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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MAINE.

Preamble.
Objects of government.

ARTICLE I.

Section 20. Trial by jury. 21. Private property not to be taken

without just compensation. 22. Taxes. 23. Titles of nobility prohibited.

Tenure of office limited. 24. Other rights not impaired.

Declaration of Rights.

Section 1. Natural rights. 2. All power inherent in the peo

ple. 3. Religious freedom. Proviso. All

sects equal. Religious test prohibited. Right to elect re

ligious teachers. 4. Freedom of speech and publica

cation. Truth may be given

in evidence. 5. Unreasonable searches. 6. Rights of persons accused. 7. No person to answer to a capital

or infamous crime but on in

dictment. Exceptions. Juries. 8. Not to be put in jeopardy twice

for the same offense. 9. Sanguinary laws prohibited. 10. Bailable offenses. Habeas , cor

pus. 11. Bills of attainder, etc., pro

hibited. 12. Treason. 13. Suspension of laws. 14. Corporal punishment under mili

tary law. 15. Right of petition. 16. Right to keep and bear arms. 17. Standing armies not to be kept. 18. No soldiers to be quartered on

citizens in time of peace. 19. Right of redress for injuries.

ARTICLE II.

Electors. 1. Qualifications of electors. Writ

ten ballot. Soldiers or seamen in U. S. service. Students at colleges and academies. Residence not lost by reason of absence, in the military service of Maine or of the United

States. 2. Electors exempt from arrest on

election days; 3. And from military duty. 4. Time of State election. Citizens

absent in temporary military service of the U. S. or of Maine may vote. Polls, where opened. Vote, how taken. Who shall act as supervisors. Supervisors shall be sworn. Their duties. Proviso. Where certain officers may vote. Supervisors shall prepare ballot boxes. Ballots, how prepared. Qualification of voters. Supervisors shall keep correct poll lists; check names of voters; sort, count and declare votes; and make return to Secretary of State's office.

ARTICLE III.

Distribution of Powers. Section 1. Powers distributed. 2. To be kept separate.

ARTICLE IV. Legislative Power. - House of Represen

tatives.

1. Legislative department. Style

of acts. 2. Number of representatives fixed

at one hundred and fifty-one. 3. Appointment among towns. 4. Qualifications of a representa

tive. 5. Meetings for choice of represen

tatives. Meetings of classed towns. Lists of votes shall be examined by Governor and council; and they shall summon persons who appear to be elected. Lists to be laid before the House of Representatives. Manner of electing representatives and other civil

officers in cities. 6. Vacancies, how to be filled. 7. House shall choose its OWG

officers. 8. Power of impeachment.

Legislative Power. Section 1. Legislature shall meet annually.

Its powers. 2. Bills shall be signed by the

Governor. Proceedings, in case he disapproves. Unsigned bills shall be returned by him with

in five days. 3. Each house shall judge of the

elections of its members. Ma

jority a quorum. 4. May punish and expel members. 5. Shall keep a journal. Yeas and

nays, when to be entered. 6. May punish for contempt. Pro

viso. 7. Compensation of members.

Traveling expenses. 8. Members are exempt from civil

arrest. Freedom of debate. 9. Either house may originate bills.

Revenue bills. Proviso. 10. Members shall not be appointed

to certain offices. Statics. 11. Persons qualified to be members. 12. Adjournments. 13. Special legislation. 14. Corporations, except for munici

pal purposes, shall, when practicable, be formed under gene

ral laws. Constitutional conventions.

Legislatire Power.- Senate. 1. Senate shall consist of not less than twenty, nor

more than thirty-one. 2. State shall be districted once in ten

years. Districts, how formed. 3. Meetings for choice of senators.

Electors in unincorporated

places. 4. Votes shall be examined by the

Governor and council. 5. Senate shall decide as to the

election of its members. 6. Qualifications of senators. 7. Senate shall try impeachments.

Limitation of senate's judgment. Party is further liable to be tried and punished by

the courts. 8. Senate shall choose its officers.

ARTICLE V. Executive Poroer, Governor. 1. Governor. 2. Elected for one year. 3. Meetings for choice of Governor.

Votes should be returned to
Secretary of State. Provision,

in case there is no choice. 4. Qualifications for Governor. 5. Disqualifications. 6. Compensation. 7. Commander-in-chief of militia.

Shall not march militia out of

State. 8. With advice of council, shall ap

point officers. 9. Shall give information and re

commend measures. 10. May require information of any

officer.

Section 11. Power of Governor, with consent

of council, to reprieve, commute or pardon, except in cases of impeachment, and to remit penalties. Conditional pardons. Shall report to the

Legislature. 12. Shall enforce the laws. 13. Governor shall convene the Leg

islature on extraordinary occasions, and adjourn it,

if houses disagree. May change

their place of meeting. 14. Vacancy. How supplied.

Erecutive Power: - Council.

1. Council shall consist of seven. 2. Councillors, how chosen. Priv

ileged from arrest. 3. Journal of their proceedings

shall be kept. 4. Persons disqualified to be coun

cillors. Councillors shall not be appointed to any office.

Executive Power. – Secretary.

1. Secretary, how to be chosen. 2. Shall keep the records of the

State. May appoint deputies. 3. Shall attend the Governor and

Council. 4. Shall preserve the records of the

Executive and Legislative departments.

Executive Power.- Treasurer.

1. Treasurer, how chosen. Ineligi

ble, for more than five succes

sive years. 2. Shall give bonds. 3. Shall not engage in trade. 4. No money shall be drawn out

by warrant. Accounts of receipts and expenditures shall be published.

ARTICLE VI.

Judicial Power.

and

other

1. Supreme Judicial

Section
2. Compensation of the supreme

justices shall not be dimin

ished. 3. They shall give opinion, when

required by either branch of

the government. 4. Tenure of judicial offices. 5. Justices of the peace and no

taries public. 6. Justices of the Supreme Judicial

Court shall hold no other

office. 7. Judges and registers of probate,

their election and tenure of

office. Vacancies, how filled. 8. Judges of Municipal and Police

Courts, shall be appointed.

ARTICLE VII.

Military. 1. Military oficers, how to be

elected. 2. Manner of conducting elections. 3. Major-generals and adjutant

generals, how slected. Staff

officers, how apointed. 4. Organization of the militia. 5. Who may be exempted from

military duty.

ARTICLE VIII.

Literature. 1. Legislature shall require towns

to support public schools. Shall endow colleges and academies. Proviso.

ARTICLE IX.

General Provisions. 1. Oath and subscriptions. Before

whom to be taken. Proviso. 2. Offices that are

incompatible with each other. 3. Commissions. 4. Elections on the first Wednes

days of January may be adjourned from day to day.

Order of filling vacancies. 5. Every civil officer may be re

moved by impeachment or

address.
6. Tenure of office.
7. Valuation.

courts.

Section
8. Real and personal estate shall
be taxed according

to Its
value.
9. Taxation.
10. Sheriffs, how elected and tenure

of office. 11. Attorney-General, how to be

elected. Vacancy, how Alled. 12. Soldiers, who may be allowed to

vote for county officers. 13. Bribery at elections. 14. Credit of State shall not be

loaned. Creation of State debt,

limited. Exceptions.
15. State may issue bonds in pay-

ment of municipal war debt.
Basis of payment. Commis-
sion shall be appointed to
determine amount due to mu-
nicipalities. Loan limited to

$3,500,000.
16. Towns having four thousand

inhabitants, and towns having
inhabited islands, may be
divided into voting di ricts.

Section
2. Constitution, how amended.
3. Constitution shall be arranged

by chief justice of Supreme
Judicial Court. Shall be sub-
mitted to the Legislature
Amended constitution shall be
enrolled on parchment, and
printed copies shall be bound
with the laws. Shall be the

supreme law of the State. 4. Section one, two and five of ar

ticle ten, shall be omitted from printed copies. Section five remains in force.

AMENDMENTS.

Article

XXII. Municipal indebtedness lim

ited to five per cent of the

last regular valuation, XXIII. Biennial elections and bien

nial sessions of the legis

lature. XXIV. Governor shall be elected by

a plurality of the popular

vote. XXV. Biennial terms of senators

and representatives.

ARTICLE X.

Schedule. 1. Laws now in force, continue

until repealed.

PREAMBLE. We, the people of Maine, in order to establish justice, insure tranquillity, provide for our mutual defense, promote our common welfare, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of liberty, acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an opportunity, so favorable to the design; and, imploring His aid and direction in its accomplishment, do agree to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the style and title of the State of Maine, and do ordain and establish the following Constitution for the government of the same.

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and inalienable rights, among

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which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness.

Sec. 2. All power is inherent in the people; all free governments are founded in their authority and instituted for their benefit; they have, therefore, an inalienable and indefeasible right to institute government, and to alter, reform or totally change the same, when their safety and happiness require it.

Sec. 3. All men have a natural and inalienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences, and no one shall be hurt, molested or restrained in his person, liberty or estate for worshipping God in the manner and season most agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience, nor for his religious professions or sentiments, provided he does not disturb the public peace, nor obstruct others in their religious worship; and all persons demeaning themselves peaceably as good members of the State shall be equally under the protection of the laws, and no subordination nor preference of any one sect or denomination to another shall ever be established by law, nor shall any religious test be required as a qualification for any office or trust, under this State; and all religious societies in this State, whether incorporate or unincorporate, shall at all times have the exclusive right of electing their public teachers, and contracting with them for their support and maintenance.

Sec. 4. Every citizen may freely speak, write and publish his sentiments on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of this liberty; no laws shall be passed regulating or restraining the freedom of the press; and in prosecutions for any publication respecting the official conduct of men in public capacity, or the qualifications of those who are candidates for the suffrages of the people, or where the matter published is proper for public information, the truth thereof may be given in evidence, and in all indictments for libels, the jury, after having received the direction of the court, shall have a right to determine, at their discretion, the law and the fact.

Sec. 5. The people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers and possessions from all unreasonable searches and seizures; and no warrant to search any place, or seize any person or thing, shall issue without a special designation of the place to be searched, and the person or thing to be seized, nor without probable cause - supported by oath or affirmation.

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