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THE

QUARTERLY

CHRISTIAN SPECTATOR.

VOL. II.--NO. I.

MARCH, 1830.

ART. 1.-REVIEW OF PAYNE's ELEMENTS OF MENTAL AND

MORAL SCIENCE.

Elements of Mental and Moral Science ; designed to exhibit the Original

Susceptibililies of the Mind, and the Rule by which the Rectitude of any of its states or feelings should be judged. By GEORGE PAYNE, A. M. New-York: J. Leavitt. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. 1829. pp. 450.

We opened this volume, with more than ordinary interest; hoping to find in it an able exhibition of the elementary principles of mental and moral science. Intellectual philosophy is now in that stage of its progress, which calls for a well arranged and compendious view of its leading truths. He who is desirous of possessing himself of its treasures, is at a loss to know where to commence his inquiries. He opens, perhaps, the attractive volumes of Dr. Brown, but soon finds himself embarrassed, for want of a familiarity with the opinions of preceding writers on the subject. If he turns back to the successive treatises of Dugald Stewart, he meets with frequent discussions of the positions of Reid, and Hume, and Berkeley, and Locke. So also he finds, that the works of Dr. Reid consist, in a great measure, of commentaries on the views of preceding philosophers. After perusing a few of those writers, he learns that, to conduct his researches with a fair prospect of success, he must reverse the order of his investigations; going back as far at least, as the writings of Locke; and following the chronological order, through some fifteen or twenty volumes of Berkeley, Reid, Stewart, Brown, etc. And when all this is done, will he have a clear, and consistent, and well digested system of intellectual philosophy in his mind? We fear he will not; unless he has carried along, with his reading, a laborious process of examining, comparing, modifying, and arranging, the heterogeneous VOL. II.

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