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one child, not one four-footed beast of any description whatever. One dead, uniform silence reigned over the whole region.


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Sleep, gentle sleep,
Nature's soft nurse, how have 1 frighted thee,
That thou no more wilt weigh my eyelids down,

And steep my senses in forgetfulness ?
5 Why rather, sleep, liest thou in smoky cribs,

Upon uneasy pallets stretching thee,
And hush'd with buzzing night-flies to thy slumber :
Than in the perfum'd chambers of the great,

Under the canopies of costly state,
10 And lull'd with sounds of sweetest melody?

O thou dull god, why liest thou with the vile,
In loathsome beds; and leav'st the kingly couch,
A watch-case, or a common ’larum bell?

Wilt thou upon the high and giddy mast
15 Seal up the ship-boy's eyes, and rock his brains

In cradle of the rude imperious surge ;
And in the visitation of the winds,
Who take the ruffian billows by the top,

Curling their monstrous heads, and hanging them 20 With deafʼning clamors in the slippery clouds,

That, with the hurly, death itself awakes ?
Canst thou, O partial sleep! give thy repose
To the wet sea-boy, in an hour so rude ;

And, in the calmest and most stillest night, 25 With all appliances, and means to boot, Deny it to a king?



Vanity of Power and misery of Kings.

No matter where; of comfort no man speak : Let's talk of graves, of worms, and epitaphs ; Make dust our paper, and with rainy eyes

Write sorrow on the bosom of the earth. 5 Let's choose executors, and talk of wills :

And yet not so,--for what can we bequeath,
Save our deposed bodies to the ground ?
Our lands, our lives, and all are Bolingbroke's,

And nothing can we call our own, but death ; 10 And that small model of the barren earth,

Which serves as paste and cover to our bones.
For heaven's sake, let us sit upon the ground,
And tell sad stories to the death of kings:

How some have been depos'd, some slain in war; 15 Some haunted by the ghosts they have depos'd ;

Some poison'd by their wives, some sleeping killid;
All murder'd :-For within the hollow crown
That rounds the mortal temples of a king,

Keeps death his court; and there the antic sits, 20 Scoffing his state, and grinning at his pomp ;

Allowing him a breath, a little scene
To monarchize, be fear'd, and kill with looks;
Infusing him with self and vain conceit,

As if this flesh, which walls about our life, 25 Were brass impregnable; and humor'd thus,

Comes at the last, and with a little pin
Bores through his castle wall, and— farewell king!
Cover your heads, and mock not flesh and blood

With solemn reverence; throw away respect, 30 Tradition, form, and ceremonious duty,

For you have but mistook me all this while :
I live with bread like you, feel want, taste grief,
Need friends :—Subjected thus,
How can you say to me-I am a king ?


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Here are the sovereign pontiff of the Catholic faith, and the Catholic king of Spain, distributing one third part of the revenues of their Church for the poor, and

here are some of the enlightened doctors of our church 5 depreciating such a principle, and guarding their riches

against the encroaching of Christian charity ; I hope they will never again afford such an opportunity of comparing them with the pope, or contrasting them with the

apostles. I do not think their riches will be diminish10 ed; but if they were to be so-is not the question di

rectly put to them, which will they prefer? their flock or their riches ? for which did Christ die, or the apostles suffer martyrdom, or Paul preach, or Luther pro

test? was it for the tithe of flax, or the tithe of barren 15 land, or the tithe of potatoes, or the tithe-proctor, or the

tithe-farmer, or the tithe-pig ? Your riches are secure; but if they are impaired by your acts of benevolence, does our religion depend on your riches ? On such a

principle your Savior should have accepted of the king. 20 doms of the earth, and their glory, and have capitulated

with the devil for the propagation of the faith. Never was a great principle rendered prevalent by power or riches low and artificial means are resorted to for ful

filling the little views of men, their love of power, their 25 avarice, or ambition; but to apply to the great designs

of God such wretched auxiliaries, is to forget his divinity and deny his omnipotence. What! does the word come more powerfully from the dignitary in purple and

fine linen than it came from the poor apostles with noth30 ing but the spirit of the Lord on his lips, and the glory

of God standing on his right hand ? What, my lords, pot cultivate barren land; not encourage the manufactures of your country; not relieve the poor of your flock,

if the church is to be at any expense thereby !- Where 35 shall we find this principle? not in the Bible. I have

adverted to the sacred writings without criticism, I allow, but not without devotion—there is not in any part of them such a sentiment—not in the purity of Christ

nor the poverty of the apostles, nor the prophecy of Isai40 ah, nor the patience of Job, nor the harp of David, nor

the wisdom of Solomon! No, my lords, on this subject your Bible is against you—the precepts and practice of the primitive church are against you the great words

increase and multiply-the axiom of philosophy, that 45 ature does nothing in vain the productive principle

that formed the system, and defends it against the ambition and encroachments of its own elements—the re

productive principle which continues the system, and

which makes vegetation support life, and life adminis50 ter back again to vegetation ; taking from the grave its

sterile quality, and making death itself propagate to life and succession--the plenitude of things, and the majesty of nature, through all her organs, manifest against

such a sentiment; this blind fatality of error, which, 55 under pretence of defending the wealth of the priest

hood, checks the growth of mankind, arrests his industry and makes the sterility of the planet a part of its reo ligion.



Speech on the Greek Revolution.

It may, in the next place, be asked, perhaps supposing all this to be true, what can we do? Are we to go to war ? Are we to interfere in the Greek cause, or

any other European cause ! Are we to endanger our 5 pacific relations !-No, certainly not. What, then, the

question recurs, remains for us? If we will not endanger our own peace, if we will neither furnish armies, nor navies, to the cause which we think the just one,

what is there within our power ? 10

Sir, this reasoning mistakes the age. The time has been, indeed, when fleets, and armies, and subsidies, were the principal reliances, even in the best cause. But, happily for mankind, there has come a great change

in this respect. Moral causes come into consideration, 15 in proportion as the progress of knowledge is advanced ;

and the public opinion of the civilized world is rapidly gaining an ascendancy over mere brutal force. It is already able to oppose the most formidable obstruction

to the progress of injustice and oppression; and, as it 20 grows more intelligent and more intense, it will be more

and more formidable. It may be silenced by military power, but it cannot be conquered. It is elastic, irrepressible, and invulnerable to the weapons of ordinary

warfare. It is that impassible, unextinguishable enemy 25 of mere violence and arbitrary rule, which, like Milton's


“ Vital in every part,

Cannot, but by annihilating, die.". Until this be propitiated or satisfied, it is vain for 80 power to talk either of triumphs or of repose. No mat

ter what fields are desolated, what fortresses surrendered, what armies subdued, or what provinces overrun. In the history of the year that has passed by us, and in

the instance of unhappy Spain, we have seen the vanity 85 of all triumphs, in a cause which violates the general sense of justice of the civilized world.

It is nothing, that the troops of France have passed from the Pyro nees to Cadiz; it is nothing that an unhappy and pros

trate nation has fallen before them ; it is nothing that 40 arrests, and confiscation, and execution, sweep away

the little remnant of national resistance. There is an enemy that still exists to check the glory of these triumphs. It follows the conqueror back to the very scenes of his

ovations; it calls upon him to take notice that Europe, 45 though silent, is yet indignant; it shows him that the

sceptre of his victory is a barren sceptre; that it shall confer neither joy nor honor, but shall moulder to dry ashes in his grasp. In the midst of his exultation, it

pierces his ear with the cry of injured justice, it denoun. 50 ces against him the indignation of an enlightened and

civilized age ; it turns to bitterness the cup of his rejoicing, and wounds him with the sting which belongs to the conciousness of having outraged the opinion of mankind.


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That writer would deserve the fame of a public benefactor who could exhibit the character of HamilTON, with the truth and force, that all who intimately knew

him, conceived it: his example would then take the 5 same ascendant, as his talents. The portrait alone,

however exquisitely finished, could not inspire genius where it is not; but if the world should again have pos session of so rare a gift, it might awaken it when it sleeps, as by a spark from heaven's own altar; for sure.

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