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m of Franot Napoleo orwell.



A seaport of Kent.

An inland sea of Asia.
A river in North America.


Niger Waterloo
A river in Wales.

Owyhee Amazon
A free city of Germany.


A country in Africa.



A French town, the birthplace of Peter the

Aral Hermit.


Egypt A king of Ithaca, usually 'deemed the wisest

Niagara of the Greeks, that went to Troy.

A town in Russia, considered the third port.
A mathematician of Alexandria, who lived in

ANSWERS RECEIVED. the year B.C. 207.

How to make an Æolian Harp.—Let a box be A town in Italy, where Napoleon gained a

I made of thin deal, of a length exactly answerdecisive victory over the Austrians.

ing to the window it is intended to be placed. A town of Suffolk, on the Orwell,

four or five inches in depth, and five or six in The birthplace of Napoleon.

width. Glue on it, at the extremities of the top, A town of France with 40,000 inhabitants.

two pieces of beach, about an inch square, and XXXIX.

of length equal to the width of the box, which are REBUS.

to hold the pegs. Into one of these bridges fix The initials read downwards give the name of as many pegs, such as are used in a pianoforte, a province; the finals read upwards the country though not so large, as there are to be strings: it is in:

and into the other fasten as many small brass An evergreen.

pins. to which attach one end of the strings. An English possession in Asia.

Then string the instrument with small catgut, or A Roman Emperor.

first fiddle-strings, fixing one end of them, and A poisonous drug.

twisting the other round the opposite peg. These A serpent.

strings, which should not be drawn tight, must A bird.

be tuned in unison. To procure a proper pas. An ornament for the finger.

sage for the wind, a thin board, supported by G. ROBINSON. four pegs, is placed over the strings, at about XL.

three inches distance from the sounding-board DOUBLE ACROSTIC.

The instrument must be exposed to the wind. My first is used by the musician,

at a window partly open; and to increase the My second's known to the mathematician.

force of the current of air, either the door of the 1. A mass of water, wide and deep,

room, or an opposite window should be opened. 2. A cordial given to make you sleep,

When the wind blows, the strings begin to sound 3. A yankee river, broad and grand,

in unison ; but as the force of the current inThe Pope, when King John ruled the land. creases, the sound changes into a pleasing ad.

What we should do to the Fenian broil, mixture of all the notes of the diatonic scale, 6. Worn by men in service royal,

ascending and descending, and these often unite 7. A battle of seventeen forty-six,

in most delightful harmonic combinations.8. An Indian govenor in a fix,

Knights Cyclopædia of Industry. 9. In Asiatic Turkey a flourishing town,

H. SEYMOUR ATKINSON. 70. A fanatic, who struck a French king down.

G. W. T.

Answers also from D. W. Meeking, TullaghXLI.

garly, Dane Smith, Errard, Brighton, Neil J. REBUS.

A. Calman.
I consist of ten letters.

What was the Origin of the Star Chamber 1, A river of England.

The Court of the Star Chamber, so called, beMy 2, 9, 5, A covering.

cause the roof was originally painted with stars: My 3, 3, 4, A common fish.

or more probably because the contracts and ob7, 3, A narrow road.

ligations of the Jews, before their banishment My 5, 8, 3, A distinguishing adjective.

under Edward I., which were called Stars, from My 6, 9, 5, A common herb.

a corruption of the Hebrew word sheltar, a codeMy 7, 3, 5, Sometimes used by cricketers.

nant, were kept in chests in the king's exMy 8, 3, 9, 5, Sometimes very oppressive. chequer.

JOIN F. E. DOVASTON. My 9, 7, 7, A'Christian name.

Origin of a Baker's Dozen.-Baker's dozen, My 10, 9, 7, The noblest of beings.

fourteen, that number of rolls being allowed to My whole is a town in England famous for its

purchasers of a dozen.-Grose's Classical Dictionmineral waters.

ary of the Vulgar Tongue.

John F. E. Dovaston. SOLUTIONS OF PUZZLES IN NO. 43.

Why is the paper called foolscap so called, and

what is the origin of it 1-Why the paper is XXVII.

called “foolscap" is this, when Charles I. CÆSAR.

found his revenues short, he granted certain Case--race Sara-rase-care-arc-ace.

privileges, amounting to monopolies; and among XXVIII.

these was the manufacture of paper, the excluPLATO.

sive right of which was sold to certain parties, Lap-Lot-tap-plot-lop--top-pot-at. | who grew rich, and enriched the government at

the expense of those who were obliged to use cliffe Common, near Sheffield, Yorkshire, after paper. At this time all English paper bore in being executed at York, for the robbery of the water marks the Royal Arms. The Parliament mail.coach, which travelled from Sheffield to under Cromwell made jests of this law in every Doncaster, was last week dug out of the ground. conceivable manner; and among other indignities It is solid oak, perfectly black, and quite to the memory of Charles, it was ordered that sound, though embedded in the ground since the Royal Arms be removed from the paper, and 1792. It consists of a massive frame-work, 9 ft. the foolscap and bells be substituted. These 4 in. long, and 1 ft. deep, firmly embedded in the were also removed when the Rump Parliament ground. To support the gibbet-post, which passed was prorogued; but paper of the size of the Par through its centre, and was bolted to it, some liament journals still bears the name of foolscap. 4 ft. 9 in. of this post is left, the remainder being

cut off, when the gibbet was taken down, 37) At what date toas Lord Byron born, horo old was

years ago. The remains of the post is 18 in. he when he died, and when did he die? --Lord George

square. This relic was discovered by a person Gordon Byron was born in London 1788; died at

named Holroyd, in making excavations for tne Missolonghi, in Greece, 1824, aged 36 years.

cellars of some houses in Clifton street, AtterJOHN F. E. DOVASTOX.

cliffe Common, near Sheffield, opposite the A Short History of the County, Language, and

Yellow Lion Hotel. It was conveyed into the People of Cornwall. - Various conjectures have been

gardens of the above-named hotel, where it formed relating to the name of this county, some

may now be seen, being the rightful property deriving it from the British word Corn, signify

of Charles Pickering, Esq., of the above-named ing a horn, alluding to the two promontories,

hotel, it being found on his ground. The called the Land's-End and the Lizard-Point, and

jaw-bone of Spencer Broughton, with two teeth the Saxon word Wcale, or Gaul, a name by

in it, was found in the Yellow Lion Hotel garwhich they distinguished the inhabitants of this

den a few years ago, but that Mr. Pickering county from their resemblance in language, man

gave to a friend soon after being found. Hunners, and customs, to the Gauls on the continent. dreds of persons have paid the gibbet a visit. Cornwall is the first part of the island of Bri

JOHN WALKER, jun. tain mentioned by any ancient authors; and by

The best way to Paint Magic Lantern Slides.-Havsome it is supposed that the name Britannia, or Prythania, was given to the western county by the

ing procured glasses of the right dimensions, the

next thing is to paint the objects upon them. Phænicians or Syrians, who carried on an exten.

Begin by tracing the outlines of the object with sive trade with the natives long before the arrival

gold size, with a pen. Then work the paint, of Julius Cæsar, as appears from a number of monu

with equal quantities of spirits of turpentine and ments still extant in many parts of the county.

gum mastic, so as to make it as thick as treacle, The surrounding body of water renders the

and apply it lightly with a camel-hair brush. air extremely moist. The seasons are more equal

Bright and glaring colours should always be than in most parts of England, being generally

used in preference to dull and sickly colours, free from intense heat or piercing cold. Frosts

which do not show plain through the lens. The seldom continue long; and the snow scarcely

following colours can be used with advantageever continues on the ground longer than two or

gamboge, lake, vermillion, light green, and ultrathree days. The chief objects of consideration in

marine Blacks, indigo, dark greens, and other the history of Cornwall are its numerous mines,

colours of the same description, unless absolutely which have supplied thousands of its inhabitants

necessary, should be entirely discarded, and only with employment for many centuries, and in re

transparent colours used. If it is desirable to mote periods, constituted by their produce, the

blacken the plain glass round the outside of the chief staple of British commerce. The principle produce of the Cornish mines is tin, copper, and

object, the following may be used : Lamp black, some lead. The Phænicians were the first who

worked into a thin paste with gold size. traded with the tin from Cornwall. Strabo re

Who was Jeffery Hudson ?--Jeffery Hudson, a ports, that they were so strenuous in their en.

person remarkable for his diminutive stature, deavours to conceal from the nations the place was born at Okeham, in Rutlandshire, 1619, and whence they obtained it, that the master of a

when seven years of age was not above 15 inches Phænician vessel, supposing himself pursued

high, though his parents, who had several other by Romans, for the purpose of discovery, ran children of the usual size, were tall and lusty. upon a shoal, and suffered shipwreck rather

At that age, the Duke of Buckingham took him than permit the tract to be made known.

into his family, and to divert the Court, who, in The Cornish language is a dialect of that

a progress through Rutlandshire, were enterwhich, till the Saxons came in, was common to tained at the Duke's seat at Burleigh on the all Britain, and more anciently spoken in Ire hill, he was served up at table in a cold pie. land and Gaul; but the inhabitants of this island,

Between the 7th and 30th years of his age, he being driven into Wales and Cornwall, and from did not advance many inches in stature; but it there to Brittany in France, the same language,

is remarkable that, soon after 30 he shot up to for want of intercourse, became differently pro the height of three feet nine inches, which he nounced, spoken, and written: and in different

never exceeded. He was given to Henrietta degrees mixed with other languages, insomuch,

Maria, consort to king Charles I., probably at that now the inhabitants of Cornwall and Wales the time of his being served up in the pie; and do not understand each other. The names of

that princess employed him in messages abroad. many of the ancient towns, castles, rivers, and

In the civil wars he was raised to the rank of mountains, manors, seats, and families, are de

Captain of Horse in the king's service, and afterrived from the Cornish tongue, but the language wards accompanied the queen, his mistress, to itself is no longer remembered. The inhabitants

France, from whence he was banished for killare of a middle stature, healthy, strong and

ing a brother of Lord Croft's on horseback. He active, and their way of life enables them to

was afterwards taken at sea by a corsair, and bear watching, cold and wet, much better than

was many years a slave in Barbary, but being where they do not liye so hardy; the miners in

redeemed he came to England, and in 1678 was particular generally live to a great age.

committed to the gate-house in Westminster on JOHN F. E. DOVASTON. suspicion of being concerned in Oates's plot; Discovery of Spencer Broughton's Gibbet. but after lying there a considerable time, he was The remains of the gibbet-post of Spencer at last discharged, and died in 1682, at 63 years Broughton, who was hung in irons on Atter. of age.


How to Play át Curling.--Curling is a game of , stay for sixteen or eighteen years. Cosmo III. reat antiquity and popularity in the south and invited him back to Pisa, and soon after called him west of Scotland. It is a winter game, played on to Florence, with the title of Principal Mathemathe ice. As the ice requires to be much thicker tician and Philosopher to the Grand Duke of Tusthan for skating, it is usual to form ponds so cany, Galileo had heard of the invention of the shallow that the whole may be frozen, and telescope by Janson, and making one for him. capable of bearing any weight. The game is self, with some improvements, made some impor. played by a party forming rival sides, each per tant discoveries, among which he found that the son being possessed of a circular hard stone of earth moved round on its own axis. The result about nine inches diameter, flat and smooth on of his discoveries was his decided conviction of the under side, and on the upper having a handle | the truth of the Copernican system ; though the fixed to the stone. Each player is likewise armed blind and furious bigotry of the monks charged with a broom to sweep the ice, in order to accele- | him with heresy, being twice persecuted by the rate the progress of the stone, and his feet are | Inquisition, first in 1615, and again in 1633. On usually furnished with trampets, or crampets, | both occasions he was compelled to abjure the which help to steady his aim. A large, long, open system of Copernicus; but it is said in the last space of ice, from 30 to 40 yards in length and instance, when he had repeated the abjuration, from 9 to 10 in breadth, called a rink, being he stamped his foot on the earth, indignantly cleared, and a mark, or tee, being made at each muttering, " Yet it moves!” In the following end, the contest takes place by each person hurl- year, when he was 70 years old, and his health ing, or causing the stone to slide to the opposite very infirm, a very heavy blow fell upon him by end of the rink: a certain numberbrings the game the death of his daughter Maria. Two years to a close. The object of each side is, which will later he became blind: he bore this affliction have the greatest number of stones nearest the with great patience. The latter years of his life tee, and all play from end to end alternately till were spent at his own country-house, near Flothis is ascertained. The game is very difficult : 1 rence, where he devoted himself to the perfecting sometimes the best and oldest players are baffled of the telescope, and he died at the age of 78, in by beginners, simply by their stones having 1642, the year in which Newton was born.taken a bias to one side or the other, and CHARLES WADDLE SIERRIFFS, 50, South Bridge, frequently after the best players have clustered Edinburgh. their stones round the tee, one rapid shot from an antagonist will disperse the whole. Such is a meagre outline of the game of Curling.

ANSWERS REQUIRED. Grahame eulogizes the sport thus :

Where can I get a book on Photography, and Now rival parishes and shrievedoms keep

the price ? How to colour the Photographs ? On upland locks the long expected tryst,

What was the real name of King William the "To play the yearly borespiel. Aged men,

Third, Prince of Orange? Smit with the eagerness of youth, are there,

D. W. MEEKIN TULLAGIGARLEY. While love of conquest lights their beamless eyes, Where was the last “Missionary Ship” of New nerves their arms, and makes them young the “London Missionary Society” built ? once more.

RICHARD C. BATEMAN. How to make a Turning Lathe ? Who mublished the periodical called the Publi- / Which is the best practical book on Chess, Intelligencer,and in what year?»The “Publi- | and what is the price of it?

P. P. A. Intelligencer" was published by Sir Roger ! A short history of William Wilberforce, the L'Estrange, in 1663, which he dropped on the slave abolitionist.

A. ANTILL. publication of the first "London Gazette;” newspaper and pamphlets prohibited by royal proclamation in 1680. JOHN F. E. DOVASTON.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. Who was the Founder of the Sect called Quakers ? W. M. D.--We regret to say that the sample George Fox was the founder of the sect called | sketch, "Edmund Kean," is not up to our Quakers, but more properly Friends. He was mark. Try again, born in Leicestershire, 1624 ; died, 1690; was a R. E. D.-You are right : it should have been shoemaker by trade. JOHN F. E. DOVASTON. | a double-barrelled pistol.

Who was Galileo ?-Galileo was born at Pisa, in Tuscany, February 15th, 1564; he was the son | ADJUDICATION ON PRIZE ESSAY.-JULY. of a Florentine nobleman, who belonged to a | We have received several essays describing family more ancient than opulent. Galileo was “A Visit to the Crystal Palace.” Not any one better known by his Christian name than his | of them is so complete as we had anticipated, surname. He was intended by his father for the The best is that written by Samuel Henry Had.

edical profession-a profession for which he graft. His style is plain, and his description had no desire to learn; he wrote an essay on the very systematic and accurate. To him, there“Hydrostatic Balance” with such success, that fore, our prize is given. We append a list of he determined to throw off the trammels of an the competitors, in order of merit :uncongenial pursuit. He pursued his mathe Samuel Henry Hadgraft, aged 16 and 11 matical studies with such unwearied diligence, | months, 6, Sussex-road, Southsea, Hants. that at the age of 24 he was appointed pro A. Antill, aged 14,70, Shepherdess-walk, Cityfessor of mathematics at Pisa. About this road, London. period he turned his attention to the then very John William Parker, aged 16), Great Dover imperfectly comprehended laws of motion, and street, Southwark. in opposition to all received systems, he pro Phillip Smith, aged 16, Magnetic Telegraph pounded the novel theorem, that all falling Office, Swansea. bodies, great or small, descend with equal velo Henry Byron Reed, aged 12}, Forest Hill. city. This theory of falling bodies was proved W.G. Y. Redfern, aged 124, Hampstead. to be correct by several experiments, which were David Main, aged 13), Mission School, Blackmade from the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, I heath. greatly to the chagrin of the Aristolelians, whose enmity to Galileo now grew more decided. In The next subject open for competition isconsequence, in the year 1592, he deemed it pru- | “What have I done with my Holidays.” It is dent to resign his professorship. He then went a subject from which we expect great things. to Padua for an engagement of six years, but he | Essays must be sent in not later than September lectured with such success that he prolonged his '1st.

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