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strove rore faithfully to use time and talent" as ever in the great Taskmaster's eye.” No man so richly endowed was ever leng ready to trust in his own powers, or more prompt to own his dependence on “ that eternal and propitial throne, where nothing is readier than grace and refuge to the distresses of mortal suppli. ants.” His morality was of the loftiest order. He possessed a self-control which, in one susceptible of such ve'hement emotions, was marvellous. No one ever saw him indulging in those pra. pensities which overcloud the mind and polluteto the heart.
No youthful excesses treasured up for him a suffering and remorseful old age. From his youth up he was temperate in all things, as became one who had consecrated himself to a lifestruggle against vice, and error, and darkness, in all their forms. He had started with the conviction “ that he who would not be frustrate of his hope to write well, hereafter in laudable things, ought himself to be a true poem; that is, a composition and pattern of the best and honorablest things; " and from this he never swerved. His life was indeed a true poem; or it might be compared to an anthem on his own favorite organ - high-toned, solemn, and majestic.
5. WASHINGTON. – Webster. The character of Washington El is among the most cherished contemplations of my life. It is a fixed star in the firmament of great names, shining without twinkling or obscuration, with clear, steady, beneficent light. It is associated and blended with all our reflections on those things which are near and dear to us If we think of the independence of our country, we think of him whose efforts were so prominent in achieving it if we think of the constitution which is over us, we of him who do 30 much to establish it, and whose adamanisaation of its powers 15 acknowledged to be a prodet for his ro
1. AND yět, after all, it is man s mind, it is intelligus spirit, Et that gives to this grand thēš ; material wire: all its substantial use and worth, a
i gori! Wishes men and angels, without Mind to
and enjoy it, to honor and glorify its Author, it wo wa spiondid and costly pănorā'ma El without spectatox,
ooit ..ld ho anif. aga alle
LXII. — ON THE ABUSI OF UNITS 1. I HAVE endeavored to show that the intrinsic value va genius is a secondary consideration, compared to the use to which it is applied ; that genius ought to be estimated chiefly by the
character of the subject upon which it is employed, or of the cause which it advocates; that it should be considered, in fact as a more instrument, a weapon, a sword, which may be used in a good cause, or in a bad one; may be wielded by a patriot, or a highwayman ; may give protection to the dearest interests of sociëty, or may threaten those interests with the irruption of pride, and profligacy, and folly, -of all the vices which compose the curse and degradation of our species.
2. I am the more disposed to dwell a little upon this subject, because I am persuaded that it is not sufficiently attended to, 133
nay, that in ninety-nine instances out of a hundred it is not attended to at all ;140 — that works of imagination are perused for the sake of the wit which they display; which wit not only reconciles us to, but endears to us, opinions, and feelings, and habits, at war with wisdom and morality, to say nothing of religion ; - in short, that we admire the polish, the temper, and shape of the sword, and the dexterity with which it is wielded, though it is the property of a lūnătic, or of a brāvo; though it is brandished in the face of wisdom and virtue; and, at every wheel,103 threatens to inflict a wound 39 that will disfigure some feature, or lop some member; or, with masterly adroitness, aims a death-thrust at the heart!
3. I would deprive genius of the worship that is paid to it for its own sake. Instead of allowing it to dictate to the world, I would have the world dictate to it, - dictate to it so far as the vital interests of society are affected. I know it is the opinion of many that the moral of mere poëtry is of little avail; that we are charmed by its melody and wit, and uninjured by its levity and profaneness; and hence many a thing has been allowed in poetry, which would have been scouted, deprecated, rejected, had it appeared in prose; as if vice and folly were -S et for being introduced to us with an elegant and
viswaste gore nnf..1 folie nodol: hed the walls, — he too had his uttermight be lost in the great voice of 7 could distinguish his cries and sobs; rs, who had not feasted on his despair,
resigned, - the tempest in his heart
h, that in the sky. thn inteä of the species forces itself upon himn. The species is not perfect; put it retains too much of the image of its Maker, preserves too many evidences of the modelling of the Hand that fashioned it, is too near to the hovering providence of its disre. garded but still cherishing Author, to excuse, far less to call for.
of which it is a part, is only one among the myriado hosts of heaven! With all its innumerable suns and systems, and the tremendous voids that lie between, it is only one company in the grand army of God; a single cluster among multitūdes of others of equal and greater magnitude and splendor.
7. And, if three thousand millions of miles separate the sun from one of its planets, and twenty millions of millions of miles separate one sun from another, what, — the same stūpendous scale being preserved,140 - what must be the breadth of that Lameless profound which separates one firmament:21 from another, -- which lies between those magnificent and mighty clusters, that, as the telëscopees is improved, rise upon the fielde of vision, troop. behind troop, emerging forever out of the fathomless depths of space!
8. Verily, we are ready to exclaim, with the Psalmist, ei “O Lord God Almighty, marvellous are thy works, and that118 my soul knoweth right well, — marvellous are thy works, and in wisdom and in power hast thou made them all.” And, were it not that we have the assurance that they are made in goodness as well as in wisdom and power, we should almost fear lest we should be overlooked and forgotten amid this endless wilderness of worlds; often we should take up that other cry of the Psalmist, — “When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars which thou hast ordained, what is man, that thou art mindful of him, and the son of man, that thou visitest him!”
LXV. - ASTRONOMY AND IMMORTALITY.
PART SECOND. 1. And yet, after all, it is man, it is mind, it is intelligent spirit,et that gives to this grand thēătre El of the material universe all its substantial use and worth, all its reäl glory! Without men and ängels, without Mind to appreciate and enjoy it, to honor and glorify its Author, it would be like a splendid and costly pănorā'ma Er without spectators.
2. It would be as if one should compose and have performed . a magnificent öratöʻriõks without an audience! And this brings us to the argument for the endless life of the soul, the immortal. ity of Mind, which seems necessarily and logically to grow out of the infinitūde of the material universe. .
3. For what is this display of worlds and suns, of galaxies 1 and constellations and clusters, without number and without end, if the soul, so colossale in its powers, so fitted to explora appreciate, and enjoy these wonders, and through which, only these and all else can glorify God, — if this is to perish at death ana be no more forever?
4 Why is so glorious a work set out before it, and ability and energy given to perform it, but the time alone denied ? For surely the present life, compared with the extent of the universe, is as a cipher to infinity. The mind has opportunity only to try its powers, to realize what it can do if time be given, and then it is crushed out, according to the gospel El of unbelief, leaving the glorious work it could do all unfinished, — yea, Et scarcely begun!
5. Let us look at this.: let us consider how much one can do toward a thorough acquaintance with our little planet, the earth, within the space of time allotted to the ordinary life of man How much is it possible for us to accomplish in studying the surface of our globe,- its mountains, seas, rivers, plains, deserts, forests, and mines; its countless forms of animal and vegetable life, - beasts and birds, – fishes, reptiles, and insects, – plants flowers, and fruits, - nations, languages, customs, modes of life, - history, science, and art, — and so through the encyclopēdia El of all knowledge possible to man in his present estate,131 — how much of this grand survey,82 in its endless details, is it possible for us to accomplish in a single lifetime?
6. Extend now this study and survey to the myriad millions of worlds and systems which we have glanced at in passing, and the myriad millions more, invisible, plunging through the fathomless profound of space. What time will be needful to this great work, what time to behold, examine, El and enjoy the nameless and numberless exhibitions of the Divine power, and wisdom, and goodness, spread out on this broad and magnificent theatre of the universe, — what time to become familiar with the order and arrangements, the harmonies and beauties, the life and history, of each one of these glittering orbs ?182
7. What time, but that which shall parallel this endless procession of suns and constellations ? What life, but an unending one, will be long enough to look upon all the glorious wonders of Creative Power; and lift the veil from the beautiful mysteries which burn along the infinite abysses, and invite the gaze of the exulting astronomer, only to show him that they lie beyond the reach of all human efforts !
8. Is there not here, then, a presumptive proof of the endless life of the soul ?128 Has not God himself furnished us here an illustration of the great revelation of the gospel, that we live for. ever? Is He not consistent Are not all his works in har
mony? If he gives light, he gives an eye to use it. If he fills the world with a thousand delicious melodies, he forms the ear to enjoy them. If he creates us with animal needs and desires, he furnishes the means of gratifying them.
9. If he implants a religious element in man, he bestows the means of fitting culture; he gives us Revelation and Truth as an answer to the spiritual cry within. So in all things, — in all his works and arrangements, there is relation, proportion, mutual harmony. And why should it fail in the case before us now?
LXVI. — GOD.
All space doth occupy, all motion guide, -
Thou only God! there is no God beside!
Whom none can comprehend and none explore,
Embracing all, supporting, ruling o'er, -
2. In its sublime research, Philosophyel
May measure out the ocean deep, may count
There is no weight nor measure ; none can mount
Though kindled by thy light, in vain would try
And thought is lost ereti thought can soar so higli,
3. Thou from primēval nothingness didst cal]162
First chāõs, then existence ; Lord, on thee
Sprang forth from thee, - of light, joy, harmony,
Thy word created all, and doth 124 create;
Thou art, and wert, and shalt be, glorious, great,
• This first stanza affords an example of the inapplicability of rules of in flection. Many good readers will impart the rising inflection throughout in every line, even at the termination of the last; while others will introduce the falling inflection at every exclamation-point. The pupil will here exo porionoe the advantage of oral instruction from his teacher