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ILLUSTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT
OF THE RULES OF THE
By W. JILLARD HORT,
AUTHOR OF THE NEW PANTHEON," &c.
LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN,
PARSING AND VERBAL EXAMINATION.
PARSING is the analyzing of the structure of sentences, or the distinguishing of the words of which they consist, into the various parts of speech, and giving the rules of their connection and government.
For this purpose, the following questions are proper to be put to the young student, concerning the words of any piece of prose or poetry which may be chosen.
What part of speech is such, or such a word? How do you know it to be an article?
How many kinds of articles are there? articles declinable? Which of the articles is that? What is the effect of the definite article? How do you know that word to be the definite
article? How do you know that to be the indefinite article? Whence is the indefinite article borrowed? Why is the indefinite article written, an, in this case? Why is the article omitted in this case? Why is the article repeated before all those words?
Point out all the nouns or substantives in that sentence.
How do you know those words to be nouns or substantives? Is that a substantive common or proper? How do you know that it is common? Why do you think that the other is proper? In what case is that noun ? How do you know it to be in the possessive case? What does the possessive case signify?
In what number is that noun or substantive? Why do you say that it is in the plural number? What does the singular number signify? What does the plural number signify. How is the plural number formed? In what case is that plural noun. How do you know it to be in the possessive case?
What is the plural of ox; of box; of church; of child; of man; of woman; of tooth; of lady; of mouse; of goose; of foot! of die! of thief;
of chief; of knife; of staff; of stuff? Why are those nouns in apposition with each other?
Why do you pronounce that word to be an adjective? Are adjectives declinable? On what account do adjectives change their termination? Of what substantive does that adjective express the property or quality? Why does that adjective end in er, and the other in est ?
What effect has the comparative degree? How many degrees of comparison? What effect has the superlative degree? Are all adjectives compared in the same manner? How are the adjectives, good, bad, much, little, formed? What is the superlative degree of under, nether, near, late, upper?
How do you compare the adjectives, benevolent, elegant, useful, pious? Why do you compare those adjectives by adding more and most? How is the adjective usually placed with respect to its substantive? Why are those adjectives placed after their substantive or substantives?
Why do you say that word is a pronoun? What kind of pronoun is it? What is its objective case singular? What is its plural nominative? What is its objective plural? In what case do pronouns follow verbs and prepositions? Why