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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MAINE.
Section 20. Trial by jury. 21. Private property not to be taken
without just compensation. 22. Taxes. 23. Titles of nobility prohibited.
Tenure of office limited. 24. Other rights not impaired.
Declaration of Rights.
Section 1. Natural rights. 2. All power inherent in the peo
ple. 3. Religious freedom. Proviso. All
sects equal. Religious test prohibited. Right to elect re
ligious teachers. 4. Freedom of speech and publica
cation. Truth may be given
in evidence. 5. Unreasonable searches. 6. Rights of persons accused. 7. No person to answer to a capital
or infamous crime but on in
dictment. Exceptions. Juries. 8. Not to be put in jeopardy twice
for the same offense. 9. Sanguinary laws prohibited. 10. Bailable offenses. Habeas , cor
pus. 11. Bills of attainder, etc., pro
hibited. 12. Treason. 13. Suspension of laws. 14. Corporal punishment under mili
tary law. 15. Right of petition. 16. Right to keep and bear arms. 17. Standing armies not to be kept. 18. No soldiers to be quartered on
citizens in time of peace. 19. Right of redress for injuries.
Electors. 1. Qualifications of electors. Writ
ten ballot. Soldiers or seamen in U. S. service. Students at colleges and academies. Residence not lost by reason of absence, in the military service of Maine or of the United
States. 2. Electors exempt from arrest on
election days; 3. And from military duty. 4. Time of State election. Citizens
absent in temporary military service of the U. S. or of Maine may vote. Polls, where opened. Vote, how taken. Who shall act as supervisors. Supervisors shall be sworn. Their duties. Proviso. Where certain officers may vote. Supervisors shall prepare ballot boxes. Ballots, how prepared. Qualification of voters. Supervisors shall keep correct poll lists; check names of voters; sort, count and declare votes; and make return to Secretary of State's office.
Distribution of Powers. Section 1. Powers distributed. 2. To be kept separate.
ARTICLE IV. Legislative Power. - House of Represen
1. Legislative department. Style
of acts. 2. Number of representatives fixed
at one hundred and fifty-one. 3. Appointment among towns. 4. Qualifications of a representa
tive. 5. Meetings for choice of represen
tatives. Meetings of classed towns. Lists of votes shall be examined by Governor and council; and they shall summon persons who appear to be elected. Lists to be laid before the House of Representatives. Manner of electing representatives and other civil
officers in cities. 6. Vacancies, how to be filled. 7. House shall choose its OWG
officers. 8. Power of impeachment.
Legislative Power. Section 1. Legislature shall meet annually.
Its powers. 2. Bills shall be signed by the
Governor. Proceedings, in case he disapproves. Unsigned bills shall be returned by him with
in five days. 3. Each house shall judge of the
elections of its members. Ma
jority a quorum. 4. May punish and expel members. 5. Shall keep a journal. Yeas and
nays, when to be entered. 6. May punish for contempt. Pro
viso. 7. Compensation of members.
Traveling expenses. 8. Members are exempt from civil
arrest. Freedom of debate. 9. Either house may originate bills.
Revenue bills. Proviso. 10. Members shall not be appointed
to certain offices. Statics. 11. Persons qualified to be members. 12. Adjournments. 13. Special legislation. 14. Corporations, except for munici
pal purposes, shall, when practicable, be formed under gene
ral laws. Constitutional conventions.
Legislatire Power.- Senate. 1. Senate shall consist of not less than twenty, nor
more than thirty-one. 2. State shall be districted once in ten
years. Districts, how formed. 3. Meetings for choice of senators.
Electors in unincorporated
places. 4. Votes shall be examined by the
Governor and council. 5. Senate shall decide as to the
election of its members. 6. Qualifications of senators. 7. Senate shall try impeachments.
Limitation of senate's judgment. Party is further liable to be tried and punished by
the courts. 8. Senate shall choose its officers.
ARTICLE V. Executive Poroer, — Governor. 1. Governor. 2. Elected for one year. 3. Meetings for choice of Governor.
Votes should be returned to
in case there is no choice. 4. Qualifications for Governor. 5. Disqualifications. 6. Compensation. 7. Commander-in-chief of militia.
Shall not march militia out of
State. 8. With advice of council, shall ap
point officers. 9. Shall give information and re
commend measures. 10. May require information of any
Section 11. Power of Governor, with consent
of council, to reprieve, commute or pardon, except in cases of impeachment, and to remit penalties. Conditional pardons. Shall report to the
Legislature. 12. Shall enforce the laws. 13. Governor shall convene the Leg
islature on extraordinary occasions, and adjourn it,
if houses disagree. May change
their place of meeting. 14. Vacancy. How supplied.
Erecutive Power: - Council.
1. Council shall consist of seven. 2. Councillors, how chosen. Priv
ileged from arrest. 3. Journal of their proceedings
shall be kept. 4. Persons disqualified to be coun
cillors. Councillors shall not be appointed to any office.
Executive Power. – Secretary.
1. Secretary, how to be chosen. 2. Shall keep the records of the
State. May appoint deputies. 3. Shall attend the Governor and
Council. 4. Shall preserve the records of the
Executive and Legislative departments.
Executive Power.- Treasurer.
1. Treasurer, how chosen. Ineligi
ble, for more than five succes
sive years. 2. Shall give bonds. 3. Shall not engage in trade. 4. No money shall be drawn out
by warrant. Accounts of receipts and expenditures shall be published.
1. Supreme Judicial
justices shall not be dimin
ished. 3. They shall give opinion, when
required by either branch of
the government. 4. Tenure of judicial offices. 5. Justices of the peace and no
taries public. 6. Justices of the Supreme Judicial
Court shall hold no other
office. 7. Judges and registers of probate,
their election and tenure of
office. Vacancies, how filled. 8. Judges of Municipal and Police
Courts, shall be appointed.
Military. 1. Military oficers, how to be
elected. 2. Manner of conducting elections. 3. Major-generals and adjutant
generals, how slected. Staff
officers, how apointed. 4. Organization of the militia. 5. Who may be exempted from
Literature. 1. Legislature shall require towns
to support public schools. Shall endow colleges and academies. Proviso.
General Provisions. 1. Oath and subscriptions. Before
whom to be taken. Proviso. 2. Offices that are
incompatible with each other. 3. Commissions. 4. Elections on the first Wednes
days of January may be adjourned from day to day.
Order of filling vacancies. 5. Every civil officer may be re
moved by impeachment or
of office. 11. Attorney-General, how to be
elected. Vacancy, how Alled. 12. Soldiers, who may be allowed to
vote for county officers. 13. Bribery at elections. 14. Credit of State shall not be
loaned. Creation of State debt,
ment of municipal war debt.
inhabitants, and towns having
by chief justice of Supreme
supreme law of the State. 4. Section one, two and five of ar
ticle ten, shall be omitted from printed copies. Section five remains in force.
XXII. Municipal indebtedness lim
ited to five per cent of the
last regular valuation, XXIII. Biennial elections and bien
nial sessions of the legis
lature. XXIV. Governor shall be elected by
a plurality of the popular
vote. XXV. Biennial terms of senators
Schedule. 1. Laws now in force, continue
PREAMBLE. We, the people of Maine, in order to establish justice, insure tranquillity, provide for our mutual defense, promote our common welfare, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of liberty, acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an opportunity, so favorable to the design; and, imploring His aid and direction in its accomplishment, do agree to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the style and title of the State of Maine, and do ordain and establish the following Constitution for the government of the same.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and inalienable rights, among
which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness.
Sec. 2. All power is inherent in the people; all free governments are founded in their authority and instituted for their benefit; they have, therefore, an inalienable and indefeasible right to institute government, and to alter, reform or totally change the same, when their safety and happiness require it.
Sec. 3. All men have a natural and inalienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences, and no one shall be hurt, molested or restrained in his person, liberty or estate for worshipping God in the manner and season most agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience, nor for his religious professions or sentiments, provided he does not disturb the public peace, nor obstruct others in their religious worship; and all persons demeaning themselves peaceably as good members of the State shall be equally under the protection of the laws, and no subordination nor preference of any one sect or denomination to another shall ever be established by law, nor shall any religious test be required as a qualification for any office or trust, under this State; and all religious societies in this State, whether incorporate or unincorporate, shall at all times have the exclusive right of electing their public teachers, and contracting with them for their support and maintenance.
Sec. 4. Every citizen may freely speak, write and publish his sentiments on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of this liberty; no laws shall be passed regulating or restraining the freedom of the press; and in prosecutions for any publication respecting the official conduct of men in public capacity, or the qualifications of those who are candidates for the suffrages of the people, or where the matter published is proper for public information, the truth thereof may be given in evidence, and in all indictments for libels, the jury, after having received the direction of the court, shall have a right to determine, at their discretion, the law and the fact.
Sec. 5. The people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers and possessions from all unreasonable searches and seizures; and no warrant to search any place, or seize any person or thing, shall issue without a special designation of the place to be searched, and the person or thing to be seized, nor without probable cause - supported by oath or affirmation.