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ville. Any Friends wishing to locate in the steadfast faith in the power of truth to orero West will fiod a good farming country tbere come error, would much more abundantly and prices of land within the reach of those io strengthen those who may be standing as at moderate circumstances. J. M. Wood.

the point where two ways meet. FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER. The injunction of Jesus to his disciples may

ever be remembered to profit : “ Thou, when PHILADELPHIA, FOURTH MONTH 13, 1867.

thou fastest, anoint thine head and wash thy SOCIETY Bonds.—In the social religious ele- face, that thou appear not unto men to fast, ment consequent upon the peculiar organiza. but unto thy Father which is in secret.” Thus tion of the Society of Friends, there arises an the discerning spirits of the young will be interest akin to a family relation, which ex- spared the discouragement of receiving what tends to the remotest sections, where members may be appropriately compared to a false report of the Society are to be found. We have be- of the good land. lieved this fetling of interest might be stimu

MARRIED, by the approbation of Solebury Monthly lated and increased, if the columps of the In- Meering, on the 28th of Third month, 1867, at telligencer were more often used as the medium the residence of the bride's father, Joba Simpson,

Davis Palmer, jun., to AGNES Simpson, all of Bucks of information interesting to all. We mean not Co.

, Pa. to be busy bodies, meddling with other mens' affairs, but allude to subjects of general interest month, of typhoid pneumonia, Fredole W., son of

Died, near Warpesville, Ohio, on the 20th of Third which are claiming the attention of Friends David and Jane S. Furnas, aged 11 months. in different neighborhoods, a knowledge of at Soo Jose, Cal., Second month 3d, of pulwhich might have a tendency to unite the So. monary consumption, Walter L. BARIGUT, in the 35th

year of bis age. On board a California steamer ciety more firmly in the boods of sympathy bouod for New York, Third month 4th, of the same and Christian fellowship.

disease, SAMUEL FRANKLIN BARIGHT, in the 31st year

of bis á ge; sons of Augustin and Mary P. Baright, The Apostles, in their day, wrote to their late of Elba, and members of Roches:er Monthly brethren for the purpose of stirring up the Meeting, N. Y.

in First-day evening, 3d month 31st, at the pure mind and encouraging them to bold fast residence of his son, Canby S. Smith, Chester, Pa., their confidence in the faith which works by Davis Suitu, Sr., late of Philadelpbia, aged 75 years. love to the purifying of the beart, and they Middleion, in her 65th year. (Buried from her son

Third month 181h, Sarah B., widow of Wm. gave also a statement of the condition of the in-laws', Josiah Haines, Haddonfield.) church in which they were then laboring.

on 3d day, Third month 26th, at Philadel. We feel assured that an advantage would plia, BENJAMIN A. Shoemaker, of Long Branch, aged arise from a more intimate personal knowledge Third month 27th, Oliver HOWARD, only of the state of the Society of Friends as it ex

child of Oliver and Alice S. Wilson, aged 2 years

and 26 days. ists, not only in one yearly meeting, but in all.

Third month 281b, MARY H., daughter of The seasons of discouragement which are Josep b' and Sallie G. Chapman, in ber 13th year. experienced at times by concerned Friends, do

Third month 29th, John MISKEY, youngest not prove that the body is declining, por that its cbild of John l'i and Elizabeth Hance, aged 9 truonibs.

on the 21st of Third month, 1867, CHARLES strength is expended. It is doubtless io divine PALMER, con of David Palmer, in the ibiriy-third wisdom, that at times we experience a spiritual year of bis age; A member of Falls Monthly fast, and are left as in a desolate place, but in

Meeting, Bucks Co., Pa.

His close was peaceful, with a well grounded these seasons of discouragement, if we retire hope of an entrance into the mansions of the blessed. from outside influences, and wait for the still To know him was 10 LOVE HIM. small voice, we would, like Elijah, hear the Friends' Association for the Aid and Elevation of couraging language, there are yet seven thou. the Freedmen will meet on Fourth-day evening, sand in Israel wbo have not bowed the knee to House.

Fourth month 17th, at 8 o'clock, at Green Si. Meeting Baal nor kissed his image.

J. M. ELLIS, We have some times been sensible of the depressing influence arising from the presenta- The Executive Committee of Friends' Publication tion of a gloomy picture of the state of things Assorintion will neet on Sistb-day afternoon, 4ib

mo. 1916, at 3 o'clock. among us, and we believe a manifestation of a

LYDIA H. Hall, Clerk.

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57 years.

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ANNE Cooren, } Clerke.


For Friends' Intelligencer.

this hurtful weed, and the language of Cowper CAUTION.

in reference to it was aptly quoted, as follows: Friends in their different neighborhoods are Pernicious weed! whose scent the fair annoys, cautioned against giving either pecuniary aid Unfriendly to society's chief joys, or encouragement io a colored man who is col- Thy worst effect is banishing for hours lecting money under the pretense of establish- The sex whose presence civilizes ours. ing a colored school in Maryland.

Thou art, indeed, the drug a gard'ner wants

To poison vermin that infest his plantsHe is a small man, quite light-colored, and

But are we so to wit and beauty blind when in the vicinity of New York, he gave his As to despise the glory of our kind, Dame as Jacob Charop. He has made improper And show the sostest minds, and fairest forms, use of letters that were given to him, has altered

As little mercy as the grubs and worms? the figures opposite to the names of those who In view of the importance of language as a gave him money, and behaved in a very unbe means of conveying our thoughts and feelings, coming banner at several Friends' houses. we were reminded of our duty to keep it pure

SAMUEL WILT.ETS, and simple, free from those corruptious and ex.

Tuomas FOULKE. aggerations which often pass current among New York, 4th mo. 1st, 1867.

the thoughtless and unscrupulous. Attention

to the monitions of truth will preserve from Have the courage to acknowledge your igno- forms of language which have originated in gay rabce, rather than to seek credit for knowledge and artificial society and will lead to accurate under false pretences.

and truthful speech. This is the ground of

the testimony to plainness of speech, a testiMEETINGS FOR READING AND CONVERSATION mony.which has lost none of its importance in

At Race Street Aleeting-House, Philadelphia. modern times, and which we are still called At the meeting held on 27th ult. letters upon to maintain faithfully and conscientiously. were read from similar associations of Friends The wide range which the discussion embraced in Baltimore, Newtown, and Yardley ville. brought into view the proper moral training of These were in reply to those addressed to then the young, who should be taught not only to by our Committee of Correspoudence, and gave avoid positive vice, but to cultivate generous encouraging evidence that their meetings had and benevolent feelings. The impressible been valuable in strengthening each other. miod of young children should be brougbt in

The subject of plaidness and moderation, contact with some of the forms of human suffercontinued from our last meeting, was resumed. ing, and they should be early taught the luxury A friend called attention to the fact that even of doing good. in cases where mothers felt themselves restrain- Habits of giving food to the hungry and ed, in relation to their own apparel, from fol- clothing to the destitute should be acquired in lowing absurd and changing fashions, the same early life under stimulus of parental influence, care was not observed in relation to their little so that those tender sympathies, the gerus of children, whose appearance so moel resembled which are planted in every soul, may grow into that of other children, as to give occasion to expansive benepolence and Christian charity. the humorous remark of some writer that he Thus the root of selfishness is choked by had never seen “a Quaker baby.” The speak growth which tends to fit men and women for er had no desire to see the dress appropriate to eolarged usefulness in this world and enjoyage placed upoa childhood, but that simplicity, ment in that which is to come. Education in utility and a regard to health should be the its moral aspect must begin in the domestic governing motive with mothers in regard to circle; all the learning of schools can never the dress of their children, rather than a de substiiute that of home, nor can intellectual sire to cooform to unhealthful and ridiculous acquirements take the place of the training of fashion.

the moral nature. A friend who acknowledged himself to be The elevating iufluence of nature, a commoin the moderate use of tobacco, called atten. dion large and wide with the works of the tion to the fact that unless it was kept within Divine Architect, was adverted to as a means proper bounds, it was deleterious to the hu. of moral as well as intellectual culture, and in man constitution. He and some others thought the absence of travel, which puts us under its it might sometimes be used as a medicinal immediate influence, we have pictures which agent, while others believed it was always dele. represent its grandest scenes so as almost to terious, and that the same probibition which equal the original in their effects The iuflu. applied to the use of ardent spirits should ences of good society were also held up as of also be applied to tobacco-Touch not, taste great importance in ‘moulding the character; pote, bandle not.” The hope was expressed young men may often be in great measure that the female portion of our community would preserved from the grosser forms of immorality exert their iufluence in discouraging the use of Iby the influence of refined female society. It

is better to promote the growth of the good in food be left to the appetite, but let the apour children than to be too much occupied with petite have a large choice of food. There is observing and reproving what to our more ma- little reason to think that women would betake ture judgments may appear as faults. These themselves, as a general or usual tbing, to agand many other considerations occupied the riculture, commerce, finance, manufactures, or meeting, which was large and interesting. eogineering; but if they should, this action

would merely prove that a feminine element From the N, Y. Tribune.

was in those pursuits which she was to supply. THE EDUCATION OF WOMEN.

Are men afraid lest women might do their work This was the subject of the second lecture in better than they themselves do ? That fear is the Rev. 0. B. Frothiogham's course on the So-a confession that their work must be meant for cial Condition of Women, now delivering in his women; and who would hinder women from dochurch on Sunday evenings. Mr. Frothingham ing what they were meant to do? began by saying that the question of work was ingham contended that nearly all occupations intimately connected with the question of edu- had their feminine side. Religion had, as the cation. The uneducated classes in the commu- Catholic Church has proved; and Protestant nity will always be the drudges. Before women Christendom would be greatly benefited by incan do all the work they are capable of doing, troducing women into its organization. Medithey must receive all the education they are cine has a large place for women; so has social capable of receiving. We are not ready yet to science; so has public education. But women decide what education best befits women, and can do nothing of all this by instinct; they need what best befits men; fur until buth are educat teaching at every step as men do. Education ed equally well it will be impossible to say what holds the key to every kind of employment. place either may be competent to fill. Men and Washing and ironing do not come by nature. women are no doubt very different beings in Plain sewing must be taught. It is an Amerimany respects; but how different they are, and cao superstition that cooking comes by nature to what degree, and in what respects different, to all Irish girls; and we are a nation of dyscan be determined only when both have bad peptics. Every profession requires training; the same intellectual advantage. The female even the bumblest do. Of course, the more intelligence is no more uolike the masculine lucrative and delicate must. Literature is the than the female organization is; and if mascu- easiest ; but nimble wits alone carry few to fame line and feminine bodies are submitted to the or fortúne. Art in all degrees requires instrucsame general regulations, why should not the tion, severe and long. Come to the occupations masculine and feminine intellects be ? Both which women are supposed to take to naturally; breathe the same air physically; why not intel. how far will a kind heart go toward making a lectually ? Both bask in the same sunshine good purse? Do the sciences come by instinct ? bodily; why not mentally ? Boys and girls suck Does logic? Will sympathetic feeling in a femithe same milk and eat the same article of por-nive teacher dispense with a knowledge of bisridge ; why shou'd they not both feed on the tory, philosophy, or language? Another popusaine knowledge? It is absurd to siy that men lar superstition would have us believe that woand women should not travel over the same men are endowed with genius for housekeeping. fields of literature, as that they should not travel Where is the evidence? The good housekeeper over the same islands and continents ; that they needs as much education as an oreiseer. She must not devour the same sort of books, as that should be a chemist, a sociologist, a physiciao, they must not eat the same kind of vegetable. and a metaphysician. No:hing less than an orJust as the b:ef and mutton, the bread and the dioary common-school education is required to homicy, go to make girlhood in the girl, and qualify women to be good housemaids, to deboyhood in the boy, why should not the arts liver messages, take correct change from the and sciences assimilate according to the same shopman, keep themselves and th-ir mistresses organic law? The very thing we need to koow out of trouble. Now, with the immensity of is—what can women assimilate, and what can this need for intellectual preparation, contrast men assimilate ? And this we shall never know the miserable scantiness of the supply. The till we have tried the most liberal nutriment common school education taxes the brain too on both. We are contionally talking about severely, and is not practical enough. The man's career, and woman's career; but the private school education, with its unconscioncareer is determined by the capacity, and the able amount of French, its dash of Italian, its capacity is not ascertained, nor can it be at spatch of music, its patch of arithmetic, its present. By all means, let education be adapt- muddle of geography and physical science, its ed to career; but a general education can alone confusion of many things undigested and indidecide what the career shall be; whether it gestible

, prepares the girl for nothing useful, shall be in doors or out, scientific or artistical, and ends just as her mind is maturing. The mechanical or literary. Let the choice of special schools are almost all for boys and men.


Women are not instructed in book-keeping, in and not a shame, that culture is an honor, and technology, in practical science. They have no knowledge a praise ; that industry is more redivinity schools. The conveniences for the spectable than idleness, and that self-supportstudy of medicine are for the male sex. The ing occupation is more creditable than languishold conntries bave, in many respects, the ad. ing ease, then the doors of academies will ily vantage over us. The Universiiy of Bologna open; the avenues to honest labor will be conferred degrees on women, and was proud to thronged by eager aspirants; feminine talent send out Professoresses of Jurisprudence, of An- will come fairly into the market; women will atomy and Natural Philosophy, of Greek and be healthier for being more comprehensively the Mathematics. More than a centuary ago developed, and the weaker sex will become in courses of medical lectures were delivered to society the power it is ordained that it shall be. women in Leyden and Paris. The Universities of Got ingen and Giessen gave doctorates to women in the last century; so did the College

TIE FISHERMANS' WIFE. at Marburg ; so did the famous hospital at Ber. It was summer time, and the dawning day lio. In Paris the Maternisé educates young And my man went out in his boat to sea,

Shone bright on the cliffs of our lonely bay, women as midwives. The Sorbonne has insti- To win the bread for bis house and me. tuted concurrent courses of iostruction for women, with examinations, degrees and diplomas, The rooms were filled with the salt sea smell;

The day went on-I remember it welland sends out 140 or 150 women, married and And the sunlight came, like an angel good, single, as duly qualified teachers. Paris has Through the doors and the windows that open upward of 80 free schools, employing more than 200 mistresses, and educating annually some 15,- I sang and worked with joy in my heart, 000 poor girls. All this makis America look For I hold that a wife should do her part small. Thorough education, either for men or

To clean and brighten the house within, women, is not to be had here by any but the Praying the Lord to keep her from sin. very ricb. Business with us has in hand the I had finished, and juat sat down to rest, task of developing the material resources of an

When I saw a cloud rise up in the West, immense continent. For this, male vigor is de- And the moar of the sea grew loud on the rocks,

And the gulls few landward in shriekiog flocks. manded, and male vigor in its rude state. Men Soon the wind blew lond from the hollow skies, are educated for their immediate purposes, and And I watbed the waves with frightened eyes, as women are not supposed to be concerned in As they struggled and sprang at the cloud's black these purposes, their education is omitted. But

frown, better times are coming. Mr. Frothingham And clutching their broad wings, swept them down. here spoke of the Western Colleges-Antioch, Then I hurried out to the old pier-head, Oberlin, and the Normal School associated with Through the yard of the church, where slept the the Michigan University. He also gave a glow

dead; ing description of Vassar College, as striking And were quietly sleeping there, side by side.

And I wished that my man and I bad died, the key pote of education for women in America. Special schools, too, are beginning to grow." But one heart is weak where there should be two,

'Twas an evil wish-I rebuked it ton; and to flvurish ; schools of Art and practical And one voice alone grows weak in prayer, Science ; Medical schools, and schools of Design. When it misses another so often there. What women will become when thoroughly Well, I watched for hours in that beat and blow, educated time alone can show. At all events, "Till all the light from the sky did go. they will simply beconfe more finely developed. Then I turned heart-sick from the Aling of the foam, women. They will not become men. Educa- | And wrestled my way to my vacant bome. tion will not produce an immediate crop of There the breath of tbe storm blew under the door, Maria Theresas or Elizabeths; of Eloiscs or And I felt it whicper along the floor ; Hypatias ; of Miss Blackwells or Miss Zakrzew- And the clothes of my man as they hung on the stand, skas; of Maria Mitchells, Rosa Bonheurs or Swung as if touched by a spirii hand. Harriet Tiosmers; but it will enable those who The lights I put in the window small, must work to find work, and to do it well; it Were blown into darkness one and all; will give those who are not compelled to work And I beard, as the whirling storm went by, a refuge from idleness and eonui. It will make Shri-ks as of souls about to die. all women better talkers, more interesting com- I dropt to the ground with my hands on my face, panions, more intelligent associates, more capa- And I prayed the Lord my soul to keep,

For I feared to see some sight in the place; ble housekeepers, more competent mothers, And He heard my prayer, and gave me sleep. more influential wives, more significant mem bers of society. It may be the fault of men that I ran to the door-the storm was gone;

I leapt up at last; 'twas early dawn: women are not better educated, but it is at least Tue morning star sbone bright o'er the sea; as il uch the fult of women. When “ Jadies,” And my man came home to his bouse and me. so called, shall feel that intelligence is a glory

Chambers' Journal.


JUDGE NOT THAT YE BE NOT JUDGED." The workers increase the concealment, which I'll court not up another's faulis,

had been kept up by the mother ant during the And thus forget my own;

period of her personal labors, of the passage or Nor criticise another's words,

gate-way to their city, by dragging up and But mine, e'en to their tone

covering it with bits of stick, straw and the It surely is not meet for me

hard black pellets of earth, which are thrown To try the work of Deity. For I sball have enough to do

up by the earth worms, until there is no way To guide myself aright;

visible for them to enter; and the little litter And so to act, that all my deeds

is so ingeniously placed, that it has more the Be pleasing in His sight

appearance of baving been drifted together by I am sot ready to begin

the wind than to have been the work of design. To reckon up my brother's sin.

In about a year and a half, when the numbers A tender caution oft is good,

of the community have greatly increased, and With kindly feeling given; But criticism Dever will

they fecl able to sustain themselves among the Advance one step towards Henven

surrounding nations, they throw off their conThe heart is to our Fatber known,

cealment, clear away the grass, herbage and 'Tis He must judge, and He alone.

other litter to the distance of 3 or 4 feet around

the entrance to their city, coostruct a paveThe following account was published in the ment, organize an efficient police, and, thus es. late “ Proceedings of the Academy of Natural tablished, proclaim themselves an independent Sciences of Philadelphia.”

city. The pavement, which is always kept very

clean, consists of a pretty hard crust about ON TUE AGRICULTURAL ANT OF TEXAS. balf an inch thick, and is formed by selecting (MYRMICA MOLEFACIENS.)

and laying such grits and particles of sand as will

fit closely over the entire surface. Tbis is the This ant is inodorous, having no smell of case in sandy soil, where they can procure coarse furmic acid. It is a large reddish brown ant, sand and grit for the purpose, but in the black dwells in the ground, is a farmer, lives in com- prairie soil, where there is no sand, they conmunities, which are often very populous, and struct the pavement by levelling and smoothing coatrolled by a perfect government; there are the surface and suffering it to bake in the sunno idlers aidongst them. They build paved sbine, when it becomes very hard and firm. cities, construct roads, and sustain a large mili- That both forms of these pavements are the tary force.

work of a well planned design, there can be do When one of the young queens, or mother doubt with the careful investigator. All the ants, comes to naturity, and was received the communities of this species select their homes embraces of the male ant, who immediately dies, in the open sunshine, and coostruct pavements. she goes out alone, selects a location and goes Their pavements are always circular and conrapidly to work excavating a hole in the etructed pretty much on the same plan. During ground, digging and carrying out the dirt with the ten years drought that prevailed here, and her mouth. As soon as she has progressed far which seemed very favorable to the increase of enough for her wings to strike against the sides this species of ant, they suffered their paveof the hole, she deliberately cuts them off. She ments to remain dat, sometimes even basinnow, without further obstruction, continues to form. But the drought could not continue deepen the hole to the depth of 6 or 7 inches, always. The rain, which would be certain to when she wideos the bottom of it into a suita- drown the ants should it come upon their fat ble cell for d. positing her eggs and nurturing and basiu-form pavements, would return again the young. She continues to labor out-doors some day, and they seemed to know when this aod in, until she has raised to maturity 20 to 30much dreaded event would occur. At least six workers, when her labor ceases, and she re- months previous to the coming of the rain, mains in the cells, supplying the eggs for com- they commenced, universalls, building up ing millions, and her kingdom has commenced. mounds in the centre of the pavements. To But very few of the thousands of mother these mounds in the prairie they brought the ants that swarm out from the different king. little pallets of earth, thrown to the surface by dois two or three times a year succeed in es- the earth worms, and piled them up into a cirtablishing a city. However, when one does cular mound a foot or more in height. In succeed in rearing a sufficient number of sandy soil it is constructed of coarse sand, and workers to carry on the business, she entrusts in rocky situations they build it of gravel, and the managemeot of the national works to them, the pieces are so larye, and the mound so high and is seen no more outside.

(18 inches to 2 feet, with a four feet base) that The workers all seem to understand the ile bebolder is overwhelmed with wonder. I duties assigned to them, and wili perform them know of one of these stope pyramids nearly 3 or die in che effort.

feet bigh and 54 to 6 feet base, in wbich there

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