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statutes, if these members in a written declaration, to be handed to the execu tive committee of the institute on or before December 1, 1889, renounce for their prospective relicts all claims that might accrue to them in accordance with the statutes of March 15 and August 30, 1884, heretofore in force. Otherwise the regulations of the statutes heretofore force shall apply to these relicts. §11. The payment of fees on the part of those who were members at the time when these statutes took effect is hereby discontinued.

The regulation of clause 1 shall not apply to members whose possible future relicts may have claims upon widows and orphans' pension in accordance with the imperial law of April 20, 1881 (R. G. B. 1, p. 85), or of the Prussian law of May 20, 1882 (G. S., p. 298).

§12. The claims of the relicts of members deceased before the adoption of these statutes shall be adjudged according to the statutes heretofore in force.

V. RIGHTS OF THE INSTITUTION.

§13. The institution shall have the rights of a corporation. Particularly, it shall be competent to receive gifts from living persons and by legacy in accordance with statutory requirements.

VI. PROPERTY OF THE INSTITUTION.

$14. The property of the institution heretofore in its possession shall remain under its control.

The income from its property, in so far as the donors of gifts and legacies have not made other dispositions, shall be applied exclusively in defraying the statutory expenses of the institution.

Allowances assigned to the institution by the State in accordance with provisions for securing the solvency of university institutions for the pensioning of widows and orphans shall be added to the income of the institution from its property.

$15. The capital of the institution shall be invested, with the consent of the minister of religious, etc., affairs, on security or mortgages, or eventually, in so far as this can not be done safely, in the purchase of interest-bearing bonds, in which the money of wards can be legally invested.

VII. ADMINISTRATION OF THE INSTITUTE.

§16. The administration of the institute is directed by an executive committee, consisting of the rector and two directors, in accordance with further detailed rules to be fixed by the minister of religious, etc., affairs and the minister of finance, and with instructions of the minister of religious, etc., affairs.

In judiciary matters the executive committee shall procure the advice of the judge of the university.

$17. The care of the funds and the conduct of financial affairs lies with the treasury of the university, under the direction and supervision of the executive committee..

An annual report shall be submitted by the treasurer of the university within six weeks after the close of the year.

§18. This annual report shall be received by two auditors, under the direction of the rector and in connection with the two directors, and then forwarded, with the report of the executive committee, to the minister of religious, etc., affairs for inspection and ultimate discharge.

§19. In case of the death of a director or temporary inability to attend to his duties on the part of such director, one of the auditors shall in his place attend to the duties of the director until a new director shall have been elected or the temporary inability removed.

§20. The two directors and the two auditors shall be elected for one year by absolute majority of those present at the regular annual meeting of all the members.

The elected officers shall serve without compensation. Should anyone who has served in one of these offices for one year be elected, he may refuse acceptance whenever there are other members who have not served in that respective office.

VIII. MEETINGS.

§21. A regular meeting of all the members shall be called annually by the executive committee.

At this meeting the executive committee shall submit the report concerning the administration of the past year.

Then the meeting shall elect the two directors and the two auditors. $22. Special meetings of all members shall be called by the rector

1. On motion of the executive committee.

2. On motion of ten members.

In these motions and in the call the subject of deliberation shall be announced.

Special meetings shall not be called during the Easter and fall vacations. $23. Special meetings shall be competent to pass resolutions if more than half of all the members are present.

If a called meeting fails of a quorum a second meeting shall be called, and this second meeting shall be competent to pass resolutions without reference to the number present.

In these called meetings resolutions shall be adopted by the absolute majority of the members present.

IX. AMENDMENTS OF STATUTES.

$24. Amendments of statutes can be made only at special meetings. The passage of such amendments shall require three-fourths of the votes of those present. Adopted amendments shall require the approval of the minister of religious, etc., affairs.

X. CONCLUSION.

$25. These statutes shall take effect on the 1st of April, 1889.

On this day the revised statutes of March 15 (August 30), 1884, cease to have effect, in so far as they are not kept in force by sections 10 to 12.

Closely connected with the Professors' Widows and Orphans' Pension Institute is the Fischer-Hayne Institute for the benefit of needy daughters of deceased professors of the University of Berlin.

Prof. Dr. Frederick Gottlob Hayne and his wife, Mary Elizabeth, née Fischer, ef Berlin, ordered in their conjoint will of the 8th of August, 1831, that their property left after their decease be applied to the establishment of an institution from whose revenue needy daughters of deceased professors of the Berlin University, both ordinary and extraordinary, should receive during their lifetime as long as they may remain unmarried an annual stipend of 100 thalers, the more needy to have precedence of the less needy.

This institution received governmental approval in a ministerial decree of February 27, 1833. Under the date of October 10, 1878, the authorized ministry decreed for the conduct of the institution, on the basis of the will, the following:

Statutes of the Fischer-Hayne Institute.

$1. The institution shall be known as the Fischer-Hayne Institute.

§2. It shall be connected with the Professors' Widows and Orphans' Pension Institute of the Berlin University, and administered by the latter under the following stipulations applying to it:

§3. The institute shall be considered as a responsible, judicial person. The papers and books concerning its property and administration are to be kept separately.

$4. The object of the institute is to assist needy unmarried daughters of deceased ordinary and extraordinary professors of the University of Berlin.

For this purpose annual stipends of 300 marks shall be paid during the life of the stipendiary from the revenues of the property of the institute.

$5. Stipends shall be granted only to legitimate daughters of professors, and to these only:

1. If they are unmarried, and

2. If they are of irreproachable character.

$6. Among several claimants entitled to annual stipends the greater need shall decide. In cases of equal need the services of the father to science and to the University of Berlin shall be specially considered.

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§7. Assignments of stipends shall be made by the academic senate on motion of the directors of the Professors' Widows and Orphans' Pension Institute. Voting shall be by ballot, and the absolute majority of votes shall decide. In case of a tie vote the rector shall decide.

If a motion is not approved by the senate the matter shall be referred to the directors.

$8. Payment of the annual stipends shall be made quarterly in advance and in full for the quarter in which it shall have been assigned.

$9. The annual stipends shall be paid even when the stipendiaries live outside of the Prussian State.

$10. Should the stipendiary die her heirs shall have no claim on the remaining quarterly payments of the year of decease.

$11. The annual stipend shall cease

1. If the stipendiary is married.

2. If she should become unworthy of the stipend.

Cessation of the stipend in such cases shall be ordered by the academic senate on motion of the report of the directors, and shall require approval of the authorized royal ministry.

Finally, since 1890 there exists in connection with the Royal Frederick-William University of Berlin a relief fund, with the object of furnishing assistance to the relicts of all teachers and officials of the university, as well as to the officials of the treasury of the university, in case of need.

The statutes of this relief fund and the decree of the 10th of March, 1890, expressing approval of the same by the minister of religious, etc., affairs and the minister of the interior are as follows:

I. OBJECT OF THE RELIEF FUND.

§1. The "relief fund" established in connection with the Royal FrederickWilliam University has for its object the furnishing of assistance to the relicts, to the instructors (professors, private instructors, and teachers), and officials of the university and of the treasurer of the university in case of need. Among the relicts are included—

1. Widows.

2. Sons and daughters.

3. Other near relatives that were included in the immediate family of the deceased and that have lost in him their provider.

$2. The granting of assistance is not confined to the relicts of members of the relief fund, yet in case of equal need these shall have precedence over the relicts of nonmembers.

II. MEMBERSHIP.

§3. All professors, private instructors, and teachers of the university are entitled to membership of the relief fund.

§4. Membership is acquired

1. By the pledge to pay an annual fee of at least 5 marks, to be paid quarterly in advance.

2. By the payment of a single fee of at least 100 marks for the establishment of an endowment fund.

$5. Membership ceases

1. Upon written notice of voluntary withdrawal at any time.

2. Upon separation from the university in any other way than by retirement as emeritus.

3. Upon nonpayment of the fees after a third request by the executive committee.

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III. PRIVILEGES OF THE INSTITUTION.

§6. The relief fund" shall have the privileges of a corporation.

Particularly it is competent to acquire gifts from living persons and by legacy in accordance with legal regulations.

IV. THE GRANTING OF ASSISTANCE.

§7. Assistance shall be granted by the executive committee (sec. 10) in accordance with the provisions of sections 1 and 2.

Every member shall have the right to request grants of assistance.

§8. Assistance shall be assigned—

1. From the interest of the endowment provided by the founders of the fund.

2. From the interest of other endowments obtained by the fund.

3. From the annual fees of members (sec. 4).

4. From contributions made expressly for this purpose.

$9. Assistance may be granted in single payments or in periodic payments for one or more, at most three, years (not excluding the admissibility of repeated grants).

Not more than one-half of the income indicated in section 8 shall be used annually for periodic grants.

Periodic grauts shall cease before lapse of the time for which they were granted as soon as the grantees cease to need them.

V. ADMINISTRATION OF THE FUND.

$10. The relief fund shall be administered by the executive committee of the Professors' Widows and Orphans' Pension Institute whether or not the members of this committee are members of the relief fund.

$11. The provisions of the statutes of July 26, 1889, of the institute, designated in §10 and added as appendix to these statutes, shall apply to the administration of any relief fund, under approval of the minister of religious, educational, and medical affairs.

VI. GENERAL MEETINGS.

$12. The general assembly consists of all the members of the fund. The executive committee (810) shall preside in the assembly.

§13. For general meetings the provisions of §§ 21 to 23 of the statutes of July 26, 1889, indicated in §11, shall apply.

VII. AMENDMENTS OF STATUTES.

$14. The statutes can be amended only by called general meetings. The adoption of resolutions shall require a majority of three-fourths of the members present. Adopted amendments require the approval of the minister of religious, etc., affairs.

The above statutes of the "relief fund" of the Royal Frederick William University, of Berlin, are hereby approved on the basis of the ministerial decree of September 29, 1833 (G. S., p. 121), with the proviso that—

1. At least 10 per cent of the income of the relief fund" be applied to the increase of its endowment fund.

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2. That amendments of the statutes shall require, in addition to the approval of the minister of religious, etc., affairs, also that of the minister of the interior.

Berlin, March 10, 1890.

[L. S.]

Minister of religious, educational, and medical affairs,

VON GOSSLER.
Minister of the Interior, per-

LODEMAN.

2. THE ROYAL RHENISH FREDERICK-WILLIAM UNIVERSITY OF BONN.

By the approval of the statutes, on March 28, 1822, an institution for the care of widows and orphans was inaugurated for the University of Bonn. According to these statutes, and the additions made to them under the dates of April 24. 1831, and June 20, 1855, all ordinary and extraordinary professors, as well as the librarians and the prosector of the university of equal rank with the extraordinary professors, are ex officio members of said institution, while the university instructors that occupied professorships only as secondary office and the nonsalaried extraordinaries are excluded from membership.

The annual membership fee was 96 marks; the annual pension of the widow of a member was 1,080 marks, while the surviving orphans (having lost one or both parents) received annual stipends of 270 to 1,080 marks.

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Since April 1, 1889, the following statutes, approved by the minister of relig ious, educational, and medical affairs, under date of December 2, 1889, have been in force.

Statutes of the Professors' Widows and Orphans' Pension Institute of the Royal Rhenish Frederick-William University of Bonn.

I. MEMBERSHIP.

$1. Membership of the Professors' Widows and Orphans' Pension Institute at the University of Bonn shall be subject to the following provisions:

1. All professors (including emeritus professors) that occupy a professorship with salary from the exchequer of the university are ex officio members of the institution and shall continue as such during the continuance of said occupancy.

2. Professors who do not occupy a professorship salaried from the exchequer of the university, but who were members at the time of the adoption of these statutes, retain their rights as members during the continuance of their connection with the university.

3. Persons not designated under section 1 can not become members of the institution.

II. ALLOWANCES OF THE RELICTS OF MEMBERS.

§§2 to 8. The same as on page 135.

III. DISCONTINUANCE OF FEES.

$9. Members that have obtained membership after the adoption of these statutes shall not pay entrance or other fees, nor, respectively, give drafts for the former.

IV. TRANSITION REGULATIONS.

$10. The regulations of §§ 2, 3, and 5 to 8, clause 1, apply also to the relicts of those who may be members at the time of the adoption of these statutes if these members, in a written declaration to be handed to the executive committee of the institution on or before January 1, 1890, renounce for their prospective relicts all claims that might accrue to them in acordance with the statutes heretofore in force; provided, however, that the director of the library and judge of the university shall hold rank with ordinary professors and the prosector and the questor with extraordinary professors.

Otherwise the provisions of the statutes heretofore in force shall apply to the relicts of these members.

$11. The obligation to pay fees on the part of those who were members at the time when these statutes took effect shall cease; the entrance fees, respectively the drafts for the same, shall be returned.

§13. As above, page 136.

The regulations of clause 1 shall not apply to members whose possible future relicts may have claims upon widows and orphans' pensions under the imperial law of April 20, 1881 (Rg.-Bl., p. 85), or of the Prussian law of May 20, 1882. (GS., p. 298.)

§12. As above, page 136.

V. PRIVILEGES OF THE INSTITUTION.

VI. PROPERTY OF THE INSTITUTION.

$14. The property of the institution heretofore in its possession shall remain under its control, as well as the statutory annual contribution of 1,500 marks by the state.

The income from its property, in so far as the donors of gifts and legacies have not made other dispositions, shall be applied exclusively in defraying the statutory expenses of the institution.

Allowances assigned to the institution by the state, in accordance with provisions for securing the solvency of university institutions for the pensioning of widows and orphans, shall be added to the income of the institution from its property.

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