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The presidents and princes sought into prison. ---Acts xvi. 19-25. to find occasion against Daniel con- xix. 9. cerning the kingdom ; but they could The philosophers, &c. encountered find none, &c. Then said these men, Paul, saying, What will this babbler We shall not find any occasion against (or base fellow) say ?-Acts xvii. 18. this Daniel, except we find it against There arose no small stir about him concerning the law of his God, that way: for a certain man, &c. &c. They procure a law, that none which made silver shrines for Diana, should ask a petition of any god or &c. complained against Paul, made a man, but of the king, &c. watch great uproar, and laid hold of Paul's Daniel, accuse him, and cast him companions.-Acts xix. 23–30. into the lions' den.-Dan, vi. 4-17. We would not, brethren,


you They afflict the just; therefore ignorant of our trouble which came the prudent shall keep silence in that to us in Asia.—2 Cor. i. 8. time, for it is an evil time.--Amos v. I suffer trouble even unto bonds.12, 13.

2 Tim. ii. 9. Herod had laid hold on John, and Ye endured a great fight of afflicbound him, and put him in prison tions : partly whilst ye were made a for Herodias' sake, &c. for John gazingstock, both by reproaches and said unto him, It is not lawful for afflictions, &c. Ye took joyfully the thee to have her, &c. and he sent spoiling of your goods, &c.—Heb. x, and beheaded John in the prison.— 32—34. Matt. xiv. 3, 4. 9, 10.

Others were tortured, &c. Others Herod and Pilate, who before were had trial of cruel mockings and at enmity, persecute Christ, and were scourgings : yea, moreover of bonds made friends.—Luke xxiii. 11, 12. and imprisonment, &c. of whom the

Because ye are not of the world, world was not worthy. - Heb. xi. &c. therefore the world hateth you.- 35–38. John xv. 19.

Do not rich men oppress you by They disputed with Stephen : and tyranny, and draw you before the they were not able to resist the wis- judgment seats ?--James ii. 6. dom and spirit by which he spake ; Ye have condemned and killed the then they suborned men, and stirred just : and he doth not resist you.-up the people, &c. and came upon James v. 6. him, and caught him, and brought They speak evil of you, as of evil him to the council, and set up false doers, &c.-1 Pet. iii. 16. iv. 4. witnesses.-Acts vi. 9-13.

The world knoweth us not, beHerod the king stretched forth his cause it knew him not.

Marvel not, hands to vex certain of the church, my brethren, if the world hate you.and he killed James the brother of 1 John iii. 1. 12, 13. iii. 30. John with the sword : and because I, John, &c. was in the isle that is he saw it pleased the Jews, he pro- called Patmos, for the word of God, ceeded to take Peter, and put him in and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. prison, &c.—Acts xii. 1-4.

-Rev. i. 9. They caught Paul and Silas, and drew them into the market-place Secondly. From hypocritical Prounto the rulers, and brought them to

fessors of the true God, Jews, Men the magistrates, saying, These men,

zealous of the Law and Traditions. being Jews, do exceedingly tronble The Lord had respect unto Abel, our city, and teach customs which and to his offering ; but unto Cain are not lawful for us to receive, and his offering he had not respect, neither to observe, being Romans, &c. Cain rose up against Abel his &c. they beat them and cast them his brother, and slew him.-Gen. iv. 4, 5. 8. 1 John iii. 22. Gen. drinking, and they say, Behold a man xxvii. 43.

gluttonous.-Matt. xi. 18, 19. Esau came forth against Jacob Behold, I send unto you prophets, with four hundred men.-Gen. xxxii. and wise men, and scribes, and some 6, &c.

of them ye shall kill and crucify, and Joseph's brethren hated him, and some of them shall ye scourge in could not speak peaceably unto him, your synagogues, and persecute them &c. they conspired against him to from city to city.--Matt. xxiii. 34. slay him, &c. they cast him into a Some said Christ was a good man: pit, &c. they sell him to the Ish- others said, Nay, but he deceiveth the maelites, &c.—Gen. xxxyii. 4. 10, 11, people, Howbeit no man spake 18. 20. 24. 27, 28. xlv. 4, 5. openly of him, for fear of the Jews.

Joshua envied Eldad and Medad John vii. 12, 13. Luke xxiii. 2. for prophesying, and would have The Jews had agreed already, that Moses forbid them, but Moses re- if any 'man did confess that he was bukes him.-Numb. xi. 27-29. Christ, he should be put out of the

Saul eyed David from that day for- synagogue, &c. They reviled the ward, &c. He said, I will smite man who owned Christ to them ; David, &c. he became his enemy they say, Thou wast altogether born continually; and often attempted to in sins, and dost thou teach us? and take away his life.—1 Sam. xviii. 8, they cast him out (or excommunicated 9. 11. 17. 29. xix. 1. 9–11. xxii. him).-John ix. 22. 28. 33, 34. xxiv. xxvi.

The chief priests consulted that Absalom conspired against his they might put Lazarus also to death, father David.—2 Sam. xv.

because that by reason of him many Shimei cursed David when he fled of the Jews went away, and believed from Absalom.-2 Sam. xvi. 5—8. 13. on Jesus.—John xii. 10,11. 19.

Ahab pursued Elijah in every na- The chief priests, &c. cried out tion, &c, he said to Elijah, when he against Christ (when Pilate had said saw him, Art thou he that troubleth he found no fault in him), saying, Israel ?-1 Kings xviii. 10. 17. xxi. 20. Crucify him, crucify him, &c. by our

Jezebel threatens to take away law he ought to die. They said to Elijah's life.—1 Kings xix. 1, 2. Pilate, If thou let this man


thou Hear the word of the Lord, ye that art not Cæsar's friend ; crying out, tremble at his word; your brethren Away with him, away with him! that hated you, that cast you out for crucify him,&c.-John xix. 6, 7.12. 15. my name's sake, &c. the Lord he When Peter and John had spoken shall appear to your joy, and they unto the people, the priests and the shall be ashamed.- Isa. lxvi. 5. captain of the temple came upon

Jeremiah saith, O Lord,&c. revenge them, being grieved that they taught me of my persecutors, &c. for thy the people, and preached through sake I have suffered rebuke.-Jer. xv. Jesus the resurrection, &c. And they 15. Matt. v. 12. Jer. xx. 1, 2. 7. laid hands on them, and put them in 10. xxvi. 11. xxxvii. 14–16. xxxviii. hold, &c. That it spread no further 4. 6.

among the people, let us straitly They hate him that rebuketh in threaten them, &c. So when they the gate: and they abhor him that had further threatened them, &c. speaketh uprightly, &c. they afflict Acts iv. 1-3. 17. 21. the just.--Amos v. 10. 12. 1 Kings The high priest rose up, and all xxii. 8.

they that were with him, &c. and John neither eating nor drink- were filled with indignation (or envy), ing, and they say, He hath a devil: and laid their hands on the apostles, the Son of man came eating and and put them in the common prison, &c. when the apostles had spoken to and so spake, &c. but the unbelieving them, they were cut to the heart, and Jews stirred up the Gentiles, and they took counsel to slay them.- made their minds evil affected against Acts v. 16-18. 33. Mark xv. 10. the brethren, &c. and they fled unto


They suborned witnesses against Lystra, &c. And there came thither Stephen, and said, We have heard certain Jews from Antioch and Icohim speak blasphemous words against nium, who persuaded the people, and Moses, and against God, &c. That having stoned Paul, drew him out of Jesus shall destroy this place, and the city, supposing he had been dead. change the customs which Moses -Acts xiv. 1, 2. 6. 19. delivered us.-Acts vi. 10-14. So When Paul had reasoned with them against Christ.—Matt. xxvi. 59–61. of Thessalonica, &c. that Christ had So against Naboth. - 1 Kings vii. suffered, &c. the Jews which believed 8-13. Ps. cxix. 69.

not, moved with envy, took unto They ran upon Stephen with one them certain lewd fellows of the baser accord, and cast him out of the city, sort, and gathered a company, and and stoned him.--Acts vii. 57, 58. set all the city in an uproar, and There was

great persecution assaulted the house of Jason, &c. against the church which was at They drew Jason and certain brethren Jerusalem, and they were all scattered unto the rulers of the city, crying, abroad, &c. Saul made havoc of the These that have turned the world church, entering into every house, upside down, are come hither also, and hailing men and women com- whom Jason hath received : and these mitted them to prison.-Acts viii. all do contrary to the decrees of 1. 3. xxvi. 10, 11.

Cæsar, saying, "That there is another Saul breathing out threatenings King, one Jesus, &c. When the Jews and slaughter against the disciples of of Thessalonica had knowledge that the Lord : went unto the high priest, the word of God was preached of and desired of him letters, &c. that Paul at Berea, they came thither also, if he found any of this way, whether and stirred up the people.-Acts xvii. they were men or women, he might 1–7. 13. bring them bound to Jerusalem, &c. After Paul had preached at Corinth, When he was converted, the Jews &c. the Jews made insurrection with took counsel to kill him, &c. and they one accord against Paul, and brought watched the gates day and night to him to the judgment seat, saying, kill him.- Acts ix. 1, :2. 22-24. This fellow persuadeth men to worGal. i. 13, 14. 1 Tim. i. 13. ship God contrary to the law.—Acts

Herod killed James, and, because xviii. H-13. he saw it pleased the Jews, he pro- The Jews, when they saw Paul in ceeded.--Acts xii. 2, 3.

the temple, stirred up all the people, When the Jews saw the multitudes, and laid hands on him, crying out, they were filled with envy, and spake Men of Israel, help: this is the man against those things which were that teacheth all men every where spoken by Paul, contradicting and against the people, and the law, and blaspheming, &c. But the Jews this place, &c. and hath polluted this stirred up the devout and honourable holy place, &c. They took Paul, and women, and the chief men of the drew him out of the temple, &c. and city, and raised persecution against went about to kill him.-Acts xxi. Paul and Barnabas, and expelled 27—31. them out of their coasts.--Acts xiii. They cried out against Paul, and 45. 50.

said, Away with such a fellow from In Iconium, they went both to- the earth, for it is not fit he should gether into the synagogue of the Jews, live, &c. Afterwards, they bind

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themselves under a curse to kill him. The Lord thy God led thee these -Acts xxii. 22, 23. xxüi. 12. forty years, to humble thee, and to

The high priest and elders, with prove thee, to know what was in Tertullus the orator, said of Paul thine heart, whether thou wouldest before the governor, We have found keep his commandments or no.this man a pestilent fellow, and a Deut. viii. 2. 16. mover of sedition among all the Jews I also will not henceforth drive out throughout the world, and a ring- any from before thee, of the nations leader of the sect of the Nazarenes : which Joshua left when he died; that who also hath gone about to profane through them I may prove Israel, the temple, &c. Paul said, Neither whether they will keep the way of can they prove the things whereof the Lord, &c. or not.-Judges ii. they accuse me : but this I confess, 21-23. iii. 4. After the


which they call heresy, In the business of the ambassadors, so worship Í, &c.-Acts xxiv. 1, 2. God left Hezekiah to try him, that he 5, 6. 13, 14.

might know all that was in his heart. The high priest, and chief of the —2 Chron. xxxii. 31. Jews, informed Festus against Paul, And the Lord said unto Satan, and besought him, &c. that he would Hast thou considered my servant send for him to Jerusalem, laying Job ? &c. still he holdeth fast his inwait in the way to kill him, &c. tegrity, although thou movedst me They laid many and grievous com- against him to destroy him without plaints against him, which they could cause. Job ii. 3. not prove.-Acts xxv. 2, 3.7.

What is man, &c. that thou shouldest As concerning this sect, we know visit him every morning, and try him that every where it is spoken against. every moment ?--Job vii. 17, 18. -Acts xxviii. 22.

He knoweth the way that I take : Paul confesseth that when he pro- when he hath tried me, I shall come fited in the Jews' religion, he perse- forth as gold.—Job xxiii. 10. cuted the church.—Gal. i. 13, 14. Thou, O Lord, hast proved us :

Ye also have suffered like things thou hast tried us as silver is tried : of your own countrymen, even as thou broughtest us into the net : they have of the Jews, who both thou laidest afliction upon our loins. killed the Lord Jesus and their own -Ps. lxvi. 10–12. prophets, and have persecuted us, &c. Some of them of understanding forbidding us to speak to the Gen- shall fall to try them, &c.—Dan. tiles.- 1 Thess. ii. 14–16.

xi. 35. Alexander the coppersmith did I will bring the third part through me much evil, &c. of whom be thou the fire, and will refine them as silver aware also : for he hath greatly with- is refined, and will try them as gold stood our words.--2 Tim. iv. 14, 15. is tried.--Zech. xiii. 9.

The dragon persecuted the woman. Others had trial of cruel mockings -Rev. xii. 13. 15–17.

and scourgings, &c.-Heb. xi. 36, 37. Count it all joy when


fall into Secr. 11. For what ends doth God divers temptations: knowing that the

chastise his Children, and suffer trying of your faith worketh patience, them to be persecuted ?

&c. Blessed is the man that endureth 1. To exercise and try their Faith shall receive the crown of life, &c.—

temptation ; for when he tried

is , he and Obedience.

James i. 2, 3. 12. God did tempt Abraham, when he Though now for a season, if need put him upon offering his son Isaac. be, ye are in heaviness: that the -Gen. xxii, 1, &c.

trial of your faith being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, their work, and their transgressions, &C. --- 1 Pet. i. 6, 7.

that they have exceeded : he openeth Beloved, think it not strange con- their ear to discipline, and commandcerning the fiery trial, which is to try eth that they return from iniquity.-you, as though some strange thing Job xxxvi. 8–10. happened unto you: but rejoice, in- Behold, I am vile: what shall I asmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's answer thee? I will lay my hand

upon sufferings, &c.- i Pet. iv. 12, 13. my mouth : once have I spoken, but

Fear none of those things which I will not answer; yea twice, but I thou shalt suffer : behold, the devil will proceed no farther.-Job xl. 4,5. shall cast some of you into prison, I have heard of thee, &c. but now that ye may be tried.-Rev. ii. 10. mine eye seeth thee: wherefore I

I will keep thee from the hour of abhor myself, &c.-Job xlii, 5, 6. temptation, which shall come upon Hath he smitten him ? &c. By this all the world, to try them that dwell therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob upon the earth.-Rev. ii. 10. be purged ; and this is all the fruit,

to take away his sin.—Isa. xxvii. 7-9. II. To humble and purge them.

Ephraim by chastisement was humThe Lord thy God led thee these bled and instructed.-Jer. xxxi. 18,19. forty years in the wilderness to hum- My fury and mine anger was poured ble thee, &c. Who fed thee in the forth, &c. They are not humbled even wilderness with manna, which thy unto this day; neither have they fathers knew not, that he might hum- feared, nor walked in my

law.-Jer. ble thee, &c.—Deut. viii. 2. 16. xliv. 6. 10.

So Manasseh made Judah, &c. to I will cause you to pass under the err, and to do worse than the heathen: rod, &c. and there shall ye remember wherefore the Lord brought upon your ways, &c. and ye shall lothe them the captains of the host of the yourselves in your own sight.-Ezek. king of Assyria, which took Ma- 37, 38. 43. nasseh, &c. bound him with fetters, Some of them of understanding shall and carried him to Babylon. And fall, &c. to purge and to make them when he was in affliction, he besought white.-Dan. xi. 35. the Lord his God, and humbled him- I will bring the third part through self greatly before the God of his the fire, and will refine them as silver. fathers, &c. And God brought him —Zech. xiii. 9. again unto his kingdom, &c. He then Lest I should be exalted above took away the strange gods, &c.— measure, &c. there was given to me a 2 Chron. xxxiii. 9-13. 15, 16. thorn in the flesh, the messenger of

Job complains of his afflictions ; Satan, to buffet me.--2 Cor. xii. 7. then saith, What is man that thou shouldest magnify him ? &c. I have III. To make them remember God, sinned, what shall I do unto thee, O

and thing's above ; to look to, own thou preserver of men ?-Job vii. them, and close with them. 16–20.

Jacob was greatly afraid and disWilt thou break a leaf driven to tressed : and Jacob said, O God of and fro ? and wilt thou pursue the my father Abraham, &c. the Lord dry stubble ? for thou writest bitter which saidest unto me, Return, &c. things against me.Job xiii. 25, 26. —Gen. xxxii. 7-9.

He knoweth the way that I take : When Joseph's brethren were dealt when he hath tried me, I shall come roughly with, they remembered their forth as gold.—Job xxii. 10.

sin against Joseph.-Gen. xlii. 21. If they be, &c. holden in cords of He suffered thee to hunger, &c. affliction : then he sheweth them that he might make thee know that

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