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THE BOY CRUSADERS.
THAT spirit of mingled superstition and ecclesiastics deemed the movement to be the
enthusiasm which gave rise to the effect of witchcraft. A royal edict was ac. Crusades
cordingly issued, commanding the boys to “When Europe gathered such a host from far,
return to their homes and useful employ. And kindled Asia with the flames of war,"-- ments. This mandate was obeyed by some; showed itself in the year 1212, in a form as
but as no steps were taken to enforce it, tho strange as it was unlooked for. While the greater number held together as firmly & nations and warriors of Christendom were before. They constantly formed processions busied with various crusading projects, a throngh the towns and hamlets, bearing number of boys in France and Germany banners, censers and tapers, singing hymns formed the wild scheme of marching to suitable to their enterprise; and so far from rescue the Holy City from Infidel bands. being molested, were followed by admiring
The originator of this juvenile band was crowds, even labourers leaving their work to a peasant boy, named Stephen, of a village join the train. They were abundantly sup. named Vendôme, upon the Loire. Like plied with provisions and money ; and when Joan of Arc in after years, he gave out that asked whither they went, replied, “We go he had seen heavenly visions that the to seek the Holy Cross beyond the seas." Saviour himself had appeared to him in the The same spirit spread rapidly through guise of a poor pilgrim, and given him Germany, where the standard of the Cros authority to preach the Cross. In a short was followed, not only by boys of humble time he was surrounded by a large number rank, but by some of noble families, who of young followers. Shortly afterwards he resisted all the efforts of their friends to removed from his native village to St. Donis, restrain them.
A number of men also where the credulous populace honoured him joined them, and seized on the contributions as a worker of miracles, and his companions they received. One of these offenders, how. daily increased. When his fame got bruited ever, was executed at Cologne, to gratify the abroad, several other young enthusiasts popular indignation. started up in various parts of France, and In process of time, the German boys, drew after them many followers; but all several thousands in number, clad in long honoured the shepherd-boy of Vendôme as pilgrim robes marked with a cross, and their superior, and were fully persuaded that, bearing scrips and staves in their hands, ander his command, they should obtain a commenced their march towards Italy, glorious victory over the Saracenic arms. across the Alps; but their fanatical illu. They reverenced him as a saint, and he was sions were destined soon to give place to thought happy who could obtain a fragment hardships and sufferings of the most pitiable of the garments worn by the holy youth. description. Many perished in traversing
It might naturally be supposed that im. the rugged and desert mountains; some mediate and adequate measures would be from excessive fatigue, others from hunger taken to suppress such a movement; but and privation. When they descended into nothing shows more strongly the super. the fertile plains of Lombardy, their suf. stitious spirit of the age than that Philip ferings were not at an end ; large parties Augustus thought it necessary to summon fell into the hands of highway robbers, who the professors of the University of Paris, stripped them of all their provisions, and and consult them on the propriety of inter. left them to beg their way home in misery fering with the young Crasaders. After and destitution. serious deliberation, they pronounced it er. Notwithstanding these hardships and pedient to do so. The greater part of the danger, an immense body, chiefly consisting of boys of about twelve years of age, but offered them the use of their ships to convey headed by a few adult pilgrims, arrived them to Syria without remuneration, prebefore the gates of Genoa, in August, 1212. tending to rejoice in such an opportunity of The Emperor Otho and Pope Innocent III. aiding a pious enterprise. The unsuspicious were then at variance, and the Genoese boys accepted the offer with joy; they emhaving taken part with the latter, dismay barked in seven vessels, convinced that and consternation spread through the city | Providence had favoured them, and would at the report of a German host having soon crown all their hopes. After two days' appeared before the walls. These fears sail, & violent storm swept the Meditervanished on a closer view; a multitude of ranean ; two of the vessels were wrecked on defenceless and destitute children, it was the west coast of Sardinia, and all on board easily seen, could have no hostile design. perished. In after years, a church was Their object was soon made known. The built upon the coast in memory of the New poor children declared their expectation that Innocents, as they were termed, and the the sea would be miraculously dried up to bones of those washed on shore were shown make a path for them to the Holy Land, as sacred relics. and entreated that the Genoese would for a The other five ships escaped the storm ; time allow them to rest and recruit in their but instead of landing in Syria, the ruthless city. The council, fearing that the admission merchants, who accompanied their prey, of so many would be followed by scarcity of sailed for Egypt, and sold every one of their provisions, ordered them to quit their terri. helpless victims in the slave-market of tories without delay. A few, however, who Alexandria. They took care that not ono renounced their pilgrimage, were received should remain to return to Europe with the into the city, and obtained various employ tale of their base treachery. After eighteen ments. Some of them, indeed, subsequently years had passed away, one poor captive rose to honour and distinction; and even in escaped to his native land; he related the modern times, more than one of the noble sad story, and told that several hundred families of Genoa traces its descent to these boys had been purchased by the Governcr German fugitives. The rest pursued their of Alexandria, and passed their days in serjourney, but with daily diminishing numbers. vitude ; eighteen had been tortured to death Many remained in the service of the Italian at Bagdad for refusing to embrace tile peasantry; and those who were able to Mohammedan faith ; while four hundred endure the hardships of the homeward had been bought by the Caliph, and treated journey returned as outcast wanderers to with humanity. their native land, which they had so recently The avenging hand of God did not suffer left full of hope and confidence.
the Marseillese merchants to remain unIn France, in the meantime, Stephen of punished ; for a few years after this horrible Vendôme and his young, Crusaders were crime, the same men were convicted of a preparing for an expedition which was to plot to betray the Emperor Frederick II. meet with a still more deplorable termination. into the hands of a Mohammedan emir, and About 30,000 in number, they marched to were executed along with an accomplice. wards Marseilles, to embark for Palestine, Thus ended the enterprise of the Boy headed by Stephen, who rode in a tapestried Crusaders, in the history of which we canchariot, attended by armed satellites. Their not help pitying the superstition which dreams of glory faded very quickly. A more tolerated so wild and calamitous an underatrocious plot is not recorded in history, taking, though the energies put forth in that than that laid for those simple-minded chil chivalrous age in pursuit of the imaginary dren by two slave-merchants of Marseilles, and unattainable cannot but excite our on their arrival, the traders in question admiration.
BOYS AT CHEQUASSET ; OR, “A LITTLE LEAVEN.”
BY THE AUTHOR OF "THE GAYWORTHYS.”
two neat pages in your copy-book. I tell you now, that you may be sure and have
your things in readiness." “No
my son, was the grave answer, just Ah, the distasteful copy-book! It was
as John had expected. “No spe- crumpled and blotted, --half written through, cial favour for the day in which there has with very unequal care. The first page was been a special neglect.”
nicest of all. Where, then, was improveAnd so the brilliant scheme of the swamp ment ?' But when he wrote that first page, expedition fell through for that after he did it with a pleasure. The blue covers
were bright and smooth, and the white It was rather dull and dreary. Mr. and leaves unsoiled. It was the pleasure of a Mrs. Osburn, and their lady visitor, went off beginning. All boys know that. But very for a drive, taking Kathie with them. few know the better pleasure that comes
John had hastened over to Mr. Sellinger's from a continuance" in well and careful with his ill-news of postponement; but doing. The satisfaction of adding, from hadn't even the forlorn consolation that we day to day, one's faithful best to what has turn to when we say, “misery loves com- been done before,---keeping all fair until pany.” The other boys took it more easily the end. than he did : they had an alternative of plea- John's glimpse of better things, in How.
ard's fashion of doing, had thus far stirred Mrs. Sellinger was to go from home - this only a discontent. The leaven in its first afternoon, to visit a friend, with whom she working was only bitter. was to remain until the next day but one.
I do not wish to make my pages trying Mr. Sellinger had some parish calls to make; or tedious, by dwelling on mishaps and dis. and as he was to go for his wife on Wednes- appointments. I am quite willing, provided day, preferred, if possible, that Howard and only the needful lesson be got as we go on, Stephen should be her escort to-day; al- to pass them over as lightly as may be in though he would have set aside his own my story, as children themselves do in their convenience rather than deprive them of an lives. Keenly sensitive to suffering, that especial pleasure.
their little trials may teach them all they They were to take an early tea at Cross- ought to learn, they are endowed with a bridge, and drive home in the evening by wonderful elasticity, lest they should be utthe light of a young moon. All very plea- terly crushed. A page or two in a book,sant for everybody but Johnnie, whose sole an hour or so in a day,–
-are really as long anticipation was a solitary walk to the 'vil á worry as they can bear at once. lage to supply himself with slate-pencil. So, if I shouldn't skip the remainder of Well,—it doesn't do for people to get off this unsatisfactory Monday afternoon, you, the track. One failure, one omission, one my reader, probably would, delay, sets the whole plan of a day, a year- It went by and came to an end, as surely, a life-time often-awry. Our'own disorder if not as świftly, as if its minutes had been brings confusion into the order of things crowded with pleasure. The sky was blue; laid out for us.
the air was sweet; the brook was singing " To-morrow," Mr. Osburn had said to along under Cedar Bridge; the swallows Johnnie, "your lesson must be the first were merry about the eaves ; Jacob was thing. Nothing else can be allowed till "puttering round" comfortably in the barn that is finished. I shall wish you to write and yard, and ready with his quaint answers;
and 80 John couldn't help having a tolerably Johnnie started. “A what ?." exclaimed comfortable time, though not the time he he, in amazement. had planned and hoped for.
Whereat Howard laughed out, and Ste"Well, Jacob,” was his conclusion, when phen, seeing he enjoyed the joke, repeated, his father had returned, and he stood by. at with pompous emphasis,the unharnessing of Blackbird, “it isn't “A roarercaprilla's, to be sure! Didn't much matter, after all. I've got it to think you ever hear of that? What's the use of of ; and if I'd gone, it would have been all collecting birds' eggs, if you don't know the I guess we'll go to-morrow, don't scientific names,?”
“Ha! ha!” shouted Howard. “Hanker. "Wal, not ezackly," replied Jacob. “I vish !”. guess yer'll her ter take it out in 'lottin' a Johnnie looked from one to the other in spell longer. I've got the lawn ter mow bewilderment, as if he believed they had ter-morrer, an' I can't answer fer nex' day. both gone out of their wits. That's tew fur off to cal'late on. The wust Stephen lost something of his funny exo puttin' off things is that they most allers pression, and looked a little abashed. keeps gittin' put off.”
Why,” said, he, "isn't that right?" With which sombre bit of philosophy “About as near as 'hankervish,?” was John was obliged to leave the subject.
the reply The next day the copies were written, “What do you mean ?” asked John. and the lawn was mown. Wednesday was "Why,” said Howard, "in the first place, rainy. More copies, and a feeble attempt I shall have to tell you a story. When Steeat "putting to rights ;” but things were “so nie, here, was a little fellow, and hadn't old”-shabby books, crumpled copies, and learned much English, and Elsie was smaller frameless şlates, made such a sorry show still, she had something one day about a when got together, that, as Johnnie said, 'hankish,' which was short, with her, for there " wasn't much good in it!" Rather, ‘pocket-handkerchief.' Steenie put on the the old evil overshadowed the good, and scientific, as he was doing just now. with made it unapparent.
you, and corrected her. “You mustn't say Thursday came, with a bright sun ; the hankish, Elsie,' said he; 'it isn't hankish, hay was shaken out of the cocks to dry, and it's hankervish!' And so, at Uncle Sellinwhile this was doing, John was wisely busy ger’s, whenever anybody tries to be very with his “Greenleaf,” and his mother was wise, and makes a blunder, we sing out carefully putting up a nice basket of dinner; Hankervish !"" for to-day, after these preliminaries were ac- “Well, what is it, then ?” asked Stephen, complished, they were actually to go, at a little impatiently, not quite relishing the last, and explore the Heron Swamp. joke being so suddenly turned against him.
“Did Howard tell you," asked Stephen self. of John, as the three boys scrambled de. “Aurocapillus,” replied Howard. “It is lightedly into the waggon, when all was a bird that has as many names as a Prince ready, " of the luck he had yesterday? He Royal. However,--aurocapillus, Goldenslyed off into the woods, all alone, early in crowned thrush, or oven-bird,—there was the morning, and over there among the oaks only one nest, and I've got just one egg; a under Red Hill, he found a golden-crowned little white thing, with a sprinkle of brown thrush's nest, with four eggs in it.” on the big end. The nest is the great cu
“Why, he didn't tell me that! I thought riosity though, for the way they hide it. We'll it was only an oven-bird's !"
walk round there some day, and bave a look “Oh, yes; he did find an oven-bird's. But at it. It's under a bank, with a roof built he found a golden-crowned thrush's too. over it, and just a little hole at the side to go And a roarercaprilla's into the bargain!" in at.” replied Stephen, a merry mischief coming “How far have we got to go now, Jacob?”. upp"
into his eye.
“Four mile or so," replied Jacob. como a Johnnio jamp-ap!" Which there
“Gracions ! what a way!" cried Stephen. had, for Johnnie was nearly thrown over “I thought it was nearer. Let's play Vege. the back of the seat. table Conundrums. Don't you remember, “Plant a cat's tail ?" asked Howard. How, those jolly ones they used to make at “Well-what?" rejoined Stephen. your house last winter ? A tailor's son “Fir!" planted his father ; and what came upp." “Plant-let me seeplant fire, and
“ Planted his father! Came up!” repeat. what'll come up ?” said Stephen. ed John, astonished, never having heard “Smoke, to be sure," replied Howard. before of Vegetable Conundrums.
"Sunthin else, tew," said Jacob.“ Ashes!" “Yes. I'll tell you. Pa-Snips !" “Plant Jacob's felt hat,” said Johnnie, A little too profound for Johnnie, who making his first essay.
“What'll come looked blank.
"Here's an easier one," said Howard. "Squash !" shouted the boys, all together, Plant an hour, and what comes up?"
“Thyme," answered Stephen. “Plant “Plant three boys in & waggon, goin' ter tight shoes, and what comes up ? Corn, of Heron Swamp, and what'll come up ? course!"
Goose-tongue, and all kinds o'garden sass !" “Hee! hee! hee!" snickered Jacob from Then you may well imagine there was the front, who now began to comprehend an explosion. Jacob's grand conundrum the principle. Johnnie saw through it also, was like a mine of rockets let off after an and roused up attentively for what might exhibition of small single fireworks. came next.
“Plant my mother's gingerbread," says They planted a French Republic, and Stephen, diving under the seat into a basket, what came up P"
and producing a slip of the fragrant yellow Stephen hadn't heard this, and nobody cake. "Two-lips !” And he suited the guessed, of course.
action to the word. "A crown imperial," said Howard. “My "Four lips !" corrected Howard, seizing mother made that, and we called it the Prize a share for himself, while Johnnie, leaning Conundrum."
back, held out his hand, and cried out,“Look a-bere !" cried Jacob, unexpect. Six-lips !" edly. “Guess I can try my hand at that air ! Not very brilliant joking, perhaps ; but Plant a South'n C’nfed'r'cy, an' what'll it jokes and gingerbread bad pungency enough come ap? Beet!"
between them, and to merry-hearted, hungry “Plant Jacob's hair,” said Stephen, sau. boys, it little mattered which furnished most. cily, " and what'll it come ap?”.
Jacob said nothing about his lips, but “Stoenie !” exclaimed Howard.
they were not omitted in the distribution. “Redish !" shouted Stoenie, defiant. Down & hill,--round a curve, into a
Jacob; unperturbed, laughed good-bu hollow, where the road stretched on, straight mouredly.
before them for more than a mile, dark with “Guess ef yer plant some folks' heads, the close growth of trees and underbrush on yer might grow punkins, likely's not,” said either side,-rank with a wild, damp, earthy be, and now they all laughed.
smell, wherein the flavour of old pine-stumps "We're getting rather personal," said was largely mingled, yet now and then blessHoward. “Plant a dancing-school. There'll edly overcome, when a sudden breath of wind come up-hops !”
swept by, that had paused on its way where “Plant the middle of the afternoon ?” the wild honeysuckles blossomed, this was *Four o'clock."
the Swamp “Plant the rising sun ?"
They drove on till they could look back "Morning-glory."
and forward, either way, without seeing any. “Plant a good jounce,” said Jacob, as the thing but the long, straight road, hemmed waggon gave a sudden “flump." "There'll | in with gloom, and running off towards tho