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Seized and tied down to judge, how wretched I! Our word jealousies contains all the vowels, though Who can't be silent, and who will not lye :
three of them only were necessary : nevertheless in To laugh, were want of goodness and of grace ; the two words abstemiously and facetiously the vowels And to be grave, exceeds all power of facc.
exist all of them in their usual order, and are pru. Pope. nounced in their usual manner.
Darwin. The temple is described square, and the four fronts And without turning his facetious head, with open gates, facing the different quarters of the Over his shoulder with a Bacchant air, world.
Id. Presented the o'erflowing cup, and said, They are as loth to see the fires kindled in Smith- • Talking's dry work, I have no time to spare.' field as his lordship; and, at least, as ready to face
Byron, them under a popish persecution.
Swift. FACIES HIPPOCRATICA, the aspect of a dying The fuce cloth too is of great antiquity.-Mr. Strutt man, as described by Hippocrates, and so named tells us, that after the closing the eyes, &c., a linen by later physicians, who have made similar obcloth was put over the face of the deceased.--Thus servations : it is when the nostrils are sharp, the we are told, that Henry the Fourth, in his last illuess eyes hollow, the temples low, the tips of the ears seeming to be dead, his chamberlain covered his face contracted and cold, the forehead dry and wrinkled, with a linen cloth. English Æra, p. 105.
Brand's Popular Antiquities." and the complexion pale or livid. See Media Face comprehends all that part of the head
The Hippocratic face is chiefly observed which is not covered with the hair. The human
towards the period of phthises and other conface is called the image of the soul, as being the sumptions, and is held a sure prognostic of death.
FA'CILE, adj. seat of the principal organs of sense, and the
Fr. fucile, facilité ;
FA'CILELY, adv. place where the ideas, passions, emotions, &c.,
Span. fucilidad: Ita!.
FACIL'ITATE, v. a. are chiefly set to view. It shows also the sex,
facilita; Lat. fucilis,
Facilita'tion, n. s. facilitas, from facio, to age, temperament, health, disease, &c. As the index of the passions, habits, &c., of the person, ible : to facilitate is to make easy; make free
do. Easy, pliant, flexit becomes the subject of physiognomy. See PHYSIOGNOMY.
from difficulty or obstruction. FACE OF THE MEAsures, in mining, is that Picty could not be diverted from this to a more part of a mine bounded by the length-way or
commodious business by any motives of profit or fuprincipal vertical joints, or natural cracks of the cility.
Raleigh. measures. In coal mines, these principal joints the version will facilitate the work.
Choice of the likeliest and best prepared metal for
Bacon. are called sline back, or face joints, and are generally parallel to each other; the lesser joints, A war upon the Turks is more worthy than upon which cross the slines almost at right angles, are
any other Gentiles, both in point of religion and in
point of Honour; though facility and hope of success called end-joints or cutters.
might invite some other choice. To Face, in the military art, a word of com
Facility is worse than bribery ; for bribes come now mand intimating to turn about: thus, face to the
and then : but if opportunity or idle respect lead a right, is turn upon the left heel, a quarter round
man, he shall never be without them.
I. to the right; and, face to the left, is to turn upon
I meant she should be courteous, facile, sweet, the right heel a quarter round to the left.
Haring that solemn vice of greatness, pride, FACE-TIOUS, adj. Fr. facetieur ; Lat.
I meant each softest virtue there should meet, FACE'TIOUSLY, adv. fucetus, from facetiæ, Fit in that softer bosom to reside. Ben Jonson. FACE'TIOUSNESS, n. s. jokes. Jocular; lively;
The one might be as facilely impetrate as the other. FACETEʻly, adv. witty; cheerful: facete
Ld. Herbert. FACETE'NESS, n. s. and facetious seem both
Pacility of yielding to a sin, or wooing it with a to have been used in this sense formerly.
voluntary suit, is a higher stair of evil. Parables-work upon the affections, and breed de
Bp. Hall's Contemplations. light of hearing, by reason of that facetness and witti. They renewed their assault two or three days togeness.
Hales. ther, and planted cannon to facilitate their passage, If there be any kind of facetiousness innocent and which did little hurt; but they still lost many men in reasonable, conformable to good manners, St. Paul
Clarendon. did not intend to discountenance or prohibit that kind. The facile gates of hell too slightly barred. Barrow.
Nilton. The eyes are the chief seats of love, as Lernutius
Raphael now, to Adam's doubt proposed, hath facetely expressed.
Id. Socrates, informed of some derogating speeches used Too facile then, thou didst not much gainsay; of him behind his back, made this facetious reply, Let Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss. Id. him beat me too when I am absent.
By dividing it into parts so distinct, the order in Government of the Tongue.
which they shall find each disposed, will render the My facetious friend, D—1, I would wish also lo
work facile and delightful. Evelyn's Kalendar. be a partaker; not to digest his spleeu, for that he To confine the imagination is as facile a performlaughs off, but to digest his last night's wine at the
as the Gothham's design of hedging in the last field-day of the Crochallan corps.
Glanville. "Tis pitiful
Yet reason saith, reason should have ability To court a grin, when you should woo a soul; To hold these worldly things in such proportion, To break a jest, when pity would inspire
As let them come or go with even facility. Sidney. Pathetic exhortation ; and to' address
Though perspective cannot be called a certain rule The skittish fancy with facetious tales,
of picture, yet it is a great succour and relief to art, When sent with God's commission to the heart! and facilitates the mcans of execution. So did not Paul. Cowper.
They who have studied have not only learned many As men are not to mistake the causes of these opeexcellent things, but also have acquired a great faci- ratious, so much less are they to mistake the fact or lity of profiting themselves by reading good authors. effect, and rashly to take that for done which is not Id. done.
Bacon. 'Tis a great error to take facility for good nature; Those effects which are wrought by the percussion tenderness without discretion, is no better than a more of the sense, and by things in fact, are produced like. pardonable folly.
L'Estrange. wise in some degree by the imagination : therefore if The facility which we get of doing things, by a cus- a man see another eat sour or acid things, wbich set tom of doing, makes them often pass in us without the teeth on edge, that object tainteth the imagination. our notice.
Bacon's Natural History. He opens and yields himself to the man of business
I see the Levites, not long since, drawing their with difficulty and reluctancy; but offers himself to
swords for God and Moses, against the rest of Israel; the visits of a friend with facility, and all the meet
and that fact wins them both praise and blessing. ing readiness of appetite and desire.
Bp. Hall's Contemplations. This may at first seern perplexed with many diffi
Unhappy man! to break the pivus laws culties, yet many things may be suggested to make it
Wilkins. more facile and commodious.
Of nature, pleading in his children's cause :
Howe'er the doubtful fact is understood, Some men are of that facile temper, that they are
'Tis love of honour and his country's good; wrought upon by every object they converse with,
The consul, not the father, sheds the blood. whom any affectionate discourse, or serious sermon,
Dryder. or any notable accident, shall put into a fit of religion,
Matter of fact breaks out and blazes with too great which yet usually lasts no longer than till somewhat
an evidence to be denied.
South's Sermons. else comes in their way.
Manifold sins, though in speculation they may be What produceth a due quantity of animal spirits, necessarily facilitates the animal and natural motions. separable from war, in reality and fact never fail to
Arbuthnot on Diet.
Smalridge. A war on the side of Italy would cause a great for such a conclusion.
If this were true in fact, I do not see any colour
Addison on the War. diversion of the French forces, and facilitate the progress of our arms in Spain.
Junius. Science, though perhaps the nurseling of interest,
man will deterinine for himself. was the daughter of curiosity : for who can believe The facts which inspired writers relate are no less that they wbo first watched the course of the stars,
instructive than the doctrines which they teach. foresaw the use of their discoveries to the facilitation
Robertson's Sermons. of commerce, or the mensuration of time?
It may seem strange, that horror of any kind should
Johnson. Rambler. give pleasure. But the fact is certain. Why do FACING, Façade, or Revêtement, in forti- people run to see battles, executions, and shipwrecks? fication, is a strong wall of masonry, or other
Beattie, binding, built on the outside of the rampart and
FAC'TION, n. s. Fr. faction; Ital. fatparapet, to prevent the soil of which they are
FacʻTIONARY, tione ; Lat. factio, fac
Fac'TIONIST, composed giving way. When the revêtement of
tionis, from facio, fac
Fac'tious, adj. tus, to make, or do. A a rampart goes quite up to the top, four feet of the upper part is a vertical wall of three feet Fac'TIOUSLY, adv. public, or busy party: thick, with a square stone at the top, of it, pro- dissension: factionary and factionist are old words
FACTIOUSNESS, n. s. J hence tumult; discord; jecting about five or six inches, and a circular one below, or where the slope begins, of eight or
for the promoters of faction or discord. ten inches diameter. When the facing is carried By one of Simon's faction murders were committed. up as high as the soles of the embrasures, it is
Shakspeare. Mac. called a whole revêtement; but, when confined to
The queen is valued thirty thousand strong; the ditch only, it is termed a half-revêtement.
If she hath time to breathe, be well assured These must depend on the nature of the soil,
Her faction will be full as strong as ours.
Shakspeare, the facility of obtaining materials, the time that
He has been known to commit outrages, can be bestowed, the importance of the post, &c.
And cherish factions.
Id. Timon. Where difficulties occur, as also in temporary works, the facings are made with turf; in which
Pr’ythee, fellow, remember my name is Menenius;
always factionary of the party of your general. case they are said to be gazoned.
Coriolanta. FACIN'OROUS, adj. Lat. facinus, facinoris,
He is a traitor; lead him to the Tower, from facio, to do, used both in a good and bad And
crop away that factious pate of his. sense for great actions, but more com mmonly the
Shakspeare. latter. Extreme: extremely bad, or wicked.
Be factious for redress of all these griefs. Id. 'Tis strange, 'tis very strange, that is the brief and There be that can pack the cards, and yet cannot tedious of it; and he's of a most facinorous spirit that play well : so there are some that are good in canwill not acknowledge it.
Shakspeare. vasses and factions, that are otherwise weak men. FACT, n. s. Fr. fait ; Lat. factum, from fucio,
Lord Bacon, factus, to do. A thing or effect accomplished:
By the weight of reason I should counterpoise the reality, as opposed to fiction or speculation;
overbalancing of any factions. King Charles. action; deed.
Factious tumults overbore the freedom and honour
of the two houses. In matter of fact they say there is some credit to be given to the testimony of man; but not in matter
I intended not only to oblige my friends, but mine of opinion and judgment : we see the contrary both enemies also : exceeding even the desires of those that
Id. acknowledged and universally practised all throughout were factiously discontented. the world.
Hooker. God and Moses knew how to distinguish betwixt
the heads of the faction and the train ; though neither FACTOR, 1. s. Fr. facteur ; Lat. fuctor, be faultless, yet one is plagued, the other forgiven. FACTORAGE, (à facio). One who does
Bp. Hall's Contemplations. FACTORY. business for another; an By some needful act, to put a present restraint upon agent : factorage is his commission, or charge, the wild and lawless courses of all their factious com- for the business done. A factory is a house of binations abroad, and enterprises of this kind. business; a place where any thing is made; and
figuratively, but more commonly, the collective Some busy fuctionists of the meaner sort. Id.
body of merchants in a given place. They remained at Newbury in great faction among themselves.
Take on you the charge Gray-headed men and grave, with warriors mixed,
And kingly government of this your land; Assemble ; and harangues are heard ; but soon
Not as protector, steward, substitute, In factious opposition. Milton's Paradise Lost.
Or lowly factor for another's gain.
Shakspeare. Richard III. How from dissensions in opiniou do violent factions
The senators alone of this great world, and feuds rage!
Chief factors for the gods. Avoid the politic, the factious fool,
Id. Antony and Cleopatra.
We agreed that I should send up an English factor,
that whatsoever the island could yield should be deWhy these factious quarrels, controversies, and
livered at a reasonable rate. Raleigh's Apology. battles amongst themselves, when they were all united in the same design?
The Scots had good intelligence, baving some facIt is thus with all those, who, attending only to the
tors doubtless at this mart, albeit they did not openly
trade. shell and husk of history, think they are waging war
Forced into exile from his rightful throne, with intolerence, pride, and cruelty, whilst, under color of abhorring the ill principles of antiquated
He made all countries where he came his own;
And viewing monarch's secret arts of sway, parties, they are authorising and feeding the same odious vices in different factions, and perhaps in
A royal factor for their kingdoms lay. Dryden. worse,
Burke. Vile arts and restless endeavours are used by some If all the world joined with them in a full crysly and venomous factors for the old republican against rebellion, and were as botly influenced against cause.
South. The whole theory and enjoyment of freedom, as those Asleep and naked as an Indian lay, who are the most factions for servitude, it could not
An honest factor stole a gem away: in my opinion answer any one end whatsoever in this He pledged to the knight; the knight had wit, contest.
So kept the diamond, and the rogue was bit. Pope. Come thou, whose love unlimited, sincere,
And, disclaiming all regard Nor faction cools, nor injury destroys;
For mercy, and the common rights of man, Who lend'st to Misery's moans a pitying ear, Build factories with blood, conducting trade And feel'st with ecstasy another's joys.
At the sword's point, and dyeing the white robe
Beattie. Of innocent commercial Justice red. Cowper. Faction, in antiquity, a name given to the
• In the road of commerce,' said he, you will be different companies of combatants in the circus. sure, by diligence and assiduity, though you have no They were four; viz. the white, the red, the green, capital, of so far succeeding as to be employed as a
Franklin. and the blue ; to which Domitian added another of purple color. They were so denominated from The factorage or wages, called also commission, is
different at different places, and for different voyages : the color of the liveries they wore ; and were
at a medium it may be fixed at about three per cent. dedicated, according to M. Aur. Cassiodorus, to
of the value of the goods bought, beside the charge the four seasons of the year; the green being con
of package, which is paid over and above. When secrated to spring, the red to summer, the white factors make themselves answerable for the debts of to autumn, and the blue to winter. It appears those persons with whom they deal, the charges of from ancient inscriptions, that each faction had commission or factorage are, of course, enhanced. its procurators and physician; and, from history,
Dr. A. Rees. that party rage ran so high among them, that, in
Factors are employed by merchants residing a dissension between two factions, in the time of at other places, to buy or sell goods, negociate Justinian, almost 40,000 men lost their lives in bills, &c., on their account; and are entitled to a the quarrel.
certain allowance for their trouble. A supercargo FACTITIOUS, adj. Lat. factitius, from facio, differs from a factor in this: the business of the to make. See Faction. Made by art. former is limited to the care of a particular
In the making and distilling of soap, by one degree cargo; he goes along with it, and generally of fire the salt, the water, and the oil or grease, returns when his business is completed : the latwhereof that fartitious concrete is made up, being ter has a fixed residence, and executes commisboiled up together, are easily brought to co-operate. sions for different merchants. A factor's power
Boyle. is either absolute or limited. Though entrusted Hardness wherein some stones exceed all other with ample discretionary powers, he is not warhodies, and among them the adamant, all other stones ranted to take unreasonable or unusual measures, being exalted to that degree that art in vain endeavours to counterfeit it; the factitious stones of interest; but it is incumbent on the employer, if
or do any thing contrary to his employer's chymists, in imitation, being easily detected by an ordinary lapi-ist.
Ray on the Creation.
he challenge his proceedings, to prove that he Hence the diamond reflects half as much more
could have done better, and was guilty of wilful light as a factitious gem in similar circumstances; to mismanagement. When a factor's power is which must be added its great transparency, and ihe limited, he must adhere strictly to his orders. excellent polish it is capable of.
Darwin. If he exceed his power, though with a view lo
his employer's interest, he is liable for the con- act without commission, they are responsible :
Factotum here, Sir.
Ben Jonson. his employer's orders for his own advantage, the
FA'CTURE, n. s.
French. The act or manemployer may recover the benefit, and the factor shall be amerced for the same. If a factor ner of making any thing. receives bad money in payment, he bears the
There is no doubt but that the facture or framing, loss; but if the value of the money be lessened is as full of difference as the outward (parts.]
Bucon. by the government, the employer bears the loss. A factor is not liable for goods spoiled, robbed, FACULÆ, Latin, from fax, a torch, in astroor destroyed by fire. If a factor receives coun- nomy, a name given by Scheiner and others, to terfeit jewels from his employer, and sells them, certain bright spots on the sun's disc, that apthe employer is hable to indemnify him for any pear more lucid than the rest of his body. penalties he may incur. If a factor be ordered Hevelius affirms, that on July 20th, 1634, he to make insurance, and neglect it, and the sub- observed a facula, whose breadth was equal to ject be lost, he is liable to make it good, provid- one-third of the sun's diameter. Kircher, Scheiner, ing he had effects in his hands. If a factor and others, represent the sun's body as full of buys goods for his employer, his bargain shall these faculæ, which they suppose to be volcanoes ; be binding on the employer. Factors having and others contend that the maculæ change into obtained a profit for their employers, ought to be faculæ before they disappear. But Huygens and very cautious how they dispose of it; for if they Others of the latest and best observers, finding
that the best telescopes discover nothing of the Reason itself but gives it edge and power, matter, agree entirely to explode the phenomena
As heaven's blessed beam turas vinegar more sour. of faculæ; and attribute the cause of these
Pope's Essay on Man.
He had an excellent faculty in preaching if he appearances to the tremulous agitation of the
were not too refined. vapors near our earth. Dr. Hutton concludes
Swift. that the faculæ are not eructations of fire and
Neither did our Saviour think it necessary to exflame, but refractions of the sun's rays in the plain to us the nature of God, because it would be im
possible, without bestowing on us other faculties than rarer exhalations, which, being condensed, seem
we possess at present.
Id. to exhibit a light greater than that of the sun.'
The wretched condition, weakness, and disorder of FACʻULTY, n. s. Fr. faculté ; Ital. facolta; the faculties which I must employ in my inquiries, Span. faculdud ; Lat. facultas, from facio, to do. increase my apprehensions; and the impossibility of The power of doing any thing mechanical or amending or correcting those faculties, reduces me almental: hence skill; dexterity; excellence; most to despair, and makes me resolved to perish on quality; power; authority or privilege: a com- the barren rock on which I am at present, rather than pany of skilful or eminent men in any of the venture myself upon that boundless ocean which runs professions.
out into immensity. Hume. On Human Nature. There is no kind of faculty or power in man, or any
Called thee into being when thou wast not ; gave creature, which can rightly perform the functions al
thee these reasoning and reflecting faculties, which lotted to it without perpetual aid and concurrence of
thou art now employing in searching out the end and that supreme cause of all things.
Mason. Law bath set down to what persons, in what causes,
FADE, v. n. & v. a. Goth. fæda; Isl. and with what circumstances, almost every faculty or fa- Swed. fata ; Erse, fuid ; Arabic, faut: from Fr. vour shall be granted.
Id. fade, weak, insipid, says Dr. Johnson ; but Mr. I'm traduced by tongues which neither know Todd derives it with more probability, from Lat. My faculties nor person, yet will be
vado, Gr. Baow to move, the primary meaning of The chronicles of my doing.
fade being to disappear quickly. To vanish; Shakspeare. Henry VIII.
disappear rapidly; languish ; change to a weaker This Duncan
color; wither; lose vigor or beauty; die away. Hath born his faculties so meek, bath been
Our older writers use it as an active verb for to So clear in his great office, that his virtues Will plead like angels.
wear away; reduce. He had none of those faculties, which the other Ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a had, of reconciling men to him. Clarendon. garden that bath no water.
Isaiah i. 30. I understand in the prime end
The glorious beauty on the head of the fac valley Of nature, her the inferior; in the mind shall be a fading flower.
Id. xxviii. 4. And inward faculties, which most excel.
Whose flowring pride, so fading and so fickle,
Milton. Short Time shall soon cut down with his consuming Orators may grieve; for in their sides,
Spenser's Faerie Queene. Rather than heads, their faculty abides.
This is a man, old, wrinkled, faded, withered;
Denham. And not a maiden, as thou sayest he is. He, which hath given no man his faculties and graces
Shakspeare. for himself, nor put light into the sun, moon, stars, The stars shall fade away, the sun himself for their own use, hath stored no parcel of earth with Grow dim with age, and nature sink in years. a purpose of private reservation. Bp. Hall.
Addison. Our author found out monarchial absolute power The greenness of a leaf ought to pass
for apparent, in that tex; the had an exceeding good faculty to find because, soon fading into a yellow, it scarce lasts at it bimself where he could not show it to others. al, in comparison with the greenness of an emerald. Locke.
Boyle on Colours. We shall then use our understanding right, when His palms, tho' under weights they did not stand, we entertain all objects in that way and proportion, Still thrived; no Winter could his laurels fade. tbat they are suited to our faculties. Id.
Dryden. Many are ignorant of mathematical truths, not out
The pictures drawn in our minds are laid in fading of any imperfection of their faculties, or uncertainty colours, and, if not sometimes refreshed, vanish and in the things themselves, but for want of application
Locke. in acquiring, examining, and by due ways comparing
Where either through the temper of the body, or those ideas.
Id. some other default, the memory
very weak, ideas
Id. Reason in man supplies the defect of other facul. in the mind quickly fade. ties wherein we are inferior to beasts, and what we The spots in this stone are of the same colour cannot compass by force we bring about by stratagem. throughout, even to the very edges; thero being an
L'Estrange. immediate transition from white to black, and the A power of command there is without all question, colours not fading or declining gradually. though there be some doubt in what faculty this com
Woodward. mand doth principally reside, whether in the will or
Restless anxiety, forlorn despair, the understanding. Bramhall against Hobbes.
And all the faded family of care. Sure it is a pitiful pretence to ingenuity that can be
Garth's Dispensury. thus kept up, there being little need of any other fa
Narcissus' change to the vain virgin shows, culty but memory, to be able to cap texts.
Who trusts to beauty, trusts tho fading rose. Government of the Tongue.
Gay. The fifth mechanical faculty is the wedge used in
The garlands fade, the vows are worn away ; cleaving wood.
Wilkins. So dies her love, and so my hopes decay. Pope. Nature its mother, habit is its nurse;
-Hence plastie nature, as oblivion whelms Wit, spirit, faculties, but make it worse;
Her fading forms, repeoples all her realms;