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OUR SPHINX.

XIX.

HADRIAN'S EPITAPH ON HIS CHARGER. CRYPTOGRAPH.

Freely Translated. Pc2m2-3n-4--03y2--31-002-4aa43mn-la

Here is placed, in sorry plight, h2i. PiC3xc-04f21-40--002aglly--g24yn-li Bereft, in prime, of life and light,

ol-almo5i2---1h3002y—4gg --oc2-g1t4b2-la Wing'd Borysthenes, ----0023m-g3a2. 3n--wl5iy-3i-- nc4gglun ---4iy

Cæsar's pet charger. --3--h3n2m32n.

Along Etruscan marsh and plain,
XX.

On he flew, despite of rein,
REBUSES.

O'er mound and hillock
The initials will give the name of a Roman

Gaily he cantered. emperor.

Nor did any dusky boar,
The destroyer of Carthage.

With glist ning teeth, attempt to gore
A celebrated mathematician.

Our far-famed hunter
A Roman poet.

Of Paunonian swine.
A Roman historian.

As oft occurred from tail to head,
The first King of Rome.

The planted fields all wide he spread,
A province of Italy.

Sound in his youth,
A Roman historian.
W. PERCIVAL.

Faultless in symmetry ---J. COATES, Jux.
XXI.

Translations have also been received from The initials will give the name of a celebrated

Fredk. Monk, William Jones, Henry Morris, and

T. W.F. poet.

A French coin.
A bird.

ANSWERS TO QUERIES.
A Christian name.

When was the first newspaper printed? TVho
A measure.

published the periodical paper, The Public IntelliA title.

gencer,” and in what year? In what year did the A large northern deer.

first number of the * Oxford Gazetteappear ?--W. PERCIVAL. XXII.

The first printed newspaper appears to have

been a pamphlet of small quarto size, entitled The initials will give the name of a celebrated “News out of Holland,” published for N. Newbery, English admiral.

in 1619. Isaac D'Israeli, in the “Curiosities A conspirator in the Rye House Plot.

of Literature,” gives a detailed account of a A celebrated Saxon chief.

curious sheet bearing the name of The English The forger of the Popish Plot.

Mercurie," three numbers of which have found a The son of Vortigern.

place in the British Museum.

These papers A celebrated Saxon chief.

bear the date of 1588, and their principal conOne of the Seven Bishops.

tents are with reference to the Spanish Armada. XXIII.

Later scrutiny has conclusively revealed “ The NUMBERED CHARADE.

English Mercurie" to be a forgery, probably of

the eighteenth century. I am composed of eleven letters. 7, 5, 10, 3, is a female.

The Intelligencer, “published for the satisfac

tion and information of the people,” was con8, 4, 9, 10, 2, the goddess of flowers. 10, 5, 6, 7, is worn on the finger.

ducted by Roger L'Estrange, an ardent royalist.

It was commenced in 1663. 8, 9, 7, is a mist.

In February, 1665, the “Oxford Gazette" ap7, 9, 6, 7, is a bell.

peared; it was printed in Oxford, owing to the seat 1, 2, 6, 11, is a stick. 10, 9, 11, is used in fishing.

of parliament being temporarily placed at that

town. The name of this publication was after3, 9, 10, 11, is a title.

wards changed to the “London Gazette," on its 1, 2, 3, 4, is part of a house. 4, 5, 6, 7, is a fish.

head-quarters' removal to the metropolis. 8, 5, 6, is part of a fish.

In what year was the rebuilding of St. Paul's 11, 9, 7, is an animal.

Cathedral ?-A commission was appointed in 1663, My whole is a town in Berks.

for supervising the reparation of the dilapidated W. PERCIVAL.

pile of St. Paul's. A large sum was expended XXIV.

in pursuing this work, but the great fire, which

commenced in September, 1666, demolished the QUARTETS.

repairs, though it did not utterly destroy the My first is a colour.

building. When the rebuilding of the city was beMy second is an article. My third is an interjection.

gun, it was attempted to renew the repairs of the

Cathedral, but the undertaking was soon abanMy whole is an animal.

doned, and the total reconstruction of the edifice XXV.

resolved on by the king and his advisers. The My first is an animal.

first stone was laid on the 21st of June, 1675; the My second is a vowel.

last, by Christopher Wren, son of the venerable My third is a preposition.

architect, in 1710, the eighth of Queen Anne. My whole is a bird.

A. N. COUPLAND.
XXVI.
The necessary steps for entering the medical

proNUMBERED CHARADE.

fession, and the expenses of an education at King's I am composed of ten letters.

College or other of the medical schools ?-Full inforMy 1, 6, 7, is a conjunction.

mation on this subject may be had in the StuMy 1, 2, 3, is a drink.

dent's number of the “ Lancet," September, 1866. My 10, 4, 3, is an implement used in war.

The best book on Phrenology ?--For the study of My 8, 5, 9, 6, is that which nourishes the earth. this useful science very few books are necessary. My 8, 3, 5, 2, 3, is a Spanish coin,

However, to assure himself of the utility of And my whole is a city in Egypt.

phrenology, he should read carefully “The Conat 300 only, which is scarcely reliable if we reWhat is a good cheap book on Chemical Experi- member the rout of their right and centre. inents 1--The Book of Chemistry, 18., published | Rupert evacuated York, which surrendered on by Ward, Lock, and Tyler; and Statham's First the 11th, and was entered by Cromwell on the Steps in Chemistry, 6d. F. RYLAND. 16th July, 1644.

11

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stitution of Man,” by George Combe, of Edin- | above, and backed by the bricklayers behind, burgh. This great philosophical work was who built up as fast as the miners advanced. highly praised by the enemies of phrenology: Government lent £247,000. to advance the work, The careful study of its principal arguments will and the total cost was £614,000. perhaps be a stimulus to greater exertion in the

OLD ENGLAND. Science of Man.” The beginner should pro- When was the guinea first coined ?-Guineas cure himself the “Ilustrated Self-Instructor in were first coined in the reign of Charles II., Phrenology and Physiology,” in which there are

1664.

O. R. F. 100 portraits of remarkable men and women, by

What was the origin of the name of this coin? Fowler, New York. London: T. Burns, Phreno

-The name is from Guinea, in Africa, where logical Publisher, Camberwell, S.; price 28.

the gold was obtained of which the first speciFowler's bust, giving the positions of all the

mens were made.

C. R. F. organs, would be of great use, price 48., to be had at the same office. Mr. Fowler publishes

How to play Backgammon.-See Beeton's Book

of Backgammon, by Captain Crawley, price ls. the “ American Phrenological Journal,” the sub

Published by Ward, Lock, and Tyler. scription to which is 88. a-year. To every young

A. L. W. student of phrenology, I only wish that he may derive from it all the pleasure and instruction What was the Year of the Battle of Marston Moor, that I have.

Know THYSELF. and who were the contending parties ?-In April, Who was John Pym?—"John Pym was a leading 1641, York was blockaded by a combined Scots

and English army. In the following June, the man against Charles I., member of Parliament

Earl of Manchester joined the blockaders, and for Tavistock, and on account of his great in. fiuence with the popular party was called “King regular siege was laid to the city. York' was

defended by a garrison of 6,000 men, under the Pym.” He was a furious demagogue; but it is

command of the Marquis of Newcastle, who questioned whether he intended the revolution

wrote to Charles for assistance, promising to which he had excited should go to the extent

hold out for six weeks or two months. it afterwards did. He died of an imposthume

Charles

instructed Prince Rupert to advance to the relief in his bowels, in 1643.”---Clarendon.

JAMES R. CARSON.

of York, and unfortunately made use of such a

form of expression, that Rupert misunderstood How to make a Magic Lantern.--Get a tin box

it, and believed that to relieve York and defeat with a bent funnel at the top. It must have a

the Parliamentarians was what he was expected door at the side, a polished tin concave reflector at the back of the inside, and a powerful light from before the city, and took up a position on

to achieve. On June 30th the besiegers drew off placed in the focus

of the reflector. The light Marston Moor, about five miles from the city. On may be supplied by an Argand-oil or gas-lamp: July 1st the army of Rupert, 2000 strong, poured Opposite to the light and focus of the reflector is

into the city. On the 2nd, Rupert led his army a moveable or telescopic tube, containing a

out of the city, and leaving his foot behind, folhemispherical illuminating lens, near the re

lowed the Parliamentarians, who were advancflector, and a convex lens at the extremity of the tube, and between the two lenses is a slit for the ing upon Tadcaster, fell upon their rear, and

arrested their movement. Both armies prepared introduction of the painted glass slides.

for the battle, and by 2 P.M. were drawn up John COATES, JUN.

facing each other, but divided by a deep ditch. Where can I obtain a Guide to the Civil Service?

The right wing of the Parliamentarians was A Guide to the Civil Service may be obtained

commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax, and was from Mr. P. S. King, bookseller, 34, Parliament

opposed to the Royalists left under Rupert ;street, Westminster, price 28. 6d.

the centre, under Lords Fairfax and Leslie, FRANCIS W. WARD.

confronted the Royalist centre under General Who was the founder of the sect called Quakers ? Goring, whilst their left, under the Earl of Man--George Fox, the son of a weaver of Drayton, chester and Lieutenant-General Oliver Cromwell, in Leicestershire, who in 1646 began to promul- was opposed by the Royalist right under Sir gate his peculiar sentiments, which seemed to Charles Lucas and Colonel Hurry. Between 6 and constitute the last, and probably the extremest, 7 the battle commenced. Rupert bore the cavalry of those protests which the Reformation lodged on the Parliamentarian left off the field, and against the ritualistic religion of the Church of hotly followed it. The Royalist infantry was also Rome.

S. G. WILLS. victorious, and Lords Fairfax, Manchester, and Where can I buy a good, cheap Electrotyping Leslie fled, with their routed troops. But CromApparatus ?-A good, cheap set of materials may well by his desperate valouroverthrew the be obtained from Mr. W. E. Statham's, 111B,

victorious Royalists, and when Rupert returned Strand, London, W.C. The prices vary from from the pursuit of the Parliamentarian right, 5s. 60. to 21s.

renewed the battle with him. The fight was

continued, but Cromwell's Ironsides were irreThe lowest price for a Camera ?---475. 6d., at

sistible, and as the gray twilight merged into W. E. Statham's, Strand. What is the price of the cheapest Electrical Ma ing walls of York, leaving 3000 men upon the

night, the scattered cavaliers fled for the shelterchine ?-A very good

machine may be purchased field. The Parliamentarian loss was computed for 308.

ED. L. When was the Thames Tunnel first projected ?- How to get Admission to the Reading Room of the The Thames Tunnel was designed and executed British Museum.---By applying in writing to the by Sir I. Brunel. It was commenced in March, principal librarian, and stating profession or 1825; was closed for seven years by the irrup- avocation, place of abode, and if required, the tion of the river into the works in 1828; was purpose for which admission is sought. Every resumed in 1835, and opened for traffic in 1843. application must be accompanied by a written It could only have been accomplished by means recommendation from personal knowledge of of the shield, of Brunel's invention. This contriv- the applicant, and his or her intention and ance consisted of twelve separate parts, each ability to make proper use of the reading room. containing three cells. In these cells the miners More particulars may be had by writing to the worked protected by the shield in front and principal librarian.

H. R. W.

ANSWERS REQUIRED.

prize expressed themselves as particularly inWho was Undine ?

terested in the subject. H. R. MCDERMOTT saysWhat advantages accrue from Freemasonry? I must, however, say that the subject bears

ARGUS. more interest and instruction to youth than the Where can I obtain an instructor to play a casual observer might perceive. I know it inviolin, and price ?

PHILLIP SMITH. structed me in an interesting way, and perhaps Where can I buy a magpie, and the price; (I hope so at least) that it will have a good also, can it be taught to speak without its tongue effect. I must endeavour and stick to my being cut; if not, how to cut it?

motto --'Perseverantia omnia vincit,' which Can any of your subscribers tell me of a so many great men have owned. I think cheap, handy little book on Carpentering ? and I owe--and so do all the competitors-to you, the price?

thanks for the choice of such an excellent subWhat is the price of the cheapest revolver, ject.”. BARTHOLOMEW O'CALLAGHAN says-" You and where to see it?

could hardly have chosen a subject, in my opinion, Has the Koran ever been translated into Eng. better suited for youth; and I am sure (I won't lish or French ? If so, who is the publisher, and say I hope) there will be good competition.” what is the price?

The Essays of the following competitors-subWhat is the best book on Physiognomy, who ject. “Self-Made Men”-were unintentionally is the author, and what is the price?

omitted last month :What is the salary and the duties of a short- John Freeman Edward Dovaston, aged 14, hand reporter ?

West Felton, Shrewsbury, ARCHIBALD D. H. DURRANT. Richard Battersby, aged 15, 10, Deyon-street, A good recipe for a cement for Plaster of Liverpool. Paris ?

ROBERT HENRY HADDEN.-Your Essay on the Who invented Diving-bells ?

Sunday School reached us too late for competiIs there any mémoir of the life of the Princess

tion. It is very creditably written. Charlotte, the daughter of George III., and if

Communications have been received from so, who is it hy? What was the origin of the Star Chamber?

JAMES NASH, THOMAS TAYLOR, WILLIAM GUILDWho was Guy Fawkes ?

FORD, HENRY BELLENGER, JOHN PRICE, THOMAS How to make an Æolian Harp?

WATSON, HENRY DUCKINFIELD, S. WATSON, BAR-
THOLOMEW O'CALLAGHAN, T. JONES, A YOUTH,

G. M. F., H. R. McDermot, W. PERCIVAL, JOHN
TO CORRESPONDENTS.

COATES, FRANCIS W. WARD, E. A. O. R., A SUFW. A. CALVERT.--Your communication reached

FERER, JOHN LEEK, GUILLAUME, and others. us too late for insertion.

W. T. ENRIGHT.-The treatment of the subject W. PERCIVAL has our best thanks.

A Visit to the Crystal Palace,” is entirely at the H. R. ALLEN.--Accepted.

option of the competitors. WILLIAM J. DucK.-Our list of Essays is com- JAMES MAGUIRE.-The numbers of the Boy's pleto for the present year. The subject you Penny Magazine are published together in one suggest shall not be forgotten in the next series. volume, containing the story of "Crimson

SELF-MADE MEN.--Several competitors for this Pages," complete; the volume sells for 18. 6d.

ADJUDICATION ON PRIZE ESSAY-MAY.

The selections sent in are all, without excep- 12. John Cassells, aged 14}, Hamilton, N. B. tion, well chosen. It is unnecessary to dwell on 13. W. H. Popley, aged 17, Long Ditton, the peculiar merits of each, there being a strong Surrey: family likeness in all; quotations are quotations, 14. Ébenezer Josiah Newsett, aged 131, Horsleyby whomsoever made. All our competitors must down. subscribe to the truth contained in the couplet-- 15. Albert John Wells, aged 143, Portland. We have brought nothing of our own,

road, Notting Hill. Merely the string that binds them.

16. W. Sinclair, aged 16, Horsham. The following list is arranged in order of merit.

17. Obed. Poole, aged 16, Weston-super-Mare. 1. William Willans Asquith, aged 15,54, Lupus

18. Henry W. Henfrey, aged 14), Brighton. street, Pimlico, S.W.

19. John Moore, aged 14, Binfield, Berks. 2. John William Roberts, aged 16, Duke's

20. Edward Cornwell, aged 14, Limehouse. Field, Runcorn, Cheshire.

21. Henry Jackson Hassall, aged 13, Newtown, 3. Álfred Newton Coupland, aged 18, Upper

Devizes, Wilts. Streatham.

22. George Walter Spicer, aged 17, Hagley4. Arthur William Jakeman, aged 17, Grimsby,

row, Birmingham. Banbury, Oxon.

23. William John Wilson, aged 16, Park-row5. Frederick Bargman, aged 14), Dorking,

terrace, Forest Hill. Surrey:

24. Samuel H. Hadgraft, aged 16, Southsea,

Hants. 6. Frank Canter, aged 16), Barnsley, Yorkshire.

25. John C. Atkins, aged 15), Bristol. 7. James Ogden, aged 15, Little Bolton, Lan

26. William Smith, aged 15, Ayr, N. B. cashire.

27. J. Braddon McCallum, aged 147, 8, Bed

ford-te ce, 8. William James, aged 16, Leighton Buzzard, Beds.

28. Last, but certainly not least, a contribution

from Miss Emma Williamson, aged 16 in May. 9. Phillip Smith, aged 16), Swansea. 10. Henry Holding Jeff, aged 11, Birmingham. able both to the taste and judgment of the young

The selections are well chosen, and are credit11. Ernest H. Tayler, aged 16, Rosebank, Scone, N.B.

lady.

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“A COUNTLESS WERD OF BUFFALOES WAS SEEN CROSSING THE STREAM.'

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