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For, be assur'd, they all are arrant tell-tales :

And though their flight be silent, and their path 20 Trackless as the wing'd couriers of the air,

They post to heaven, and there record thy folly,
Because, though station'd on th' important watch,
Thou, like a sleeping, faithless sentinel,

Did'st let them pass unnotic'd, unimprov'd.
25 And know, for that thou slumb’rest on the guard,

Thou shalt be made to answer at the bar
For every fugitive: and when thou thus
Shalt stand impleaded at the high tribunal

Of hood-wink'd Justice, who shall tell thy audit ? 30 Then stay the present instant, dear Horatio,

Imprint the marks of wisdom on its wings.
"Tis of more worth than kingdoms ! far more precious
Than all the crimson treasures of life's fountain.

O! let it not elude thy grasp ; but, like
35 The good old patriarch upon record,
Hold the fleet angel fast until he bless thee.


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53. The Perfect Orator. Imagine to yourselves a Demosthenes, addressing the most illustrious assembly in the world, upon a point whereon the fate of the most illustrious of nations de

pended—How awful such a meeting ! how vast the sub5 ject! --Is man possessed of talents adequate to the great

occasion ?- Adequate! Yes, superior. By the power of his eloquence, the augustness of the assembly is lost in the dignity of the orator ; and the importance of the

subject, for a while, superseded by the admiration of 10 his talents. With what strength of argument, with what

powers of the fancy, with what emotions of the heart, does he assault and subjugate the whole man; and, at once, captivate his reason, his imagination, and his pas

sions ! -To effect this, must be the utmost effort of 15 the most improved state of human nature.--Not a fac

ulty that he possesses, is here unemployed ; not a faculty that he possesses, but is here exerted to its highest pitch. All his internal powers are at work; all his ex

ternal testify their energies. Within, the memory, the 20 fancy, the judgment, the passions, are all busy ; with

out, every muscle, every nerve is exerted ; not a feature, not a limb, but speaks. The organs of the body attuned to the exertions of the mind through the kin

dred organs of the hearers, instantaneously vibrate those 25 energies from soul to soul. Notwithstanding the diver

sity of minds in such a multitude; by the lightning of eloquence, they are melted into one mass—the whole assembly, actuated in one and the same way, become,

as it were, but one man, and have but one voice-The 30 universal cry is–LET US MARCH AGAINST PHILIP, LET US FIGHT FOR OUR LIBERTIES-LET US CONQUER OR DIE !


54. Character of True Eloquence.

When public bodies are to be addressed on momentous occasions, when great interests are at stake, and strong passions excited, nothing is valuable, in speech,

farther than it is connected with high intellectual and 5 moral endowments. Clearness, force, and earnestness

are the qualities which produce conviction. True eloquence, indeed, does not consist in speech. It cannot be brought from far. Labor and learning may toil for

it, but they will toil in vain. Words and phrases may 10 be marshalled in every way, but they cannot compass it.

It must exist in the man, in the subject, and in the occasion. Affected passion, intense expression, the pomp of declamation, all may aspire after it-they cannot reach

it. It comes, if it come at all, like the outbreaking of 15 a fountain from the earth, or the bursting forth of vol

canic fires, with spontaneous, original, native force. The graces taught in the schools, the costly ornaments, and studied contrivances of speech, shock and disgust

men, when their own lives, and the fate of their wives, 20 their children, and their country, hang on the decision

of the hour. Then words have lost their power, rhetoric is vain, and all elaborate oratory contemptible. Even genius itself then feels rebuked, and subdued, as in

the presence of higher qualities. Then, patriotism is 25 eloquent : then, self-devotion is eloquent. The clear

conception, out-running the deductions of logic, the high purpose, the firm resolve, the dauntless spirit, speaking on the tongue, beaming from the eye, inform

ing every feature, and urging the whole man onward, 30 right onward to his object--this, this is eloquence; or

rather it is something greater and higher than all eloquence-it is action, noble, sublime, godlike action.


55. The Pilgrims. From the dark portals of the star-chamber, and the stern text of the acts of uniformity, the pilgrims received a commission more efficient than any that

All this pu

ever bore the royal seal. Their banishment to Hol5 land was fortunate; the decline of their little company

in the strange land was fortunate ; the difficulties which they experienced in getting the royal consent to banish themselves to this wilderness were fortunate;

all the tears and heart-breakings of that ever memo10 rable parting at Delfthaven, had the happiest influence

on the rising destinies of New-England
rified the ranks of the settlers. These rough touches
of fortune brushed off the light, uncertain, selfish spir-

its. They made it a grave, solemn, self-denying ex15 pedition, and required of those who engaged in it to be

so too. They cast a broad shadow of thought and seriousness over the cause, and if this sometimes deepened into melancholy and bitterness, can we find no apology

for such a human weakness? 20 Their trials of wandering and exile, of the ocean,

the winter, the wilderness, and the savage foe, were the final assurances of success. It was these that put far away from our fathers' cause, all patrician softness,

all hereditary claims to preeminence. No effeminate 25 nobility crowded into the dark and austere ranks of

the pilgrims. No Carr nor Villiers would lead on the ill provided band of despised Puritans. No well-endowed clergy were on the alert, to quit their cathedrals, and set up a pompous hierarchy in the frozen wilder

No craving governors were anxious to be sent over to our cheerless El Dorados of ice and of snow. No, they could not say they had encouraged, patronised, or helped the pilgrims; their own cares, their own

labors, their own councils, their own blood, contrived 35 all, achieved all, bore all, sealed all. They could not

afterwards fairly pretend to reap where they had not strewn; and as our fathers reared this broad and solid fabric with pains and watchfulness, unaided, barely

tolerated, it did not fall when the favor, which had al40 ways been withholden, was changed into wrath ; when

the arm which had never supported, was raised destroy,

Methinks I see it now, that one solitary, adventurous vessel, the Mayflower of a forlorn hope, freighted with

30 ness.

45 the prospects of a future state, and bound across the unknown sea.

I behold it pursuing, with a thousand misgivings, the uncertain, the tedious voyage. Suns rise and set, and weeks and months pass, and winter sur

prises them on the deep, but brings them not the sight 50 of the wished for shore. I see them now scantily sup

plied with provisions, crowded almost to suffocation in their ill-stored prison ;--delayed by calms, pursuing a circuitous route;—and now driven in fury before the raging tempest, on the high and giddy waves.

The aw55 ful voice of the storm howls through the rigging. The

laboring masts seem straining from their base;—the dismal sound of the pumps is heard ;-the ship leaps, as it were, madly, from billow to billow :—the ocean breaks,

and settles with ingulfing floods over the floating deck, 60 and beats with deadening, shivering weight, against the

staggered vessel.-I see them escaped from these perils, pursuing their all but desperate undertaking, and landed at last, after a five months' passage, on the ice-clad

rocks of Plymouth,— weak and weary from the voyage, 65 - poorly armed, scantily provisioned, depending on the

charity of their ship-master for a draught of beer on board, drinking nothing but water on shore, -without shelter, -without means,—surrounded by hostile tribes.

Shut now the volume of history, and tell me, on any 70 principle of human probability, what shall be the fate of

this handful of adventurers.—Tell me, man of military science, in how many months were they all swept off by the thirty savage tribes, enumerated within the ear:

ly limits of New-England? Tell me, politician, how 75 long did the shadow of a colony, on which your con

ventions and treaties had not smiled, languish on the distant coast ? Student of history, compare for me the baffled projects, the deserted settlements, the abandon

ed adventures of other times, and find the parallel of 80 this. Was it the winter's storm, beating upon the house

less heads of women and children ; was it hard labor and spare meals ;-was it disease,—was it the tomahawk, -was it the deep malady of a blighted hope, a ru

ined enterprise, and a broken heart, aching in its last 85 moments at the recollection of the loved and left, be

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