion say for police regulation.

offices, containing certain definite acts of praise and prayer, which, whilst This is the theory honestly professed and acted upon in differing, more or less, in their language, are still substantially the same, several Protestant countries, where the Government of the and what is still more remarkable, appear almost always in the same

order in different liturgies. In all these liturgies, without exception, day acts as a species of Pope, and grants dispensations, by sacrificial language is applied to the celebration. which a man may marry his niece, or an aunt her nephew; Contrast this with what he says further on :whilst married couples who are dissatisfied with each other In the sacrifices of the Law there was either the taking away of life, are divorced by mutual consent, upon the allegation of or the destruction, total or partial, of the thing offered. In the great incompatibilité des meurs. Englishmen are not prepared for anti-typal Sacrifice—the only real and true Sacrifice for all sin-there this sort of thing yet; no member of the House of Commons

was death, accompanied by the greatest conceivable self-sacrifice : for the would be suffered even to bring in a Bill which should enact it. This was His sacrifice, immeasurably sacrificial in the sense of self-sur

Life Himself became obedient unto death, even the death of the Cross. Yet a majority is found to affirm the principle of which this render and self-abasement, so that there is no roon for any other is the legitimate development. Of course they do not under expiatory sacrifice whatsoever. stand what they are about, or perceive the full bearing of

The Bible knows of no sacrifice in which nothing is parted with, what they are asked to do. A few of the 184 are doubtless which there was no act of immolation, only words said over the victim,

nothing consumed. A rite—no matter how solemn and mysterious-in quite prepared to accept all these consequences, and would and in which nothing is surrendered, could not be called a sacrifice. gladly see these “liberal” marriage laws in full play here. Now, celebrate the Eucharist as we will, we cannot make it in the

More still are political Dissenters, who would vote for remotest degree to resemble any of the things which ordinary Englishmarriage with a deceased wife's mother, or any one else, if it men, taught by their Bibles, call sacrifices. were forbidden by the Church, and utterly repulsive to the

Again :

Now let a man talk ever so unreservedly about the Eucharist being a feelings of Churchmen. But the great bulk of the majority "real"«proper ”“propitiatory” sacrifice, he can be at once brought down are worshippers of expediency, and smitten with the Liberal to the sober level of the above words, by simply asking the two questions, craze. They voted for the Bill because its promoters call it a

• Would our Lord have offered a true, real, and propitiatory sacrifice, if “ liberal measure,” and because Mfr. Gladstone did so; in He Himself had not suffered Death ? and, Does He suffer death afresh spite of the masterly exposure of its true character by Sir every time the Eucharist is celebrated ? Roundell Palmer, which left the measure without a leg to of his own raising, and stumbling against blocks which he

Here it is evident that the writer is groping about in smoke All that is left for right-thinking persons to do, whether has placed for himself ;, for these two questions, as we shall they be Anglicans, Roman Catholics, or Nonconformists, is

see presently, are irrelevant to the subject. His blunders

increase as he advances : to petition the House of Lords as numerously as possiblealike to strengthen the hands of the Upper House in throwing the nature of the Presence.

The reality of the Sacrifice of the Eucharist in no way depends upon

The real objective Presence may out the Bill, and to convince them that the so-called “ move- add intensity to the memorial act, but nothing to the idea of sacrifice. . ment of opinion," by which the Sisters' Marriage Bill is said The true sacrificial character of the whole act is to be found in the by the Premier to have been sustained, is a movement as real true, significance of the word ávåuvnois, “Do this in remembrance of

Me,” or rather, “ for My Memorial.' and important as the march of hired supernumeraries at a play

No one, unless he believes that Christ can die over and over again -a movement promoted and paid for by those who have already can hold that the sacrificial action of the Eucharist is in its essence more broken the law, and in no sense representing the feeling or than commemorative, and no one can hold that it is less. the judgment of the English people.

Here, then, we have the latest enunciation of the Anglican

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School, as distinguished from the Catholic, on the all-im- at the altar, by arguing that the altar having been turned the portant subject of the Holy Eucharist ; and what does it the other way in Puritan days, retained, on its return to its amount to ? Why, nothing more or less than the merest proper position, the term north as applied to the front. Calvinistic theory of a figure of something absent (which, by cannot say that, though he adduces many statements as to the way, even our Homilies condemn), and a bare, naked the changes which took place, we think this the true solution. memorial! The language of the Apostles, of the Primitive Unless strong evidence of intentional deviation can be proLiturgies, of the Prayer Book itself, is unreal, figurative, non- duced, the probability always lies in favour of our Rubrics natural, when it speaks of a sacrifice in the Eucharist ! Wo being a translation of older ones. We are, therefore, disposed are to renounce all these, and to go to the school of Calvin to accept in this instance Dr. Littledale (untrustworthy though and Geneva for our Faith!

he often is in matters of history) as affording us the true To the two questions Mr. Sadler asks, we can give most solution. A little book published in 1701, entitled The plain and categorical answers. Our Lord would not have Divine Banquet, which we lately saw, contains a quaint made a real propitiatory sacrifice unless he suffered death ; and engraving, in which the Priest is represented as kneeling He does not suffer death at every Celebration of the Eucharist. before the altar at the north side, just where, now-a-days, We can only express our profound astonishment at Mr. those who have escaped from the unnecessary position of the Sadler's supposing that the latter is necessary to the reality of Puritan times, place themselves. the Eucharist sacrifice. Had he understood the nature of our Lord's Priesthood and of sacrifice, he would have taken We have already favourably noticed The Gospel Story care not to have confounded two things distinctly separate. (Hodges : London). Part 4, which is now out, begins with

In the Levitical Law there are many sacrifices which did the Sermon at Nazareth, which is followed by the Ministry not require the death of a victim, e.g., the Minchah, or in Galilee, in treating of which we regret to observe that the offering of flour; the scapegoat was not put to death. In popular mistranslation which confuses demons with devils is bloody sacrifices, it was not the death that made propitiation, allowed to remain uncorrected. It is greatly to be regretted, but the blood (Levit. xvii. 11.); neither was it necessary that as the consequence of such want of accuracy is that people the whole victim be consumed with fire ; in the Passover, lose the idea of Satan's individuality, and are so led on to deny that which especially typified the Eucharist, it was only the his existence. Further on we find some excellent remarks refuse that was burnt. The Crucifixion on Calvary was not, on the second table of the Mosaic law, and the part ends in strictly speaking—the Atonement; it was, as Dean Jackson the middle of the Lord's Prayer. Plainly and forcibly written, shows, the consecration of our Lord to the everlasting Priest- the parts will form a valuable commentary for distribution

the Atonement, the propitiation, was made when our among poor and unlearned persons. Lord entered into Heaven, forty-two days after, as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews shows (Heb. ix. 25 et. seq.), since We can cordially recommend University Tests and their that propitiation could be made only by a Priest, and our Lord Abolition, a Letter to Sir J. D. Coleridge, by a Non-University was not fully consecrated Priest until the Resurrection. In the Man. It puts in the clearest light the real intention of those great Temple in Heaven, our Lord executes two functions, who founded and endowed the Universities in order to prothat of High Priest, and that of Victim, the Lamb “as it vide means for the promotion of religion ; and, further, it had been slain,” not dead but living. To ask, as Mr. Sadler makes it evident that the State never endowed them at all, do if He suffer death afresh every Eucharist ? is really as full particulars are here given from authentic records. to ask too foolish a question to need an answer. Now what our great High Priest is doing in Heaven, His

PERE FELIX AT NOTRE DAME. lower Priests are doing on Earth : it is the same Priesthood and the same Sacrifice; as He in Heaven offers up His own The subject of Père Felix's Fifth Conference was “The Infallibility Body and Blood, so do His Priests on Earth ; consequently, of the Authority of the Church.", the real objective Presence is absolutely necessary for the

What then is Infallibility ?” he said. “A help-nothing but a Sacrifice, otherwise it could not be in any way the Body and prevent her from defining and affirming as true, that which is false, or, as

help; it is an effective assistance, promised and given to the Church, to Blood of Christ which are offered.

false that which is true; that is, in the sphere in which she ought to Again, if we are to beliere the author of the Epistle to the move, to make every error impossible in dogma and morality, in the interHebrews, we must see that our Lord is “a Priest for ever;" that pretation of her own constitution, and in the essential conditions of her “He is consecrated for evermore

own government. (vii. 28). Further, “it is

“The necessity of this great religious truth is the strongest argument of necessity that this man have somewhat to offer” (viii. 3). for its existence. You who admit the necessity of a religion; you, Here we have two things laid down; that there can be no especially, who believe in the truth of Christianity, you ask, why we Priest without a Sacrifice, and that our Lord is a Priest for teach the sovereign dogma of Infallibility? But we ask you, how and evermore and has an equally perpetual sacrifice; which be divine-a Christianity to be true, which does not believe itself, and

why we could teach anything else, and how you conceive a religion to Sacrifice is His own Body and Blood; and further still, that proclaim itself, infallible ? the Holy Eucharist is His Body and Blood, and, therefore, This point in our religion is so fundamental--this element is so that Body and Blood is the offering made in the Eucharist; primitive and constituent, that a Christianity declares itself false by this

; and this fact shows the necessity of there being a real objective infallible, you say. You profess to believe that you may be mistaken

You are not

fact alone, that it does not declare itself infallible. Presence in the Eucharist.

that you may teach me error, or that, at least, you have no means to There are many more points in Mr. Sadler's Essay which we guarantee to me infallibly, the possession of truth. To preserve in my had marked for censure

, but as they nearly all depend on his soul the truth and the whole truth; to defend it against the mixture of erroneous conception of the prime mystery, we may be spared then ; you are not the true religion, you are not true Christianity. :.

every error, you have not a word which esteems itself Infallible ? Retire, the labour of pointing them out.

" You say, What is the use of an exterior living authority pro claimed infallible? We have a book, this book in reality bears in its

oracles the Infallibility of God.' And you believe in this way to have
Literary Notices.

solved the problem ? The problem becomes more complicated, the solu-
tion recedes, and it will recede for ever. Ab! the Infallibility of God;

if you hold it in your hands I understand you ; but who here below will The North Side of the Altar : What it was, by W. E. give to man the infallible means of making the Infallibility of God Scudamore, Rector of Ditchingham (Rivingtons : London), proceed from the depths of Scripture? Who does not perceive that it

is to appeal to the Infallibility of God, in order to discover in an obscure is a clever attempt by this eccentric writer to settle the vexed text the Infallibity of God? A closed circle, which does not leave to question of the Rubrics in regard to the position of the Priest your reason any issue from whence to escape. "Scripture, Scripture, here

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is my infallible oracle.' What! an obscure book, a dead book, a book judging, as the divine Master, in her divine and infallible authority, tanwhich is not an oracle. proclaimed to be the sole and infallible oracle? quam potestatem habens, with the inexhaustible sense of her divinity, and Ah! if the oracle suffices to solve every problem, and to decide every with the invincible conviction of her Infallibility. question, why, thon, under the dominion of this oracle do we behold the “ Nothing gentlemen, is greater, because nothing is more impossible in spectacle of perpetual and universal division ? To cite one example the history of mankind. Thus does the Church march through the only, among a thousand, whence comes it, that in presence of this world, preserving from the point of view in which we stand, an attitude divine text, Hoc est Corpus Jleum, “This is My Body,' whence comes which is not human. This conviction, this promise, this exercise of her it that the oracle which said yesterday • It is the reality of My Body,' Infallibility, she maintains, then, without hesitating without dissays to-day, .It is the figure, it is the memorial, it is the symbol of My simulating, without yielding. The world doubts her Infallibility: she Body.' Whence comes it that each sect which questions the infallible says, without being moved, I believe in it,' and she passes by. The book upon this point receives a new oracle every day? How is it that this world denies her Infallibility, and she says, without dissimulating any. same and divine infallibility affixes its seal to so many contradictory thing, 'I affirm it,' and she passes by. The world rebels against her opinions and doctrines? Ah! the Infallibility of Scripture ; who, then, Infallibility, and she replies, without bending even before threats, even is quite certain of carrying it away with him, among all these complicated before force, even before death, 'I am infallible, and she passes by. labyrinths of religious thought, where errors conflict with errors, where she passes through all these doubts—she passes through all these agitasects strive with sects and systems with systems ? Is it Luther? Is it tions-she passes through all these rebellions. It is like the march of Calvin ? Is it Bucer? Is it Zwingle? Is it this Synod or that? Is divinity traversing the abode of man, having a divine look to embrace it this Confession or that ?

all that is true, a divine word to affirm all that is true, a divine action to “ Moreover, one fact, absolutely certain, commands the whole of this defend all that is true ; and one can say of her far better than of the question, and reduces the Infallibility of Scripture as the Sovereign rule goddess in the fable, Incessu patuit Dea. She marches on, and her of Faith, to nothing. The Christian Church existed previously to the eye casts forth beams which illuminate all horizons; she speaks, and her Evangelical Scriptures. Before the appearance of the Gospels, the words strike blows which cause all errors to totter and die; she acts, and Church not only exists, but she teaches, she dogmatises, she judges, she her action is a royalty which governs the whole empire of truth, and decides, she condemns, she even fulminates. Well, was the Church then which makes in truth the harmony of intelligences: she judges, she Infallible? Yes or no? If she was not, Christ, Who had promised to defines, she condemns, and the chaos of errors retires before her ; she is her the immortality of His presence, and the perpetuity of His assist the perpetual fiat lur of truth, making all darkness to flee, and all light ance, repudiated her then, in the first days of her life? He was to be to shine forth.” with her even to the end, yet He was not from the very commencement. We must conclude our short extracts from this Conference with the But if the Church was already infallible, then what does this infallibility Father's peroration :of the Scripture signify, when there were no Scriptures ? And what is “Oh, Holy Catholic Church, indeed thou art not human! On whatthis supreme arbitration of the Gospel, then, when it is plain to all there ever side we regard thee, the rays of the Divine escape from thee, and was no Gospel ? Before there was a single Evangelical text-before shine with their natural brilliancy to every pure and simple eye. But of one word was written—the Church was divinely constituted. Well all these rays which enlighten thy divinity, one of the most brilliant, remarks the illustrious Malebranche, •Every society divinely constituted, without contradiction, is that of Thy Divine Infallibility, nothing human supposes Infallibility.

having ever been able to assume in humanity this attitude of the infal“And if it is to the Gospel that you appeal as to the sole Infallible lible ; this attribute of Divinity communicated to thee alone by the authority, then why do you not believe in its words, revealing to you in Christ God, thy divine spouse. I am not, then, surprised at the profound its purest and highest light the creation of an infallible authority? Ah! emotion which this Divine privilege excites everywhere at all times, and tu es Petrus is there, the non prævalebunt is there, the ecce ego vobiscum especially to-day, and I understand the noise made throughout the sum is there. “Go and teach all nations, and behold, I am with you world by this name alone, which is given thee—the Infallible ! till the end of the world. Who says this, I beg you ? The Gospel. But in proportion as this name makes the impotent jealousy of the And to whom are these divine promises addressed? Is it to the Gospel immortal adversary to rage, does the confiding affection of all those who itself? No; a thousand times no. These words have no sense, but as love thee find a charm in pronouncing it. On, Mother, in this valley of addressed to the men, whom Christ sends to teach, to establish, to govern; shadows through which we are passing, in this land of errors which we and if He does not give them the privilege of Infallibility; if, bearing inhabit, it is sweet to us-yes, sweeter than I shall ever be able to the word which teaches, they can even once mingle error in it instead of express—to place our hand in thine; better still to repose upon thy truth, then what signifies to this Society which can thus be deceived, the breast, and to say to each other as we traverse the present and look perpetuity of His presence and the permanence of His succour?

forward to the future:- Brethren, do not fear, we have a mother who “Here, sirs, I venture to appeal to your vulgarest reason, and to your cannot be deceived, and who, through all the obscurities of this exile, most ordinary common sense-if these words do not mean I shall be bears us onward with a sure march and a step that can never fail, into with you to prevent you from erring in that universal instruction whose the country of light.' Mission I have imposed upon you,' what do they mean, I ask you ? The sixth and last Conference on “Infallibility in Pontifical AuthoAnd if they do not give Infallibility, I demand what do they pretend to rity,"—the vexed question of the day-contained the usual Ultramongive? Assuredly, the Gospel here meant to say something. Well, the tane arguments for the personal Infallibility of the Pope.

It was Gospel, which cannot be wrong, and cannot be deceived, says to you, extremely clever and well argued throughout, but as so much has been by the voice of evidence which surrounds it on all sides, that Christ written on this subject, it would scarcely be interesting to the English willed to create an authority which could no more be deceived than the reader. Gospel and Himself. O you, then, who appeal to the Gospel, as the sole The ceremony of the General Communion of men presented on Easter infallible jndge, listen to the oracle of the Gospel, which says clearly Day at Notre Dame the same consoling spectacle as in previous years. to you, Christ in creating the Church-has created an infallible at 7.30 a.m., Mass was celebrated by Père Felix. Then, during the authority.'

singing of hymos, the Communion was administered simultaneously by "Have you not perceived, gentlemen, in men who esteem themselves five Priests to several thousand men of all conditions and of every age. what they call Freethinkers, a prodigious desire of imposing on others After Mass and the saying of the Te Deum, Père Felix pronounced an the empire of their thought? And whom have you met in the world eloquent allocution on unity from the text, “ One heart and one souh” more violent in the claim of their own Infallibility? Here is a man who revolts against the idea of there being on the earth an institution claiming in the name of God, an infallible authority over human intelli

IRELAND gence! Try to make him understand that perhaps he is wrong; that after all a privilege is rigorously possible, and that the

(From a Correspondent.) Church has proofs of her divine investiture. He has decided

On Tuesday, April 26, there was a meeting of the Irish Church at the tribunal of his reason, that there cannot be any divine Society at eight in the evening. Rev. C. Dowman read a paper adducing authority there. He cannot be wrong, he is certain of it, he says—abso- arguments against the notion of the Papal Infallibility from the history lutely certain. He cannot be deceived even against the testimony of of the first tắree centuries. more than a hundred millions of men, who still, at the present day, are On Wednesday evening, April 27, All Saints' Choral Festival oame off. not of his opinion. Thus, by an irony of logic, and by a revenging First there was Choral Service in Church, and then a concert and reading contradiction, every inveterate enemy of the Infallibility of the Church in the schoolroom. There were solos, duets, quartets, and glees, which retorts forcibly upon himself, and finishes by proclaiming himself were all much applauded. Rev. Henry Hogan deserves to be congratuinfallible.

lated on his successful management of the choir. “Look through our long and luminous history, and in the stations

On the afternoon of Tuesday, May 3, at four o'clock, Rev. A. Dawson which, through the course of 20 centuries mark the various stages of (St. Bartholomew's) delivers the first lecture of a series on popular objecher conquering march--seek for an epoch, less than that,for a day, for tions to the Prayer Book. an hour, in which the Church has ceased to act as infallibile, to judge, to define, to condemn as infallible : seek in this lorg duration, a moment,

On Monday evening. May 9, Mr. Moore will read a paper before the for the very shortest moment, in which our Church, divinely infallible, Trinity College Theological Society against Priestly Absolution. has appeared to doubt her Infallibility. I affirm that you will not find A great storm has been raised by the Archbishop of Dublin's manly it.. Ah! what must be shown you here is not this or that fact-it is the letter. It is commonly said that it has caused the loss of many thousand unique, the immense, the perpetual and universal fact of the Church pounds to the Irish Church. Catholics, however, consider that the Faith

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