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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN.
ARTICLE I. Section 1. Territorial jurisdiction.
ARTICLE II. 1. The seat of government shall be
ARTICLE III. 1. Departments of government shall
be the legislative, executive
and judicial. 2. Limitation of power, etc.
ARTICLE IV. 1. The legislative power is vested
in the Senate and House of Re
presentatives. 2. The Senate shall consist of
thirty-two members. 3. The House of Representatives.
Representative districts. 4. The Legislature shall provide a
law for the enumeration of the inhabitants.-Apportionment of
Senators and Representatives. 5. Members must be citizens. 6. Certain officers eligible. 7. Privileges of members. 8. Majority to constitute a quo
rum. 9. Powers of each house. 10. Each house to keep a journal. 11. In all elections the vote shall be
viva voce. 12. Doors to be open.-Adjournments. 13. Bills may originate in either
house. 14. Bills and resolutions to be pre
sented to the Governor.-Proceedings when Governor disapproves bill-How vote determined-Bills to become law if not returned in ten days.—May be signed in five days after adjournment.
Section 15. Compensation of members.-Of
members from Upper Peninsula.-When in extra session.Mileage, stationery, laws, jour
nals, documents. 16. In regard to postage. 17. Compensation of the president
and speaker. 18. No member to receive civil ap
pointment or to be interested
in contract with the State, etc. 19. Bills, etc., to be read three times.
-Ayes and nays on final pass
age. 20. No law shall embrace more than
one subject.-When to take ef
fect. 21. Extra, compensation forbidden. 22. Fuel, stationery, printing, etc.,
to be let by contract. 23. Sale of real estate, vacating
roads, etc. 24. Chaplain for State prison, etc. 25. Altering or amending laws, etc. 26. Divorces shall not be granted by
the Legislature. 27. Lotteries illegal. 28. Introduction of bills. 29. Contested elections. 30. Ineligibility of certain persons. 31. The Legislature shall not audit
or allow any private claim or
account. 32. Hour of adjournment. 53. The Legislature shall meet at
the seat of government. 34. Elections of Senators and Repre
sentatives. 35. State paper.-Compensation for
publishing laws. 36. Publication of statutes and de
cisions. 37. In regard to vacancies. 38. Legal legislation.
when performing the duties of
Governor. 18. There shall be a State seal,
which shall be kept by the
Secretary of State. 19. Commissions, how issued.
Section 39. In regard to religious liberty. 40. Appropriations for religious pur
poses forbidden. 41. Rights of opinion. 42. Liberty of speech and press. 43. The Legislature shall not pass
any bill of attainder or ex post
facto law. 44. In regard to the writ of habeas
corpus. 45. Bills appropriating money. 46. The right of trial by jury. 47. The style of the laws shall be.
ARTICLE V. 1. The executive power is vested
in the Governor. 2. Eligibility of persons for Gov
ernor. 3. In regard to the elecrion of Gov
erinor and Lieutenant-Gov
ernor. 4. The Governor shall be (( mmind
er-in-chief of tue milita.y and
the naval forces. 5. He shall transact all necessary
business with officers of the
government. 6. He shall see that the laws are
faithfully executed. 7. He may convene tue Legislacure
on extraordinary orr asitlis. 8. In regard to the Govern:r's
messages. 9. When sessions may be held else
where. 10. He shall issue writs of election
to fill vacancies. 11. He shall have the power to grant
pardons and reprieves.--In re
gard to cases of treason. 12. In case of vacancy, absence, etc. 13. Who to act as Governor. 14. The Lieutenant-Governor shall
be president of the Senate. 15. Eligibility of certain persons. 16. No person elected to the office of
Governor or Lieutenant-Governor shall hold any other of
fice. 17. In regard to the compensation of
the President of the Senate
ARTICLE VI. 1. The judicial power is vested in
one Supreme Court. 2. Supreme Court.-Classification
and term of office. 3. The Supreme Court shall have a
general superintending control
over all inferior courts. 4. Four terms of the Supreme Court
shall be held annually. 5. Rules of the Supreme Court, etc.
-Master in chancery prohib
ited. 6. The State shall be divided into
judicial circuits. 7. Alteration of circuits, etc. 8. Jurisdiction of the Circuit Court. 9. Salary of judges, etc. 10. The Supreme Court may ap
point a reporter of its decisions.
--May fill certain vacancies. ! 11. Terms of court.-Judges may
hold court for each other. 12. In regard to clerks of Circuit
Courts. 13. Courts of Probate. - Jurisdiction,
etc. 14. Vacancies.-How filled. 15. Courts of record. 16. Circuit Court commissioners. 17. Justices of the Peace.-HOW
elected, etc. 18. Civil jurisdiction of justices. 19. The judges of the Supreme Court,
Circuit judges and justices of the peace shall be conservators
of the peace. 20. Election of Circuit judges. 21. Election of judges of Probate. 22. What deemed vacancy. 23. The Legislature may establish
courts of conciliation, 24. Suitors may appear by attorney
or in person. 25. Libels.-Truth may be given in
Section 4. What officer at county seat. 5. Sheriff to hold no other office.
To give security.-County not
responsible. 6. Board of Supervisors. 7. Cities to be represented in board. 8. County seats.--How removed. 9. The Board of Supervisors may
borrow money for constructing
highways, bridges, etc. 10. Claims against counties, etc. 11. The Board of Supervisors of each
county may provide for the laying out of highways, etc.
ARTICLE XI. 1. Township officers. 2. Each organized township shall
be a body corporate.
ARTICLE XII. 1. The House of Representatives
shall have the sole power of
impeachment. 2. How tried.--Conviction and
judgment. 3. Who to prosecute.--When to be
tried. 4. No judicial officer shall exercise
his office after impeachment is
directed until he is acquitted. 5. Vacancy by suspension, etc. 6. For reasonable cause, which
shall not be sufficient ground for the impeachment of judge, the Governor shall re
merits. 30. Treason against the State de
fined. 31. Excessive bail or fines shall not
be required. 32. Testimony of person
against himself. 33. No person shall be imprisoned
for debt. 34. Competency of witnesses. 35. Style of process.
ARTICLE VII. 1. Qualifications of electors.-Pro
military duty on the day of
serve the purity of elections. 7. Soldiers, etc., not residents. 8. Duelling disqualifies for office.
move him. 7. Removal of certain officers. 8. Removal of certain State of
ARTICLE VIII. 1. Officers to be elected at each
general biennial election.
Where to keep their offices. 2. Their term of office. 3. The Governor shall have power
to fill any vacancy which may
occur in any State office, 4. Who shall constitute the board
of State auditors. 5. In case of a tie Legislature to
ARTICLE IX. 1. In regard to the salaries of the
1. The Superintendent of Public
Instruction shall have the general supervision of public in
struction. 2. In regard to the school fund. 3. All lands the title of which shall fail
from a defect of heirs shall escheat to the State. 4. In regard to free schools.-In
struction to be in English language.
ARTICLE X. 1. Counties to be bodies corporate. 2. Number of townships in county. 3. County officers.