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the cultivation of its lánds, the advancement of its maufáctures, the increase of its commerce, the security and number of its ports and hárbors, its proficiency in all the liberal arts and sciences, is surely beneath the dignity of two such great nations.
12. To acquire a thorough knowledge of our own hearts and cháracters, to restrain every irregular inclinátion,--to subdue every rebellious pássion,--to purify the motives of our conduct,--to form ourselves to that temperance which no pleasure can sedúce,--to that meekness which no provocation can rúffle,--to that patience which no affliction can overwhelm, and that integrity which no interest can sháke; this is the task which is assigned to us,-a task which cannot be performed without the utmost diligence and care.
13. The beauty of a pláin, the greatness of a mountain, the ornament of a buílding, the expression of a pícture, the composition of a discourse, the conduct of a third pérson, the proportion of different quantities and númbers, the various appearances which the great machine of the universe is perpetually exhíbiting, the secret wheels and springs which prodúce them, all the general subjects of science and taste, are what we and our companions regard as having no peculiar relation to either of us.
14. Should such a man, too fond to rule alone, Bear, like the Turk, no brother near the throne, View him with scornful, yet with jéalous eyes,
And hate for arts that caus'd himself to rise ; 5 Dann with faint praise, assent with civil léer,
And without sneering teach the rest to sneer ;
Just hint a fault, and hesitate dislike;
Dreading even fools, by Flatterers besiég’d, 10 And so obliging, that he ne'er oblíg'd ;
Like Cato, give his little senate laws,
And wonder with a foolish face of praise-
Who would not weep, if'Atticus were he !
15. For these reasons, the senate and people of A'thens, (with de veneration to the gods, and heroes, and guardians of the Athenian city and territory, whose aid they now implóre; and with due attention to the virtue of their ancestors, to whom the general liberty of Greece was ever dearer than the particular interest of their own state) have resolved that a fleet of two hundred vessels shall be sent to sea, the admiral to cruise within the straits of Thermopylæ.
As to my own abilities in speaking, (for I shall admit this charge, although experience hath convinced me, that what is called the power of eloquence depends for the most part upon the hearers, and that the characters of public speakers are determined by the degree of favor which you vouchsafe to éach,) if long practice, I say, hath given me any proficiency in speaking, you have ever found it devoted to my country.*
* I have not thought it necessary to give examples of the cases in which emphasis requires the falling slide at the close of a parenthesis.
of the various exceptions which fall under the rule of suspending inflection, the only one which needs additional exemplification, is that, where emphasis requires the intensive falling slide, to express the true sense. See p. 53, bottom. In some cases of this sort, the omission of the falling slide only weakens the meaning; in others it subverts it.
1. If the population of this country were to remain stationary, a great increase of effort would be necessary to supply each family with a Bíble; how much more when this population is increasing every day.
2. The man who cherishes a strong ambition for preferment, if he does not fall into adulation and servility, is in danger of losing all manly independence.
3. For if the mighty works which have been done in thee had been done in Sodom,* it would have remained unto this day. 10.] Page 54. Tender emotion inclines the voice to the
rising slide. 1. And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth.-And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is your fáther well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is hé yet alive ?--And they answered, thy servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive: and they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance.--And he lifted
his eyes, and saw his brother Bènjamin, his mother's son, and said, Is this your younger brother, of whom ye spáke unto me? And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son.--And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother : and he sought where to wēep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there.
* Even in Sodom, is the paraphrase of this emphasis, and so in the two preceding examples.
2. Methinks I see a fair and lovely chíld,
from the Sabbath ;* while the tears 5 Stand in his little eyes so softly blúe,
Till, quite o'ercome with pity, his white arms
Like a sweet lamb, half sportive, half afraid, 10 Nestling one moment ’neath its bleating dàm.
And now the happy mother kisses oft
A stranger who once gave him, long ago,
His sobs speak fond remembrance, and he weeps
3. Ye who have anxiously and fondly watched
Like nightshade, with unwholesome beauty bloomed, 5 And that the sufferer's bright dilated eye,
Like mouldering wood, owes to decay alone
Have heard the summons, (O heart-freezing call!) 10 To pay the last sad duties, and to hear
Upon the silent dwelling's narrow lid
* Sabbath,-a poem.
The first earth thrówn, (sound deadliest to the soul !-
Hope seems forever fled, and the dread pang 15 Of final separation to begin)
Ye who who have felt all thís-0 pay my verse
11.] Page 55. This requires no additional illustration ;
for unless emphasis forbids it, every good reader has so much regard to harmony, as to use the rising slide at the pause before the cadence.
12.] Page 56. The indirect question and its answer have
the falling inflection. The interrogative mark is here inverted, to render it significant of its office, in distinction from the direct question, which turns the voice upward. The reason of this is so obvious, that I trust it will not be regarded, in a work like this, as an affectation of singularity in trifles.
1. The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you į They said, Barabbas. Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus, which is called Christ ¿ They all say unto him, Let him be crùcified. And the governor said, Why; what èvil hath he done į But they cried out out the more, saying, Let him be crùcified.
2. Where now is the splendid robe of the consulate d Where are the brilliant tòrches į Where are the apa plauses and dances, the feasts and entertainments į Where are the coronets and cànopies į Where the huzzas of the city, the compliments of the circus, and the