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their impression irresistible. Polite, affable, insinuating, sprightly and capable of speaking and of writing with equal ease and dignity; sudden, however, and violent30 in all her attachments, because she had been accustomed from her infancy to be treated as a queen; no stranger, on some occasions, to dissimulation, which, in that perfidious court where she received her education," was reckoned among the necessary arts of government; not insensible of flattery, or unconscious of that pleasure with which almost every woman beholds the influence of her own beauty; formed with the qualities" that we love, not with the talents that we admire,— she was an agreeable woman, rather than an illustrious queen. No man, says Brantome, ever beheld her person without admiration or love, or will read her history without sorrow.
5. Last Moments Of Annison. — Macaulay.
The last moments of Addison were perfectly serene. His interview with his son-in-law is universally known. "See," ho said, " how a Christian can die!" The piety of Addison was, m truth, of a singularly cheerful character. The feeling which predominates in all his devotional writings is gratitude. God was to him the all-wise and all-powerful Friend, who had watched over his cradle with more than maternal tenderness; who had listened to his cries before they could form themselves in prayer; who had preserved his youth from the snares of vice; who had made his cup run over with worldly blessings; and who had doubled the value of those blessings by bestowing a thankful heart to enjoy them, and dear friends to partake them; who had rebuked the waves of the Ligurian Gulf, had purified the autumnal air of the Campagna," and had restrained the avalanches of Mount Cenis.
Of the Psalms, his favorite was that which represents the Ruler of all things under the endearing image of a shepherd whose crook guides the flock safe through gloomy and desolate glens, to meadows well watered and rich with herbage.54 On that goodness to which he ascribed all the happiness of his life he relied in the hour of death, with the love that casteth out fear. He died on the seventeenth of June, 1719. He had just entered on his forty-eighth year.
6. Lorn Chatham In Parliament. — Hazlitl.
He controlled the purposes of others, because he was strong iu his own ob'durate self-will. He convinced his followers, by never doubting himself. He did not argue but assert; he took what ne cLose for gTanted, instead of making a question of it. Ht was not a dealer in moot-points." He seized on some stronghold in the argument, and held it fast with a convulsive grasp, or wrested the weapons out of his adversaries' hands by main force, lie entered the lists like a gladiator. He made political controversy a combat of personal skill and courage, fie was not for wasting time in long-winded discussions with his oppo'nents, but tried to disarm them by a word, or by a glance of his eye, so that they should not dare to contradict or confront him again. He did not wheedle, or palliate," or circumvent, or make a studied appeal to the reason or the passions. He dictated his opinions to the House of Commons. "He spoke as one having authority, and not as the Scribes."
But if he did not produce such an effect either by reason or imagination, how did he produce it? The principle by which he exerted his influence over others (and it is a principle of which some speakers that I might mention seem not to have an idea, even in possibility) was sympathy. He himself evidently had a strong possession of his subject, a thorough conviction, an intense interest; and this communicated itself from his manner, from the tones of his voice, from his commanding attitudes, and eager gestures, instinctively and unavoidably to his hearers. His will was surcharged with electrical matter like a Volta'ic" battery; and all who stood within its reach felt the full force of the shock. Zeal" will do more than knowledge. To say the truth, there is, in his speeches, little knowledge, — no ingenuity, no parade of individual details, not much attempt at general argument, neither wit nor fancy, — but there are a few plain truths told home; whatever he says, he does.
7. Lorn Chatham As Secretary or State. — Grattan.
The Secretary stood alone. Modern degeneracy had not reached him. Original and unaccommodating, the features of his character had the hardihood of antiquity. His august mind overawed majesty; and one of his sovereigns thought royalty so impaired in his presence, that he conspired to remove him in order to be relieved from his superiority. No state chica'nery," no narrow systems of vicious politics, no idle contest for ministerial victories, sank him to the vulgar level of the great; but, overbearing, persuasive, and impracticable, his object was England, his ambition was fame. Without dividing, he destroyed party; without corrupting, he made a venal age unanimous France sank beneath him; with one hand he smote the house of Bourbon, and wielded in the other the democracy of England.
8. Edmund Burke.
He habitually recurred to principles. he was a scientific Statesman. While other statesmen saw nothing but the object of the hour, he loved to let his imagination play on the future glories of America. His visions have all been, even in the period of less than a century, almost literally fulfilled. He delighted in contem'plating those brave descendants of Englishmen, who had Bought in the American wilderness a place of refuge where they might worship God in the way that their hearts and minds most approved, fie exulted in their flourishing condition, in the increase of their wealth, their commerce, and their numbers. He pictured them reaping their golden harvests, throwing the harpoon on the coast of Africa, and penetrating amid icebergs into "Hudeon's Bay " and "Davis's Straits."
He was a writer of the first class, and excelled in almost every kind of composition. In his mind political principles were r.ot objects of barren speculation. Wisdom in him was always practical. Whatever his understanding adopted as truth made its way to his heart, and sank deep into it; and his ardent and generous feelings seized with promptitude every occasion of applying it to mankind. "His knowledge of history,'" says Grattan, "amounted to a power of foretelling; and when he perceived the wild work that was doing in France, that great political physician, intelligent of symptoms, distinguished between the ac'cess of fever and the force of health; and what other men conceived to be the vigor of her constitution he knew to be no more than the paroxysm of her madness; and then, prophet-like, he pronounced the destinies of France, and in his prophetic fury ad monished nations."
CXV. — MARY STUART AND HER MOURNER.*
The world is full of life and love; the world methinks might spare,
* Mary Stuart, Queon of Soots, perished on the scaffold, Feb. S, 1587, hi the forty-fifth year of her age. Her mortal remains were taken trom her weeping servants and left unwatched and unattended, excopt by a poor little lap-dog, which could not be induced to quit the body of its mistress. Tha faithful animal was found dead two days afterwards. In apostrophizing Queen Elizabeth as the " Semiramis^' of England," the poet alludes to hei remorse for signing the death-warrant of Mary Stuart, and to the fact that ner own death was wanting in the consolations of a conscience void of offence.
Close by the form mankind desert, one thing a vigil keeps;
More near and near to that still heart it wistful, wondering creeps
It gazes on those glazed eyes, it hearkens for a breath;
It does not know that kindness dies, and love departs from death.
It fawns as fondly as before upon that iey hand;
And hears from lips that speak no more the voice that can command
To that poor fool, alone on earth, no matter what had been
Alike the soul that hate had sped, the life that love had killed.
Semir'amis of England, hail! thy crime secures thy sway;
Through vacant space, one thing to seek, one thing that loved — in vain 1
Though round thy parting pangs of pride shall priest and noble crowd. More worth the grief that mourned beside thy victim's gory shroud!
SIR E. BULWEK LYTTON.
CXVI. — CONVERSATION SPOILERS.
1. Though Nature weigh our talents, and dispense
And conversation, in its better part,
2. Yc powers, who rule the tongue, — if such there are. —
Preserve me from the thing I dread and hate
3 Dubius is such a scrupulous, good man —
4. A story in which native humor54 reigns
CXVII. — THE YOUTH OP WASHINGTON.
1. Just as Washington was passing from boyhood to youth, the enterprise and capital of Virginia were seeking a new field for exercise and investment, in the unoccupied public domain beyond the mountains. The business of a surveyor immediately became one of great importance and trust, for no surveys82 were