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Sheriff-Continued.

residence, qualification of..

when new county is created a, may be elected or ap-
pointed according to law. .

·

bond and security shall be given by, before entering upon
duties of office, and thereafter as may be required by
law

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of jailer

.

fees of, shall be regulated by law

compensation of, in counties and cities of seventty-five
thousand or more population shall be paid by salary
fixed by law out of State Treasury..
salary of, and necessary office expenses, not to exceed
seventy-five per centum of the fees of such, and paid
into the Treasury
shall be subject to indictment or prosecution for misfeas-
ance or malfeasance in office, or willful neglect of offi-
cial duty

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General Assembly may consolidate office of, and jailer at
pleasure, but office of, shall be retained
in which event the, shall be required to perform the duties

105

laws may be enacted to increase the resources of the.

the whole resources of the, to be sacredly set apart for
payment of public debt and interest.

Slavery and involuntary servitude, except for crime, are for-
bidden

Soldiers-

SFC. PAGE..

shall not be quartered, in time of peace, in any house
without consent of the owner. .

nor in time of war except as prescribed by law

Speaking, printing and writing-

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every person may freely speak, write and print on any
subject, being responsible for the abuse of the liberty.

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in such mode as may be prescribed by law.
upon conviction, his office shall become vacant

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but shall have right of appeal to the Court of Appeals. 227
Governor shall have no power to remit fees of, in penal
or criminal cases.

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Shippers, receivers and producers of grain, tobacco and other
produce-

General Assembly shall enact laws for the protection of, 206
Sinking Fund Commissioners-

duty of, in matter of investing proceeds of sale of bank
stock belonging to the school fund
Sinking Fund—

power of the General Assembly to enact laws concerning
the..

resources of the, as now established by law, not to be di-
minished until the State debt be paid.

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Special or excise tax-

General Assembly may, by general laws, provide for pay-
ment of a.

Spirituous, vinous or malt liquors—

provision for regulating the sale or gift of, on election
days.

Staff officers-

Governor shall appoint his .

State officers-

shall not accept from common carriers, nor use free
passes, nor reduced rates of transportation not common
to the public
penalty..

State Treasury—

no money shall be drawn from the, except under appro-
priations made by law.

transportation of freight and passengers by, shall be
regulated by general law so as to prevent unjust dis-
crimination

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Steam heating company—

conditions under which a, may lay its pipes or mains
within a city or town

230

regular statement and account of receipts and expendi-
tures of public money shall be published annually. . . 230
Statutes and municipal ordinance—

168

a conviction or acquittal under either shall constitute a
bar to another prosecution for the same offense.
Statutory Revision Commission-(See Commissioners to revise
the statutes.)
Steam-boat-

no, shall give a free pass nor reduced rates of transporta-
tion, not common to the public, to certain officers, etc... 197
Steam-boats, railroads and other common carriers-

Stockholder or owner-

the Commonwealth shall not become a, in any company,
association or corporation.

Succession of State administration-

Governor.

Lieutenant-Governor

President pro tempore of Senate.
Secretary of State.
Attorney-General.

Suffrage and elections-

SEC. PAGE.

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181

154

electors, qualifications of .

persons who shall not have the right to vote.

no person in the military, naval or marine service of the
United States shall be deemed a resident of the State
by reason of being stationed therein. .

222

163

Stock used for breeding purposes, license fees on-

General Assembly may, by general laws, provide for 181
and may delegate such power to, etc.

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Suffrage and elections-Continued.

General Assembly shall provide by law for registration of
all persons entitled to vote in cities and towns of five
thousand or more population.

and may provide, by general law, for registration of other
voters in the State.

SEC. PAGE.

where registration is required, only persons registered
shall have the right to vote.

mode of registration shall be prescribed by General As-
sembly.

all elections by the people shall be by secret official ballot,
as herein specified.
"election" in this section includes the decision of ques-

tions submitted to the voters.

147

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147

in all elections by persons in a representative capacity,
the voting shall be viva voce, and made a matter of

record

147

147

147

every person shall be disqualified for holding office who
shall be convicted of giving, or consent to giving, any
thing of value to procure his election or to influence
the votes..

147

General Assembly, first after adoption of this Constitu
tion, shall pass necessary laws to enforce this provision, 147
also provide for making ballots of all illiterate, blind or

147

147

disabled persons.

no more than one election each year shall be held in this
State, or in any city, town, district or county thereof,
except as otherwise provided herein.


all elections, State, county, city, town or district officers,
shall be held on the first Tuesday after the first Mon-
day in November.

but no officer of any city, town or county shall be elected
in the same year in which members of the House of
Representatives of the United States are elected except
members of municipal legislative boards. .
district or State officers, including members of the Gen-
eral Assembly, may be elected in the same year in
which members of the House of Representatives of the
United States are elected.

148

hours between which elections by the people shall be
held.

148

148

General Assembly may change such hours
also provide by law that employes shall be allowed by
employers at least four hours on election days in which
to cast their votes.

148

148

148

148

officers of any election shall be residents and voters in

the precincts in which they act .

148

voters shall be privileged from arrest during attendance
on elections, and while going and returning therefrom
except for, etc.

149

150

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Suffrage and elections-Continued.

corporations shall not, directly nor indirectly, offer or

promise any thing of value to any person to influence
the result of an election or the vote of any voter, etc.. 150
nor reimburse nor compensate any person for offer,
promise or gift of value to influence an election or

voter.

150

SEC.

penalty on corporations for violating provisions of this

section

150

it shall be the duty of General Assembly to provide for
the enforcement of the provisions of this section
persons convicted of felony or of high misdemeanor here-
tofore or hereafter, shall be excluded from office
such disability may be removed by pardon of the Gov-

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ernor.

151

privilege of free suffrage shall be supported by laws reg-
ulating elections under adequate penalties, etc..
General Assembly shall provide suitable means for de-
priving of office any person who, to procure his nomi-
nation or election, has in his canvass or election been
guilty of the acts named herein.
such person shall be held responsible for acts done by
others with his authority or ratified by him
except as otherwise provided in this instrument, vacancies
in elective offices shall be filled by election or appoint-
ment, viz: when the unexpired term will end at the
next succeeding annual election at which either city,
town, county, district or State officers are elected by
appointment

151

when the unexpired term will not end as above, if three
months intervene before said succeeding annual elec
tion, by appointment until said election, and then by
election for remainder of term . .

152

if three months do not intervene between the happening
of the vacancy and the next succeeding election, by
appointment until the second succeeding annual elec-
tion for officers as aforesaid . .

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150

150

150

all other appointments shall be made as may be pre-
scribed by law..

vacancies in General Assembly how filled
no person shall ever be appointed a member of the Gen-
eral Assembly
General Assembly shall have power to provide, by gen-

150

152

and then, if any part of the term remains unexpired, by
election until the regular time for election of officers to
fill said offices. .

152

vacancies in all offices for the State at large, by appoint-

ment of the Governor.

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152

or for districts larger than a county, by appointment of
the Governor

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152

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152

PAGE.

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Suffrage and elections-Continued.

eral law, for manner of voting and conduct of elections,
etc., except as otherwise prescribed in this instrument. 153
General Assembly shall prescribe laws concerning the

154

sale or gift of liquors on election days.
provisions of sections 145 to 154, inclusive, not applicable
to elections for school trustees and other common
school district elections..
elections for school trustees and other common school
elections shall be regulated by General Assembly ex-
cept, etc..

Suicide-

estates of persons destroying their own lives shall descend
or vest as in cases of natural death

*Suits -

now pending in quarterly courts shall, after the adoption
of this Constitution, be transferred to the quarterly
courts created herein. .
.sub.

Suits against the Commonwealth--

General Assembly may by law direct how and in what
courts, may be brought
Superintendent of Public Instruction—

shall be elected by the qualified voters of the State at
same time Governor is elected.

term of office four years.

age of, at least thirty years at the time of his election..
shall have been a resident citizen of the State at least two
years before his election.

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duties of, to be prescribed by law

shall enter upon the discharge of his duties first Monday
in January after his election.

shall hold office until his successor is elected and qual-
ified. .

shall be ineligible to re-election for the succeeding four
years after the expiration of the term for which he
shall have been elected..

all fees collected by, shall be covered into the Treasury.
election for, under this Constitution, shall be held on first

Tuesday after first Monday in November, one thousand
eight hundred and ninety-five, and on same day every
four years thereafter.

SEC. PAGE.

shall continue until terms of present (September 28, 1891)
judges of, expire. .
when terms of judges of, expire, all causes pending before
the, shall be transferred to Court of Appeals..

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compensation of, by salary and not otherwise.
the, elected in one thousand eight hundred and ninety-
one, shall hold his office until the first Monday in Janu-
ary, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-six, and
until his successor is elected and qualified. sub.
Superior Court-

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