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The 'prentices fell back to give the players why? Because there is not one of you city space; the crowd pressed eagerly on the louts could dare to hurl bar or bend bow with barrier.

a knave who carried the king's badge.” The two men-well matched in all respects “ Measure your words, fair sir,” said Sher-surveyed each other for a moment with a ring, or some of the boys may slice your satisfaction that could not be concealed : thon tougue out before you quit us.” the play began,

It was plain enough that the feliow was not The pastime of quarterstaff was certainly himself. He swayed a little in trying to rather a rough and dangerous amusement for stand firm, and said those who indulged in it: it wanted a firm “Let me see the man who says so-point stand, a strong arm, a quick eye, and an apti- him out to me—and by all the saints in the tude for taking some astounding blows with calendar, I'll make him dance to his own out minding them. The result was generally music.” a broken pate on the one side, sometimes on I

say so,"

” said Nick. both sides. But Nick and the Yeoman of the "I say so," quoth the Yeoman. King's Guard—for such by his attire he The 'prentices drew closer ; the crowd ontseemed to be—were well matched. The Buffe- side pressed hard upon the barrier. tier played, not with the haste and warmth “And I say you lie-you Master Nick of of a tyro, but with great skill and ingenuity, the Fustian Doublet, and you Master Redcoat cleverly parrying every blow, but trying in -I say it to your teeth.” vain to catch his opponent off his guard. At The Yeoman laughed a great laugh as he length, after “hammering away for some stepped toward the tipsy meddler; and before time, Nick threw down his staff.

that gentleman knew what was going to “We may clatter till Michaelmas,” he said, happen, lifted him by the collar about six “and leave off sound. You're a lad of wax, inches from the ground, and shook him as he Master Yeoman, and worthy to wear the might have shaken a snarling cur. king's livery : your haud.”

“There," said he, when, amid a roar of “And thou art a proper fellow," quoth the laughter, he set him down, red and panting; Yeoman warmly, shaking him by the hand. 'there : go you to the conduit now and get

• By St. Paul, I have heard much of what a drink of water, then home with you, or you London 'prentices can do with your clubs, yon'll lodge in the Compter to-night, and sit but I never thought to find my match—nay, in the stocks to-morrow.” almost my master-within the city walls.” The man, without a word, sprang upon him

“Some of these lads,” said Nick, “could like wild beast. As he lifted his hand to show thee that we can hurl the bar and twang strike at the same instant, a steel blade was a bowstring deftly, were the occasion and the

seen to glance in the light, aud there was a place fitting.”

sudden cry from the people. At that moment “And why not fitting ?” said a harsh voice, the barrier gave way, and the crowd rushed, as a man none the better for the wine he had like a pent-up sea that had broken its boude been drinking entered the enclosure. He was daries, all over the enclosure. The Yeoman above the middle height ; his countenance and his assailant struggled fiercely togeiher, unprepossessing, without being ugly ; his for the man seemed to be gifted with supersmall grey eyes, peering forth from under human strength, and to be resolved on using protruding brows, gave an expression of cun- it. The sound of martial music, and the niug to his face that was anything but plea- broad glare of light coming onwards from the sant. He wore a murrey-coloured doublet, Leadenhall Granary, divided the attention of on the right arm of which was the gilded the crowd, the bells from every city church badge of the bonse of Wanisted. Instead of crashed ana elanged in joyful peals; and the leaping the barrier, as Nick and the Yeoman shouts of the people became deafening. Sherhad both done, he ducked his head and bent ring, by the sudden influx of the crowd, bad his back, and came under the rail. "And been swept away to some distance from the why not fitting ?” said he. “Shall I tell you sceue of the strugglu; those close at hand offered no assistance, thongb there was a cry bands, who served as the pioneers of the raised for the watch, and for clubs and 'pren- procession, were endeavouring energetically to tices. Everything was in disorder as the clear the road. The cressets, torches, and Yeoman and his assailant wrestled together. lanterns of the officers, brightly illuminated Everybody felt that the Yeoman must get the the space around, exhibiting, in picturesque best of it, but for the rascal's knife. Suddenly confusion, the glittering and gorgeous civic the Yeoman missed his footing, and fell at cavalcade--the famous Marching Watch. the mercy of his foe. A moment more and “To the Compter with both knaves,” cried the knife would have been sheathed in his the officer of the watch ; "they shall taste body, when a horseman, spurring through the our civic hospitality to-morrow. Away with crowd, struck the assassin with his heavy them;" then riding rather recklessly amongst riding-whip, and bid him resist at his peril. the crowd, not careful as to whom his horse

Cowardly knave,” he said, “ thus to attack might overturn or trample, he cried out, an unarmed man like hireling assassin !" * Way for the mayor-way for his worship The rascal shrank from him.

the mayor !” “ He assaulted me, Master Quartermaine,” The procession came on; but the exeitehe said, in a surly, tone; "he began the ment and confusion were so great, that much brawl.”

of its glory was unheeded. There was the “Not a word, Colner ; my lord must know civic band—the mayor's own music-menof this.”

literally fighting their way with their brazen The Yeoman was on his feet in an instant. instruments through the crowd. Then came “Thanks for this timely help, Sir Stranger," the officers of the mayor, in parti-coloured he said. “We must not blame my gentleman liveries ; next, twenty picked men of the city here too much: he has seen the bottom of watch, carrying huge lanterns suspended frorn too many cups to-night to be quite him- poles, and borne on men's shoulders. Then the self; and perhaps the shaking I gave him sword-bearer, in a suit of mail, bearing the failed to sober him. Enough: my best thanks symbol of his office, followed by mounted are yours.”

pages, dressed iu doublets of red and white All this time the officers had been in damask. Next came the worshipful mayor vain endeavouring to clear the road for the himself, on horseback, and wearing a gown of approaching pageant. One of the mounted crimson velvet, the collar of S.S., the Rose officials, forciug his way to the scene of the and Portcullis, and other badges of his civic disturbance, rated everybody in no measured | dignity. He was immediately followed by a terms.

giant of wondrous wild and terrible appearance, “So, these are the brawling varlets; these a man of lath and canvas, supported by four are the rogues who make the worshipful or five men inside :. men who had as much as mayor to wait their pleasure ! Away with they could do to keep the giant perpendicular. them to the Compter! Marry, but the city is After the giant came more of the mounted no bear-garden ; we must make an example of pages; then auother pageant, so very alle. the knaves. Sir-you in the king's livery- gorical that nobody but its deviser knew what arrest him, officers ! ”

it meant, and it was hinted that he was not Two of the officers attempted to do the sure about it. Then came two hundred and bidding of their chief.

forty more of the city watch, bearing lanterns. “Ha! George!” cried the Yeoman ; and, Just then the Yeoman was roughly hauled with a heavy blow, he levelled the foremost past the spot where the captain of the officer to the ground. But others pressed watch was busy. The light of the torches fell upon him; in vain he resisted; by force of upon his face, and as the captain gazed on it, numbers he was overpowered, struggling in his own turned deadly white. his captors' grasp

“Let go your hold, knaves!” he cried. The pageant of the city watch had now “Mercy on me, what have I done ? It's the fought its way through the crowd as far as king's own majesty!" the pavilion; and the body of the trained The king ! the king !" shouted the officer.

“ The king!” roared the 'prentices; “the very archers — London's pride — with their king! the king !” The sound was borne op bows bent and sheaves of arrows by their sides, and down the Chepe ; but the Yeoman, the received no shout of welcome, and not a cap moment the officers ceased to hold him, dived was tossed. in amongst the people, and was gone.

For every one knew the king was there; The mayor attempted to reach the spot ; and, according to their own accouuts, every one but all in vain. He spoke in his most magis- had seen him ; yet, so extraordinæry were their terial tones, but was quite unheeded; and so statements, that they could not all be true. the stately march was hustled on its way. The One credible wituess averred that not ten morrice dancers - an excellent company- minutes since he had seen the king, and knew danced in vain; the sheriffs—both popular him at a glance, disguised as a Dominican men--rode by without a single cheer; giants friar. Another equally credible witness was and dragons were of no more acconnt than ready to take oath that the king was mounted sheep and oxen. The mysterious pageant, on a hobby-horse in the procession. A third that had cost much money to the city, and was equally positive that the king had come sleepless nights to its iuventors, failed to in the disguise of an old woman; and as a excite wonder or to win admiration. The proof, he pointed ont a boxom matron at the Carabineers, in their embroidered fustian front of the pavilion, who turned out to be coats, the demi-lancers, in half armour, re- the wife of Doget, the sheriff. ceived no applause. The billmen met with While these rumours spread abroad, where the same fate; so did the halberdiers. The was the Yeoman ?



we, like the Eastern shepherd,
Catch a glimpse of paradise,
Where the lost sunshine of Eden

Dazzled even angel eyes ;
Then, in fancy's panorama,

Rise those haunting forms that start
From the corridors of memory,

Like embodied dreams of art.

GRIEVOUS wrong they do to Somnus,

Who would liken him to death; In his touch is no contagion,

Balm, not blight, was in his breath. His are orphans' prayers, not curses,

From Death's bondage he redeems Gentle friends whose smiles are sunshine

In the landscape of their dreams. In his goblet, filled from Lethe,

Lies the antidote of care, And the brows of Anger soften

When his ppy-wreath they wear. Sleep's a rock ’mid life's rough billows,

Where those rest who else would drown; Innocence on thorns can slumber,

Guilt can not respose on down. Though o'er velvet floors of pleasure

Time glides noiselessly, nor breaks Luxury's rosy dream, harsh footfalls

On Want's naked boards he makes. But the huvel to a palace

By this conjurer's wand is turned, And, cast off like Sinbad's ogre,

Cares that weigh us down are spurnel,

Then beneath his native palm-tree,

Free once more, the bondsman roves, And the beggar, like the sultan,

Roams all night through spicy groves.
Then for spoils by Time the miser

Hid, we plough the classic plain ;
Then the old live o'er their boyhood,

Shake down chestnuts in the lane.

And we, for the heart's herbarium,

Gather flowers in dreamland born,
Till the sky-lark, soaring to her

Golden window, wakes the morn.



the image of eternity-we should surely dive The blue, the fresh, the ever free!

into its depths with a sure anticipation that In the wear 1860. Dr. G. Hartwig prefaced and recesses are filled with things of interest Wonderz” with the enthusiastic words—“For How large is the sea ? The length of all years my daily walks have been upon the the coasts which form the boundary between beach, and I have learned to love the ocean as

sea and land can only be roughly estimated ; the Swiss mountaineer loves his native Alps, for who could measure with accuracy the or the Highlander the heath-covered hills of numberless windings of so many shores? The Caledonia. May these feelings have imparted entire coast line of deeply-indented Europe somie warmth to the following pages, and serve

and her larger isles measures about 21,000 to render the reader more indulgent to their miles, equal to the circumference of the earth; faults.” Unlike the worthy doctor, the present and the entire coast line of the globe amounts writer cannot boast an extensive personal to about 136,000 miles, which it would take acquaintance with the ocean and its in the best pedestrian full twenty-five years to habitants, though he hopes that he shares in

traverse from end to end. But the extent of some degree the enthusiasm. On the shore he coast line gives us little or no idea of the has been, and that not merely once or twice, amount of water on the globe, for the length and has seen enough to make him love the of coast might be greater, and the surface of subject, and to read with avidity what others

the ocean become less in consequence, as would have written about it; and the works of our happen if Britain were lifted a mile out of the naturalists and comparative anatomists are

water, and as does happen whenever Vulcan now themselves becoming like the ocean

throws up a new isle in the sea. However, of waters-voluminous and beautiful and full of

all the gods that divide the empire of earth, treasures inviting the dredge of the ex- | Neptune rules over the widest realms. If a plorer. For the benefit of my young readers, giant hand were to uproot the Andes, and cast I shall lower the dredging apparatus into both them into the sea, they would be engulfed in the natural and the literary waters, and regard the abyss, and scarcely raise the general level all as fish that comes to my net. Therefore, of the waters. The South American Pampas, to save myself endless trouble as I go on, and

bounded on the north by tropical palm-trees, also to guard against the commission of in

and on the south by wintry firs, are no doubt justice, I may as well apologise beforehand to of magnificent dimensions, yet these vast Gosse and Hartwig, to Lewis and Kingsley, to deserts seem insignificant when compared Forbes and Woodward and Agassiz, to Rymer with the boundless plains of earth-encircling Jones, to all other great authorities, for the

ocean. Nay, a whole continent, even America free use I shall make of their excellent works. or Asia, appears small against the immensity

How dearly đo Englishmen love the sea of the sea, which covers with its rolling waves Though born as far inland as their narrow nearly three-fourths of the entire surface of isle admits of, they snuff the salt-breeze, and

the globe. long to do battle with the billows;

Before we can estimate the volume of the “Others may use the ocean as their road,

ocean waters, we must ask—How deep is the Only the English make it their abode."

sea ? The first inquisitive navigators in the

good old times might indulge in surmises; To the Englishman the sea is a passion, and but only in these latter days could the question its fascination makes him reckless of the con- be answered. Until recent years, a continuous sequences. How magniticently grand does the series of soundings had been rendered difficult idea of ocean swell out in our imagination, by the fact of each sounding costing the ship when we consider that its various shores a fresh line; for however strongly the line was witness at one and the same time the rising made, when once out it could never be reand the setting of the sun, the darkness of covered. The Americans have invented a night and the full blaze of day, the rigour of mode by which the weight, on touching the winter and the smiling cheerfulness of spring! bottom, is detached, so that the line may be And how vast does our thought of it become drawn back with ease. In the North Sea, when we remember that “its waves have Lord Mulgrave sounded to the depth of 4,680 rolled above the cities of a world gone by,” feet without reaching bottom. Off the coast and that in its depths are hidden world on of Greenland, Captain Scoresby sounded with world of animated existence, strange and a line of 7,200 feet with the same result. The beautiful and wonderful! If we value the Baltic Sea has a depth of only 120 feet beocean because it bears our ships—if we admire tween the coasts of Germany and Sweden. it as being boundless, endless, and sublime, The Adriatic, between Venice and Trieste, has

a depth of only 130 feet. The Mediterranean ( rich rewards in this way, whether we scone is very deep, Captain Smith having sounded to the woods in quest of new insect marvels, or nearly 6,000 feet at the south of the coast of explore the beach in search of wonders from Spain. The depths of the Pacific have as yet the deep. Mr. Kingsley says there are along been very imperfectly explored; but sound- every sea-shore more things to be seen-and ings in the Atlantic have been so multiplied as those to be seen easily—than in any other field to enable the celebrated Maury to draw a map of observation which you will find in these which gives us, at least, a good general idea islands. And on the shore only will you have of the vales and mountain-chains, the shoals the enjoyment of finding new species of and abysses, of that great sea-bed. Between adding your mite to the treasures of science. Sierra Leone and Cape San Rogue the valley There is no reason why you should not be as of the Atlantic deepens in mid-ocean to successful as a friend of mine, who, with a 21,450 feet, gradually shelving up towards very slight smattering of science, and very both continents. Between 339 and 40° north desultory research, obtained last winter from latitude the plummet has been lowered to the the Torbay shores three entirely new species, depth of 30,000 and even 40,000 feet-more besides several rare animals which had occuthan equal to the elevation of the Himalaya pied all naturalists since the lynx-eye of mountains; but naval surveyors are of opinion Colonel Montague discerned them fifty years that the result may have been more or less ago. The art how to observe is, in our day deceptive, in consequence of a deflection of (says Mr. Timbs), taught by shoré lectures, in the line from the perpendicular by the drift- which Mr. Gosse and other naturalists take ing of the ship, or strong marine currents. their pupils along the shore, and there illus

Where the data are so uncertain, we need trate the specimens which the waves have not be surprised that philosophers have been thrown up; just as botanists go herborising puzzled to give us the figures representing the or rambling about for field flowers; or the actual quantity of sea-water, and that where members of the British Association make their they have attempted it, their estimates differ geological excursions; and a learned professor widely one from another. La Place, allowing | lectures in a cathedral upon its architectural 12 miles as the average depth of the ocean, glories. There is nothing like having inforcalculated the watery volume at 500,000,000 mation to hand, so that you may get it the cubic miles; while De la Mettrie, who very moment you want it; many an opportunity of sparingly allowed only from 1,200 to 1,500 getting it is lost for the trouble of stepping feet for this estimate, gives 12,000,000 cubic from one apartment to another to fetch the miles as the result.

book which contains it. In these great depths what treasures may

On the land with which we have some not lie! treasures of art and science, belonging acquaintance-we find a distribution of anito nations passed away; treasures of starry mals and plants. On crossing the Alps, for gems and burning gold, won from ten thou- instance, the well-known vegetable forms of sand royal argosies; treasures of pale, glisten- our native country leave us one after another; ing pearls and rainbow-coloured shells-bright | the beech, the fir, the oak, no longer meet the things which gleam unrecked of; treasures of eye, or appear but rarely, and of more stunted human life-high hearts and brave. These growth ; while in their stead, citron and olivelast must wait the trumpet of the resurrection; trees decorate the landscape; and, finally, on but the rainbow-coloured shells, the corallines, the shores of the Mediterranean the world of the deep-sea corals and sea-stars, must be palms begins to disclose its beauties. dredged up, and presented to the readers of We may cross the earth from pole to pole,

or follow the sun in its diurnal course; in all It would seem next to impossible to get at directions—from north to south, and from creatures that hide themselves away in ocean's east to west-nature will be found to change caves: but there are several helps offered by her garments as we proceed, and never to Providence to the persevering. Through the resume again those she has once cast off. influence of sun and moon the ocean waters The plants and animals of the temperate and rise and fall in tides, and thus twice in every cold regions of the north are different froin twenty-four hours, advancing and receding, those of the analogous regions in the southern they give opportunity for the observer to follow hemisphere ; and in the tropical zone each part the retiring waves, and examine the living of the world nourishes its peculiar inhabitants. treasures left behind. If he knows where to look Similar changes meet our eye as we ascend for them, how to see them when there, and from the plains to the suminits of high mounhow to secure them, he may fill jars and tains. At the foot of Etna flourishes the luxuphials with ease. Then there are nets and riant vegetation of a warmer sky—the paldredges, and it is a fortunate thing for us metto and the pomegranate, even the cotton that a large proportion of the dwellers in the shrub and the sugar-cane; higher up, the cool deep keep near the shore-as much so as the shade of magnificent chestnut-wood refreshes old mariners in the days before the compass. our path ; then follows the stately oak; until,

In most branches of science—at least, in finally, we attain the dreary height where all astronomy, natural philosophy, and chemistry vegetation ceases in the dreadful cold of an -it requires considerable talent, and even eternal winter. With every thousand feet we genius, to enable one to make discoveries. In rise above the level of the sea, we seem to natural history, however, we may look for ' have advanced nearer and nearer to the pole.

these pages.

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