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· masses of the neavenly bodies; their immense distances; their

countless numbers, and their motions, whose swiftness mocks the uttermost efforts of the imagination.

3 Akin to this pleasure of contemplating new and extraordinary truths, is the gratification of a more learnëd curiosity, by tracing resemblances and relations between things which, to common apprehension, seem widely different. It is surely a satisfaction, for instance, to know that the same thing which causes the sensation of heat causes also fluidity; that electricity, the light which is seen on the back of a cat when slightly rubbed on a frosty evening, is the very same matter with the lightning of the clouds; that plants breathe like ourselves, but differently, by day and by night; that the air which burns in our lamps enables a balloon to mount.

4. Nothing can at first sight appear less like, or less likely to be caused by the same thing, than the processes of burning and of breathing; the rust of metals and burning; the influence of a plant on th: air it grows in by night, and of an animal on the same air at any time; nay, and of a body burning in that air; and yet all these operations, so unlike to common eyes, when examined by the light of science are the same. Nothing can be less like than the working of a vast steam-engine and the crawling of a fiy upon the window ; yet we find that these two operations are performed by the same means, — the weight of the atmosphere,- and that a seahorse climbs the ice-hills by no other power. Can anything be more strange to contem'plate? Is there, in all the fairy-tales that ever were fancied, anything more calculated to arrest the attention, and to occupy and to gratify the mind, than this most unexpected resemblance between things so unlike to the eyes of ordinary beholders ?

5. Then, if we raise our views to the structure of the heavens, we are again gratified with tracing accurate but most unexpected resemblances. Is it not in the highest degree interesting to find that the power which keeps the earth in its shape and in its path, wheeling round the sun, extends over all the other worlds that compose the universe, and gives to each its proper place and motion; that the same power keeps the moon in her path round the earth; that the same power causes the tides upon our earth, and the peculiar form of the earth itself; and that, after all, it is the same power which makes a stone fall to the ground ? To learn these things, and to reflect upon them, fills the mind, and produces certain as well as pure gratification.

6. The highest of all our gratifications in the study of science remains. We are raised by science to an understanding of the infinite wisdom and goodness which the Creator has displayed in

all his works. Not a step can we take in any direction without perceiving the most extraordinary traces of design ; and the skill everywhere conspicuous is calculated, in so vast a proportion of instances, to promote the happiness of living creatures, and especially of ourselves, that we can feel no hesitatior in concluding that, if we knew the whole scheme of Providence, every part would appear to be in harmony with a plan of absolute benevo. lence. Independently, however, of this most consoling inference, the delight is inexpressible of being able to follow, as it were, with our eyes, the marvellous works of the great Architect of Nature, and to trace the unbounded power and exquisite skill which are exhibited in the most minute as well as in the mightiest parts of his system.


CCXII. -- FROM THE PROVERBS OF SOLOMON. 1. Doth not wisdom cry, and understanding put forth her voice? She standeth in the top of high places, by the way in the places of the paths; she crieth at the gates, at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors; unto you, O men, I call, and my voice is to the sons of man. O ye simple, understand wisdom; and ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart.

2. Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips shall Me right things. For my mouth shall speak truth; and wickedness is an abomination to my lips. All the words of my mouth are in righteousness; there is nothing frowardes or perverse in them. They are all plain to him that anderstandeth, and right to them that find knowledge.

3. Receive my instruction and not silver; and knowledge rather than choice gold. For wisdom is better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it. I, Wisdom, dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions. The fear of the Lord is to hate evil; pride and are rogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate. Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom; I am understanding; I have strength.

4. By me kings reign and princes decree justice. By me princes rule and nobles, even all the judges of the earth. I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me. Riches and honor are with me; yea, durable riches and right. eousness. My fruit is better than gold, yea, than fine gold; and my revenue than choice silver. I lead in the way of righteousDess, in the midst of the paths of judgment; that I may cause

inose that love me to inherit substance; and I will fill their treasures.

5. The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water. Before the mountains were settled; before the hills was I brought forth : while as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.

6. When he prepared the heavens, I was there; when he set a compass upon the face of the depth; when he established the clouds above; when he strengthened the fountains of the deep ; when he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment; when he appointed the foundations of the earth : then I was by him, as one brought up with him; and I was daily bis delight, rejoicing always before him ; rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men.

7. Now therefore hearken-unto me, Oye children, for blessëd are they that keep my ways. Hear instruction and be wise, and refuse it not. Blessëd is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favor of the Lord. But he that sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul; all they that bate me love death.


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*** All the words in Part II., having the mark of reference Ei at the end, will be
found explained in this Index, which also offers the usual facilities of reference
to the subjects treated, names of authors, places, &c.

Figures attached to words in Part II. refer to the corresponding numbers o,
paragraphs in Part I. See notice on page 55.


Adj., for adjective ; A. D., in the year of our Lord; B. C., before Christ; b., born ; d.

died ; Fr., French ; Gr., Greek ; L or Lat., Latin ; P., page ; pp., pages.

ABBE (ab'by), a French ecclesiastical title, I ACADEXICIAN, a member of an academy for

literally meaning an abbot, the governor promoting arts and sciences.
of an abbey or monastery. It is from the | ACCENT. See page 25.
Syriac, abba, father. Abbés, before the ACCEPTANCE, in commerce, is the receiving
French revolution, were persons who fol of a bill or order so as to bind the acceptor
lowed a course of theological study, and to make payment. He makes himself a
acted as instructors, &c. ; but the charac debtor for the sum named in it, by writing
ter denoted by it has ceased to be of any the word “Accepted" on it, and signing
official importance.

his name.
ABORIGINES (åb-o-rij/-i-nez), from ab, from, ACCOUTRE (ac-coot'-er), to provide with arms

and origo, origin, are the first inhabitants or equipments.
of a country.

ACHILLNS (A-kill-lès), the son of Peleus,
ABSORPT. Some verbs have two forms for King of Thrace, lle was famous in the Tro-

the past tense and participle, one in d, jan war, which commenced about 1193
the other in t; as burned, burnt, learned, B. C.
learnt, &c. The forms in d are often ADAMS, John, the second President of the
pronounced as if spelt with a t. 129.

United States, born in Braintree, Miss.,
ABUT MENT, the solid pier or mound of earth, 1735, died July 4th, 1826. His last

stone or timber, erected on the bank of a words were, “It is the glorious Fourth of
river to support the end of a bridge.

July! God bless it-God bless you all!"
ACADEMY. From Acadèmus, an Athen See page 381.

ian, in whose grove a sect of Grecian ADAMS, JOHN QUINCY, son of John, born at
philosophers used to assemble. The word Quincy, Mass., 1767 ; died 1918. He was
is now applied to any asseinbly or society the sixth President of the United States ;
of persons where learning and philosophy

p. 226.
are the proposed objects ; in the United ADAMS, SARAH F. An English lady, who
States, chiefly to schools, public and pri died young.
vate; in England, to schools for students in Resignation, by, 70.
the fine arts.

ADDISON, JOSEPH, one of the best authors in
Tue Silent Academy, p. 55.

English literature, was born in 1072, and

died in 1719. See a mention of his death, but was finally destroyed by the Sarscens, p. 245.

A. D. 642 ; when, it is said, the numerou Folly of Castle building, 71.

volumes supplied fuel during six months Ilyun, 106.

for four thousand baths. Opposite to Creation, 149.

Alexandria was the small isle of Pharos, Providence Inscrutable, 177.

now joined to the main land by a causeReflections in Westminster Abbey, 317. way. Here stood a celebrated lightAD-O-LESCENCE (from the Latin adolescere, house of white marble, and deemed one of

to grow up to), the age between childhood the seven wonders of the world. Its light and inanhood.

could be seen at a distance of one hunADORATION, homage to God. The root of dred miles. From the name of the isle on

the word is the Latin os, oris, the mouth, which it stood, Pharos became a common ani it implies spoken prayer.

appellation for all light-houses. The trade ADVANCE Poem by M'Carthy, 179.

of Alexandria was greatly reduced by the ADVENTURE in Calabria, 305.

discovery of the passage to India by the ÆCHINES, the great rival of Demosthenes Cape of Good Hope, A. D. 1497 ; but the

as an orator, was born in Athens, B. C. town still has a population of about seven389. Beiny banished to Rhodes, he there teen thousand souls, and a growing trade. set up a school of rhetoric.

There was once a celebrated amphitheatre ÆS'CHYLUS, one of the most famous tragic at Alexandria, where cruel games were

writers of Greece, was born at Athens exhibited. about five hundred years B. C. He has Gladiatorial Combat with a Tiger, p. 94. been called the father of the Greek stage. | ALEXANDRINE. The verse of twelve or He is said to have died in his sixtieth year thirteen syllables ; so called from an of a fracture of his skull, caused by an ancient French poet, who first used it.

eagle's letting fall a tortoise on his head. ALFRED the Great, born 849, died 901, Æ OP, a native of Phrygia, a country in the was the greatest king that England can middle of Asia Minor, flourished about boast; distinguished for his learning, 672 3. C. lle was a slave and deformed, wisdom, justice, moderation, and piety. and composed his celebrated fables for his Character, by Dickens, 244. own amusement. Obtaining his freedom, AL'LEGORY (from the Greek words, allo, he made several voyages to Greece, where another thing, and egoreo, I declare) is he lost his life in a quarrel with the people in literature a continued metaphor ; a of Delphos.

metaphor being the representation of one AFFECTATION, a poem, 144.

thing by another. Fables are a species Affectation of Knowledge, 278.

of allegory. Some of the parables of the AJAX, one of the heroes at the siege of Troy, Bible are allegories. Bunyan's Pilgrim's

celebrated by Homer. He was second Progress is one of the most famous of alleonly to Achilles in bravery.

gories. ALBUM, from the Latin albus, white, was a The Two Palaces, an Allegory, p. 219. white table or register, whereon the de- | ALLSTON, Washington, one of the greatest crees of the Romans were written. It is painters that America has produced, was now used to designate a book for auto born at Charleston, S.C., 1779, and died in graphs, an artist's sketch-book, &c.

1843, at Cambridge, Mass., where he long ALEXANDER the Great, King of Macedon, resided. He was a man of remarkable

and conqueror of Asia, was born B. C. genius, and while in Europe was the 356, and began to reign in his twentieth friend of Coleridge and other eminent year. Ile died in his thirty-third year, I men. He was a devout Christian. “His of a fever, brought on by intemperate belief,” says Mr. Dana, “ was in a Being habits. He was, says Seneca, “a cruel as infinitely minute and sympathetic in his ravager of provinces," and "made his providences, as unlimited in his power happiness and glory to consist in render and knowledge.” Mr. Allston showed ing himself formidable to all mortals."

much ability as a poet and essayist. ALEXANDER Se-ve'rus, Emperor of Rome, Anecdote by, 78.

was born at Acre in Phoenicia, in 205. | ALPINE (ine or in), pertaining to the Alps, The chief event of his reign was a great or any lofty mountain. victory over Artaxerxes, King of Persia. AMARANTH (from a, the negative prefir, He was murdered, with his mother, in a and maraino, Gr., I witber) an unmilitary sedition, 235. See Gibbon's ac fading flower. Ali, amaranthine. See count of him, p. 144.

Prefix. ALEXANDRIA, a seaport, situated on a sandy AMATEUR (amatür, or, according to the

strip of land, running into the Mediter French pronunciation, amatur ; the u as ranean, and the ancient capital of Lower in murmur, and the accent on the last Egypt; founded by Alexander the Great, syllable), a lover of any art or science, and who peopled it with Greeks, B, C. 332. not a professor. Here was a famous library, stored with AMERICA, a vast continent, discovered by from five hundred thousand to seven hun Columbus, in the year 1492, but subsedred thousand volumes ; a large number quently named from Americus Vespucof which were burnt during the siege of cius. An honor that clearly belonged to the city by Julius Cæsar, B. C. 47. The Columbus was thus given to another. library was afterwards partly restored, How this was brought about, or cho Erst

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