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of communication has quite other advantages over the ordinary telegraph. That which is to be communicated to a distant point is not seen by thousands of eyes, but only at the destined place does it make itself known. The course which the word thus expressed takes, in the invisible 'form of an electric discharge, is nidden under the earth, or, enclosed in the metal of the wire, passing high over the roofs of cities. But when it reaches its goal it announces itself, not only to the eye by the common telegraphic sign, but also to the ear. He with whom another communicates in the still, midnight hour, sits, perhaps, sunk in thought at his desk, or has fallen asleep, — the sound of a little bell arouses him; he listens; the sounds now of a lower, then of a higher toned bell are repeated; the number of bell-strokes, and the difference of the sounds, have meaning.
4. First, a deep sound, then, quickly succeeding, a higher, and then again a low note, represent an A; a low note, succeeded by two high notes, and again a low note, signifies B; a low note followed by no high note, and a high note followed by no low note, signify, the first E, the last J; three low notes, following one upon the other, stand for D. Thus, by the number and variety of sounds, every letter of the alphabet is expressed. Between the letters occurs a short pause; between the words the interval is longer. Thus, rapidly as an intelligent child may make out words by spelling, does it become possible by practice to understand the language of bells.
5. But suppose that the person to whom the distant intelligence comes is not awakened by the first stroke of the bell, and has lost the first part, or the whole, even, of what is thus communicated. Still, the loss is not irrep'arable. He finds, upon approaching the table at which his magical telegraph is arranged, that everything which he had failed to hear is set down there in visible characters. He finds a letter written, not, indeed, in ordinary characters, but in points, the peculiar position of which (corresponding to the different notes of the bell), and their combination, represent alphabetical signs, marked, like the sounds, with regularly occurring intervals between the letters and the words; or, by another plan, he may find a message legibly printed out in bold letters on a narrow strip of paper.
6. In such phenomena as the motion of the electric fluid and of light, which the mind of man has taken into his service and learned to use at will, we have a type of the difference between the action of the mind and the body. Electricity and Light, although possessing power to penetrate space to an extent almost immeasurable, are indeed both material agents, and yet distance and time are almost annihilated by them; the connection they establish, although by the material means of a metallic conductor, is miraculously direct and intimate. But what must that uniting attraction of souls be, which requires no corporeal medium, but darts instantaneously through an all-uniting spiritual element from one disembodied spirit to another! Even now the director of an electric telegraph, although confined by the burthen of a body to a certain spot, is able at pleasure to converse with a distant friend, and be present with him in thought and will. What will not be possible when this confinement to the conditions of our planet shall fall away! Schtjbert
CLXXV.—THE ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH.
1. Hark! the warning needles click,
2. Let the sky be dark or clear,
Sing who will of Orphean lyre,
3. Think the thought, and speak the word,
Borne o'er mountains, lakes, and seas,
Sing who will of Orphean lyre,
Marvel — triumph of our day,
Flash sincerity of speech,
Noblest aims to all who teach;
Flash till Power shall learn the Eight,
Flash till Reason conquer Might;
Flash resolve to every mind;
Manhood flash to all mankind!
Sing who will of Orphean lyre,
CLXXVI. — Lochibl's WARNING.
lochiel, a Highland chieftain, while on hi8 march to join the Pretender, is met by one of the Highland seers, or prophets, who warus him to return, and not incur the certain ruin which awaits the unfortunate prince and his followers, on the field of Culloden.
Seer. Lochiel, Lochiel, beware of the day
Lochiel. Go preach to the coward, thou death-telling seer
Seer. Ha! laugh'st thou, Lochiel, my vision to scorn?
Fr",m his eyry, that beacons the darkness of Heaven.
Lochiel. False wizard, avaunt! I have marshalled my clan
Seer. Lochiel! Lochiel! beware of the day!
Lochiel. Down, soothless insulter! I trust not the tale!
Shall victor exult, or in death be laid low,
With his back to the field, and his feet to the foo!
And, leaving in battle no blot on his name,
Look proudly to Heaven from the death-bed of fame!
CLXXVII.—THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
1. On the second of July,' 1776, the resolution of Independence was adopted by the old Congress; and, on the ever-memorable Fourth of July of that year, the Declaration reported by the Committee, with some slight alterations, was agreed to and promulgated. It is now a nation's creed. Let it. not be supposed that the measure was carried without opposition. Assaults it did encounter, resistance it did suffer; not from the enemies only of our country, but from her most sincere friends The timid were alarmed. The minds of men of ordinary constancy were possessed with doubts and hesitation at this final, this irretrievable step. Heroic courage and patriotism were what tho occasion demanded, and what — let us be thankful for it! — the occasion found.
2. It was, indeed, a fearful question. At the last moment, when it was about to be put, a celebrated member of the Congress, a gentleman of undoubted patriotism, rose and spoke against the proposed measure. He stated the consequences of it in alarming colors. Silence and doubt ensued. It was then that John Adams, the "pillar of its support," as Mr. Jefferson has styled him, rose in reply. His fervid eloquence silenced every doubt. The question was settled, and the vote of the States was unanimous. In what language he made this last and powerful appeal, we may judge from the triumphant burst of patriotic exultation and pious emotion with which he wrote to a friend on the following day.
3. "Yesterday the greatest question- was decided that was ever debated in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or will be decided by men. A resolution was passed, without one dissenting colony, 'that these United States are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.' The day is passed. The Fourth of July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch" in the history of America. I am "apt to believe it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival. It aught to be commemorated as the day of deliverance by solemn »cts of devotion to Almighty God.
4. "It ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, games,