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the Douglas Tragedy, where Lady Margaret and her lover Lord William being pursued by the Douglas and his seven sons :
“ O hold your hand, Lord William," she said,
“ For your strokes are wondrous sore; " True Lovers I can get many a one,
“ But a Father I can never get more.” XX. The legend of Joseph of Arimathea's staff, now the Glastonbury thorn, is well known. A modern writer has discovered a parallel to it in an olive-tree which grew at Trwezen, and was said to have sprung from the club of Hercules. (Ensor's Independent Man, Vol. 1. p.352.) He quotes the tradition from Pausanias, but has omitted the reference (Lib. ji. p. 145. 1. 17. seqq. ed. Xylandri). Pausanias expresses somewhat of an heretical doubt on the subject.
XXI. Mitford, ul. p. 186.“ A trireme was in all haste dispatched, with no small promises to the crew for arriving in time." It seems here implied that the rewards in question were promised by the Athenian people ; whereas Thucydides ascribes them to the Mitylenean deputies at Athens, anxious for the fate of their countrymen, which depended on the speedy arrival of the trireme at Mitylene.
XXII. The following is a continuation of the parallel passages.
1. Nam ut agri non omnes frugiferi sunt, qui coluntur, falsumque illud Acci,
Probæ etsi in segetem sunt deteriorem datæ
Fruges, tamen ipsæ suapte natura enitent : Sic animi non omnes culti fructum ferunt. Atque ut in eodem simili verser, ut ager quamvis fertilis sine cultura fructuosus esse non potest, sic sine doctrina animus : ita est utraque res sine altera debilis. Cic. Tusc. Dis. 11. 5. This appears to be the origival of Gray's opening simile, in his poetical essay on the alliance of Education and Government. The passage is omitted on account of its length; but it may easily be referred to. 2. Τυδείδην δ' ουκ αν γνοίης ποτέροισι μετείη, ,
ήε μετά Τρώεσσιν ομιλέοι, ή μετ' Αχαιούς"
Hom. II. E. 85. There is something like this in one of Livy's battles. “ Sed longe acrius Calpurniami equites pugnabant, et prætor ipse ante alios ; nam et primus hostem percussit, et ita se immiscuit mediis, ut vix, utrius partis esset, nosci posset.” Liv. xxxix. S1. 3.
ήεροφοίτις 'Εριννύς. Ηom. ΙΙ. Τ. 87. Does this epithet answer to the scripture expression of “the pestilence that walketh in darkness?"
κού ποτ’ Οιδίπουν έρείς αχρείον οικητήρα δέξασθαι τόπων των ενθάδ':
Soph. Ed. Col. 626. This passage was perhaps in Virgil's mind when he wrote, in the address of the Trojans to Latinus :
Non erimus regno indecores ; nec vestra feretur
En. VII, 231. 5.
ει γαρ δήτα τάγγενή φύσει άκοσμα θρέψω, κάρτα τους έξω γένους. Soph. Αnt. 659. Thus St. Paul, in his enumeration of the requisites for a bishop, 1 Τim. 11. 4, 5.-του ιδίου οίκου καλώς προϊστάμενον, τέκνα έχοντα εν υποταγή μετά πάσης σεμνότητος ει δέ τις του ιδίου οίκου προστήναι ουκ οίδε, πώς εκκλησίας Θεού επιμελήσεται ;
6. « Hæc Romana esse, non versutiarum Punicarum, neque calliditatis Græcæ , apud quos fallere hostem quam vi superare gloriosius fuerit.” 'Liv. XLII. 47. He seems to allude to the well-known passage of Thucydides, 111. 89. where that writer says, εν δε τώ παρατυχόντι ο φθάσας θαρσήσαι, ει ίδοι άφρακτον, ήδιον δια την πίστιν ετιμωρείτο, και από του προφανούς. και το τε ασφαλές ελογίζετο, και ότι, απάτη περιγενόμενος, ξυνέσεως αγώνισμα προσελάμβανε. There is something like this in Dryden's Medal, in the description of a certain eminent character, who, when raised to a situation which placed bim above the commion temptations to fraud,
bad a grudging still to be a knave ; At least as little honest as he could,
And, like white witches, mischievously good. 7.
Postquam omnis res mea Japam
Hor. Lib. I. Sat. 3. 1. 18. Young has something like this:
Poor Chremes can't conduct his own estate,
Sat. IV. 8. In Thucydides's description of the embarkation of the Athenians for Sicily, speaking of the crowds assembled on the shore, he says: και εν τω παρόντι καιρώ, ως ήδη έμελλον, μετά κινδύνων αλλήλους απολιπείν, μάλλον αυτούς έσήει τα δεινά, ή ότε εψηφίζοντο πλείν. νι. 13. Thus Virgil, An. vii. 554:
Fama volat, parvam subito delata per urbem,
9. Lucian, describing a female toilet, says-Tüy yeyouniów πλούτον εις ταύτην (την χαίτην sc.) αναλίσκουσιν (αι γυναίκες,) όλης 'Αραβίαν σχέδoν εκ των τρίχων αποπνέουσαι. Lucian. "Ερωτες, Χι. Tom. v. p. 303, Bip. This seems to have been, mediately or immediately, the origin of Pope's line in his well-known description:
And all Arabia breathes from yonder box. 10. A Theban in Statius, speaking of the calamities which were likely to ensue to the state from the rivalship of the two brother princes, says:
Nos vilis in omnes
Stat. Theb. 1. 191. Iu a passage quoted from Lord Brooke by Southey, in the notes to bis “ Pilgrimage to Waterloo,” p. 227, the following lines occur :
And as when winds among theniselves do jar,
Seas there are tost, and wave with wave must fight;
There people bear the faults and wounds of might:
Treatise of Warres, St. xxi. 11. Apollo, in his description of the Furies, Æsch. Eumen, 71, says :
κακών δ' έκατι κάγένοντ'·Thus Milton calls Hell,
A universe of evil, which the Lord
Created evil, for evil only good.
Claud. de Nupt. Hon. et Mar. 96. 13.“ As in landscape, stormy skies, and rugged mountains, and pathless rocks, and wasteful torrents, every work of nature rude, and every work of map in ruin, most engage the notice of the painter, and offer the readiest hold for the touches of his art;so in the political world, war, and sedition, and revolution, destruction of armies, massacre of citizens, and wreck of governments, force themselves upon the attention of the annalist, and are carefully reported to posterity; while the growth of commerce, and arts, and science, all that gives splendor to empire, elegance to society, and livelihood to millions, like the extended capital and the boundless champain, illumined by the sun's mid-day glare, pleases, dazzles,
bewilders, offers a maze of delightful objects, charms rather than fixes the attention, and, giving no prominences, no contrast, no strongly charactered parts, leaves the writer, as the painter, unable to choose out of an expanse and a variety, whose magnificent whole is far too great for the limited stretch of literary or picturesque design.” Mitford, Hist. of Greece, Vol. vi. p. 396, 7.
Nor are those sovereigns blessings to the age,
Wilkie's Poems. 14. πλευραϊσι γαρ προσμαχθεν εκ μεν εσχάτας
βέβρωκε σάρκας, πλεύμονός τ' αρτηρίας
Soph. Trach. 1055.
Blair's Grave. For the arrow's of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit. Job vl. 4. 15.
τη ρα παραδραμέτην, ο δ' όπισθε διώκων,...
Hom. II. X. 157.
Scott's Lady of the Lake, Canto 111, 16.
Was there cause for this?
Brooke's Gustavus Vasa.
S'irrite sans obstacle, égorge sans colère,
De Lille, Malheur et Pitié, Chant 11, 17 -redit agricolis labor actus in orbem, Atque in se sua per vestigia vertitur annus.
Virg. Georg. 11. 401.
Cowper's Task, Book 11. 18. Trojani belli scriptorem
Qui, quid sit pulchrum, quid turpe, quid utile, quid non,
Hor. Lib. 1. Ep. 2. I. 1. Thus Milton speaks of “our sage serious Spenser, whom I dare to be known to think a better teacher than Scotus or Aqui
LIFE OF HEYNE. Part II. [Continued from No. XXXVII. p. 168.] HEYNE was not the man, upon whom such representations were
He was too much attached to his duties, and had too great a sense of the useful career, in which he was engaged at Gottingen, to think without regret of quitting it. It needed, therefore, but little persuasion to determine him against the acceptance of the Berlin proposals; though the compensation, which the Hanoverian government could make him, in a pecuniary point of view, was in no proportion to the advantages which he consented
Indeed, all he obtained was a small annuity for his wife, which she was to enjoy in case of his death. It may not be uninteresting to transcribe a passage from the minister's letter, to show the high opinion, which he entertained of Heyne's merits : “You perhaps," he says, “suppose it feasible to replace you by some other able man : but such a man I do not know, nor will you yourself be able to point him out to me. " A copy of Heyne's answer to the minister has likewise been preserved, in which, among other things, are these expressions :“ I owe your Excellency everything, my fortune, my comfort, and even the very opportunity of rendering my abilities, such as they are, useful to the world; even that species of reputation, which has occasioned the knowledge of me in other quarters. The fanie of Gottingen is an object so near my heart, that while it is thought that my humble exertions can
VOL. XX. Cl. JI. NO. XXXIX. B