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been desirable, yet a considerable number of gentlemen of intelligence and respectability, both clergymen and laymen, in the course of every year, travel some distance out of their way to witness the moral process, which is here going on. The opinion formed by men of candor and benevolence has uniformly been, as your Committee have good reason to believe, highly favorable to the design here developed, and to the manner and spirit, in which this design is carried into execution.
Station of Taloney.
Mr. Hall has had the sole charge of the school and domestic concerns of this station, since his removal thither in May 1820. During the winter months, the average attendance of pupils was from 20 to 25. As the spring opened, the number increased; but the ill health of Mr. Hall and his wife was so frequent, and the difficulty of procuring hired labor so great, that the school suffered not a little embarrassment. It is greatly to be desired, that a faithful and laborious farmer should reside with the teacher, at each station where a local school is established. The farmer should be qualified to take the place of the teacher, in case any exigency should require it. With ordinary, industry, food could easily be obtained for two small families from the produce of the farm, and the pasturage of the neighboring woods. Mr. Hall has four acres of cleared land, of which three are planted with corn. He keeps four cows, and has an excellent garden of culinary vegetables.
Many of the natives have been inclined to meet on the Sabbath for religious instruction, whenever Mr. Hall has been well enough to read the Scriptures, converse upon them, and lead in prayer. If ill health prevented these customary exercises, it appeared to excite deep regret, in the minds of those who commonly attended. But perhaps by no circumstance was the introduction of Christianity into a heathen neighborhood more marked in its effects, than by the change which it produced in the observation of Christmas. It may seem a solecism to speak of Christmas, as observed in a heathen neighborhood; but though a solecism in words, it is not inconsistent with the fact. The American Aborigines extensively, even those of them who know ngt that there is such a thing as sin, or
salvation, or that such a person as Jesus Christ ever appeared in the world, have learned by the pernicious examples of straggling whites, that there is a season, somewhere about the winter solstice, devoted to feasting, sports, brutal drunkenness, and quarrelling.
But to return from this short digression: Mr. Hall had given notice, that there would be a meeting for religious worship on Christmas, at the schoolhouse More than a hundred Cherokees assembled, and many Africans. “The transactions of this scason were more interesting to us,” says Mr. Hall, “because last Christmas every man in the neighborhood was drunken; and many of them continued so for nearly a week. Now there was not one about our house, who did not conduct with propriety, except a white man. After meeting, about thirty Cherokees took supper with us. Although there is not a soul here, who gives evidence of being converted to God; yet I think there is a very visible improvement in the conduct of all classes, and I trust that God will ere long display his mighty power.
The very favorable prospects, with which a school was established at this place, and the glad sounds of the Gospel began to be proclaimed still continue. A little church has been formed: the saving operations of the Divine Spirit appear to have been experienced, and several late accounts unite in declaring, that the hopeful converts walk together in love, and enjoy the favor of God. Among the most remarkable displays of divine grace, which the history of missions furnishes, is to be reckoned the hopeful conversion of Mr. John Brown and so many members of his family. Five years ago, not an individual of this family knew any thing of the Gospel. In the heart of a heathen country, most of them knew nothing of the language, in which alone it seemed possible that they should hear the Gospel; and the father was obstinately bent on removing several hundred miles into the wilderness beyond the Mississippi. Yet, at this day, behold both parents, two sons, three daughters, and a son's wife, eight in the whole,_apparently the children of God, and heirs of immortality. In the first, instance, Catharine, a favorite child in the bloom of youth, is sent to an infant school, in an infant mission, at her, own importunity, to acquire the rudiments of an education. While there it pleased the Sovereign Dispenser of spiritual favors to impress upon her mind the importance of religious truth, and to open her heart to the reception of the Gospel. Two years afterwards a younger brother comes to the school, and is religiously affected in consequence of the faithful exhortations of the sister. They visit the paternal home together; and the worship of God is commenced where heathenism had reigned without a rival. The parents begin to awake, and to inquire; salvation is proclaimed by the mission-aries; and the result has been stated. Well may it be said, “Salvation has come to this house.” Well may we exclaim, if such are the triumphs of the cross, let its heralds be sent to every heathen neighborhood upon the face of the globe. In October last the chiefs at Creekpath wrote a letter to the missionaries at Brainerd, expressing their thanks for the school, which had then been in operation about six months, and bearing testimony to the fidelity of Mr. Butrick, during his residence among them. Soon after Mr. Potter's arrival at Brainerd, he was assigned to take the oversight of the little church at Creekath, and to superintend the school. e immediately went thither, and Mrs. Potter joined him in March. Catharine Brown has assiduously attended to the duties of an instructress of the female pupils; thus freely imparting to others, what she had freely received from the Christian community. The little flock was anxiously expecting to be refreshed by the affectionate counsels and paternal benediction of Dr. Worcester, as he passed at no great distance, on his way from Huntsville to Brainerd; but his strength was too much exhausted to admit of any deviation from the most direct course. Brainerd he greatly desired to reach. There it seemed proper to Infinite Wisdom that his remains should be deposited. There it will long be remembered, that a holy man, on an errand of mercy to the forsaken and the lost, having invoked upon the lambs of the flock the care of the great Shepherd, encouraged faithful laborers in their work, and borne his dying testimony to the excellence and glory of the mis
sionary cause, committed his departing spirit to his Savior and his God. In looking at the general results of the mission among the Cherokees, the Committee would gratefully advert to the progress, which these people are now evidently making in civilization; a progress, which bears a true proportion to their knowledge of the Gospel. In the autumn of last year they resolved, in a national council, that if parents placed their children in the schools of the mission, they should not be taken away, till they had obtained a good common education. The council also took measures to encourage the learning of mechanical trades, by promising a set of tools, at the public expense, to apprentices, who should have learned trades, and were ready to commence business for themselves. And what evinces a greater advance still, the country has lately been divided into eight districts, in each of which a courthouse is to be erected by the people, where justice is to be administered by persons designated to that office. One of these new court-houses is already erected within 11 miles of Brainerd, and is now used for public worship.
[The following tribute is paid to the memory of Mrs. Gambold.]
The excellent Moravian missionary, Mr. Gambold, having been strengthened by the arrival of a fellow-laborer from North Carolina, has removed to a new station, at a place called Ooghgeelogy, where his labors have been remarkably blessed. In the course of last winter he experienced a severe bereavement in the death of Mrs. Gambold, who, for sixteen years, had exhibited a most admirable example of the true missionary character. She left refined society, and a state of competence, or even independence, to labor with unremitting assiduity in the wilderness, for the benefit of the heathen. By the variety of her useful acquirements, she commanded the respect of all who knew her; and by the amiableness of her deportment, and the disinterestedness of her services, she conciliated the affections of an untutored people. She exhibited the kindness of a mother to the missionaries sent by this Board; and it would be ungrateful not to render this passing tribute to her memory. But she looked above human approbation; her heart was fixed upon her Savior; and, beyond, a doubt, no sacrifices made for him will remain unnoticed or unrewarded.
[The account of the Cherokee mission is closed by several notices of preaching, and of the temporal concerns of the establishment, which need not be inserted here, as they have been published more at large from the journals.1
MISSION AMONG THE CHOCTAWS.
It was mentioned in the last Report that Mr. Joel Wood and his wife, on their way to Elliot as assistant missionaries, were detained by sickness, at a little distance from the Walnut Hills. After suffering extremely from pain and weariness, and being repeatedly brought near the grave, they were so far restored, as to resume their journey in September; and were enabled to reach Elliot, on the 24th of that month, having been detained about twelve weeks. They have rendered valuable services to the mission, though Mr. Wood has experienced several relapses; and has thus been obliged occasionally to suspend his labors.
In December the Rev. Alfred Wright joined the mission, having been longer in making his circuitous journey, than was expected. His arrival was a very timely relief to Mr. Kingsbury, who had so long stood alone as an authorized spiritual teacher, with his mind exposed to great perplexity by the immense variety of secular concerns, which belong to the rising establishments herein operation. After the assignment of Mr. Byington to Elliot, it was thought best that Mr. Wright should reside at the other station with Mr. Kingsbury, who is necessarily much absent, on journies to promote the general interests of the mission.
The reinforcement which set out from Goshen, Mass. just before the last annual meeting, designed to strengthen both the stations among the Choctaws, proceeded on the route prescribed as far as Pittsburgh. Beside Messrs. Smith, Cushman, and Bardwell, and their families, of Goshen, and Mr. Hooper of Berwick, Me. the company was increased by the accession of Miss Frisselle, of Peru, Mass. and Miss Thacher, of Luzerne county, Penn. young women of approved character and qualifications, who had offered their services as teachers, superintendents of domestic economy, or to be employed in any department, where their labors should be
most needed. Mr. Cyrus Byington, of Stockbridge, who had completed his theological studies at Andover in September 1819,and had, for several years, considered himself as devoted to the work of missions under the direction of this Board, and who had been sent forth as an agent to make known the claims of the heathen, and collect donations for their relief, was requested to accompany this large family, for several hundred miles at least; and, if his aid should be needed, to proceed with them to Elliot. It was supposed he might add much to the comfort and expedition of the journey, and obtain considerable donations for the mission, by frequently going in advance of the company, making provision for their reception at the principal towns, and preaching at places, where previous appointments could conveniently be made. All this and more he was enabled to do, with great cheerfulness and alacrity; and his presence seemed so necessary, that he thought not of stopping, till his feet should stand on missionary ground. The Committee had directed, that these brethren should perform their journey by land, passing near Pittsburgh, Lexington, and Nashville, and crossing the Tennessee at the foot of the Muscle Shoals. When they arrived at Pittsburgh, however, having experienced the inconveniences of a long journey in waggons, and being strongly urged by friends to alter their plan, they concluded to pass down the Ohio and the Mississippi, in one of those large flat-bottomed boats called arks, great numbers of which annually descend these rivers. Neither they, nor their advisers, were at all aware of the difficulties, and expense of a winter's journey from the Walnut Hills to Elliot. Though they left the prescribed course from the best motives, and for reasons which appeared valid, the alteration proved a most serious delay to them. Had they continued in waggons, with ordinary diligence and success, they might have reached one of the stations in December; whereas, in fact, they did not land at the Walnut Hills till the 27th of January; and to find means of conveyance thence to the places of their future labor, was much the most arduous part of their undertaking. By coming down the rivers, however, they had obtained many do. nations in money, and more in various articles of agricultural produce and domestic manufacture, for the use of the mission. The zeal of many friends of missions had been excited; much missionary information had been communicated; and a remarkable kindness and willingness to aid the good work, had been manifested by clergymen, and private members of the churches, through all the inhabited parts of the route. On arriving at the Walnut Hills, it was found necessary to divide the company, and convey different members of it to the places of their destination, by different ways. Mr. Cushman and his family, with Mr. Hooper, passed through the wilderness in a waggon, leaving Elliot on the left, and reaching the new station March 3d, after a journey of 18 days. Mr. Smith with his family, and Miss Thacher, proceeded up the Yazoo in a batteau, aided by Mr. Dyer, who had been sent down to meet them. This family had buried the youngest child at Bedford, Penn. and was now called to a severer trial. The eldest son, a promising boy of fifteen, assisted at the oar, in the beginning of the toilsome voyage. After three weeks he was taken ill, and neither the prayers, nor the grief, of his parents, could save him from an early grave, on the banks
of an unfrequented river, far from any After struggling
h:1man habitation. against the current for six weeks, the females taking, their turn at the helm, and Mr. Smith having been once remarkably preserved from drowning, they arrived at Elliot on the 20th of March, where it may readily be imagined, they were received with peculiar joy. Mr. Byington, hearing of Dr. Worcester's expected arrival at Natchez, proceeded down the Mississippi to that place, where he was usefully employed for a few days, in obtaining donations to the Indian missions; and whence he accompanied his revered friend and father, with true filial sedulity and kindness, in his wearisome journey through the Choctaw, wilderness. Mr. Bardwell remained at the Walnut Hills to take charge of the property of the Board, which, to a jarge amount in donations and purchases, was deposited there, waiting for the means of conveyance up the Yazoo. As the season advanced, however, before the expected opportunity arrived, it became dangerous to pass up the river; and Mr. Bardwell having secured the remaining property in the best nanner he was able, set out with his
family and Miss Frisselle by land. They travelled on horseback, and reached Elliot on the 14th of May, eight months after leaving Goshen. This accession of strength, though so unexpectedly delayed, has already been of great service to the mission. Mr. Byington bears the most decided testimony to the excellent spirit and temper, which prevailed among the members of this large family, during the slow and tedious passage by land and water. Mr. Kingsbury is highly gratified with the aid, derived to the establishment under his particular and immediate superintendence. During the severity of their trials, Mr. Smith and his family bore the chastisements of their Heavenly Father with exemplary resigmation, confidence and hope; and devoted themselves with renewed zeal to the self-denying labors of their high vocation. While writing these paragraphs, intelligence has arrived, that Mr. Cushman has also been called to mourning. Within less than a month his eldest son was followed to the tomb by his youngest; both having fallen victims to the bilious fever, which is the common disease of that climate during the months of summer and au
Station of Elliot.
In the preceding narrative it has appeared, that strength has been added to this station, by the arrival of new assistants. It has pleased the Sovereign Disposer of events, however, to weaken the mission by the removal of an excellent and very valuable mem| ber. Mr. Fisk died on the 19th of September, after suffering more than a fortnight from a violent and distressing fever. He was calm and collected in view of death, and had not a wish to live, except for the sake of doing goodRarely has there been so useful an exhibition of missionary zeal, prudence. mildness, and persevering industry. harmoniously blended in one person. In consequence of his uncommon maturity of judgment, gravity and universal benevolence, Mr. Fisk was early chosen a deacon of the church in Holden, Mass. where he belonged. By his industry, and skill as a mechanic, he soon found himself in very eligible worldly circumstances. But the world had no charms for him, when put in competition with the cause of Christ.
| He made a cheerful offering of himself. and of all that he had, to the work of evangelizing the heathen. Though possessed of good mental endowments, and capable of teaching school, , he shrunk not from continual bodily labor as a blacksmith. In this employment he promised great usefulness to the mission and the natives, having taken two boys as apprentices, and being himself a specimen of vigorous industry. In the year, which he spent at Elliot, he not only performed the smith work of the station, which was a great saving of money, but his labor for the natives and the government brought more than two hundred dollars into the Treasury of the mission. But no excellence of character can secure from death. This good man, after giving proof of sincerity in his Master's cause, and showing what can be done by a willing mind under the direction of Christian benevolence, was removed from care and toil, to a better country. As the establishment on the Ook-tibbe-ha peculiarly needed the presence of the superintendent, Mr. Kingsbury removed his family thither about the middle of November. Dr. Pride had been previously assigned to the same station; and Mr. Wright came to reside there also, after the division of labors and duties had been fixed, in the presence of Dr. Worcester. The school at Elliot has continued to flourish, though its indefatigable teacher, Mr. Williams, was obliged by ill health to suspend his labors, early in the spring. It is now in charge of Mr. Wood. When the annual Report was furnished to the Department of War last December, the number of children in the school was 74, and six others were considered as belonging to it, being temporarily absent on asvisit to their homes. Three quarters of the whole number were males. All board in the mission family, and are entirely under the control and superintendence of the missionaries. Fifty of the children could speak no English, when they joined the school. Several can now speak our language fluently; and others can read it correctly, and will soon acquire the spoken language. Of the sixty-five, who began with the alphabet, twenty-eight, at the date of the Report, could read with facility in the New Testament. All write on slates; and thirty nine write a plain hand without a copy. Ten have made some progress in arithmetic; and two have com menced grammar and geography.
gave the following account of the pro
gress of education. “In our schools we see many proofs of the goodness of God. The sc, olars are making good improvement in their studies. The number of boys is 51, and of girls 14; several children having been recently sent for by their parents. The children are docile, obedient, and ready to perform any kind of labor. They are active and very useful. Every morning, by sunrise, or a little after, you might see a company of boys going to the cornfield with their hoes, and another to the woods with their axes.” As the reputation and influence of . the schools increase, it may be expected that dissolute whites will practise upon the credulity of an ignorant pcople, by circulating mischievous reports, with respect to the treatment of the children, and the designs of the missionaries. This has already been done among the Choctaws, as well as among the Cherokees. In several instances, however, when parents have been disturbed by stories of this sort. and have repaired to the school for information, they have become perfectly satisfied. Nor is it known that a single individual, who has taken the pains to see for himself, is unfriendly to the school, or the mission. In one of the cases related in the journal, three men and a woman, who had children in the school, came ninety miles to examine for themselves into the foundation of some unfavorable reports which had reached their ears. Though prejudiced at first, in consequence of what they had heard, they became entirely satisfied, after a free conversation with the missionaries, and went away highly pleased. The woman berself anxiously sought the privilege of staying at the school, and of being instructed with the children. She declared herself willing to aid in the labors of the family, and wept when informed that she could not be received,