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ing, the Governor shall fill such vacancy and the commission shall expire at the end of the next session of the Legislature, unless a successor shall be sooner appointed; when a vacancy happens in the office of clerk or surrogate of any county, the Governor shall fill such vacancy, and the commission shall expire when a successor is elected and qualified.

13. In case of the impeachment of the Governor, his absence from the State or inability to discharge the duties of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the President of the Senate; and in case of his death, resignation or removal, then upon the Speaker of the House of Assembly for the time being, until the Governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be acquitted, or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, or until a new Governor be elected and qualified.

14. In case of a vacancy in the office of Governor from any other cause than those herein enumerated, or in case of the death of the Governor-elect before he is qualified into office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the President of the Senate or Speaker of the House of Assembly, as above provided for, until a new Governor be elected and qualified.

ARTICLE VI.
Judiciary.

Section 1. 1. The judicial power shall be vested in a Court of Errors and Appeals in the last resort in all causes as heretofore; a court for the trial of impeachments; a Court of Chancery; a Prerogative Court; a Supreme Court; Circuit Courts, and such inferior courts as now exist, and as may be hereafter ordained and established by law; which inferior courts the Legislature may alter or abolish, as the public good shall require.

Section II. 1. The Court of Errors and Appeals shall consist of the chancellor, the justices of the Supreme Court, and six judges, or a major part of them; which judges are to be appointed for

six years.

2. Immediately after the court shall first assemble, the six judges shall arrange themselves in such manner that the seat of one of them shall be vacated every year, in order that there. after one judge may be annually appointed.

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4. The Secretary of State shall be the register of the Prerogative Court, and shall perform the duties required of him by law in that respect.

'Section V. 1. The Supreme Court shall consist of a chief justice and four associate justices. The number of associate justices may be increased or decreased by law, but shall never be less than two.

2. The Circuit Courts shall be held in every county of this State, by one or more of the justices of the Supreme Court, or a judge appointed for that purpose, and shall, in all cases within the county except in those of a criminal nature, have common law jurisdiction, concurrent with the Supreme Court; and any final judgment of a Circuit Court may be docketed in the Supreme Court, and shall operate as a judgment obtained in the Supreme Court from the time of such docketing.

3. Final judgments in any Circuit Court may be brought by writ of error into the Supreme Court, or directly into the Court of Errors and Appeals.

Section VI. 1. There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior Court of Common Pleas in each of the counties in this State, after the terms of the judges of said court now in office shall terminate. One judge for each county shall be appointed every year, and no more, except to fill vacancies, which shall be for the unexpired term only.

2. The commissions for the first appointments of judges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first day of April next; and all subsequent commissions for judges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first day of April in every successive year, except commissions to fill vacancies, which shall bear date and take effect when issued.

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Section VII.

1. There may be elected under this Constitution two, and not more than five, justices of the peace in each of the townships of the several counties of this State, and in each of the wards, in cities that may vote in wards. When a township or ward contains two thousand inhabitants or less, it may have two justices; when it contains more than two thousand inhabitants, and not more than four thousand, it may have four justices; and when it contains more than four thousand inhab

2. Those who are eligible. 3. Election of the same.

Section 2.

1. The Senate shall be composed of

one Senator from each county

in the State. 2. They shall be divided into three

classes.

Section 3. 1. The General Assembly elected

annually.

Section 4. 1. Vacancies, how filled. 2. Each house shall be judge of the

elections and qualifications of

its own members. 3. Each house shall choose its own

officers, etc. 4. Each house shall keep a journal. 5. May not adjourn for three days. 6. All bills to be read three times. 7. Pay of members. 8. When members are privileged

from arrest.

Section 7. 1. No divorce shall be granted by

the Legislature. 2. Lotteries illegal. 3. No bill of attainder or ex post

facto law. 4. Every law shall embrace but one

object. 5. Every law of this State shall

begin in the following style. 6. The fund for the support of free

schools, etc. 7. No private or special law to be

passed. 8. Private property taken for publio

use or just compensation. 9. No private, special or local bills

shall be passed, unless. 10. Foreclosure of mortgages. 11. The Legislature shall not pass

private, local or special laws in any of the following enu

merated cases. 12. Property shall be assessed for

taxes under general laws and by uniform rules.

Section 8. 1. Members of the Legislature to

take the following oath. 2. Oath of office.

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ARTICLE V.

Executive. 1. The executive power shall be

vested in the Governor. 2. Election of the same. 3. His term of office. 4. Requirements for Governor. 5. Remuneration of the same. 6. He shall be Commander-in-Chief

of the military and mayal

forces of the State. 7. Every bill to be signed by the

Governor. 8. Those who may not hold the

office of Governor. 9. The Governor may grant re

prieves. 10. May grant pardons. 11. The Governor and all other civil

officers under this State liable

to impeachment. 12. In case of the absence of Gover

nor, his duty shall devolve

1. All bills for raising revenue

shall originate in the House of

Assembly. 2. No money shall be drawn from

the treasury but by appropria

tion. 3. The credit of the State shall not

be loaned. 4. The Legislature shall not create

debts or liability, etc.

10. Major-generals, brigadier generals and commanding officers of regiments, independent battalions and squadrons shall appoint the staff officers of their divisions, brigades, regiments, independent battalions and squadrons, respectively.

Section II.- Civil Officers. 1. Justices of the Supreme Court, chancellor, judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals and judges of the inferior Court of Common Pleas shall be nominated by the Governor, and appointed by him, with the advise and consent of the Senate.

The justices of the Supreme Court and chancellor shall hold their offices for the term of seven years; shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation which shall not be diminished during the term of their appointments; and they shall hold no other office under the government of this State or of the United States.

2. Judges of the Courts of Common Pleas shall be appointed by the Senate and General Assembly, in joint meeting.

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when appointed to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unexpired term only.

3. The State Treasurer and Comptroller shall be appointed by the Senate and General Assembly, in joint meeting.

They shall hold their offices for three years, and until their successors shall be qualified into office.

4. The attorney-general, prosecutors of the pleas, clerk of the Supreme Court, clerk of the Court of Chancery, Secretary of State and the keeper of the State prison shall be nominated by the Governor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent of the Senate.

They shall hold their offices for five years.

5. The law reporter shall be appointed by the justices of the Supreme Court, or a majority of them; and the Chancery reporter shall be appointed by the chancellor.

They shall hold their offices for five years.

6. Clerks and Surrogates of counties shall be elected by the people of their respective counties, at the annual elections for members of the General Assembly. .

They shall hold their offices for five years.

7. Sheriffs and Coroners shall be elected by the people of their respective counties, at the elections for members of the General Assembly, and they shall hold their offices for three

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